Uwe Boll is a German restaurateur and retired filmmaker. He financed his own films through his production companies Boll Event Film Productions. Many of his films were produced on low budgets and Boll himself had backed his projects financially or made use of crowdfunding platforms. Boll's filmmaking career is divided into two distinct phases: the first consists of big budget films with a renowned cast, most of which gained him a reputation as a "schlock maestro", while receiving negative reviews from critics, with Alone in the Dark being considered one of the worst films made, his second phase is marked by films with a smaller budget or were independently made unknown actors and different approaches to filmmaking. Boll decided to branch out from filmmaking in 2016 to work in the restaurant industry, he opened his Bauhaus Restaurant in Vancouver. Boll was born in Wermelskirchen, he studied at the University of Cologne and the University of Siegen, holds a doctorate in literature. Boll first decided to go into the movie business at ten years old after seeing Marlon Brando's Mutiny on the Bounty.
Boll's first two major releases were the horror movie Blackwoods and the drama Heart of America, both of which he directed and co-wrote. Boll is best known for loosely adapting video games into movies, having directed and produced a number of such adaptations, including House of the Dead, Alone in the Dark, Alone in the Dark II, BloodRayne, BloodRayne 2: Deliverance, BloodRayne: The Third Reich, In the Name of the King: A Dungeon Siege Tale and Far Cry. In the opening credits to Seed, Boll used footage of animal abuse and torture he acquired from PETA to underscore the film's nihilism, he has promised to donate 2.5 percent of his net profits from Seed to PETA. In September 2010, a trailer for Boll's film, titled Auschwitz, about the concentration camp, was posted on YouTube; the trailer, in which Boll appears as an SS gas-chamber guard, contains explicit scenes of the brutalization and killing of concentration camp inmates. Boll has been quoted as saying that films such as Schindler's List "no longer had the ability to reach young people and that it was his duty as a German to make the film as a way of confronting the past."Boll is the subject of a documentary film titled Raging Boll, directed by Dan West, which premiered at the Austin Film Festival in October 2010.
In March 2012, it was announced he had finished directing a short horror story for the anthology film The Profane Exhibit. The story, inspired by Josef Fritzl, focuses on parents with a daughter locked in a room, where they can partake in immoral acts against her. Uwe Boll planned a fourth entry in the BloodRayne franchise in a contemporary setting involving her trying to live a normal life. Natassia Malthe was expected to return, was expected to be loosely based on the video game BloodRayne 2. In August 2013, Boll announced plans to produce a sequel to Postal based on achieving $500,000 from a Kickstarter campaign; the campaign was however cancelled on October 5, 2013. In October 2016, during an interview with the Toronto edition of Metro, Boll announced his retirement from filmmaking, chiefly citing the decline of DVD and Blu-ray sales, noting that he's had to use his own money to finance his work since 2005; as of 2017, he still works as a film producer. In February 2018, he revealed in his vlog that he intends to return to film and has sent proposals to Netflix.
However, he no longer wants to finance his projects. Boll's films have performed poorly at the box office in the United States and around the world. House of the Dead, budgeted at $12 million, made $5.73 million in its opening weekend, Alone in the Dark, budgeted at $20 million, made $5.1 million, BloodRayne, made for $25 million, made $2.42 million. The least profitable commercial performance of his career was In the Name of the King: A Dungeon Siege Tale, which grossed a little over $10 million worldwide on a $60 million budget. In the DVD commentary of Alone in the Dark, Boll explains how he funds his films: "Maybe you know it but it's not so easy to finance movies in total, and the reason I am able to do these kind of movies is I have a tax shelter fund in Germany, if you invest in a movie in Germany you get fifty percent back from the government." Boll has received significant negative publicity regarding this funding method, attributed to a loophole in the German tax laws, closed in 2006.
Boll has written two books, Wie man in Deutschland einen Film drehen muss and Die Gattung Serie und ihre Genres, on themes of serial television. As of April 2015, House of the Dead, Alone in the Dark appear on the IMDB's Bottom 100 film list. In a review of Alone in the Dark, Rob Vaux states that the movie makes other "bad" movie directors feel better in comparison: "'It's okay,' they'll tell themselves,'I didn't make Alone in the Dark.'" Another reviewer wrote that Alone in the Dark was "so poorly built, so horribly acted and so sloppily stitched together that it's not at the straight-to-DVD level." One critic has dubbed him as the "Jonas Brothers of movie directors". Boll made a bid to direct the 2016 Warcraft movie, but was turned away by the owners of the Warcraft franchise, Blizzard Entertainment who said: "We will not sell the movie rights, not to you…especially not to you." Boll commented: "Because it’s such a big online game
Ralf Rudolf Moeller is a German actor and former competitive bodybuilder. He is known for his roles of Brick Bardo in Cyborg, Kjartan in The Viking Sagas, the title character in the television show Conan the Adventurer, Hagen in Gladiator, Thorak in The Scorpion King and Ulfar in Pathfinder, he began bodybuilding at age 17 and was the German Champion by 1984. He competed in the 1988 Mr. Olympia alongside Shawn Ray and others, he is one of the tallest bodybuilding champions to date standing at 1.97 m, weighing 131 kilos in 1988. Möller began a film career in 1989 with the film Cyborg. In 1992, he appeared in Universal Soldier with Jean-Claude Van Damme. In 1993 he played the villain Brakus opposite Phillip Rhee and Eric Roberts in Best of the Best 2, his two biggest mainstream film roles to date are Ridley Scott's Gladiator, 2002's The Scorpion King. Besides these two movies, he has played the leading character in The Viking Sagas, played Conan the Barbarian in the TV-series Conan; the show aired in 1997–1998, the premise was that Conan, accompanied by his three sidekicks, was chosen by the god Crom to fight and vanquish the evil Hissah Zul and to become king.
In both The Bad Pack and Gladiator, Möller appeared alongside fellow bodybuilder Sven-Ole Thorsen. In 2003, he made a cameo appearance in the music video of Maria, by Scooter, a German techno music band, he went on to appear in El padrino, sequel to The Bad Pack, once again playing Special Agent Kurt Mayers. He played Hammacher in the 2006 film Beerfest. Official website Ralf Moeller on IMDb
United Airlines Flight 93
United Airlines Flight 93 was a domestic scheduled passenger flight, hijacked by four al-Qaeda terrorists on board, as part of the September 11 attacks. It crashed into a field in Somerset County, during an attempt by the passengers and crew to regain control. All 44 people on board were killed, including the four hijackers, but no one on the ground was injured; the aircraft involved, a Boeing 757–222, was flying United Airlines' daily scheduled morning flight from Newark International Airport in New Jersey to San Francisco International Airport in California. The hijackers stormed the aircraft's cockpit 46 minutes after takeoff; the pilot and first officer took measures, such as de-activating the autopilot, to hinder the hijackers. Ziad Jarrah, who had trained as a pilot, took control of the aircraft and diverted it back toward the east coast, in the direction of Washington, D. C. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Ramzi bin al-Shibh, considered principal instigators of the attacks, have claimed that the intended target was the Capitol Building.
After the hijackers took control of the plane, several passengers and flight attendants learned from phone calls that suicide attacks had been made by hijacked airliners on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. Many of the passengers attempted to regain control of the aircraft from the hijackers. During the struggle, the plane crashed into a field near a reclaimed strip mine in Stonycreek Township, near Indian Lake and Shanksville, about 65 miles southeast of Pittsburgh and 130 miles northwest of Washington, D. C. A few people witnessed the impact from the ground, news agencies began reporting the event within an hour. Of the four aircraft hijacked on September 11 – the others were American Airlines Flight 11, United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 77 – United Airlines Flight 93 was the only aircraft that did not reach its hijackers' intended target. Vice President Dick Cheney, in the Presidential Emergency Operations Center deep under the White House, authorized Flight 93 to be shot down.
Construction of a permanent Flight 93 National Memorial was dedicated on September 10, 2011, the concrete and glass visitor center situated on a hill overlooking the site was opened four years later. The hijacking of Flight 93 was led by a member of al-Qaeda. Jarrah had a secular upbringing, he intended to become a pilot and moved to Germany in 1996, enrolling at the University of Greifswald to study German. A year he moved to Hamburg and began studying aeronautical engineering at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences. In Hamburg, Jarrah associated with the radical Hamburg cell. In November 1999, Jarrah left Hamburg for Afghanistan. While there, he met with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in January 2000. Jarrah returned to Hamburg at the end of January and in February obtained a new passport containing no stamped records of his travels by reporting his passport as stolen. In May, Jarrah received a visa from the U. S. Embassy in Berlin, arriving in Florida in June 2000. There, he began taking flying lessons and training in hand-to-hand combat.
Jarrah maintained contact with his girlfriend in Germany and with his family in Lebanon in the months preceding the attacks. This close contact upset Mohamed Atta, the tactical leader of the plot, al-Qaeda planners may have considered another operative, Zacarias Moussaoui, to replace him if he had backed out. Four "muscle" hijackers were trained to storm the cockpit and overpower the crew, three accompanied Jarrah on Flight 93; the first, Ahmed al-Nami, arrived in Miami, Florida, on May 28, 2001, on a six-month tourist visa with United Airlines Flight 175 hijackers Hamza al-Ghamdi and Mohand al-Shehri. The second Flight 93 hijacker, Ahmed al-Haznawi, arrived in Miami on June 8 with Flight 11 hijacker Wail al-Shehri; the third Flight 93 muscle hijacker, Saeed al-Ghamdi, arrived in Orlando, Florida, on June 27 with Flight 175 hijacker Fayez Banihammad. On August 3, 2001, an intended fifth hijacker, Mohammed al-Qahtani, flew into Orlando from Dubai, he was questioned by officials, who were dubious that he could support himself with only $2,800 cash to his name, suspicious that he intended to become an illegal immigrant as he was using a one-way ticket.
He was sent back to Dubai, subsequently returned to Saudi Arabia. Ziad Jarrah and Saeed al-Ghamdi's passports were recovered from the Flight 93 crash site. Jarrah's family said; the aircraft involved in the hijacking was a Boeing 757–222, registration N591UA, delivered to the airline in 1996. The airplane had a capacity of 182 passengers; the seven crew members were Captain Jason Dahl, First Officer LeRoy Homer Jr. and flight attendants Lorraine Bay, Sandra Bradshaw, Wanda Green, CeeCee Lyles, Deborah Welsh. The four hijackers checked in for the flight between 07:39 Eastern Time. At 07:03, Ghamdi checked in without any luggage. At 07:24, Haznawi checked in one bag and at 07:39, Jarrah checked in without any luggage. Haznawi was the only hijacker selected for extra scrutiny by the Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System, his checked bag underwent extra screening for explosives, with no extra scrutiny required by CAPPS at the passenger-security check
J. K. Simmons
Jonathan Kimble Simmons is an American actor and voice actor. In television, he is best known for playing Dr. Emil Skoda on the NBC series Law & Order, Vernon Schillinger on the HBO series Oz and Assistant Police Chief Will Pope on TNT's The Closer. From 2017 to 2018, he starred as Howard Silk in the Starz series Counterpart, his film roles include J. Jonah Jameson in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy and music instructor Terence Fletcher in 2014's Whiplash, he is known for voicing Cave Johnson in the video game Portal 2, Tenzin in The Legend of Korra, Stanford Pines in Gravity Falls, Kai in Kung Fu Panda 3 and Mayor Lionheart in Zootopia. He reprised his role as Jameson in various Marvel animated video games, he has appeared in a series of commercials for Farmers Insurance and voices the Yellow M&M. Simmons's performance in Whiplash received widespread critical acclaim and earned him more than thirty accolades, including the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor.
Simmons was born on January 9, 1955, in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, the son of Patricia, an administrator, Donald William Simmons, a middle school music teacher. In 1965, when he was 10 years old, his family moved to Worthington, Ohio, a suburb of Columbus, Ohio. From 1970–1972, Simmons attended Thomas Worthington High School, where he participated in drama and choir. In 1973, when he was 18, they moved to Missoula, where his father became director of the School of Music at the University of Montana; the younger Simmons graduated from the University of Montana in 1978 with a music degree. During his tenure, he was part of the music-oriented fraternity Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. Simmons moved to Seattle and became a member of the Seattle Repertory Theatre. On Broadway, Simmons played Benny Southstreet in the 1992 revival of Dolls. In 1994 he sang multiple roles in the Wagner opera satire, Das Barbecü, he played the role of Jigger in a revival of Carousel with the Houston Grand Opera and starred in the 1987 Off-Broadway musical Birds of Paradise.
He is known for his roles as Dr. Emil Skoda, a police psychiatrist who has appeared on three of the four incarnations of Law & Order and New York Undercover, as sadistic neo-Nazi inmate Vernon Schillinger on the prison drama Oz, he stars as Ralph Earnhardt, the father of race-car driver Dale Earnhardt, in 3: The Dale Earnhardt Story. He plays Assistant Chief of the LAPD, in the series The Closer. In the show Raising Hope, he plays Burt Chance's brother Bruce Chance. In a precursor to joining the Law & Order cast as Skoda, Simmons appeared in Homicide: Life on the Street, portraying a criminal in a Law & Order cross-over episode. Other roles include that of an army general in the television sitcom Arrested Development, Dan the Barber in the surreal Nickelodeon series The Adventures of Pete & Pete in 1995, he played B. R. in the film Thank You for Smoking and has been praised for his performance in Juno as "Mac" McGuff, the title character's father. In all three of Sam Raimi's Spider-Man films, Simmons played J. Jonah Jameson, editor-in-chief of the newspaper Daily Bugle.
In 2008, he appeared in Postal as Candidate Welles. He appeared in I Love You, Man as the father of Paul Rudd's character. Simmons starred in several films produced or directed by his friend Jason Reitman, including Thank You for Smoking, Juno, Up in the Air, Jennifer's Body. In 2013, he had a small role as Mr. Jervis in Reitman's film Labor Day, he voices Tenzin, an Airbending master and the son of Aang and Katara, in the 2012 Nickelodeon series The Legend of Korra. He starred as blind lawyer "Mel Fisher" in Growing Up Fisher. From 2015 to 2016, he voiced the scientist Stanford Pines on the Disney XD cartoon series Gravity Falls. In the 2014 drama film Whiplash, Simmons played Terence Fletcher, an intensely demanding conductor at the fictional Shaffer Conservatory of Music, who bullies and cajoles his student, Andrew Neiman; the wide acclaim for Simmons's performance included. Rolling Stone said "Beat the drums for an Oscar for Simmons." Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times said "Simmons delivers one of the most memorable performances of the year."
Entertainment Weekly summed up the reaction by saying Simmons's performance "has been universally praised" and that he was "a leading contender for Best Supporting Actor." On January 11, 2015, Simmons won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor on February 22, 2015. In January 2015, Simmons was cast in a leading role in the film Kong: Skull Island, though he and Michael Keaton exited the film. Simmons performed a substantial number of voice-over roles alongside his live action work. Several of these have arisen from his J. Jonah Jameson character in Raimi's Spider-Man films, including voices of two newspaper editors in episodes of the eighteenth season of The Simpsons. While unnamed, these characters are meant to emulate Jameson. Simmons voiced an editor-in-chief of a newspaper for a 2013 episode of The Hub's Pound Puppies. In 2016, Simmons lent his voice to two animated films, voicing the antagonist Kai in Kung Fu Panda 3 and Mayor Lionheart in Zootopia.
Worlds Apart is a 2015 Greek drama film directed by Christoforos Papakaliatis. Worlds Apart consists o
Larry Thomas (actor)
Larry Thomas is an American actor, best known for his guest role as Yev Kassem, the Soup Nazi, on Seinfeld, for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award. In addition to making personal appearances as the Soup Nazi, Thomas has appeared in a number of films, TV shows, commercials, appears at autograph-signing shows across the country. Thomas was born in New York to a Jewish family of Russian and Romanian background. Prior to acting, Thomas had jobs as a bailbondsman and janitor, he is best known for his role as the "Soup Nazi" in the eponymous episode of the television sitcom Seinfeld. According to an interview, a huge fan of the series, attended his audition in character in a military uniform, won the role by improvising his now-famous line, "No soup for you!". His widely-acclaimed performance earned him a nomination for the Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series in 1996, which he lost to Tim Conway for Coach, he reprised the role in the series' final episode. In 1997, he made a cameo appearance as the blackjack dealer in Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, sharing the scene with Mike Myers and Robert Wagner.
In 2004, he guest-starred as himself in the Scrubs episode "My Self-Examination", where the main character tried to trick him into saying the Soup Nazi's catchphrase, "No Soup for You!". He played a Soup Nazi-like "food cop" in a commercial for the Center for Consumer Freedom; that same year he guest-starred in the television series Drake & Josh as Bob Galloway in the episode "2 Idiots and a Baby." In 2006, Thomas made an appearance in the independent comedy feature Spaced Out. This was the start of a working relationship with Boomstick Films which includes co-starring roles in Not Another B Movie, Dr. Spine, the award-winning Paranormal Activity spoof Paranormal Calamity. In other recent roles of note, Larry has portrayed each of the two most iconic Middle Eastern villains of American history. In 2006, he guest-starred in Arrested Development as a Saddam Hussein lookalike. An earlier joke had one character having a photo taken with the real Saddam, after mistaking him for Thomas. Thomas played the role of Osama bin Laden in Uwe Boll's 2008 shock comedy film Postal.
In 2009, Thomas appeared in the independent feature Untitled Horror Comedy playing the role of "Dwayne." In February 2012, Thomas again appeared as the Soup Nazi in an Acura NSX commercial featuring comedians Jerry Seinfeld and Jay Leno. In February 2013, he began filming for Tesla Effect: A Tex Murphy Adventure, a video game using live-action cut-scenes. In late 2016, he's scheduled to appear in a short comedy film The Love Suckers, playing a marriage therapist giving bad advice to a couple. In 2006, Thomas began selling autographed photographs of himself through catalogs such as Wall Street Creations Inc. glaring at the camera in chef's garb, with the handwritten notation "No soup for you!" In 2011, Thomas appeared dressed as the Soup Nazi at a New York Mets game. He gave DVDs to fans who answered trivia questions. In 2012, he again appeared as the Soup Nazi while touring the United States with a Seinfeld food truck, allowing fans to pose with him and signing autographs. On July 5, 2014, he appeared at Brooklyn Cyclones as the Soup Nazi to celebrate Salute to Seinfeld Night, threw out the first pitch.
In 2015, he reprised his role as the Soup Nazi when Hulu opened "Seinfeld: The Apartment" in New York City, creating a real-world version of Jerry Seinfeld's Upper West Side apartment, complete with a show memorabilia gallery and interactive Seinfeld fan experience to mark the streaming debut of all episodes of the series on Hulu. In September 2018, Larry Thomas appeared as the Soup Nazi for a surprise guest appearance at a wedding in Old Tappan, NJ, he announced the couple for the first time as husband and wife, took photos with their guests. Several photos from the wedding can be seen using the hashtag #soupnaziwedding on Instagram, his most recent project is "Dads", a Television Sitcom Pilot, written and produced by Larry Thomas and David Everhart Castro. It is in post-production. Larry has written and recorded songs: "Nico's Song" written for Dad's, "It's Angela", "Running, Running In 2013, Serbu Firearms refused to sell their model BFG-50A semi-automatic.50 rifles to the New York City Police Department after the passage of the NY SAFE Act that classified their weapon as an assault rifle.
Refusal to sell to states that have outlawed the sale of firearms to the public under the heading of assault rifles has become more common. Following their refusal to sell the rifles, Serbu had T-shirts printed with an image of the classic Seinfeld character The Soup Nazi, played by actor Thomas, the words "No Serbu For You". Thomas, a gun control advocate, contacted Facebook and the shirt printers to have the shirts removed. Serbu replaced it with one of their founder Mark Serbu. Larry Thomas https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCamLox70rWoAmeJ5lJOK3JA on YouTube Larry Thomas on IMDb Larry Thomas at TV.com^ "Larry Thomas". YouTube. Retrieved 2019-04-02
In futures studies, human extinction is the hypothetical end of the human species. This may result from natural causes or it may be the result of human action; the likelihood of human extinction in the future by wholly natural scenarios, such as a meteorite impact or large-scale volcanism, is considered to be low. For anthropogenic extinction, many possible scenarios have been proposed: human global nuclear annihilation, biological warfare or the release of a pandemic-causing agent, ecological collapse, climate change; the probability of anthropogenic human extinction within the next hundred years is the topic of an active debate. Human extinction needs to be differentiated from the extinction of all life on Earth and from the extinction of major components of human culture. "Existential risks" are risks that threaten the entire future of humanity, whether by causing human extinction or by otherwise permanently crippling human progress. Many scholars make an argument based on the size of the "cosmic endowment" and state that because of the inconceivably large number of potential future lives that are at stake small reductions of existential risk have great value.
Some of the arguments run as follows: Carl Sagan wrote in 1983: "If we are required to calibrate extinction in numerical terms, I would be sure to include the number of people in future generations who would not be born.... The stakes are one million times greater for extinction than for the more modest nuclear wars that kill "only" hundreds of millions of people. There are many other possible measures of the potential loss—including culture and science, the evolutionary history of the planet, the significance of the lives of all of our ancestors who contributed to the future of their descendants. Extinction is the undoing of the human enterprise." Philosopher Derek Parfit in 1984 makes an anthropocentric utilitarian argument that, because all human lives have equal intrinsic value no matter where in time or space they are born, the large number of lives saved in the future should be multiplied by the percentage chance that an action will save them, yielding a large net benefit for tiny reductions in existential risk.
Humanity has a 95% probability of being extinct in 7,800,000 years, according to J. Richard Gott's formulation of the controversial Doomsday argument, which argues that we have already lived through half the duration of human history. Philosopher Robert Adams rejects in 1989 Parfit's "impersonal" views, but speaks instead of a moral imperative for loyalty and commitment to "the future of humanity as a vast project... The aspiration for a better society- more just, more rewarding, more peaceful... our interest in the lives of our children and grandchildren, the hopes that they will be able, in turn, to have the lives of their children and grandchildren as projects." Philosopher Nick Bostrom argues in 2013 that preference-satisfactionist, democratic and intuitionist arguments all converge on the common-sense view that preventing existential risk is a high moral priority if the exact "degree of badness" of human extinction varies between these philosophies. Parfit argues that the size of the "cosmic endowment" can be calculated from the following argument: If Earth remains habitable for a billion more years and can sustainably support a population of more than a billion humans there is a potential for 1016 human lives of normal duration.
Bostrom goes further, stating that if the universe is empty the accessible universe can support at least 1034 biological human life-years. Nuclear or biological warfare. A pandemic involving one or more viruses, prions, or antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Past examples include the Spanish flu outbreak in 1918 and the various European viruses that decimated indigenous American populations. A deadly pandemic restricted to humans alone would be self-limiting as its mortality would reduce the density of its target population. A pathogen with a broad host range in multiple species, could reach isolated human populations, e.g. when using animals as "carriers". U. S. officials assess that an engineered pathogen capable of "wiping out all of humanity", if left unchecked, is technically feasible and that the technical obstacles are "trivial". However, they are confident that in practice, countries would be able to "recognize and intervene effectively" to halt the spread of such a microbe and prevent human extinction.
Climate change. According to CDIAC, the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, increases in carbon emissions per head is followed by the growth in human population. On a longer time scale, Milankovitch cycles known as Quaternary Climatic Oscillations, affect the climate in various ways. Population decline through a preference for fewer children. If developing world demographics are assumed to become developed world demographics, if the latter are extrapolated, data suggest an extinction before 3000 AD. John A. Leslie estimate
Postal 2 is a black comedy first-person shooter video game by Running With Scissors, it is the sequel to the 1997 game Postal. Both are intentionally controversial due to high levels of violence and stereotyping. Unlike its predecessor, Postal 2 is played in first-person based on the Unreal Engine 2. Scenes of the game can be seen in the music video of The Black Eyed Peas single "Where Is the Love?"In 2004, New Zealand banned Postal 2 due to "gross, abhorrent content" and Australia banned the game a year due to "excessive abhorrent content". On May 1, 2007, Malaysia banned the game outright due to "very high impact violence & offensive depictions of cruelty"; the game was banned in Germany and temporarily banned for sale in Sweden, however it was legally made available worldwide through GOG.com in 2009 and Desura in 2012, was greenlit on Steam that year. The game received a mixed reception from critics upon its release in 2003, with some reviewers going so far as to give the game a score of zero, while others argued in favour of the game's concept and implementation.
Regardless, the game was successful enough to receive several expansions and to be included in multiple compilations, a film adaptation of the game and its predecessor was made in 2007. The Complete Edition, available through Steam, remains continually updated, with a new expansion pack titled Paradise Lost released on April 17, 2015. In Postal 2, the player takes on the role of the Postal Dude, a tall and thin red-headed man with a goatee, sunglasses, a black leather trench coat, a T-shirt with a grey alien's face printed on it. Postal Dude lives in a trailer park in the small town of Paradise, with his nagging wife, identified in the credits as "The Bitch"; the game's levels are split into days of the week finishing Friday. At the beginning of each day, Postal Dude is given several tasks to accomplish, such as "get milk", "confess sins", other mundane tasks; the object of Postal 2 is to finish all of the tasks throughout the week, the player can accomplish these tasks in any way he wishes, be it as peacefully and civilly as possible, or as violently and chaotically as possible.
It is possible, if difficult, to complete most tasks without engaging in battle, or at least, harming or killing other characters, as evidenced by the game's tagline: "Remember, it's only as violent as you are!" The daily tasks can be accomplished in any order the player desires, the game includes one task, activated only when Postal Dude urinates, in which the player is tasked with getting treatment for gonorrhea after Postal Dude discovers he has the infection. Throughout the course of the game, Postal Dude must put up with being provoked by other characters on a regular basis, he is given the finger, attacked by various groups of protesters, is harassed by an obnoxious convenience store owner/terrorist and his patrons who cut before Postal Dude in the "money line". During the game, Postal Dude encounters a marching band, a murderous toy mascot named Krotchy, the Paradise Police Department and its SWAT team, overzealous ATF agents, the National Guard, an eccentric religious cult, cannibalistic butcher shop workers, fanatical al-Qaeda terrorists, former child actor Gary Coleman, among many others.
By Friday afternoon, the final day in the game, the apocalypse occurs and societal collapse soon follows, with all law and order breaking down. Cats begin to fall out of a darkly-colored sky, everyone in town becomes armed, with random gun battles breaking out in the streets. Despite this, Postal Dude returns home to his trailer as normal, where he gets into an argument with his wife, who demands that Postal Dude explain why he never picked up the ice cream she asked for at the beginning of the game. Postal 2 ends with a gunshot being heard, before being kicked to the end credits. One of the major concepts of Postal 2 is that it is meant to be a "living world", a simulation of a tongue-in-cheek off-kilter town. Game characters live out their lives separate from the actions of Dude; the town features many cars but they are all "useless exploding props", according to Dude, cannot be driven, although they can be blown up and sent flying into the air. In addition to cats and dogs, other animals present are elephants.
A peculiar feature is the ability to pick up cats as an inventory item. When used, Postal Dude shoves the barrel of the equipped firearm into the cat's anus as a'silencer'; every time a shot is fired, the cat meows in apparent agony, the gunshot is muffled. After nine shots the cat has run out of lives and it will fly from the end of the weapon. Most dogs have the ability to befriend the Dude if he feeds them a continual supply of dog biscuits or feeds them any other food. Once a canine's loyalty has been earned, the dog will attack anyone who attacks the Dude, or alternatively, anyone whom the Dude attacks. Dogs will chase and kill cats, play fetch with the Dude's inventory items and severed heads. There were going to be cows included in the game, but they were left unprogrammed, they did appear in the A Week in Paradise modification. The game features a cameo by Gary Coleman, acting as himself, who appears early on as the objective of one of the game's tasks (trav