A prebendary is a member of the Anglican or Roman Catholic clergy, a form of canon with a role in the administration of a cathedral or collegiate church. When attending services, prebendaries sit in particular seats at the back of the choir stalls, known as prebendal stalls. A prebend is the form of benefice held by a prebendary: the stipend attached to it was drawn from specific sources in the income of a cathedral's estates. In the 21st century, many remaining prebendaries hold an honorary position which does not carry an income with it. At the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, the canons and dignitaries of the cathedrals of England were supported by the produce and other profits from the cathedral estates. In the early 12th century, the endowed prebend was developed as an institution, in possession of which a cathedral official had a fixed and independent income; this made the cathedral canons independent of the bishop, created posts that attracted the younger sons of the nobility. Part of the endowment was retained in a common fund.
This fund, known in Latin as communa, was used to provide bread and money to a canon in residence, which he received in addition to what came to him from his prebend. Most prebends disappeared in 1547, when nearly all collegiate churches in England and Wales were dissolved by the Act for the Dissolution of Collegiate Churches and Chantries of that year, as part of the Reformation; the church of St Endellion, Cornwall, is one of the few still extant. The office of prebendary is retained by certain Church of England dioceses as an honorary title for senior parish priests awarded in recognition of long and dedicated service to the diocese; these priests are entitled to be called "Prebendary" and have a role in the administration of the relevant cathedral. Prebendaries have a prebendal stall in collegiate churches; the greater chapter of a cathedral includes the prebendaries. In the Church of England, when a diocesan bishop retires, moves to another diocese or dies, the monarch will summon the greater chapter to elect a successor.
This election is ceremonial, as the monarch tells the members of the greater chapter whom they are to elect. Wells Cathedral and Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin still call their canons "prebendaries", they form the chapter of the cathedral and sit in their prebendal stalls when in residence in the cathedral. Lists of prebendaries in England and Wales since 1066: "1066–1300", Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae, British History Online.
"Danke Schoen" is a pop song of German origin. Bert Kaempfert, who composed the melody, recorded it as an instrumental, in 1959 and in 1962, under the title "Candlelight Cafe". Kurt Schwabach wrote the German lyrics; the song gained international fame in 1963 when singer Wayne Newton recorded an American version, with English lyrics by Milt Gabler. The song achieved renewed popularity when it was featured in the 1986 American comedy film Ferris Bueller's Day Off, lip synced by the main character, Ferris Bueller; the song was featured in the E3 trailer for Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus. The song was featured in the 2013 film Grudge Match. Wayne Newton's first version was released; the song was intended for singer Bobby Darin as a follow-up to his hit single "Mack the Knife", but after seeing Newton perform at the Copacabana, Darin decided to give the song to Newton and transposed the key of the recording to fit Newton's voice. It has been featured in many television commercials and motion pictures, such as Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Meet the Parents, Matchstick Men, Vegas Vacation, Fools Rush In as well as the French-American comedy Crime Spree.
In 2015, it was used in a television commercial for Bank of America and in 2017 was used in a trailer for the video game Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus. The song is used in a series of commercials for Australian insurer AAMI; the Newton version peaked at Billboard positions # 3 easy listening. Connie Francis recorded the song in French, Japanese and Italian, keeping the original title line "Danke schoen" in all versions except the Italian recording, released as Grazie a te. Brenda Lee recorded "Danke Schoen" for her 1964 album By Request, produced by Owen Bradley. Martha and The Vandellas recorded a version for their 1963 album Heat Wave. In German, the phrase Danke schön is equivalent to the English Thank you much or Thank you kindly; the word Danke means the word schön means pretty, lovely, or nice. In Standard German the word schön is pronounced with a close-mid front rounded vowel, /øː/, not used in English phonology. However, in many High German dialects spoken in central and southern Germany and Switzerland, the front rounded vowels /œ/, /øː/, /ʏ/, /yː/ are lacking and are replaced in these dialects with their unrounded counterparts, /ɛ/, /eː/, /ɪ/, /iː/.
Orthographically, when writing in these dialects, ö becomes ee and ü becomes i or ie. Hence, in Low German dialects encountered in the United States, such as Pennsylvania German, the word schön rhymes with the English words pain and explain. Standard German Danke schön would be translated into Pennsylvania German as danki schee or dank scheene, it would be translated into Yiddish: אַ שיינעם דאַנק. The German letter "ö" can be written using the older typography "oe" – of which the umlauted O is a contraction – when umlauts are unavailable or not accessible. Milt Gabler, the author of the English lyrics of the song, was the son of Austrian and Russian Jewish immigrants and would have been most familiar with the Yiddish pronunciation of the word schön as sheyn. Song lyrics
Way Down East is a 1935 American romantic drama film directed by Henry King and starring Rochelle Hudson, Henry Fonda, Slim Summerville, Margaret Hamilton, Andy Devine and Spring Byington. It was produced by Fox Film Corporation; the picture is a remake of the classic 1920 D. W. Griffith silent film Way Down East starring Lillian Gish, which in turn was based on the 1897 stage play by Lottie Blair Parker; the story centers upon a starving, impoverished gamin who lost everything after a wicked millionaire tricked her into a marriage and impregnated her. The baby doesn't survive the ordeal and the poor girl ends up sheltered by a puritanical farm family. While there, she falls in love with the son. Rochelle Hudson as Anna Moore Henry Fonda as David Bartlett Slim Summerville as Constable Seth Holcomb Edward Trevor as Lennox Sanderson Margaret Hamilton as Martha Perkins Russell Simpson as Squire Amasa Bartlett Andy Devine as Hi Holler Spring Byington as Mrs. Louisa Bartlett Astrid Allwyn as Kate Sara Haden as Cordelia Peabody Al Lydell as Hank Woolwine Harry C. Bradley as Mr. Peabody Phil La Toska as Abner Clem Bevans as Doc Wiggin Kay Hammond as Mrs. Emma Stackpole Way Down East in the Internet Movie Database Way Down East at AllMovie Way Down East at the TCM Movie Database Way Down East at the American Film Institute Catalog