Potternewton

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Potternewton Park

Potternewton is a suburb and parish of north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between Chapeltown and Chapel Allerton (in whose ward the area falls). Potternewton is between Scott Hall Road on the west and Roundhay Road on the east, with Harehills Lane on the north, the main thoroughfare is Chapeltown Road, and Potternewton is often taken to be part of the area referred to as Chapeltown. On older maps Potternewton included the Chapeltown and Scott Hall areas and parts of Harehills.

Skate park in Potternewton Park

Potternewton is an historic village and most maps prioritise the name Potternewton over Chapeltown, but most residents of Leeds today refer to the area as Chapeltown so the names are somewhat interchangeable.

History[edit]

The Earl of Mexborough and Earl Cowper had released parts of their estates by the 1700s and by the early 19th century a number of mansions, some with extensive grounds, had been established around Potternewton and Chapeltown roads. Potternewton Park Mansion, Newton Lodge, Scott Hall and Potternewton Hall are typical examples.

In 1870, the Potternewton township, covering 1,667 acres about two miles north of Leeds, comprised the villages of New Leeds and part of Buslingthorpe, and the hamlets of Gipton, Harehills, and Squire-Pastures. Part of its name is from supposedly Roman, "very ancient pottery", found in the vicinity. Coal was mined and stone was quarried, over time the manor belonged to the Mauleverers, the Scotts of Scott Hall, and the Hardwicks and in 1870 belonged to the Earl of Mexborough.[1]

Potternewton Hall[edit]

Potternewton Hall, built c. 1720. Home of the Lupton family. Photo c. 1860-70
Shopping Parade built for the Lupton family in 1891 on Chapeltown Road on their Potternewton Hall/Newton Park Estate

Potternewton Hall was a country house built by the Barker family c. 1720. By the 1830s it was the residence of Darnton Lupton, whose brother Arthur (1809-1889) had acquired the adjacent Newton Hall and its surrounding parkland in the 1840s. Darnton's brother Francis lived at the hall from 1847, becoming the owner (freehold) of the Potternewton Hall Estate by 1860. Francis had married in 1847, and raised his family at Potternewton Hall until the early 1860s; in 1870, Francis and Darnton purchased the adjacent Newton Hall Estate from their brother Arthur. By 1880, a number of substantial buildings had been erected on the Lupton estate, including St Martins Church. By the outbreak of the Second World War Newton Hall and Potternewton Hall had been demolished to make way for the city's largest private housing estate.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Potternewton was home to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge's great grandmother, Olive Middleton (née Lupton), who grew up at Rockland. Olive, born at Newton Grove on the estate in 1881, was the daughter of politician Francis Martineau Lupton who developed the estate, including an architecturally significant shopping parade built in 1891 on Chapeltown Road. Alderman Lupton (d.1921) was the son of Francis Lupton (d.1884) who lived on the estate after his marriage in 1847.[13][14][15][16]

Potternewton Park Mansion[edit]

c. 1817 View of the Mansion at Potternewton Park from a postcard with a postmark of October 1909.

Built c. 1817 for James Brown, a wool merchant, Potternewton Mansion was originally called Harehills Grove. In 1861 it was bought by the Jowitt family and the 750 acre estate was, like the Newton Park Estate, sold to build back-to-back terraced houses while the 30 acre park at the front of the mansion was kept; in 1900, the house and park were bought by the Leeds Corporation and Potternewton Park was created.[17]

21st century[edit]

Transport Direct uses the names Potternewton and Chapeltown when defining them as separate areas. However, Potternewton is defined as a very small area around the north of Scott Hall Road and most of the area is classified today as Chapeltown. Potternewton is mainly recognised as a small area, possibly an estate of Meanwood, around the Scott Hall Road/Potternewton Lane roundabout likely because the local roads begin with "Potternewton" in their name. WYMetro and Transport Direct also identify the area as being in this location. Potternewton Lane is frequently served by bus service 7. Millfield Primary School, formerly known as Potternewton Primary, is located on Potternewton Mount. Upon being renamed, the school received more pupils due to the nearby Miles Hill school being shut down and demolished. Sugarwell Hill Mill is also found here.

Housing[edit]

Eleven new bungalows were constructed on Potternewton Lane for the elderly by Jack Lunn Construction for the Ridings Housing Association, specifically designed to meet individuals special requirements. New housing has also been constructed along Potternewton Crescent.

Potternewton Park[edit]

Potternewton Park is the location of the Leeds Carnival, and the start and finish of the carnival procession, as well as open areas, children's playground and sports facilities, it includes a skate park for skateboard and bmx activities. However, it can be dangerous at night due to a lack of lights.[18]

St Martin's Church[edit]

St Martin's Church of England Church (1881)

St Martin's is the Church of England parish church just off Chapeltown Road, built in 1879–81 on the Potternewton Hall/Newton Park Estate, which was owned by the Lupton family.[13][19] The formation of the parish was the result of a committee meeting held at the Leeds Church Institute in April 1876 and presided over by the Vicar of Leeds, Dr Gott, this included members of the Lupton family and W.L. Jackson; the future MP, Lord Allerton. Harriet Lupton (née Davis), was the daughter of the Anglican priest, Rev. Thomas Davis (1804–1887). The site for St Martin's had been confirmed in June 1876, the church was consecrated in 1881 for Potternewton parish. It was designed by Adams & Kelly of Leeds[20] and built of stone from local quarries. The original design included a tall steeple, but lack of funds prevented the building of this, it was originally the Anglican church in the Potternewton village and now has a mainly West Indian congregation.[21][22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Potter Newton West Riding". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Laycock, Mike (17 March 2015). "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Potternewton Hall, Potternewton Lane". Leodis – A photographic History of Leeds. UK Gov. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Chapeltown Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). UK GOV. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Haigh, Thomas (1839). "A General and Commercial Directory of the Borough of Leeds – Leeds Directory". Baines & Company. p. 130. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Potternewton Hall Estate - This valuable estate, consisting of Potterenwton Hall and about 47 acres....". Leeds Intelligencer. West Yorkshire, England. 18 February 1860. Retrieved 29 March 2017 – via Genes Reunited. 
  7. ^ "Potternewton, entrance gates". Leodis - A photographic History of Leeds. UK Gov Leeds City Council. 
  8. ^ Haigh, Thomas (1839). "A General and Commercial Directory of the Borough of Leeds". Baines & Company. p. 130. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Potternewton Hall, Potternewton Lane". Leodis - A photographic history of Leeds. UK Gov. – Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "NEWTON HALL ESTATE. POTTER NEWTON". West Yorkshire, England: Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 31 July 1866. Retrieved 13 August 2017. For Sale, very eligible RESIDENCE, and numerous desirable BUILDING SITES for Villas....the property of Arthur Lupton... 
  11. ^ "Parliamentary Papers, Volume 38". Great Britain: H.M. Stationery Office. 1846. Retrieved 13 August 2017. Arthur Lupton, Merchant - Newton Hall, Leeds 
  12. ^ "On Sale - The Newton Hall Estate - Containg about 50 acres". West Yorkshire, England: Leeds Intelligencer. 16 June 1866. Retrieved 20 September 2017. ....comprising about 50 acres, consists of the park, the farmstead, and the meadow fields, all in a ring fence front of the house: closely adjoining a Farm, of about 10 acres, with a good farm house, stables, and cottages: a small field of about one acre, called... 
  13. ^ a b Historic England. "Former lodge to Newton Hall with gate piers and flanking wall (1255604)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  14. ^ Laycock, Mike (17 March 2015). "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "Rockland; home of Francis Martineau Lupton and daughter Olive Middleton". Leodis - A photographic archive of Leeds. UK Gov. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "CHAPELTOWN - Conservation Team, Department of Planning & Environment" (PDF). UK City of Leeds. 2003. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "Potternewton Park Mansion, Harehills Lane". Leodis – A photographic history of Leeds. UK Gov Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Potternewton Park". Leeds City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  19. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal, Chapeltown. "Chapeltown Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). UK GOV. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  20. ^ "St. Martin's Church". Leodis – a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  21. ^ "History". St Martin's Church, Leeds. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  22. ^ "St Martin's Church, Chapeltown Road". Leodis – a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  23. ^ Broadbent, Helen. "Church Archives, St Martins Church". St Martins Church, Potternewton. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Location grid[edit]

Coordinates: 53°49′13″N 1°32′00″W / 53.8202°N 1.5332°W / 53.8202; -1.5332