Powaqqatsi is a 1988 American documentary film directed by Godfrey Reggio and the sequel to Reggio's experimental 1982 film, Koyaanisqatsi. It is the second film in the Qatsi trilogy. Powaqqatsi is a Hopi neologism coined by Reggio meaning "parasitic way of life" or "life in transition". While Koyaanisqatsi focused on modern life in industrial countries, which has no dialogue, focuses more on the conflict in Third World countries between traditional ways of life and the new ways of life introduced with industrialization; as with Koyaanisqatsi and the third and final part of the'Qatsi' trilogy, the film is related to its soundtrack, written by Philip Glass. In the beginning chapter, "Serra Pelada", men from Serra Pelada are seen carrying bags of dirt up to a destination. In the middle of the chapter, various shots outside of Serra Pelada are shown. Near the end of the chapter, a few men are carrying another man, struck by a falling rock uphill along a procession of workers who are carrying dirt-filled sacks.
After that, several discordant layered exposures of the dirt carriers are shown. The scene cross fades to show the image of a head, with multiple exposures of the same head rotating and layered upon to give a manifold appearance; this is an apparent allusion to Janus, the god of beginnings and transitions, keeping with the film's central themes of progress and change. In Anthem: Part 1, the sun rises up above an African village. A man raises a sail for a boat; the next chapter, That Place, starts zooming out from a waterfall. Children can be heard laughing. Villages are shown as well as children and upside down water reflections. Anthem: Part 2 has various shots of islands shown. Mosque and Temple shows various natural shots as well as religious scenes; some of these scenes are a transparent inside a church with someone walking by, a man praying, a monk sitting while a bird flies off his stick, the same monk walking by the river, a bird flying by a sunset, more children, crows flying above a river, two men rowing their boat in that river, a woman praying in the Ganges river, two men practicing yoga, another monk, a temple in Nepal.
Rotten Tomatoes reported that 63% out of 8 reviews were positive with the average score of 6.8 out of 10 and said it "wasn't as eagerly embraced by viewers and critics as its popular predecessor." The New York Times said "There are two kinds of dirt to be found in Powaqqatsi: good dirt and bad.... Magnifies this distinction until it achieves mountainous proportions, yet still he manages to see it in starkly one-dimensional terms." Roger Ebert said "There are images of astonishing beauty in Godfrey Reggio's "Powaqqatsi," sequences when we marvel at the sights of the Earth, yet when the film is over there is the feeling that we are still waiting for it to begin.... Reggio seemed to think that man himself is some kind of virus infecting the planet - that we would enjoy Earth more, in other words, if we weren't here."Time Out said that it is "visually stunning, but undermined by a serious flaw.... At best the message is a obvious criticism of First World domination of the Third, at worst a hippy celebration of the Dignity of Labour."
Greg Klymkiw said "... the trilogy, while a stoner experience of the first order, can be appreciated by those who remain straight. Much of it is mind-blowingly mind-fucking without mind-altering substances." The music from Anthem: Part 2 was used in the 1998 film The Truman Show and several film trailers, including that of Dead Man Walking. Soundtrack from the movie was used by Eric Corley on his radio show Brain Damage on WUSB-FM. Koyaanisqatsi: Life Out of Balance Chronos Naqoyqatsi: Life as War Baraka Samsara Official website Powaqqatsi on IMDb Powaqqatsi at Rotten Tomatoes The Qatsi Trilogy: Geologic Scale and Human Scale an essay by Bill McKibben at the Criterion Collection
The 2015–16 Rugby Pro D2 was the second-level French rugby union club competition, behind the Top 14, for the 2015–16 season. It ran alongside the 2015–16 Top 14 competition. Changes in the lineup from 2014–15 were: Pau won the 2014–15 Pro D2 title and were thereby automatically promoted to the Top 14. Agen won the promotion playoffs to secure the second promotion place; the bottom finisher in 2014–15, Massy was relegated from Pro D2 to Fédérale 1. The two bottom finishers in the 2014–15 Top 14 season and Lyon OU, were relegated to Pro D2; the Fédérale 1 champion. The top team at the end of the regular season, is declared champion and earns a spot in the next Top 14 season. Teams ranked second to fifth compete in promotion playoffs, with the semifinals being played at the home ground of the higher-ranked team; the final is played on neutral ground, the winner earns the second ticket to the next Top 14. The LNR uses a different bonus points system from that used in most other rugby competitions, it trialled a new system in 2007–08 explicitly designed to prevent a losing team from earning more than one bonus point in a match, a system that made it impossible for either team to earn a bonus point in a drawn match.
LNR chose to continue with this system for subsequent seasons. France's bonus point system operates. 2 points for a draw. 1 bonus point for winning. This replaces the standard bonus point for scoring 4 tries regardless of the match result. 1 bonus point for losing by 5 points. This is a change from previous seasons; the teams that finish in 15th and 16th places in the table are relegated to Fédérale 1 at the end of the season. In certain circumstances, "financial reasons" may cause a higher-placed team to be demoted instead, or prevent one of the two finalists in Fédérale 1 from promotion; this season saw an example of the latter situation. Following the 2015–16 season, 15th-place Dax was spared relegation after Pro D2 side Tarbes was relegated due to excessive debt and failed in an appeal of the decision; the highest ranked team at the end of the regular season, Lyon OU, earned automatic promotion to the Top 14 as champion de France de PRO D2 2016. The semi–finals followed a 2 v 5, 3 v 4 system, with the higher ranked team playing at home.
Under LNR rules, if a playoff match ends level after full-time, the first tiebreaker is try count. Agen advanced with 4 tries to Perpignan's 2; the winners of the semi–finals played off for the second promotion spot to the Top 14. 2015–16 Top 14 season Ligue Nationale de Rugby – Official website Midi Olympique
Allegiant is a science fiction novel for young adults, written by the American author Veronica Roth and published by HarperCollins in October 2013. It completes the Divergent trilogy that Roth started with her debut novel Divergent in 2011; the book is written from the perspective of both Tobias. Following the revelations of the previous novel, they journey past the city's boundaries to discover what lies beyond. Allegiant was published by Katherine Tegen Books and HarperCollins Children's Books in the UK. Four weeks earlier, a free electronic companion book to the trilogy titled The World of Divergent: The Path to Allegiant was released online; the novel was to be adapted into a two-part film, the first part, The Divergent Series: Allegiant, was released on March 18, 2016, while the second part, called Ascendant, was planned to release in June 2017 but was cancelled. The story background discusses how a future, ruined Chicago becomes a society that defines its citizens by strict conformity to their social and personality-related affiliations with five different factions.
This removes the threat of anyone exercising independent will and re-threatening the population's safety through war or another human-created catastrophe. The factions are Abnegation to uphold selflessness, Amity to uphold peacefulness, Candor to uphold honesty, Dauntless to uphold bravery, Erudite, to uphold knowledge. Tris tests out for equal aptitude with three different factions: Abnegation and Dauntless; this classifies her as "Divergent" and capable of independent thought beyond the restrictive nature of the factions. She is warned never to share this information with anyone for fear of her life. Divergent are a threat to the stable society and killed by the ruthless leader of Erudite, Jeanine, in order to eliminate the "threat" of independent thinking; those who fail the initiation of their particular faction are deemed factionless, who are treated as a lower class and a drain on society. Following the revelation about their city, Evelyn Johnson-Eaton becomes Chicago's leader, forcing all factions to live with the factionless.
Confessing their role in the insurgency, Beatrice "Tris" Prior and Cara are pardoned. Tris learns from Tobias "Four" Eaton about the rebel "Allegiant" working to restore the faction system. Several people are killed in a confrontation between faction members and the factionless, including Evelyn's right-hand man, Edward. Tris is invited to a meeting with the Allegiant, whose leaders and Johanna Reyes, plan to usurp Evelyn and send envoys outside the city. Tris is selected for the expedition, alongside Tobias, Christina, Peter Hayes, Uriah Pedrad, Tori Wu. Tris asks Tobias to free her brother Caleb from execution. Tori is killed by the factionless, while the others escape and meet Tobias' mentor, long presumed dead, they are taken to its leader, David. David explains that Chicago is walled off from the outside world in an experiment sanctioned by the US Government to produce more genetically pure "Divergents" from the genetically damaged population, the result of a failed attempt to correct human genes that led to the "Purity War".
David gives Tris her mother Natalie's journal detailing her life before Chicago: she was a refugee from Milwaukee who joined the Bureau and became a volunteer to stop Erudite's killing of Divergents. Tobias learns he is not a true Divergent, joins GD Bureau member Nita in a rebellion against the GP staff. Tris is skeptical of the plan, albeit jealous of Nita. GP informant Matthew helps Nita access the Weapon Room, setting off a bomb that renders Uriah brain-damaged. Tris stops Nita's rampage by holding David hostage before arresting her. Tris is appointed a council member, realizes that the Bureau supplied Erudite with the simulation serums that controlled Dauntless in the invasion of Abnegation. Security footage reveals that Marcus Eaton, banished by Evelyn, is working with Johanna to steal the factionless' weapons, which Evelyn will counter by releasing the death serum. Tris learns that David intends to release serums capable of erasing memories on the population to save his experiment, she formulates a plan to release the memory serum on the Bureau while Tobias and Peter, with Amar and George's help, return to Chicago with antiserums for Christina and Uriah's families.
Tobias, with his own plan to inject his mother with a memory serum, confronts her, asking her to avert the war in exchange for becoming his mother again. Evelyn agrees, negotiates peace with Johanna and Marcus, exiling herself for two years while Marcus vows never to lead Chicago. Tobias gives the memory serum to Peter. Caleb volunteers to expose the memory serum, a suicide mission, she repels the death serum, but is shot by David. Dying, Tris sees visions of her mother embracing her, before succumbing to her wounds. Tobias and Peter return to the Bureau and learn from Cara of Tris' death. In a deep depression, Tobias is about to drink the memory serum to erase his memories of Tris until Christina stops him. Uriah's brother, Ezekiel "Zeke", his mother, are with Uriah as his life support is unplugged. Two and a half years Chicago is reopened and rebuilding, where people coexist regardless of gene purity. Tobias, now an assistant council member under Johanna, welcomes Evelyn back from her exile. To celebrate Choosing Day, he, Caleb, Shauna and Matthew ride a zip line from the Hancock Building, where Tobias scatters Tris' ashes accepting her sacrifice.
On July 18, at the San Diego Comic-Con panel for the film Divergent, Roth rev