The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm in Potsdam, from 17 July to 2 August 1945. The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, represented by General Secretary of the Communist Party Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee, President Harry S. Truman. Stalin and Truman gathered to decide how to administer Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier on 8 May; the goals of the conference included the establishment of postwar order, peace treaty issues, countering the effects of the war. A number of changes had taken place in the five months since the Yalta Conference which affected the relationships among the leaders; the Soviet Union was occupying Eastern Europe. Stalin had set up a puppet Communist government in Poland, he insisted that his control of Eastern Europe was a defensive measure against possible future attacks, claiming that it was a legitimate sphere of Soviet influence.
Second, Britain had a new Prime Minister. Conservative Party leader Winston Churchill had served as Prime Minister in a coalition government. A general election had been held in the UK on 5 July; the outcome became known during the conference when Labour leader Clement Attlee became the new Prime Minister. Third, President Roosevelt had died on 12 April 1945, Vice President Harry Truman assumed the presidency. During the war and in the name of Allied unity, Roosevelt had brushed off warnings of a potential domination by Stalin in part of Europe, he explained, "I just have a hunch that Stalin is not that kind of a man." "I think that if I give him everything I can and ask for nothing from him in return,'noblesse oblige', he won't try to annex anything and will work with me for a world of democracy and peace."Truman had followed the Allied progress of the war. George Lenczowski notes that, "despite the contrast between his modest background and the international glamour of his aristocratic predecessor, had the courage and resolution to reverse the policy that appeared to him naive and dangerous", "in contrast to the immediate ad hoc moves and solutions dictated by the demands of the war".
With the end of the war, the priority of allied unity was replaced with the challenge of the relationship between the two emerging superpowers. The two leading powers continued to sustain a cordial relationship to the public, but suspicions and distrust lingered between them. Truman was much more suspicious of the Communists than Roosevelt had been, he became suspicious of Soviet intentions under Stalin, he and his advisers saw Soviet actions in Eastern Europe as aggressive expansionism, incompatible with the agreements that Stalin had committed to at Yalta the previous February. In addition, Truman became aware of possible complications elsewhere when Stalin objected to Churchill's proposal for an early Allied withdrawal from Iran, ahead of the schedule agreed at the Tehran Conference; the Potsdam Conference was the only time. At the Yalta Conference France had been granted an occupation zone within Germany, France had been a participant in the Berlin Declaration, France was to be an equal member of the Allied Control Council.
At the insistence of the Americans, General de Gaulle was not invited to Potsdam, as he had too been denied representation at Yalta. Reasons for the omissions included the longstanding personal mutual antagonism between Roosevelt and De Gaulle, ongoing disputes over the French and American occupation zones and anticipated conflicts of interest over French Indochina. At the end of the conference, the three Heads of Government agreed on the following actions. All other issues were to be answered by the final peace conference to be called as soon as possible; the Allies issued a statement of aims of their occupation of Germany: demilitarization, democratization, decentralization and decartelization. Germany and Austria were each to be divided into four occupation zones, each capital and Vienna, was to be divided into four zones, it was agreed. All German annexations in Europe were to be reversed, including Sudetenland, Alsace-Lorraine and the westernmost parts of Poland. Germany's eastern border was to be shifted westwards to the Oder–Neisse line reducing Germany in size by 25% compared to its 1937 borders.
ETeacher Group is a private company based in Ramat Gan, Israel and operating online virtual schools, open to students worldwide. It is a portfolio company of a private investment firm. ETeacher Group was co-founded in the year 2000 by brothers and Yariv Binnun. In 2002, Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs granted the company the challenge of founding the world's first online Hebrew school. Children of employees in the Israeli diplomatic service could use such a service to learn to read and speak Hebrew despite growing up abroad and moving from country to country. A few months the online platform created by the company started serving Israeli children and families abroad, in 2005, an online Hebrew School for the Jewish communities round the world was launched. In 2008 eTeacher launched Highway to English, an online ESL school, which connects teachers and education professionals from the USA with students from all over the world; the English language program includes 5 different levels, each with its own curriculum and set of courses.
In 2008 eTeacher launched the Israel Institute of Biblical Studies, providing online courses for Biblical languages and Bible study Since January 2010, the company has been collaborating with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in providing courses related to Biblical Studies. These courses are accredited for students of the university, as well as providing language students with academic based courses, supervised by university staff members. In 2017 the company launched Tekkie Uni, an online school where children learn to program and build games and more. Tekkie Uni offers both synchronous online courses for children to learn coding from home, a programming curriculum for schools; the company has since utilized a wide variety of online technology to build and manage large-scale online virtual schools. The company provides an online platform for teaching synchronous, teacher-led classes, while utilizing a range of tools alongside a team of teachers and scholars; the teaching process is based on a system which incorporates different teaching tools, the backbone of, a weekly live lesson with a language teacher.
The company employs some 300 teachers from around the world. Alongside the weekly "real-time" lessons the courses include a weekly practice lesson. In order to supplement these online weekly meetings, the courses provide recorded dialogues and recorded lessons. Supplementing the electronic and online aspects of the programs, the student my make use of provided teaching textbooks and workbooks in the language and level the course is focused on. Between lessons the student is expected to complete assignments and homework, which are in turn graded by the staff; the different courses are divided into five schools, each with a staff of teachers, learning platforms and a website. Each of these schools offers courses at different levels and localization; the program is designed for children in elementary school, junior high, high school who want to learn how to create and develop software and games for iOS, computers. Live online English courses and tutoring with teachers from the USA Launched in 2007, the Biblical languages school teaches courses in Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Greek.
Since 2010, the Biblical school offers academically credited courses for Hebrew University of Jerusalem students. The courses in this school are supervised by academic staff from the university; the Chinese School offers courses in Chinese, in up to five levels of difficulty. The Hebrew school was the first to be launched, is the most wide spread, it offers courses in Hebrew for adults and for children, alongside seminars for Hebrew language students
Louisiana Highway 2 Alternate is a state highway located in northern Louisiana. It runs 43.06 miles in an east–west direction from Shongaloo to Bernice, connecting to its parent route at either end. LA 2 Alt. parallels the route of LA 2 to the north, traveling through the town of Haynesville, where it intersects U. S. Highway 79, it is the only "Alternate" state route in Louisiana. From the west, LA 2 Alt. begins at an intersection with LA 2 and LA 159 in Shongaloo. While LA 2 turns to the south co-signed with LA 159, LA 2 Alt. heads due east and crosses from Webster Parish into Claiborne Parish. Just across the parish line, LA 2 Alt. intersects LA 521. It continues eastward for 4.0 miles and enters the town of Haynesville. Here it intersects LA 534, crosses the Louisiana and North West Railroad tracks, intersects US 79. LA 2 Alt. turns south, approaching the center of town and overlapping US 79 for one block, before resuming an eastward course along Sherman Street. On the east edge of town, LA 2 Alt. intersects LA 807.
After 5.7 miles, LA 2 Alt. intersects LA 161 at a point known as Gordon and curves to the southeast. 3.8 miles it intersects LA 520, the two highways engage in a brief concurrency until LA 520 turns north at Colquitt. LA 2 Alt. continues southeast for another 8.9 miles to Summerfield. Here it zigzags onto LA 9 before continuing southeast for 7.4 miles to Weldon, where it crosses into Union Parish. LA 2 Alt. proceeds southeast into the town of Bernice, where it intersects and turns south onto the concurrent US 63/US 167. Approaching the center of town, eastbound traffic proceeds onto Plum Street while westbound traffic follows Cherry Street. LA 2 Alt. ends six blocks when it reaches its parent route at 4th Street. LA 2 Alt. is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length, except for the brief divided four-lane segment concurrent with US 63/US 167 at its eastern end. In the original Louisiana Highway system in use between 1921 and 1955, the entire route of LA 2 Alt. was part of State Route 70.
LA 2 Alt. is an anomaly in the current system, being the only special state route designated in the 1955 renumbering and the only "Alternate" state route. Its route has seen only one major change, the relocation of its western terminus from Sykes Ferry to Shongaloo in the early 1970s; the intervening route was assumed by LA 2, re-routed through Webster Parish at this time, shortening LA 2 Alt. by 5.0 miles. The only other change resulted from the recent widening of US 63/US 167 to four lanes in Bernice, concurrent with LA 2 Alt. at its eastern end, via the one-way pair of Plum and Cherry Streets. United States portal U. S. Roads portal Maps / GIS Data Homepage, Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development