General Post Office, Hong Kong
The General Post Office is the headquarters of Hongkong Post. Built in 1976, it is located at Connaught Place, Hong Kong; the office was adjacent to the former Star Ferry Pier, it is adjacent to Jardine House and the International Finance Centre. The current building occupied a seafront location until 2007, since when reclamation works have led to it becoming inland; as of 2018, the building is scheduled for demolition, although there are efforts to preserve it as a historical landmark. The GPO has been moved three times after several reclamations as it was essential to locate the office near the shore for receiving letters from ocean liners. Past locations of the GPO were: 1841–1846: Above St. John's Cathedral, Garden Road 1846–1911: Queen's Road Central, opposite D'Aguilar Street 1911–1976: Junction of Des Voeux Road Central and Pedder Street 1976–present: 2 Connaught Place, Central In 1846 premises which had belonged to Dent & Co. were transformed into Government Treasury, Supreme Court and General Post Office.
This land was auctioned in 1921, when it achieved a price of HK$50 per square foot. The resulting China Building was completed in 1924. Reclamations had taken place in the meantime in the late 1890s, the first General Post Office was relocated in 1911 into new premises on the newly reclaimed section of Pedder Street, it was a typical Edwardian municipal construction of granite and red brick, was known as "the Old Lady of Pedder Street". This old General Post Office building was demolished in 1976, was functionally relocated to Connaught Place to make way for the construction of the Central station of the MTR below ground. Below the building is the interchange of Hong Kong Station and Central Station of MTR. World-Wide House, an office block, was constructed above ground. Joseph Ting, former chief curator of the Hong Kong Museum of History, regarded the 1911 General Post Office as Hong Kong's most beautiful building; the building was constructed on reclaimed land. In 1967, the Government had planned for a 30 storey block, with 5 floors for the GPO, 25 for government offices.
The site directly to its south was secured by Hongkong Land at a record price. In exchange, the Government was obliged to accede to a stipulation that no building directly to the north of Connaught Centre, now Jardine House, would obstruct its views, thus the maximum height of the GPO building was limited to 120 feet; the GPO was designed by architect K. M. Tseng, as a 5 storey building, the foundation to support another 2, up to the maximum permitted height of 120 feet; the building houses the first central vacuum-cleaning system in Hong Kong, without the need to change bags
El Centro, California
El Centro is a city in and county seat of Imperial County, the largest city in the Imperial Valley, east anchor of the Southern California Border Region, the core urban area and principal city of the El Centro metropolitan area which encompasses all of Imperial County. El Centro is the largest American city to lie below sea level; the city, located in southeastern California, is 113 miles from the major Southern California city of San Diego and near the Mexican city of Mexicali. The city was founded in 1906 by W. F. Holt and C. A. Barker, who purchased the land on which El Centro was built for about $40 per acre and invested $100,000 in improvements; the modern city is home to retail, transportation and agricultural industries. There are two international border crossings nearby for commercial and noncommercial vehicles. El Centro's population was 42,598 at the 2010 census, up from 37,835 in 2000. Spanish explorer Melchor Díaz was one of the first Europeans to visit the area around El Centro and Imperial Valley in 1540.
The explorer Juan Bautista de Anza explored the area in 1776. Years after the Mexican–American War, the northern half of the valley was annexed by the U. S. while the southern half remained under Mexican rule. Small scale settlement in natural aquifer areas occurred in the early 19th century, but most permanent settlement was after 1900. Part of San Diego County, the Imperial Valley was settled by farmers once water from the Colorado River was diverted via canals to irrigate the desert valley floor. In 1906, the land on which El Centro was built was purchased by W. F. Holt and C. A. Barker. In 1907 Imperial County was split off from San Diego County. Before the town began, the railroad had named the place Cabarker; the name honored C. A. Barker, a friend of the landowner; the first post office in El Centro opened in 1905. Early growth was rapid with the city’s population reaching 1,610 by 1910 and more than tripling by 1920 to 5,646 people. One reason for this rapid early growth was El Centro’s successful battle with the City of Imperial to become the county seat.
In these early days, relationships among the cities of the Imperial Valley were intensely competitive, reflecting the particular frontier character of the area and the fact that six cities within a twenty-mile radius were all established within one generation. These cities were in a horse race to win the prize of being the Valley’s leading city and the intense competition is measured by the fact that it took twenty years to get a county fair started because of strong local loyalties on the County Board of Supervisors The City of El Centro was incorporated on April 16, 1908. One reason for this rapid growth was El Centro. Population growth was slow, but accelerated in the 1930s, again in the 1940s, despite the city being hard hit by a 7.1 earthquake in May 1940. By the mid-1940s, El Centro had become the second largest city in the Imperial Valley, with a population of about 11,000 people. El Centro had become the location of the Imperial Irrigation District administrative offices. Agriculture has been an important industry within El Centro since the 1940s, because of its strategic location near rail lines and U.
S. Highways 80 and 99 – more than 35 growers and shippers still operate in El Centro. However, by the early 1980s the two largest employment sectors in El Centro were government and wholesale/retail trade, reflecting El Centro's emerging role as a regional administrative and commercial center. Imperial Valley Mall opened on the southeast side of the city in 2005; the nearby Algodones Dunes, the largest dune field in the US, draws thousands of visitors each year for off-road driving. The Salton Sea lies 30 miles north of El Centro, but water sport enthusiasts head to the Colorado River, 50 miles to the east near Yuma, Arizona; the El Centro Naval Air Facility 10 miles to the west is home to the annual Blue Angels flight maneuvering event. Stark Field is home of a minor league baseball team El Centro Imperials of the Arizona Summer League. Mexico is 10 miles away, which offers big city amenities like museums, a zoo and a sports/convention center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles, of which over 99% is land.
El Centro is located in the Imperial Valley. The city is 50 feet below the largest city in the United States below sea level; the Imperial Valley is in an extension of the larger Sonoran Desert. The agriculture industry's demand for water is supplied by canals diverting water from the nearby Colorado River; the Salton Sea was created after a 1905 flood from the Colorado River. In this region, the geology is dominated by the transition of the tectonic plate boundary from rift to transverse fault; the southernmost strands of the San Andreas Fault connect the northern-most extensions of the East Pacific Rise. The region is subject to earthquakes, the crust is being stretched, resulting in a sinking of the terrain over time. El Centro has a desert climate and is the southernmost desert city below sea level in the continental United States, it features long hot summers, mild winters. El Centro under 3 inches of rain annually. Winter tempe
Homelessness is defined as living in housing, below the minimum standard or lacks secure tenure. People can be categorized as homeless; the legal definition of homeless varies from country to country, or among different jurisdictions in the same country or region. According to the UK homelessness charity Crisis, a home is not just a physical space: it provides roots, security, a sense of belonging and a place of emotional wellbeing. United States government homeless enumeration studies include people who sleep in a public or private place not designed for use as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings. People who are homeless are most unable to acquire and maintain regular, safe and adequate housing due to a lack of, or an unsteady income. Homelessness and poverty are interrelated. In 2005, an estimated 100 million people worldwide were homeless and as many as 1 billion people live as squatters, refugees or in temporary shelter, all lacking adequate housing. In Western countries, the majority of homeless are men, with single males overrepresented.
However, current data suggests similar rates of homeless females. In 2015, the United States reported that there were 564,708 homeless people within its borders, one of the higher reported figures worldwide; these figures are underestimates as surveillance for the homeless population is challenging. When compared to the general population, people who are homeless experience higher rates of adverse physical and mental health outcomes, which renders them vulnerable to health conditions associated with climate change. Chronic disease severity, respiratory conditions, rates of mental health illnesses and substance use are all greater in homeless populations than the general population. Homelessness is associated with a high risk of suicide attempts. People experiencing homelessness have limited access to resources and are disengaged from health services, making them that much more susceptible to extreme weather events and ozone levels; these disparities result in increased morbidity and mortality in the homeless population.
There are a number of organizations. Most countries provide a variety of services to assist homeless people; these services provide food and clothing and may be organized and run by community organizations or by government departments or agencies. These programs may be supported by the government, charities and individual donors. Many cities have street newspapers, which are publications designed to provide employment opportunity to homeless people. While some homeless have jobs, some must seek other methods to make a living. Begging or panhandling is one option, but is becoming illegal in many cities. People who are homeless may have additional conditions, such as physical or mental health issues or substance addiction. Homeless people, homeless organizations, are sometimes accused or convicted of fraudulent behaviour. Criminals are known to exploit homeless people, ranging from identity theft to tax and welfare scams; these incidents lead to negative connotations on the homeless as a group. In 2004, the United Nations sector of Economic and Social Affairs defined a homeless household as those households without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters due to a lack of or a steady income.
They carry their few possessions with them, sleeping in the streets, in doorways or on piers, or in another space, on a more or less random basis. In 2009, at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Conference of European Statisticians, held in Geneva, the Group of Experts on Population and Housing Censuses defined homelessness as: In its Recommendations for the Censuses of Population and Housing, the CES identifies homeless people under two broad groups: Primary homelessness; this category includes persons living in the streets without a shelter that would fall within the scope of living quarters. This category may include persons with no place of usual residence who move between various types of accommodations; this category includes persons living in private dwellings but reporting'no usual address' on their census form. The CES acknowledges that the above approach does not provide a full definition of the'homeless'. Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted 10 December 1948 by the UN General Assembly, contains this text regarding housing and quality of living: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing and medical care and necessary social services, the right to security in the event of unemployment, disability, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Homelessness is addressed differently according to country. The European Typology of Homelessness and Housing Exclusion was developed as a means of improving understanding and measurement of homelessness in Europe, to provide a common "language" for transnational exchanges on homelessness; the ETHOS approach confirms that homelessne
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Renting known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another. A gross lease is when the tenant pays a flat rental amount and the landlord pays for all property charges incurred by the ownership. An example of renting is equipment rental. Renting can be an example of the sharing economy. There are many possible reasons for renting instead of buying, for example: In many jurisdictions rent paid in a trade or business is tax deductible, whereas rent on a dwelling is not tax deductible in most jurisdictions. Financial inadequacy, such as renting a house when one is unable to purchase, i.e "renting by necessity". Reducing financial risk due to depreciation and transaction costs for real estate which might be needed only for a short amount of time; when something is needed only temporarily, as in the case of a special tool, a truck or a skip. When something is needed that may or may not be owned but is not in proximity for use, such as renting an automobile or bicycle when away on a trip.
Needing a cheaper alternative to buying, such as renting a movie: a person is unwilling to pay the full price for a movie, so they rent it for a lesser price, but give up the chance to view it again later. The tenant may want to leave the burden of upkeep of the property to his agents. There is no need to worry about maintenance. Renting keeps off-balance-sheet the debt that would burden the balance sheet of a company in case the property would have been bought. Renting is good for the environment if products are used more efficiently by maximizing utility rather than being disposed and under utilized. Short-term rental of all sorts of products represents an estimated €108 billion annual market in Europe and is expected to grow further as the internet makes it easier to find specific items available for rent. According to a poll by YouGov, 76% of people looking to rent would go to the internet first to find what they need, it has been reported that the financial crisis of 2007–2010 may have contributed to the rapid growth of online rental marketplaces, such as erento, as consumers are more to consider renting instead of buying in times of financial hardship.
Environmental concerns, fast depreciation of goods, a more transient workforce mean that consumers are searching for rentals online. A 2010 US survey found. Net income received, or losses suffered, by an investor from renting of one or two properties is subject to idiosyncratic risk due to the numerous things that can happen to real property and variable behavior of tenants. There is an implied, explicit, or written rental agreement or contract involved to specify the terms of the rental, which are regulated and managed under contract law. Examples include letting out real estate for the purpose of housing tenure, parking space for a vehicle, storage space, whole or portions of properties for business, institutional, or government use, or other reasons; when renting real estate, the person or party who lives in or occupies the real estate is called a tenant, paying rent to the owner of the property called a landlord. The real estate rented may be all or part of any real estate, such as an apartment, building, business office or suite, farm, or an inside or outside space to park a vehicle, or store things all under Real estate law.
The tenancy agreement for real estate is called a lease, involves specific property rights in real property, as opposed to chattels. In India, the rental income on property is taxed under the head "income from house property". A deduction of 30% is allowed from total rent, charged to tax; the time use of a chattel or other so called "personal property" is covered under general contract law, but the term lease nowadays extends to long term rental contracts of more expensive non-Real properties such as automobiles, planes, office equipment and so forth. The distinction in that case is long term versus short term rentals; some non-real properties available for rent or lease are: motion pictures on VHS or DVD, of audio CDs, of computer programs on CD-ROM. Transport equipment, such as an automobile or a bicycle. Ships and boats, in which case rental is known as chartering, the rent is known as hire or freight aircraft, in which case rental is known as chartering, or leasing if the rental is longer term specialized tools, such as a chainsaw, laptop, IT equipment or something more substantial, such as a forklift.
Large equipment such as cranes, oil rigs and submarines. A deckchair or beach chair and umbrella. Furniture items such as Wooden Cot, iron cot, coffee Table, dining table, Mattress. Designer handbags, jewelry and watches. Home Appliances items such as washing machines, Television, Microwave oven, Air-Conditioners In various degrees, renting can involve buying services for various amounts of time, such as staying in a hotel, using a computer in an Internet cafe, or riding in a taxicab; as seen from the examples, some rented goods are used on the spot, but they are taken along.
A keypad is a set of buttons arranged in a block or "pad" which bear digits, symbols or alphabetical letters. Pads containing numbers are called a numeric keypad. Numeric keypads are found on alphanumeric keyboards and on other devices which require numeric input such as calculators, push-button telephones, vending machines, ATMs, Point of Sale devices, combination locks, digital door locks. Many devices follow the E.161 standard for their arrangement. A computer keyboard has a small numeric keypad on the side, in addition to the other number keys on the top, but with a calculator-style arrangement of buttons that allow more efficient entry of numerical data; this number pad is positioned on the right side of the keyboard because most people are right-handed. Many laptop computers have special function keys which turn part of the alphabetical keyboard into a numerical keypad as there is insufficient space to allow a separate keypad to be built into the laptop's chassis. Separate external plug-in keypads can be purchased.
Keypads for the entry of PINs and for product selection appear on many devices including ATMs, vending machines, Point of Sale payment devices, time clocks, combination locks and digital door locks. In 1984 Ronald and Malcolm Binstead developed a Projected Capacitance keypad which could sense through thick glass; this was used to operate computers through shop windows, but is now used to operate a wide range of devices, such as Juke Boxes, ATMs, Vending Machines, Electric Cooker Hobs, Industrial Controllers, due to the fact that the keypad is isolated from the user and protected from damage by the thick glass. The first key-activated mechanical calculators and many cash registers used "parallel" keys with one column of 0 to 9 for each position the machine could use. A smaller, 10-key input first started on the Standard Adding Machine in 1901; the calculator had the digit keys arranged in one row, with zero on the left, 9 on the right. The modern four-row arrangement debuted with the Sundstrand Adding Machine in 1911.
There is no standard for the layout of the four arithmetic operations, the decimal point, equal sign or other more advanced mathematical functions on the keypad of a calculator. The invention of the Push-button telephone keypad is attributed to John E. Karlin, an industrial psychologist at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ. On a telephone keypad, the numbers 1 through 9 are arranged from left to right, top to bottom with 0 in a row below 789 and in the center. Telephone keypads have the special buttons labelled * and # on either side of the zero key; the keys on a telephone may bear letters which have had several auxiliary uses, such as remembering area codes or whole telephone numbers. Although calculator keypads pre-date telephone keypads by nearly thirty years, the top-to-bottom order for telephones was the result of research studies conducted by Bell Labs Human Factors group led by John Karlin, they tested a variety of layouts including a Facit like the two-row arrangement, buttons in a circle, buttons in an arc, rows of three buttons.
The definitive study was published in 1960: "Human Factor Engineering Studies of the Design and Use of Pushbutton Telephone Sets" by R. L. Deininger; this study concluded. Despite that, there are several popular theories and folk histories explaining the inverse order of telephone and calculator keypads. One popular theory suggests that the reason is similar to that given for the QWERTY layout, the unfamiliar ordering slowed down users to accommodate the slow switches of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Another explanation proposed is that at the time of the introduction of the telephone keypad, telephone numbers in the U. S. where given out using alphabetical characters for the first two digits. Thus 555-1234 would be given out as KL5-1234; these alpha sequences were mapped to words. "27" was given out as "CRestview", etc.. By placing the "1" key in the upper left, the alphabet was arranged in the normal left-to-right descending order for English characters. Additionally, on a rotary telephone, the "1" hole.
Keyboard Telephone keypad Push-button telephone Silicone rubber keypad Numeric keypad Keyboard technology Mobile phone Digital door lock Arrow keys Interfacing Matrix Keypad to 8051 Controller