Porvoo is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland 50 kilometres east of Helsinki. It is one of the six medieval towns in Finland, first mentioned as a city in texts from the 14th century. Porvoo is the seat of the Swedish-speaking Diocese of Borgå of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland; the Porvoo Old Town is a popular tourist destination, known for its well-preserved 18th and 19th century buildings and 15th century cathedral, the Porvoo Cathedral. The Old Town together with Porvoonjoki River Valley is recognized as and culturally significant as one of the National landscapes of Finland; the municipality's official languages are Swedish. In 2014, 64.6% of the population spoke Finnish as their native language, while 30.1% were Swedish speakers. 5.4% had a different native language. Porvoo's neighbouring municipalities are Askola, Myrskylä, Sipoo; the town received its name from a Swedish medieval fortress near the river Porvoonjoki, which flows through the town.
The name Porvoo is the Fennicised version of the Swedish name and its parts of borg, meaning "castle", å, "river". The area of Porvoo has been inhabited since the Stone Age. In pre-historic times, the river Porvoonjoki was a route of commerce for Finnish tribal Tavastians who inhabited the inland regions; the Tavastians had some permanent settlements in the area, such as the village of Hattula, named after an inland Tavastian village. The original name of the river Porvoonjoki was Kukinjoki; the name derives from the name of the trade vessel cog, a common merchant ship in the Baltic Sea in medieval times. The early center of the area was Saksala, meaning "the place of the Germans", deriving from the merchants who were trading in Saksala. Porvoo was colonised by Swedes in the 13th and 14th centuries after the so-called Second Crusade against Tavastians in 1249-1250; the colonisation was led by the kingdom of Sweden. The colonists originated from Svealand, were provided with seeds, cattle and, tax exemption for four years.
Porvoo was first mentioned in documents in the early 14th century, it was given city rights around 1380, although according to some sources the city was founded in 1346. The old city of Porvoo was formally disestablished and the new city of Porvoo founded in 1997, when the city of Porvoo and the rural municipality of Porvoo were consolidated; when Sweden lost the city of Viborg to Russia in 1721, the episcopal see. At this time, Porvoo was the second largest city in Finland. In 1760 two thirds of all buildings in Porvoo burned to the ground in a conflagration. During rebuilding, the city planning wasn't altered, instead new buildings were built upon the existing medieval foundations. After the conquest of Finland by Russian armies in 1808, Sweden had to cede Finland to Russia in 1809; the Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmed the new Finnish constitution, made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy; the Porvoo Common Statement is a report issued at the conclusion of theological conversations by official representatives of four Anglican churches and eight Nordic and Baltic Lutheran churches in 1989–1992.
It established the Porvoo Communion, so named after the Porvoo Cathedral where the Eucharist was celebrated on the final Sunday of the conversations leading to the Statement. The town is famed for its "Old Town", a dense medieval street pattern with predominantly wooden houses from the 17th and 18th centuries; the Old Town came close to being demolished in the 19th century by a new urban plan for the city, but the plan was cancelled due to a popular resistance headed by Count Louis Sparre. With the need for growth, a plan was envisioned for a new town built adjacent to the Old Town, following a grid plan, but with houses built of wood; the central point of the old town is the medieval and brick Porvoo Cathedral. The cathedral gave its name to the Porvoo Communion, an inter-church agreement between a number of Anglican and Lutheran denominations; the cathedral is reminiscent of aged churches across Finland, such as the Church of St. Lawrence, Vantaa, as they were designed by the same person, the anonymous German architect Pernajan mestari.
The cathedral was damaged by fire on 29 May 2006. A drunken youth had started a fire at the church, unaware of recent tarwork and nearby tar containers, accidentally causing a large conflagration, he was sentenced to a short prison term and restitutions of 4.3 million euro. The red-coloured wooden storage buildings on the riverside are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site; the Old Town is a significant source of tourism in the area. Visitors to the capital Helsinki can embark on day trips to visit the older city; the Old Town hosts various events, such as an annual Christmas market. By the end of the 20th century, there was pressure to develop the untouched western side of the river. There was concern that growth would necessitate the construction of a second bridge across the river into the town, thus putting further strain on the aging wooden town. An architectural competition was held in 1990, the winning entry of which proposed building the second bridge. Plans for the western side of the river have progressed under the direction of architect Tuomas Siitonen, both a vehicle bridge and a pedestrian bridge have been built.
The design for new housing is based on a typology derived from the old
The 423rd Guards Yampolsky Motor Rifle Regiment was a regiment of the Soviet Army and Russian Ground Forces from 1942 to 2009. For most of the postwar period it formed part of the 4th Guards Kantemirovskaya Tank Division; the 31st Motorised Brigade was included in structure of the 17th Tank Corps. On 2 January 1943 the brigade has been renamed as the 3rd Guards Yampolsky Motor Rifle of Suvorov and Kutuzov's awards of II degree a regiment. Within three years of participation in the German-Soviet War, the brigade fought from the Don to Elba, from Voronezh to walls of Prague, putting the big damage to the opponent in inhabited force and the technician. For courage and heroism a rank of the Hero of Soviet Union have received - 19 persons, two military men twice. Since 11 September 1945 a place of a constant disposition of a regiment - Naro-Fominsk, Moscow Region. On 5 May 1957 the regiment is renamed in 423rd Guards Yampolsky Motor Rifle of Suvorov and Kutuzov's awards of II degree a regiment; the regiment has grown up 12 commanders of 2 deputy ministers of defence.
Since 11 September 1999 - 28 March 2000 The regimental tactical group 423rd rgt. carried out of a problem on constitutional order prompting in territory to the Chechen republic. The Regiment participated in the assault of the city of Grozny, the battle for the village of Komsomolskoye. Loss of the regiment were 27 people. In 2000, 2001, 2002 the regiment admitted the best regiment in Moscow Military District. On 21 June the part celebrates an annual holiday of formation of a regiment; the regiment was disbanded in April 2009. As of 2007, the Yampolsky Regiment consisted of the following units: 1st Motorised Battalion, Naro-Fominsk 2nd Motorised Battalion, Naro-Fominsk 3rd Motorised Battalion, Naro-Fominsk The Independent Military Intelligence Company, Naro-Fominsk The Independent Signal Company, Naro-Fominsk The Support Company, Naro-Fominsk The Engineer Company, Naro-Fominsk The Tank Company, Naro-Fominsk The Artillery Battalion, Naro-Fominsk The Artillery Battalion, Naro-Fominsk The Air Defence Battalion, Naro-Fominsk The 423rd Guards Yampolsky Motor Rifle Regiment had 1692 personnel in active service.
Equipment Summary BMP-2 — 85 BRM-1K — 5 BTR-80 — 6 2S3 Akatsiya — 27 MTLB- 3 BMP-1KSh-8 T-80- 17 Russian Military Analysis. "Moscow Military District".www.lattube.lv. "The Independent Intelligence Company of 423rd Guards Yampolsky Motor Rifle Regiment". Archived from the original on 15 March 2012
Cumberland County Schools is a school district encompassing the entirety of Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States. Cumberland County Schools' headquarters are located in North Carolina. Cumberland County Schools has schools located in all towns of Cumberland County. CCS operates a total of 85 schools, 53 elementary schools, 15 middle schools, 14 high schools, 1 year round classical, 1 evening academy, 1 web academy and 2 special schools. Cumberland County Schools is 78 in the country. Elementary schools: 53 Middle schools: 16 High schools: 15 Year round classical schools: 1 Evening Academies: 1 Web Academy: 1 Special schools: 2 Total number of schools: 87 Pre-Kindergarten students: 961 Elementary school students: 24,261 Middle school students: 12,111 High school students: 16,000 Total Number of students: 53,361 African American: 47.67% American Indian: 1.85% Asian: 1.71% Hispanic: 6.74% Caucasian: 37.72% Other: 4.31% Teachers: 3,543 Other Student/Support Staff: 1595 Administrative/Office Staff: 1,662 Total Number of Employees: 6,807 State: $228,029,120 Federal: $38,003,218 Local: $84,399,496 Total: $350,431,834 Federally Connected Students: 16,494 Per Pupil Expenditure: $7,039.00 Graduates: Total Number of Graduates: 3,180 Students Continuing their Education: 2,648 Military Academy Appointments: 8 Scholarship Totaling: $24,706,832 Drop out Rate: 2.51% Total Number of Graduates: 3,180Cumberland County Schools is broken into 10 attendance areas, although as a "school of choice", school system, students may attend any school in a district that offers them program, so long as they have transportation to and from school if they live out of the district, the case and are approved through an application process.
Students from Hope Mills may attend Grays Creek High School if they live in the South View High School District, so long as they get a ride to school.) Attendance Area 1 is located in Northern Cumberland County, traditionally containing a few of the wealthiest people in Cumberland County, as well as the low-income towns of Spring Lake and Linden. Pine Forest HS Academies of Emergency Medical Science and Information Technology College Lakes ES Howard Hall ES School of Classical Studies Lillian Black ES Long Hill ES Manchester ES Academy of Math and Science Pine Forest MS Raleigh Road ES Spring Lake MS W. T. Brown ES Attendance Area 2 is located in west Cumberland County, containing median income families; this area contains the Cumberland townships of Fenix and 71st. Seventy-First HS School of Arts Anne Chesnutt Year-Round MS Bill Hefner ES Brentwood ES E. E. Miller ES Lake Rim ES Lewis Chapel MS School of Cultural & Performing Arts Loyd Auman ES Seventy-First Classical MS School of Classical Studies Attendance Area 3 is located in Hope Mills, receiving median to high wealth income students from southern Fayetteville and northern Hope Mills.
Jack Britt HS Academy of Integrated Systems of Technology and Applied Engineering E. Melvin Honeycutt ES New Century International ES New Century International MS John Griffin MS Stoney Point ES Attendance Area 4 is located in Hope Mills receiving low to median wealth students; this area consists of Central and Southern Hope Mills as well as the parts of Parkton that lie in Cumberland County. South View HS Academies of International Baccalaureate & Public Safety and Security C. Wayne Collier ES School of Science, Engineering & Mathematics ED V. Baldwin ES Elizabeth Cashwell ES Hope Mills MS Rockfish ES South View MS Attendance Area 5 is located in Central Cumberland County, receiving median income students; this area consists of Massey Hill, Bordeaux, Lafayette Village, Ashton Forest and Evergreen Estates. Douglas Byrd HS Finance Academy & Ford Partnerships for Advanced Studies Cumberland Mills ES Cumberland Road ES Douglas Byrd MS Howard Health & Life Sciences HS Ireland Drive MS J. W. Coon ES Mary McArthur ES School of Arts Massey Hill Classical High School Montclair ES Sherwood Park ES School of Technology William H. Owen ES Language Immersion School Attendance Area 6 located east of the Cape Fear River and downtown Fayetteville.
This area receives students in all income classes. This is the largest attendance area in Cumberland County, but not the one with the most students. Cape Fear HS School of Agricultural & Natural Sciences Academy Armstrong ES Beaver Dam ES District 7 ES School of Classical Studies Eastover Central ES School of Arts Mac Williams MS J. W. Seabrook ES School of Classical Studies Stedman ES Stedman Primary ES Sunnyside ES Attendance Area 7 is located in Gray's Creek NC in southern Cumberland County; this area consists of a mix of low income and high income students. Gray’s Creek High Alderman Road ES Gallberry Farm ES Gray’s Creek ES Internationally Themed School Gray’s Creek MS Attendance Area 8 is located just south of Fort Bragg North Carolina. Westover HS Academies of Health and Engineering Benjamin J. Martin ES Cliffdale ES Morganton Road ES Ponderosa ES School of Mathematics Westover MS Attendance Area 9 is located just west of downtown Fayetteville, it receives a mix of the poorest and weal
Sam Tai Tsz Temple and Pak Tai Temple is a complex of two temples in Nos.196 and 198, Yu Chau Street, Sham Shui Po, New Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is a place to worship the god Sam Tai Tsz and Pak Tai; the Sam Tai Tsz Temple is graded as Grade II historic building, while the Pak Tai Temple is a Grade III historic building. The interior of the complex can be explored with Google Street View. Sam Tai Tsz Temple was built in 1898; the temple was built for the god Sam Tai Tsz, for his miracle to dissipate an outbreak of plague in 1894 in the area. The god was invited from the temple in Wai Chau by Hakkas, it is the only temple worshipping Sam Tai Tsz, in Hong Kong. Pak Tai Temple of the complex was built in 1920 by the fishermen living in Sham Shui Po for worshipping Pak Tai, the God of the North. Chinese Temples Committee Geographical Information System on Hong Kong Heritage Sam Tai Tsz Temple Photographs of Sam Tai Tsz Temple Pak Tai Temple Photographs of Pak Tai Temple
Barygenys exsul is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea, it is known from Sudest Islands in the Louisiade Archipelago, east of New Guinea. It is uncertain whether the specimens from Sudest are conspecific with this species. Barygenys apodasta and Barygenys resima were mixed with this species prior to their described in 2013. Adult males measure 22.4–25.5 mm and females 22.8–38.9 mm in snout–vent length. The eyes are small; the tympanum is indistinct. The fingers are short and with rounded tips but lacking discs. Coloration is dark mud-brown, speckled with black or with obscure darker brown markings. Sometimes they can have a broad mud-brown vertebral stripe. Males call at night from beneath the surface of the soil; the call is a rapid series of 4–9 boops. Its natural habitats are primary or secondary lowland rainforests and cloudforests, have been found at altitudes up to 720 m above sea level, it is a fossorial species that can be moderately common several centimeters beneath the soil surface.
The species is not facing major threats. It is utilized on Tagula for magic purposes—to provide fertility to land if planted—but the level of utilization is too low to constitute a major threat
Dr. Henry Isaac Clore Lowe is a Jamaican scientist and businessman, his career began in academia where he worked at College of Art and Technology for 16 years, before entering public life by joining the Ministry of Energy. He now manages a variety of businesses in the health industry. Henry Lowe was born on April 1939 in St. Andrew, Jamaica, his family was “far from being wealthy” and were devout Catholics. His father David was a Cabinet Member and his mother Josephine was a part-time tailor and a homemaker. Lowe was the fourth of ten children. At 4 years old Lowe was enrolled at the Woods’ infant school. Though it was located on Metcalfe Road, a neighborhood, considered affluent at the time, his school hosted its classes in sheds behind a house. Lowe attended primary school in Port Maria and attended Excelsior High School. Lowe was accepted into the University of the West Indies in 1959 with scholarship, where he graduated with a bachelor of Science and Honours degrees in natural science. Lowe obtained a Master’s in Pharmaceutical and Medicinal chemistry from the University of Sydney and his Ph.
D. at Manchester University. To both universities Lowe was awarded a British commonwealth scholarship becoming “the first Jamaican, maybe the only one to be awarded two commonwealth Scholarships”, he pursued post-doctoral studies at the Bolton Institute of Technology, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. The year after graduating from Excelsior high school Lowe was himself hired as a science teacher at Holmwood high school. After graduating from the University of the West Indies, he taught chemistry at Excelsior high school and was appointed the head of the Science Department for one year, after which he began lecturing at CAST on September 10th 1964, his time at this institution was interrupted intermittently by educational pursuits. Lowe returned to the College of Art Science and technology in 1970 and was made the head of the science department in 1973 – the first native Jamaican to have held this position. Lowe returned again. Being persuaded by Jamaica's Ambassador to the U.
S. Douglas Fletcher, Lowe left his position at CAST to join the Ministry of Energy to help manage the severe energy crisis Jamaica was experiencing. Lowe’s research is focused on ascertaining medicinal and pharmacological qualities of Jamaican plants. Lowe has been involved in Cannabis research "since 1972", his Ph. D. focused on examining the “the structure activity relationships of some of the cannabinoids in ganja”. Lowe, in collaboration with various colleagues has produced experimental findings which demonstrate the efficacy of cannabis flavonoids in combating illnesses such as hepatitis c. Lowe’s interest in Tillandsia recurvata began during his doctoral studies. Lowe and his research team have since shown that it can be potent medicine for prostate cancer through its cytotoxic properties towards cancer cell lines. Lowe produces a variety of health products based on his discoveries in these areas. Lowe developed the first National Energy Policy and Management plan for Jamaica as the director of its Ministry of Energy.
It included an agreement with Venezuela that 25% of the revenue generated from Jamaica’s purchase of Venezuelan oil would be re-directed towards various Jamaican development projects aLowe achieved the reduction of Jamaica’s use of oil by 20 percent. After this, Lowe helped establish the Ministry of Science and the Environment, before joining the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Public Utilities and Transport. Lowe had been a consultant for Blue Cross of Jamaica since the 1970s, was appointed to the board of trustees in 1988. Following the resignation of CEO Hylton McIntosh, Lowe was appointed as CEO in 1990. Lowe would acquire the majority of the Blue Cross of Jamaica from its previous holder, the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association. Lowe sold his shares in 2008 to Sagicor. In 2000 Lowe purchased a two-acre property on 39 Lady Musgrave road. Lowe used this land to create the “Eden gardens wellness center and spa” – a business venture which aligns with his ideals of promoting wellness and health in Jamaica.
More property was purchased across from 44 lady Musgrave road, being used for an expansion as of 2012. Novlet green took over management of the facility in 2006. In 2007 at a conference of the Caribbean poison information network, Lowe spoke of the commercial benefits possible from research into medicinal cannabis. In 2013 Lowe established Medicanja, he is the firm's Executive Chairman and chief scientist. Medicanja has a research facility at the University of the West Indies. On July 26th 2018, Medicanja released twelve nutraceutical products. Six of these products. Six others are intended for specific usage: CBD Oil Sublingual Drops designed to reduce nausea, I-Cann designed for those suffering from glaucoma and intra-ocular pressure, Epilec Pro for epilepsy, Sclorican for pain and discomfort caused by multiple sclerosis, Cannrepel a mosquito repellent. All of these products have been approved by the FDA. On December 3 2018, the Development Bank of Jamaica agreed to provide Medicanja with $7 million dollars to facilitate the clinical trials of its experimental drug, "Drug X Version 2".