Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree is required, it is considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is referred to as graduate school; the organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history. There are two main types of degrees studied for at the postgraduate level: academic and vocational degrees; the term degree in this context means the moving from one stage or level to another, first appeared in the 13th century. Although systems of higher education date back to ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient India and Arabian Peninsula, the concept of postgraduate education depends upon the system of awarding degrees at different levels of study, can be traced to the workings of European medieval universities Italians.
University studies took six years for a bachelor's degree and up to twelve additional years for a master's degree or doctorate. The first six years taught the faculty of the arts, the study of the seven liberal arts: arithmetic, astronomy, music theory, grammar and rhetoric; the main emphasis was on logic. Once a Bachelor of Arts degree had been obtained, the student could choose one of three faculties—law, medicine, or theology—in which to pursue master's or doctor's degrees; the degrees of master and doctor were for some time equivalent, "the former being more in favour at Paris and the universities modeled after it, the latter at Bologna and its derivative universities. At Oxford and Cambridge a distinction came to be drawn between the Faculties of Law and Theology and the Faculty of Arts in this respect, the title of Doctor being used for the former, that of Master for the latter." Because theology was thought to be the highest of the subjects, the doctorate came to be thought of as higher than the master's.
The main significance of the higher, postgraduate degrees was that they licensed the holder to teach. In most countries, the hierarchy of postgraduate degrees is: Master's degrees; these are sometimes placed in a further hierarchy, starting with degrees such as the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees the Master of Philosophy degree, the Master of Letters degree. In the UK, master's degrees may be taught or by research: taught master's degrees include the Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees which last one year and are worth 180 CATS credits, whereas the master's degrees by research include the Master of Research degree which lasts one year and is worth 180 CATS or 90 ECTS credits and the Master of Philosophy degree which lasts two years. In Scottish Universities, the Master of Philosophy degree tends to be by research or higher master's degree and the Master of Letters degree tends to be the taught or lower master's degree. In many fields such as clinical social work, or library science in North America, a master's is the terminal degree.
Professional degrees such as the Master of Architecture degree can last to three and a half years to satisfy professional requirements to be an architect. Professional degrees such as the Master of Business Administration degree can last up to two years to satisfy the requirement to become a knowledgeable business leader. Doctorates; these are further divided into academic and professional doctorates. An academic doctorate can be awarded as a Doctor of Philosophy degree or as a Doctor of Science degree; the Doctor of Science degree can be awarded in specific fields, such as a Doctor of Science in Mathematics degree, a Doctor of Agricultural Science degree, a Doctor of Business Administration degree, etc. In some parts of Europe, doctorates are divided into the Doctor of Philosophy degree or "junior doctorate," and the "higher doctorates" such as the Doctor of Science degree, awarded to distinguished professors. A doctorate is the terminal degree in most fields. In the United States, there is little distinction between a Doctor of Philosophy degree and a Doctor of Science degree.
In the UK, Doctor of Philosophy degrees are equivalent to 540 CATS credits or 270 ECTS European credits, but this is not always the case as the credit structure of doctoral degrees is not defined. In some countries such as Finland and Sweden, there is the degree of Licentiate, more advanced than a master's degree but less so than a Doctorate. Credits required are about half of those required for a doctoral degree. Coursework requirements are the same as for a doctorate, but the extent of original research required is not as high as for doctorate. Medical doctors for example ar
Heritage Woods Secondary School is a coeducational high school located in Port Moody, British Columbia. In 2007, Heritage Woods celebrated their first graduating class; as well, it was rated as one of the top 50 schools in British Columbia for 2007, 2008 and 2010 and top 30 in 2012 by the Fraser Institute. As of the 2013/2014 school year, it is ranked at 52nd in the province with a score of 7.7/10. There are six computer labs for students to work in—two dedicated to general use, one for film and animation, one for photography, one for computer information, one for technology education—as well as another twenty terminals in the library. Most teachers in the school are supplied with tablet computers which, in turn, are connected to a projector, permanently mounted on the ceiling of every classroom; the main corridor of the building, dubbed the'Grand Hall' transmits a wireless internet signal for student use during the day. Wireless internet signals are transmitted to every room in the building.
However, because of the concrete composition of the school and placement of wireless access-points, its wireless signal strength around the school varies. As well as a wireless network, the school has forty laptops available for student use; the increased usage of laptops in a number of courses provides added potential for student learning. The school, completed in 2004, was featured in the Fall 2005 issue of Architecture BC, a publication of the Architectural Institute of British Columbia. Designed by Killick Metz Bowen Rose Architects Planners Inc. Heritage Woods was the first school in Canada to achieve a Silver LEED certification, it has a sustainable design with numerous features including: compact and thermal-efficient building plan and envelope, building orientation on an east-west axis optimizing daylight and minimizing solar gain, effective daylight control shading devices and light shelves. Daylight capture and control refers to the variety of means used to bring in the kind of daylight, desirable and block the daylight, not.
This is achieved with use of the large windows and shading devices light shelves sloped ceilings and the selective use of skylight. The school can provide its own power during a power outage via a generator located under the artificial turf; the 2006 teen comedy movie John Tucker Must Die was filmed on location at Heritage Woods. The filmmakers decided to use the Heritage Woods team name, the Kodiaks, in the film for its sports teams. In the movie, the school's name is Forest Hills High School; the use of the school by the filmmakers resulted in many benefits. The school has been used in the television shows Supernatural, Stargate Atlantis and Defying Gravity. Furthermore, the school can be seen in a Dell and Coca-Cola commercial, while the artificial turf and grass fields were featured in a CTV commercial. Heritage Woods can be seen in the TV movie Best Player starring Jennette McCurdy, it was used as the high school in the 2017 movie Wonder. The school has a wide selection of athletics competing at the 4A level.
In the fall, they have volleyball, field hockey, boys soccer, swimming teams. Basketball, ice hockey and snowboard, wrestling teams compete in the winter season. In the spring, golf, girls soccer and track and field compete. Throughout the last several years of being open, Heritage has won many Fraser Valley Championship banners, as well as a provincial banner in both Ice Hockey and Snowboarding, respectively; the school plays host to the yearly Kodiak Klassic, a Senior Boys Basketball tournament held at the beginning of December. Ryan Johansen, Nashville Predators ice hockey player and Stanley Cup Finalist Samantha Wan, Canadian actress, screenwriter and web series creator. Heritage Woods Secondary Official Homepage
Stanley Heath III is an American basketball coach, the head coach for the Lakeland Magic of the NBA G League. Heath served as head coach at the University of South Florida, the University of Arkansas and Kent State University, the latter of whom he led to the Elite Eight of the 2002 NCAA Basketball Tournament, he led all three programs to at least one NCAA Tournament. Stan Heath graduated from Detroit Catholic Central High School in 1983, he was an all-state guard during his time there. He went on to earn his bachelor's in social science from Eastern Michigan University in 1988 and his master's in sports administration from Wayne State University in 1993. Heath redshirted during his first year at Eastern Michigan before lettering his final three years. Heath is married to the former Ramona Webb and they have two sons and Joshua. Stan Heath began his collegiate career at Hillsdale College in 1989 as an assistant. After one season, he moved to Albion College where he was an assistant and the junior varsity head coach for two years.
He worked at Wayne State University in Detroit the following three years, including serving as associate head coach in 1994 when WSU set a school record for victories, helping the Tartars win two Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference titles with a trip to the NCAA Division II Final Four in 1993. After two seasons as an assistant at Bowling Green State University, he joined Tom Izzo at Michigan State University where he was an assistant for five years, he helped the Spartans advance to the Final Four three straight years, win the 2000 national title, make another appearance in the Sweet 16 and go a combined 132–37. The Spartans posted records of 17–12 in 1997, 22–8 in 1998, 33–5 in 1999, 32–7 in 2000 and 28–5 in 2001. In addition to the three trips to the Final Four, MSU reached the Sweet 16 in 1998 and the second round of the NIT in 1997. On March 19, 2001, Sports Illustrated featured "five college coaches waiting in the wings." Heath was on that list, along with assistant Leonard Perry of Iowa State, Florida assistant John Pelphrey, head coach Jeff Ruland of Iona and Hofstra head coach Jay Wright.
A month after that, he was named the head coach at Kent State. Heath got his first collegiate head coach job at Kent State in 2002. Under his guidance, the Golden Flashes finished with a 30–6 record that year and won the Mid-American Conference regular-season and tournament titles, they came within a victory of reaching the Final Four before falling to Indiana at the South Regional finals of the NCAA Tournament. Along the way, Kent set school and MAC records for wins, breaking the record of 29 set by Ball State in 1989. Individually, Heath's 30 wins ties for the third-most by a first-year head coach in NCAA Division I history with John Warren of Oregon. Only Bill Guthridge of North Carolina and Bill Hodges of Indiana State won more; the Detroit native was voted the MAC Coach of the Year and named the national Rookie Coach of the Year by both CBSSportsline.com and CollegeInsider.com. After his successful first season at Kent State, Heath moved on to the head coaching position at the University of Arkansas.
He was hired on March 28, 2002 to replace Nolan Richardson, fired that year after claiming he was being mistreated because he was African American and challenging athletic director Frank Broyles to buy out his contract. The 2003 season, Heath's first as Razorback head coach, was a difficult one. With key players having left the team, as well as the normal adjustments to a new system, the team struggled to a 9–19 record; the 2004 season saw some improvement to key areas, as well as the addition of key freshmen Parade All-American Ronnie Brewer and McDonald's All-American Olu Famutimi, who contributed to a 12–16 record. The team was the 8th youngest in the NCAA; the 2005 season showed marked improvement in every area, most notably in the front court, with the addition of Steven Hill, Darian Townes, Charles Thomas. The jewel of the recruiting class, Al Jefferson, never made it to Arkansas as he was selected in the NBA Draft by the Boston Celtics. At the conclusion of the 2005 season, Heath spoke for the team in announcing they would not accept an invitation to the NIT end of year basketball tournament.
This followed an end of year slide. The team finished with an 18–12 overall record; the 2006 season began with a key win over University of Kansas, respectable losses to national powers Connecticut and Maryland. The end of conference play brought on wins over ranked opponents Florida and Tennessee, five straight wins, a winning regular season conference record for the first time for Heath at Arkansas; the Razorbacks received an NCAA tournament bid for the first time under Heath, but lost in the first round to Bucknell. At the end of the 2005–2006 season as coach, Arkansas