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Pravda is a Russian broadsheet newspaper the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, when it was one of the most influential papers in the country with a circulation of 11 million. The newspaper began publication on 5 May 1912 in the Russian Empire, but was extant abroad in January 1911, it emerged as a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union after the October Revolution. The newspaper was an organ of the Central Committee of the CPSU between 1912 and 1991. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union Pravda was sold off by Russian President Boris Yeltsin to a Greek business family in 1996, the paper came under the control of their private company Pravda International. In 1996, there was an internal dispute between the owners of Pravda International and some of the Pravda journalists which led to Pravda splitting into different entities; the Communist Party of the Russian Federation acquired the Pravda paper, while some of the original Pravda journalists separated to form Russia's first online paper, not connected to the Communist Party.

After a legal dispute between the rival parties, the Russian court of arbitration stipulated that both entities would be allowed to continue using the Pravda name. The Pravda paper is today run by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, whereas the online is owned and has international editions published in Russian, English and Portuguese. Though Pravda began publication on 5 May 1912, the anniversary of Karl Marx's birth, its origins trace back to 1903 when it was founded in Moscow by a wealthy railway engineer, V. A. Kozhevnikov. Pravda had started publishing in the light of the Russian Revolution of 1905. During its earliest days, Pravda had no political orientation. Kozhevnikov started it as a journal of arts and social life. Kozhevnikov was soon able to form up a team of young writers including A. A. Bogdanov, N. A Rozhkov, M. N Pokrovsky, I. I Skvortsov-Stepanov, P. P Rumyantsev and M. G. Lunts, who were active contributors on'social life' section of Pravda, they became the editorial board of the journal and in the near future became the active members of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.

Because of certain quarrels between Kozhevnikov and the editorial board, he had asked them to leave and the Menshevik faction of the RSDLP took over as Editorial Board. But the relationship between them and Kozhevnikov was a bitter one; the Ukrainian political party Spilka, a splinter group of the RSDLP, took over the journal as its organ. Leon Trotsky was invited to edit the paper in 1908 and the paper was moved to Vienna in 1909. By the editorial board of Pravda consisted of hard-line Bolsheviks who sidelined the Spilka leadership soon after it shifted to Vienna. Trotsky had introduced a tabloid format to the newspaper and distanced itself from the intra-party struggles inside the RSDLP. During those days, Pravda gained a large audience among Russian workers. By 1910 the Central Committee of the RSDLP suggested making Pravda its official organ. At the sixth conference of the RSDLP held in Prague in January 1912, the Menshevik faction was expelled from the party; the party under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin decided to make Pravda its official mouthpiece.

The paper was shifted from Vienna to St. Petersburg and the first issue under Lenin's leadership was published on 5 May 1912, it was the first time. The Central Committee of the RSDLP, workers and individuals such as Maxim Gorky provided financial help to the newspaper; the first issue published on 5 had four pages. It had articles on economic issues, workers movement, strikes, had two proletarian poems. M. E. Egorov was the first editor of St. Petersburg Pravda and Member of Duma N. G. Poletaev served as its publisher. Egorov was not a real editor of Pravda but this position was pseudo in nature; as many as 42 editors had followed Egorov within a span of two years, till 1914. The main task of these editors was to go to jail whenever needed and to save the party from a huge fine. On the publishing side, the party had chosen only those individuals as publishers who were sitting members of Duma because they had parliamentary immunity, it had sold between 40,000 and 60,000 copies. The paper was closed down by tsarist censorship in July 1914.

Over the next two years, it changed its name eight times because of police harassment: Рабочая правда Северная правда За правду Пролетарская правда Путь правды Рабочий Трудовая правда The overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II by the February Revolution of 1917 allowed Pravda to reopen. The original editors of the newly reincarnated Pravda, Vyacheslav Molotov and Alexander Shlyapnikov, were opposed to the liberal Russian Provisional Government. However, when Lev Kamenev, Joseph Stalin and former Duma deputy Matvei Muranov returned from Siberian exile on 12 March, they took over the editorial board – starting with 15 March. Under Kamenev's and Stalin's influence, Pravda took a conciliatory tone towards the Provisional Government—"insofar as it struggles against reaction or counter-revolution"—and called for a unification conference with the internationalist wing of the Mensheviks. On 14 March, Kamenev wrote in his first editorial: What purpose would it serve to speed things up, when things were taking place at such a rapid pace?

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K. Puttaswamy (scholar)

Dr K Puttaswamy is a Kannada writer, film critic, translator and an environmentalist. He hails from Varagerahalli in Ramanagar district, he is serving as an Assistant Director in Kannada Development Authority. He is known for his translation of Charles Darwin’s "The Origin of Species" to Kannada, he served as the Head of the Department of History of Sciences in Hampi Kannada University. His major areas of interest are Kannada language, literature and films, he received the Karnataka Sahitya Academy Award in the category of science and cinema for his contribution to Kannada language and science literature. Dr K Puttaswamy was born in Varagerahalli village in Kanakapura taluk, Ramanagar district, Karnataka, he is the son of Siddhalingamma. He finished his primary education in Kanakapura and moved to Sumathi Jain High school in KGF, he pursued Bachelors of Science degree in Agriculture Sciences from the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. He obtained a Diploma in Journalism from Mysore University.

He is awarded D. Lit from the Kannada University, Hampi, he resides in Bengaluru with wife, two children. KPuttaswamy's book; this is the first time. ‘Cinema Yaana,’ a flashback into the 75 years of Kananda cinema, maps the journey of Sandalwood from various perspectives. It was brought out on the occasion of the platinum jubilee celebrations of the Kannada cinema. Puttaswamy said: "I am happy, it is the first time. As the book chronicles the 75 years of Kannada cinema, I feel the award is a recognition for Kannada cinema. I am happy. I feel the award belongs to all the film journalists, for I have got inspiration and insights from their writings.’’ Jeeva Sankulagala Ugama, translation of Charles Darwin’s "The Origin of Species" to Kannada. Jeeva Jaala, jointly with Environmental photography duo Krupakar-Senani. Bhuvanada Bedagu Janatheya Rajya, a translation of Jnanapith Awardee Beerendra Kumar Bhattacharya’s work "Yaaryungam" from Assamese. Aadhunika Vignaanakke Gandhiya Savaalu, translation of "Gandhi’s Challenge to Modern Science" authored by Prof. Sunil Sahasrabuddhe.

Kiriyara sachitra vignaana vishwakosha D. Devaraja Arasu Chitra Kathakosha. Daasyadinda Achege. Translation of Up From Slavery, An Autobiography of Booker T Washington Jeeva Jaala – Karnataka Sahitya Academy award in Science category Cinema Yaana - Karnataka Sahitya Academy award in Sankeerna category Karnataka State Environment Award for lifetime contribution to Life sciences and Environment. Cinema Yaana has won the Swarna Kamala award at 57th National Film Awards, for its probingly critical introduction to Kannada cinema in its interconnections with Literature and theatre and society. Cinema Yaana – Pusthaka Sogasu First prize from Kannada Pusthaka Praadhikara for its production values Kempegowda Award from Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Paalike under Administration category Has been admitted to Hall of Fame by Public Relations Council of India for his contribution to the field of Public Relations Dr. K. Puttaswamy has translated many works into Kannada language, his translations include scientific literature among others.

Biographies translated from English to Kannada Charles Darwin Alexander Fleming Margaret Mead Martin Luther King Junior Florence NightingaleTranslation of two works of Mani Bhoumik to Kannada Devaru Emba Sanketha Cosmic DetectiveTranslation of Science Fictions to Kannada Kaala nowke "The Time Machine" by H. G. Wells Maaya Manushya, translation of "Invisible Man" by H. G. Wells Bhoo Madyakke Payana, translation of "A Journey Into Center of The Earth" by Jules Verne Embatthu dinagalalli bhoopradakshine "Around the world in 80 days" by Jules Verne Saagaradalli Saahasa, from "20000 leagues under the sea" by Jules Verne Translation of "Ben Hur", a novel written by Lew Wallace. BIFFES 2015 Asian category competition IFFI 2016, Goa - Indian Panorama category selection committee BIFFES 2017 Asian category selection committee served member of NETPAC Jury member at 11th BIFFES, Bengaluru Kannada Kannada literature Kannada poetry

Bruce C. Berndt

Bruce Carl Berndt is an American mathematician. Berndt attended college at Albion College, graduating in 1961, where he ran track, he received doctoral degrees from the University of Wisconsin -- Madison. He lectured for a year at the University of Glasgow and in 1967, was appointed an assistant professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he has remained since. In 1973–74 he was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, he is Michio Suzuki Distinguished Research Professor of Mathematics at the University of Illinois. Berndt is an analytic number theorist, best known for his work explicating the discoveries of Srinivasa Ramanujan, he is a coordinating editor of The Ramanujan Journal and, in 1996, received an expository Steele Prize from the American Mathematical Society for his work editing Ramanujan's Notebooks. A Lester R. Ford Award was given to Berndt, with Gerd Almkvist, in 1989 and to Berndt, with S. Bhargava, in 1994. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.

In December 2012 he received an honorary doctorate from SASTRA University in India. Ramanujan: Letters and Commentary, by Bruce C. Berndt and Robert A. Rankin Ramanujan: Essays and Surveys, by Bruce C. Berndt and Robert A. Rankin The Continued Fractions Found in the Unorganized Portions of Ramanujan's Notebooks, by Bruce C. Berndt, L. Jacobsen, R. L. Lamphere, George E. Andrews, Srinivasa Ramanujan Aiyangar Ramanujan's Notebooks, Part I, by Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Notebooks, Part II, by Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Notebooks, Part III, by Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Notebooks, Part IV, by Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Notebooks, Part V, by Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Lost Notebook, Part I, by George Andrews and Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Lost Notebook, Part II, George E. Andrews, Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Lost Notebook: Part III, George E. Andrews, Bruce C. Berndt Ramanujan's Lost Notebook: Part IV, George E. Andrews, Bruce C. Berndt Number Theory in the Spirit of Ramanujan by Bruce C. Berndt Number Theory and Modular Forms: Papers in Memory of Robert A. Rankin, by Bruce Berndt, Ken Ono Ramanujan's lost notebook Bruce C.

Berndt, home page at UIUC. University of Illinois LASNews article on Berndt's work with Ramanujan's Lost Notebooks

Trevor Redmond

Trevor John Redmond was a speedway rider who rode for the Aldershot Shots, the Wembley Lions. Redmond opened a speedway track in Neath, Wales in 1962, he became a promoter of stock car and hot rod racing in southwest England, through his Autospeed organisation. Redmond started riding speedway in 1949 at the Aranui track in Christchurch, he moved to the UK when he won a team place with the newly formed Aldershot Shots in 1950. He was successful enough to attract the Wembley Lions to sign him in 1951, where he remained until their closure in 1956. Whilst with the Lions, Redmond qualified for two World Championship finals. A season in non-league speedway followed in 1957 but in 1958 he did not ride at all, instead he opened a track in Cornwall at St Austell, he returned to racing for a spell with the Swindon Robins and moved onto the Bristol Bulldogs in 1960. The Bristol track closed at the end of that season and in 1961 Redmond had a brief spell with the Wolverhampton Wolves. In subsequent years he was rider and promoter of league teams at Neath, St. Austell, Glasgow, He was one of only 2 riders to appear in all 5 Provincial League Riders Championship Finals, being winner in 1960, a disappointed Runner-Up in 1961 after a broken chain in his final ride cost him the title.

In 1958, Redmond promoted at St Austell, on an open licence, in 1961, he promoted open meetings in Dublin. In 1962, he opened a track in Wales; the team was operated in the Speedway Provincial League. The team finished in second place, considered a remarkable achievement by the speedway press. Neath folded at the start of the 1963 season, so Redmond took the St Austell Gulls into the Provincial League. In 1964 he continued to both ride and promote, but this time with the Glasgow Tigers, which he reopened and operated from the White City Stadium, he stopped riding in 1964, but continued to promote the club until the start of the 1967 season. In 1970, Redmond was influential in the reopening of speedway at Wembley Stadium, with the return of the Wembley Lions, he was a member of the FIM and was involved in the administration of international speedway, he managed New Zealand speedway teams. He promoted motor racing at several tracks in southern England, including St Austell, Newton Abbot, St Day, Weymouth and two events at Wembley Stadium.

He died at his home in Glastonbury in 1997. 1952 - London, Wembley Stadium - Res - Did not ride 1954 - London, Wembley Stadium - 13th - 5ptsTrevor set up the business Autospeed and opened tracks in Newton Abbot and St Austell where they raced Bangers, Hot Rods and stock cars. Autospeed were the first to run Auto Rods, they were the first to run SuperRods which started as Jags and Fords as big engined Hotrods

2012–13 Football League Trophy

The 2012–13 Football League Trophy, known as the Johnstone's Paint Trophy for sponsorship reasons, is the 29th season in the history of the competition. It is a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two, the third and fourth tiers of the English football. In all, 48 clubs will enter the competition, it is split into two sections and Southern, with the winners of each section contesting the final at Wembley Stadium. Chesterfield are the defending champions, having beaten Swindon Town in the previous year's final, 2–0; the draw for the first round of the competition took place on 18 August 2012. Sixteen clubs were given a bye into the second round, the remaining 32 clubs, including the holders, were divided into four geographical regions. Byes The draw for the second round of the competition took place on 8 September 2012, with matches played in the week commencing 8 October 2012; the draw for the Area Quarter Finals was made on 13 October 2012, the matches will be played in the week commencing 3 December 2012.

The draw for the Area Semi Finals was made on 8 December 2012, the matches will be played in the week commencing 7 January 2013. The area finals, which serve as the semi-finals for the entire competition, were contested over two legs and away. Crewe Alexandra won 3–2 on aggregate. Southend United won 3–2 on aggregate. Official website

Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006

The Transfer of Undertakings Regulations 2006 known colloquially as TUPE and pronounced FOISTED TU-pee, are the United Kingdom's implementation of the European Union Transfer of Undertakings Directive. It is an important part of UK labour law, protecting employees whose business is being transferred to another business; the 2006 regulations replace the old 1981 regulations. The law has been amended in 2014 and 2018, various provisions within the 2006 Regulations have altered; the regulations' main aims are to ensure that, in connection with the transfer, employment is protected. Employees are not dismissed employees' most important terms and conditions of contracts are not worsened affected employees are informed and consulted through representatives prior to the transferThese obligations of protection are placed on the transferring companies both before and after the transfer; the obligations are relieved if there is an "economic, technical or organisational" reason for the cessation of employment, or alteration to employees terms and conditions.

This does not apply to transfers which go through the sale of a company's shares. When that happens, because the employer remains the same legal entity, all contractual obligations stay the same; the directive and regulations apply to other forms of transfer, through the sale of physical assets and leases. The regulations apply in some cases for work transferred to contractors; this protected contract terms for workers include hours of work, length of service and so on, but pension entitlement is excluded. 1. Citation and extent2. Interpretation3. A relevant transferthis takes on the Spijkers language of whether an entity retains its identity, r.3 the definition of economic entity as an'organised grouping of resources' comes from Suzen too, r.3. It now applies explicitly to a'service provision change', i.e. contracting out services. An example of this case is RCO Support Services, r.3 the regulations make clear that a service, performing a'single specified task' does not fall within TUPE, r.3 the definition of an undertaking, to which the regulations apply as something engaged in economic activities, whether public or private, comes from an EC competition law case called Höfner and Elser v Macrotron GmbH ECR I-1979 r.3 a new exception is that an'administrative reorganisation of public administrative authorities' will fall outside TUPE's scope is still unknown in its effect, r.34.

Effect of relevant transfer on contracts of employmentthe core of this law, r.4 provides that employment contracts'shall have effect after the transfer as if made between the person so employed and the transferee'. So new business buyers cannot escape the old business' obligations to its workforce it points out that to fall within the protection of TUPE, you had to have had an employment contract "immediately before the transfer", r.4. This was the issue in Litster v Forth Dry Dock ICR 341, where a relaxed and purposive interpretation was given. So, "immediately" can mean a while, with wiggle room. In r.4 it says that variations of employment terms'shall be void' if the main reason is the transfer itself or'a reason connected with the transfer, not an economic, technical or organisational reason entailing changes in the workforce.' In r.4 it is emphasised that employees and employers can agree to change terms where this is not the case. The normal rule is that consensual agreements are void.

Where an employee objects to the change in the identity of the employer r.4 states he will not transfer to the new employer. He is to be treated as if his contract terminated when the transfer takes place, but that he is not dismissed, r.4. This issue came up in Wilson v St Helens Borough Council 2 AC 52. In the Humphreys case it was decided that an employee who resigns on or before a TUPE transfer because of well-founded fears that the new owner intends to impose worse terms and conditions of employment than those provided by the original owner can claim constructive wrongful dismissal against the original owner; the Tapere case ruled on the interpretation of mobility clauses, where a relevant transfer involves a substantial change in working conditions, to the employee's material detriment, held that "detriment" should be considered using the subjective approach which applies in discrimination law.5. Effect of relevant transfer on collective agreements6. Effect of relevant transfer on trade union recognition7.

Dismissal of employee because of relevant transferstates that employees will be considered dismissed unfairly, if they are dismissed without the employer showing an economic, technical or organisational reason for dismissal. What is not included in this concept is dismissals to improve the price of the company before its sale. Where there is an economic, technical or organisational reason for dismissals, these are considered'substantial reasons' under the fair dismissal provisions of the Employment Rights Act 1996; the result for the employee is that he is considered redundant, thereby should receive a compensation payment if they have been an employee for more than two years under s.135 ERA 1996. Importantly, an employee dismisse