Porus or Poros, was an ancient Indian king whose territory spanned the region between the Hydaspes and Acesines, in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. He is credited to have been a legendary warrior with exceptional skills. Porus fought against Alexander the Great in the Battle of the Hydaspes, thought to be fought at the site of modern-day Mong, now part of Pakistan. Though not recorded in any available ancient Indian source, Ancient Greek historians describe the battle and the aftermath of Alexander's victory. Anecdotally, after the defeat and arrest of Porus in the war, Alexander asked Porus how he would like to be treated. Porus, although defeated, proudly stated. Alexander was so impressed by his adversary that he not only reinstated him as a satrap of his own kingdom but granted him dominion over lands to the south-east extending until the Hyphasis. Porus died sometime between 321 and 315 BC; the only information available on Porus and his kingdom is from Greek sources. The Indian sources do not mention him, although modern scholars have conjectured that he may have been a ruler of the Purus, a tribe known to have inhabited north-western India since the Vedic period.
Some scholars, such as H. C. Seth, have attempted to identify Porus with Parvataka, a king mentioned in the Sanskrit play Mudrarakshasa, the Jain text Parishishtaparvan, some other historical sources. However, there is little concrete evidence to support this theory: the Mudrarakshasa describes Parvataka as a mlechchha or non-Vedic foreigner, while the Purus were a Vedic tribe. According to the Parishishtaparvan, Parvataka ruled Himavakuta, while Porus ruled in the present-day Punjab region. According to the Mudrarakshasa, Parvataka was killed by a vishakanya as a result of an intrigue by Chanakya, while the Greek sources state that Porus was killed by Eudemus; the Achaemenid Empire occupied the western Indus basin since the conquests of Darius the Great. Neither the occupying Achaemenid nor local native sources confirmed the existence of Porus' Kingdom at the time. Following the fall of the Achaemenid Empire and other regional powers contested for the land left behind. According to historian Ishwari Prasad, Porus might have been a Yaduvanshi Shurasena.
He argued that Porus' vanguard soldiers carried a banner of Heracles whom Megasthenes—who travelled to India after Porus had been supplanted by Chandragupta—explicitly identified with the Shurasenas of Mathura. This Heracles of Megasthenes and Arrian has been identified by some scholars as Krishna and by others as his elder brother Baladeva, who were both the ancestors and patron deities of Shoorsainis. Iswhari Prashad and others, following his lead, found further support of this conclusion in the fact that a section of Shurasenas were supposed to have migrated westwards to Punjab and modern Afghanistan from Mathura and Dvārakā, after Krishna walked to heaven and had established new kingdoms there; the Battle of the Hydaspes was fought in 326 BC by Alexander the Great against King Porus, on the banks of the river Hydaspes. The battle resulted in a Macedonian victory. Alexander was impressed by his adversary and not only reinstated him as a satrap of his own kingdom but granted him dominion over lands to the south-east extending until the Hyphasis.
After Alexander's death in 323 BCE, Perdiccas became the regent of his empire, after Perdiccas's murder in 321 BCE, Antipater became the new regent. According to Diodorus, Antipater recognized Porus's authority over the territories along the Indus River. However, who had served as Alexander's satrap in the Punjab region, treacherously killed Porus. Sohrab Modi portrayed as Porus in Sikandar movie in 1941 Prithviraj Kapoor portrayed as Porus in movie Sikandar-e-azam in 1965 Porus is played by Arun Bali in the 1991 Chanakya Porus appears in the 1999 animated series Reign: The Conqueror Porus is portrayed by the Thai actor, Bin Bunluerit, in Alexander Porus appears in the 2011 Chandragupta Maurya SET launched Siddharth Kumar Tewary's serial titled Porus on the Battle of Hydaspes in Nov 2017, in which Porus is portrayed by Laksh Lalwani. Porus appears in Rome: Total War: Alexander, as an enemy in the Historical Battle campaign, but is a playable character in Custom Battles. Porus appears in the video game Ancient Battle: Alexander, in which he is a playable character, as well as an enemy.
Ancient India List of Indian monarchs Indian elephant Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander, book 5. History of Porus, Patiala, Dr. Buddha Parkash. Fuller, John; the Generalship of Alexander the Great. New Jersey: De Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80371-0 Lendring, Jona. Alexander de Grote - De ondergang van het Perzische rijk, Amsterdam: Athenaeum - Polak & Van Gennep, 2004. ISBN 90-253-3144-0 Holt, Frank L. Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions, California: University of California Press, 2003, 217pgs. ISBN 0-520-24483-4 History of India:, Dr. Ishwari Prashad Media related to Porus at Wikimedia Commons Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "King Porus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Porus at Livius, by Jona Lendering King Porus - A Legend of Old, by Michael Madhusudan Dutt. Glorifying poem, describes a legendary victory of Porus over Alexander
Isobel Moira Dunbar was a Scottish-Canadian glaciologist and Arctic ice researcher. Moira Dunbar was born in 1918 in Scotland, she grew up in Stornoway and Kilmarnock, attended Cranley School for Girls. Dunbar studied geography at St Anne's College of the University of Oxford, completing her Bachelor of Arts in 1939. During World War II, she travelled around the United Kingdom with a theatre troupe as an actor and stage manager. Dunbar emigrated to Canada in 1947 and found work with the Joint Intelligence Bureau, where she studied Arctic ice movement. In 1952 she joined the Defence Research Board in the position of Scientific Staff Officer in the Arctic Research Section, she specialised in sea navigation through frozen Arctic waters. In 1954, she applied to join the crew of scientists on a Royal Canadian Navy icebreaker travelling to the Arctic, but her request was denied as women could not be posted on naval vessels, she continued making requests until she was given permission to join an icebreaker with the Department of Transport in 1955.
She thus became the first woman to conduct scientific research from Canadian icebreakers. She served on numerous icebreakers and spent 560 hours on Royal Canadian Air Force aircraft, studying ice formations in the High Arctic, she was among the first women to fly over the North Pole. Dunbar published numerous papers on Arctic sea ice, in 1956 she co-authored Arctic Canada from the Air with Keith Greenaway, a navigator with the Royal Canadian Air Force. Dunbar and Greenway's book was an early work in the field of observing sea ice through airborne photography. In her other papers, Dunbar studied the use of radar remote sensing in sea-ice research, promoted the standardisation of sea-ice terminology, wrote historical accounts of Arctic exploration, she investigated icebreaking methods in the Soviet Union and Finland in 1964, was an adviser to Arctic hovercraft trials in 1966–1969. In 1971, Dunbar won the Meteorological Service of Canada's Centennial Award. In 1972 she was awarded the Royal Canadian Geographical Society's Massey Medal for "her excellent work in arctic geography and sea ice".
She was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1977. She served as governor of the Arctic Institute of North America and director of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society. Dunbar retired in 1978 and died on 22 November 1999, at the age of 81. Timeline of women in science
"The Ringer" is a song by American rapper Eminem from his album Kamikaze. It debuted in the top 10 in Australia, Finland, New Zealand, Portugal, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, it contains an interpolation from "Ooouuu", written by Matthew Jacobson and Katorah Marrero, as performed by Young M. A. "The Ringer" shows Eminem attacking the current hip hop scene in 2018 artists under the term of "mumble rap". A few rappers he calls out on the track are Lil Yachty, Lil Pump, Lil Xan, Machine Gun Kelly, Vince Staples and Iggy Azalea, he attacks the critics who gave his previous album Revival negative reviews. He sent shots at United States president Donald Trump again, referencing his experience to performing freestyle rap "The Storm" at the 2017 BET Awards. Eminem – lead vocals, production Illa da Producer – production Luis Resto – keyboards Ronny J – production
Kanezawa Sanetoki called Hōjō Sanetoki was the founder of the Kanazawa Bunko. He was a member of the Kanezawa branch of the Hōjō clan, he may have been married to Mugai Nyodai. He was born to Hōjō Saneyasu in 1224; as his talent was discovered by his uncle Hōjō Yasutoki, Sanetoki was given important posts by four shikken: Yasutoki, Tsunetoki and Tokimune. He began his career as the head of Kosamurai-dokoro in 1234 and became Hikitsukeshu in 1252 and Hyojoshu in 1253. Due to illness, he took a rest at his residence at Kanezawa, Yokohama. While attending to government affairs, he was dedicated himself to study, he studied under Kiyohara no Noritaka. In 1258 he established a temple called Shōmyōji at Kanazawa and put a library within the temple to house his huge manuscript collection
Nicholas Scarvelis is an American-born Greek athlete. He represented Greece at the 2016 Olympics throwing the shot put, he represented the United States at the 2012 World Junior Championships. Prior to his Olympic experience, he went to Dos Pueblos High School in California, he was the 2011 CIF California State Meet Champion in the shot put throwing a school record 65 ft 4 in. Next Nicholas Scarvelis threw for UCLA, he was the Pac-12 champion in the shot put the discus once. He finished fourth at the 2016 NCAA Championships, he has the fourth-best shot. Ahead of him on that list are John Godina, John Brenner and Dave Laut, all medalists at the Olympics or World Championships, his sister Stamatia is a thrower for Tennessee Volunteers and competed for UCLA Bruins. His sister, Stamatia Scarvelis is the 2013 Pan American Junior Shot Put Champion, competing for USA, she has since switched to compete for Greece. In early 2020, Scarvelis broke Michalis Stamatogiannis's previous Greek National Indoor Record of 20.36 Greek National Indoor Record, throwing 20.38m in a meet in Iowa City, Iowa.
Scarvelis placed second represented Greece at the 2017 national championship throwing the shot put 19.23 m. Scarvelis represented Greece at the 2016 Olympics throwing the shot put 19.37 m to place 27th. He represented the United States at the 2012 World Junior Championships. Nicholas threw 18.66 m at 2012 World Junior Championships in Athletics – Men's shot put to place 19th. "Nicholas Scarvelis UCLA Track and Field NCAA Results". "Nicholas Scarvelis All-Athletic results". "ESPN profile Nicholas Scarvelis Olympic results". "NBC profile Nicholas Scarvelis Olympic profile". "European Athletic Association profile: Nicholas Scarvelis". Nicholas Scarvelis on Twitter Nicholas Scarvelis at World Athletics Nicholas Scarvelis at the International Olympic Committee
Bagger 293 known as the MAN TAKRAF RB293, is a giant bucket-wheel excavator made by the German industrial company TAKRAF an East German Kombinat. It shares some records for terrestrial vehicle size in the Guinness Book of Records. Bagger 293 was built in 1995, one of a group of similar sized'sibling' vehicles such as the Bagger 281, Bagger 285, Bagger 287, Bagger 288, Bagger 291, etc, it is used in a brown coal mine near Hambach in Germany. It is called Bagger 293 by its current owner, RWE Power AG, it was called RB293 by its former owner, the brown coal company Rheinbraun, which since 1932 was a daughter company of RWE. Manufacturer TAKRAF refers to it as an excavator of the type SRs 8000. Bagger 293 is 96 metres tall, it is 225 metres long, weighs 14,200 tonnes, requires five people to operate. It is powered by an external power source providing 16.56 megawatts. The bucket-wheel itself is over 21.3 metres in diameter with 18 buckets, each of which can hold over 15 cubic metres of material. It can move 218,880 tonnes of soil per day.
Softpedia.com Tenova TAKRAF official website