A mare is an adult female horse or other equine. In most cases, a mare is a female horse over the age of three, a filly is a female horse three and younger. In Thoroughbred horse racing, a mare is defined as a female horse more than four years old; the word can be used for other female equine animals mules and zebras, but a female donkey is called a "jenny". A broodmare is a mare used for breeding. A horse's female parent is known as its dam. An uncastrated adult male horse is called a castrated male is a gelding; the term "horse" is used to designate only a male horse. Mares carry their young for 11 months from conception to birth. Just one young is born; when a domesticated mare foals, she nurses the foal for at least four to six months before it is weaned, though mares in the wild may allow a foal to nurse for up to a year. The estrous cycle known as "season" or "heat" of a mare occurs every 19–22 days and occurs from early spring into autumn; as the days shorten, most mares enter an anestrus period during the winter and thus do not cycle in this period.
The reproductive cycle in a mare is controlled by the photoperiod, the cycle first triggered when the days begin to lengthen. As the days shorten, the mare returns to the anestrus period. Anestrus prevents the mare from conceiving in the winter months, as that would result in her foaling during the harshest part of the year, a time when it would be most difficult for the foal to survive. However, for most competitive purposes, foals are given an official "birthday" of January 1, many breeders want foals to be born as early in the year as possible. Therefore, many breeding farms begin to put mares "under lights" in late winter in order to bring them out of anestrus early and allow conception to occur in February or March. One exception to this general rule is the field of endurance riding, which requires horses to be 60 true calendar months old before competing at longer distances. Fillies are sexually mature by age two and are sometimes bred at that age, but should not be bred until they themselves have stopped growing by age four or five.
A healthy, well-managed mare can produce a foal every year into her twenties, though not all breeders will breed a mare every year. In addition, many mares are kept for riding and so are not bred annually, as a mare in late pregnancy or nursing a foal is not able to perform at as athletic a standard as one, neither pregnant nor lactating. In addition, some mares become anxious when separated from their foals temporarily, thus are difficult to manage under saddle until their foals are weaned. Mares are considered easier to handle than stallions. However, geldings have little to no hormone-driven behavior patterns at all, thus sometimes they are preferred to both mares and stallions. Mares have a notorious, if undeserved, reputation for being "marish," meaning that they can be cranky or unwilling when they come into season. While a few mares may be somewhat more distractible or irritable when in heat, they are far less distracted than a stallion at any time. Solid training minimizes hormonal behavior.
For competitive purposes, mares are sometimes placed on hormone therapies, such as the drug Regumate, to help control hormonally based behavior. Some riders use various herbal remedies, most of which have not been extensively tested for effectiveness. In relation to maternal behaviour, the formation of the bond between a mare and her foal "occurs during the first few hours post-partum, but that of the foal to the mare takes place over a period of days". Mares and geldings can be pastured together. However, mares may be a bit more territorial than geldings though they are far less territorial than stallions. Sex-segregating herds may make for less infighting if kept in close quarters. However, studies have shown that when a "lead mare" or "boss mare" is in charge of a herd, all remaining animals rest for longer periods and seem more at ease than do those in herds led by a gelding. In wild herds, a "boss mare" or "lead mare" leads the band to grazing, to water, away from danger, she drinks first, decides when the herd will move and to where.
The herd stallion brings up the rear and acts as a defender of the herd against predators and other stallions. Mares are used in every equestrian sport and compete with stallions and geldings in most events, though some competitions may offer classes open only to one sex of horse or another in breeding or "in-hand" conformation classes. In horse racing and fillies have their own races and only a small percentage compete against male horses. However, a few fillies and mares have won classic horse races against colts, including the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes, the Melbourne Cup and the Breeders' Cup Classic. Mares are used as dairy animals in some cultures by the nomads and nomadic peoples of Central Asia. Fermented mare's milk, known as kumis, is the national drink of Kyrgyzstan; some mares of draft horse breeding, are kept in North America for the production of their urine. Pregnant mares' urine is the source of the active ingredient in the hormonal drug Premarin.
Until the invention of castration and later where there was less cultural acceptance of the practice, mares were less difficult to manage than stallions and thus preferred for most ordinary work. The Bedouin nomads of the Arabian peninsula preferred mares on their raids, because stallions would nic
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility and spirit; the Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th- and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century and to a larger number of foundation mares of English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, around 100,000 foals are registered each year worldwide. Thoroughbreds are used for racing, but are bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage and fox hunting.
They are commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Anglo-Arabian, various warmblood breeds. Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs. Other health concerns include low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, research is ongoing; the typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high. They are most bay, dark bay or brown, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include palomino. White is rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray; the face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries.
Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, long legs. Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are considered a year older on the first of January each year; these artificial dates have been set to enable the standardization of races and other competitions for horses in certain age groups. The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred; the term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed.
Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though not capitalized in non-specialist publications, outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, the BBC do not capitalize the word. Flat racing existed in England by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the Middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England, it was that handicapping, a system of adding weight to attempt to equalize a horse's chances of winning as well as improved training procedures, began to be used. During the reigns of Charles II, William III, George I, the foundation of the Thoroughbred was laid; the term "thro-bred" to describe horses was first used in 1713. Under Charles II, a keen racegoer and owner, Anne, royal support was given to racing and the breeding of race horses.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the Racing Calendar, was founded. Devoted to the sport, it recorded race results and advertised upcoming meets. All modern Thoroughbreds trace back to three stallions imported into England from the Middle East in the late 17th and early 18th centuries: the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian. Other stallions of oriental breeding were less influential, but still made noteworthy contributions to the breed; these included the Alcock's Arabian, D'Arcy's White Turk, Leedes Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb. Another was the Brownlow Turk, among other attributes, is thought to be responsible for the gray coat color in Thoroughbreds. In all, about 160 stallions of Oriental breeding have been traced in the historical record as contributing to the creation of the Thoroughbred; the addition of horses of Eastern bloodlines, whether Arabian, Barb, or Turk, to the native English mares led to the creation of the General Stud Book in 1791 and the practice of official registration of horses.
According to Peter Willett, about 50% of the foundation stallions appear to have been of Arabian bloodlines, wit
Bachelor's Double was an Irish-bred Thoroughbred racehorse that raced in Ireland and Britain and was a successful sire in the early 20th century. He won the Irish Derby as a three-year-old and won the City and Suburban Handicap in 1910 and the Kempton Jubilee in 1911. Retired to stud in 1912, he sired the 1921 Epsom Oaks winner Love in Idleness and the inaugural Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Comrade, he died in 1931 in Ireland. Bachelor's Double was foaled on 22 April 1906 at Oatlands Stud, the estate of his breeder Albert Lowry near Navan, County Meath, Ireland, his sire Tredennis was sired by Kendal and was the last foal produced by the 1,000 Guineas winner and prolific broodmare St Marguerite, the dam of Seabreeze and Roquebrune. St Marguerite died the day after Tredennis was born and he was subsequently fostered by a cart horse mare. Tredennis was a mediocre racehorse with a skittish temperament, winless in three starts, he was purchased by Albert Lowry in 1902 as a replacement for Lowry's main stallion Le Noir which had died that year in an accident.
Tredennis became a leading stallion in the 1910s before his death in 1926, siring winners of 442 races and £134,100. The dam of Bachelor's Double, Lady Bawn, was born at Oatlands in 1902 and was a twin to the mare Lady Black, being 20 minutes older than her sister. Twinning is a rare occurrence in horses and it was unusual for both twins to live to adulthood and rarer still for both to be successful broodmares. Lady Bawn was a half sister to the Ascot Gold Cup winner Bachelor's Buttons. Lady Bawn and Lady Black were unraced. Bachelor's Double was Lady Bawn's first foal and she produced the good racers Bachelor's Hope, Bachelor's Image and Bachelor's Wedding. Lady Black produced six stakes winners, including the colts Bachelor's Charm and Melesigenes, who ran with success in India. Most of Albert Lowry's horses were named with the prefix Bachelor's after the name of his father's, Joseph Lowry's, estate Bachelor's Lodge. Bachelor's Double won two races at the Curragh as a two-year-old. In his first career start on 24 August, he won the £900 Leopardstown Grand Prize in a "good race", beating the Steward's Cup winner Golden Rod by a margin of two lengths.
On 3 September, he won the £600 Railway Stakes beating the colt Atty by two lengths. On 29 June, Bachelor's Double won the Irish Derby at the Curragh, beating The Phoenician and Electric Boy by a length and a half. Running at the Curragh, he won the two-mile His Majesty's Plate before travelling to England to run in the St. Leger Stakes in September. Going into the St. Leger as an undefeated racehorse, the press considered him to be a possible contender to Bayardo and Minoru, noting that while he was a stayer that had beaten stakes winners in Ireland, "his victories have been gained and amount to little." He went off at 100 to 6 odds against six competitors and broke from the starting barrier well, falling into second place behind Mirador but was soon outpaced by Bayardo and Minoru at the first turn. Losing ground at the Red House he finished in last place, Bayardo winning by a length and a half over Lord Carnarvon's colt Valens. Returned to the Curragh, he won the Lord Lieutenant's Plate in October to close the season.
In his first start of the season, he astonished the public by winning the City and Suburban Handicap in a close finish. Minoru was much favoured at 3 to 1 to win the race, but going off at 25 to 1 odds and ridden by C. Trigg, Bachelor's Double battled the colt Mustapha to win by a neck with the third place horse Dean Swift two lengths behind. Minoru finished in seventh place. On 3 June, Bachelor's Double started in the Coronation Cup against eight other competitors, running against Mustapha and the American-bred colt Sir Martin, who had fallen in the previous year's running for the Derby. Sir Martin took the lead and led throughout the mile and a half race, winning by a length and a half; the next day Lowry sold Bachelor's Double to rubber manufacturing magnate William Wellington Bailey for 6,000 guineas. On 13 June at Royal Ascot, he won the Royal Hunt Cup from the colt Eudorus. Two days he was third in the two-and a-half-mile Ascot Gold Cup, losing to Bayardo and Sea Sick. In July, he won the £ 2,000 Atlantic Stakes over a quarter.
In the running for the Doncaster Cup, he finished second to Bronzino. After an eighth-place finish in the Prince Edward Handicap at Manchester, plans were made to run Bachelor's Double in the Prix du Conseil Municipal in France, but before the colt could be shipped, William Bailey died on 4 October at the age of 57 and the colt's remaining racing engagements for the year were forfeited. After William Bailey's death, Bachelor's Double ran in the name of Sir George Murray, one of Bailey's estate executors, but ownership of the horse was retained by Bailey's widow. A persistent cough kept him from running until mid-May. At Kempton Park, Bachelor's Double started in the 25th running of the "Jubilee" Handicap, drawing the number one position, deemed the "worst", on the outside of the course's track. Leading the race from start to finish, he won in a canter by four lengths, beating Wolf Land and The Story, he finished eleventh in the Royal Hunt Cup at Ascot in which the mare Winkipop broke down and was unplaced in the Prix du Conseil Municipal at Longchamp where his performance was so poor that the press remarked that he "almost walked past the winning post" at the finish.
He was scratched from the Cambridgeshire Stakes and was retired from racing. Bachelor's Double was retired to stud in 1912 and stood his entire career at the Rathbane Stud in Limerick for a fee of £99. Ownership of the
Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2, it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan; the island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago. The island is dominated by a maritime climate with quite narrow temperature differences between seasons. Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, constitutes most of its territory. Most of England and Wales are on the island; the term "Great Britain" is used to include the whole of England and Wales including their component adjoining islands. A single Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland by the 1707 Acts of Union.
In 1801, Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, renamed the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" after the Irish Free State seceded in 1922. The archipelago has been referred to by a single name for over 2000 years: the term'British Isles' derives from terms used by classical geographers to describe this island group. By 50 BC Greek geographers were using equivalents of Prettanikē as a collective name for the British Isles. However, with the Roman conquest of Britain the Latin term Britannia was used for the island of Great Britain, Roman-occupied Britain south of Caledonia; the earliest known name for Great Britain is Albion or insula Albionum, from either the Latin albus meaning "white" or the "island of the Albiones". The oldest mention of terms related to Great Britain was by Aristotle, or by Pseudo-Aristotle, in his text On the Universe, Vol. III. To quote his works, "There are two large islands in it, called the British Isles and Ierne".
Pliny the Elder in his Natural History records of Great Britain: "Its former name was Albion. Old French Bretaigne and Middle English Bretayne, Breteyne; the French form replaced the Old English Breoton, Bryten, Breten. Britannia was used by the Romans from the 1st century BC for the British Isles taken together, it is derived from the travel writings of the Pytheas around 320 BC, which described various islands in the North Atlantic as far north as Thule. Marcian of Heraclea, in his Periplus maris exteri, described the island group as αἱ Πρεττανικαὶ νῆσοι; the peoples of these islands of Prettanike were called the Priteni or Pretani. Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term Prydain, which has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne used to refer to the early Brythonic-speaking inhabitants of Ireland; the latter were called Picts or Caledonians by the Romans. Greek historians Diodorus of Sicily and Strabo preserved variants of Prettanike from the work of Greek explorer Pytheas of Massalia, who travelled from his home in Hellenistic southern Gaul to Britain in the 4th century BC.
The term used by Pytheas may derive from a Celtic word meaning "the painted ones" or "the tattooed folk" in reference to body decorations. The Greco-Egyptian scientist Ptolemy referred to the larger island as great Britain and to Ireland as little Britain in his work Almagest. In his work, Geography, he gave the islands the names Alwion and Mona, suggesting these may have been the names of the individual islands not known to him at the time of writing Almagest; the name Albion appears to have fallen out of use sometime after the Roman conquest of Britain, after which Britain became the more commonplace name for the island. After the Anglo-Saxon period, Britain was used as a historical term only. Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae refers to the island as Britannia major, to distinguish it from Britannia minor, the continental region which approximates to modern Brittany, settled in the fifth and sixth centuries by migrants from Britain; the term Great Britain was first used in 1474, in the instrument drawing up the proposal for a marriage between Cecily the daughter of Edward IV of England, James the son of James III of Scotland, which described it as "this Nobill Isle, callit Gret Britanee".
It was used again in 1604, when King James VI and I styled himself "King of Great Brittaine and Ireland". Great Britain refers geographically to the island of Great Britain, it is often used to refer politically to the whole of England and Wales, including their smaller off shore islands. While it is sometimes used to refer to the whole of the United Kingdom, including Northern Ireland, this is not correct. Britain can refer to either all island
Hurry On was an undefeated British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire that revived the Matchem sire line. English trainer Fred Darling called Hurry On the best horse he trained. Hurry On was by Marcovil, an ordinary sire, his dam was the unraced Toute Suite by Sainfoin. Marcovil was inbred to Hermit in the 3rd remove. Hurry On cost his Scotch whisky producer owner James Buchanan Baron Woolavington, 500 guineas as a yearling, he was a late colt, having been foaled on 7 May. As he was a backward late colt, Hurry On was not raced as a two-year-old and was not entered in The Derby, he was undefeated in all of his six three-year-old starts, ranging in distance from 8 to 14 furlongs, which included the wartime St. Leger at Newmarket Racecourse and the Jockey Club Cup. Hurry On sired Epsom Derby winner Captain Cuttle from the first mare he covered at stud and was the Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland in 1926, the year his colt Coronach emulated Captain Cuttle at Epsom, he sired a third Derby winner in Call Boy, as well as two Epsom Oaks winners and Toboggan, two 1,000 Guineas winners and Cresta Run.
In 1921 his stud fee was 200 guineas. These sons of Hurry On sired further stakes-winners: Captain Cuttle 1919, exported to Italy Coronach 1923, sired two winners of the Italian Derby before he was given away and exported to New Zealand, where he was a successful sire that produced 16 stakes winners for 23 stakes wins. Defoe 1926, successful sire in New Zealand Excitement 1927, successful sire in Australia of Russia and others Hunting Song 1919, a leading sire in New Zealand for six successive years Precipitation, a successful racehorse and sire that maintained the Matchem sireline Roger De Busli 1920, exported to Australia, sire of Rogilla Hurry On's daughters produced seven Classics winners, including Court Martial; this led to him becoming the Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland in 1938, 1944 and 1945. List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses The Complete Encyclopedia of Horse Racing - by Bill Mooney and George Ennor Thoroughbred Heritage: Hurry On
Chamossaire was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1945 and siring the Derby winner Santa Claus. After winning twice as a two-year-old, Chamossaire contested all three legs of the Triple Crown in 1945, he finished fourth in both the Derby before winning the St Leger. He was retired to stud. Chamossaire died in 1964. Chamossaire’s sire Precipitation was a top class racehorse, best known for winning the Ascot Gold Cup in 1937, he went on to become a successful stallion, siring three other Classic winners in Airborne and Why Hurry, as well as the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes winner Supreme Court. Precipitation himself was sired by the unbeaten champion, Hurry On, making him a representative of the Godolphin Arabian sire line. Chamossaire's dam, was a fast filly who won the Queen Mary Stakes at Royal Ascot, she was a daughter of Myrobella, the leading British two-year-old of 1932, making her a sister of the 2000 Guineas winner Big Game.
Snowberry went on to produce Ariana, the grand-dam of The Derby winner Snow Knight. With a combination of stamina from his sire and speed from his dam, Chamossaire was regarded as having an excellent classic pedigree; as a yearling, the colt was sold for 2,700 guineas to Walter Earl, acting on behalf of Stanhope Joel, a member of the influential Joel family. Chamossaire, named after a mountain in Switzerland was sent into training with Richard "Dick" Perryman at his Beaufort House stable in Newmarket. Restrictions imposed during the Second World War meant that many British racecourses, including Epsom and Ascot were closed and many races were either abandoned or run away from their traditional venues. Racing at Newmarket Racecourse, Chamossaire won two of his three races. In the Free Handicap, a rating of the season's best two-year-olds, he was given a weight of 126 pounds, seven pounds below the top-rated Dante. On his first appearance as a three-year-old, Chamossaire finished third behind High Peak and Royal Charger in the Chatteris Stakes in May.
He was moved up in class to contest the 2000 Guineas, run that year over the July Course. In an exceptionally strong renewal of the race he finished fourth of the twenty runners behind Court Martial and Royal Charger. Chamossaire was closing on the leaders in the final strides, leading to his being fancied for the Derby a month later. In June Chamossaire returned to the July Course for the "Derby Stakes", a substitute race for the Derby. In a field of twenty-seven runners he again finished fourth, beaten two lengths, a head and a neck by Dante and Court Martial, he continued to campaign at Newmarket in the summer of 1945, finishing second to Stirling Castle when fancied for the Princess of Wales's Stakes and recording a narrow victory in the Cavenham Stakes over one and a half miles. Despite the end of the War, Doncaster racecourse was not ready to stage a classic in the autumn of 1945 and the St Leger was run over fourteen furlongs at York Racecourse. Prize-money, returned to pre-war levels and with £10,210 to the winner, the race was the most valuable run in Britain that year.
Ridden by Tommy Lowrey, Chamossaire started at odds of 11/2 in a field of twelve runners with the Aga Khan's filly Naishapur starting 5/2 favourite. The race attracted a crowd estimated at 150,000 causing serious congestion on the roads leading to the racecourse: many spectators abandoned their cars and walked the final miles to the course. Stirling Castle led the field into the straight. Chamossaire took the lead a furlong from the finish and held off the late challenge of King George VI's colt Rising Light to win by two lengths, with Stirling Castle in third place. For his two remaining starts, Chamossaire raced in all-aged competition, he finished second to Black Peter in the Jockey Club Stakes over fourteen furlongs and second by a neck to the filly Amber Flash in the two-mile Jockey Club Cup. Chamossaire remained in training as a four-year-old with the Ascot Gold Cup as his main objective, but he never ran again. In their book, A Century of Champions, based on the Timeform rating system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Chamoissaire an "average" winner of the St Leger.
For most of his stud career, Chamossaire was a useful, but inconsistent stallion, based at the Snailwell Stud near Newmarket. His best winners included Le Sage, Chamier and Your Highness. In 1961 he sired Santa Claus whose wins included the Irish 2,000 Guineas, Epsom Derby and Irish Derby; the successes of Santa Claus earned Chamossaire the posthumous title of Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 1964
Fair Play (horse)
Fair Play was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse, successful on the track, but more so when retired to stud. He is best known as the sire of Man o' War considered one of the greatest American racehorses of all time. On the racetrack, Fair Play was known for his rivalry with the undefeated Colin, to whom he finished second in the Belmont Stakes. Fair Play was the leading sire in North America of 1920, 1924 and 1927, the leading broodmare sire of 1931, 1934 and 1938, he was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1956. Fair Play raced as a homebred for August Belmont Jr., chairman of The Jockey Club from 1895 until his death in 1924. Belmont became involved in horse racing through his father, in whose honor the Belmont Stakes was named. Belmont purchased a two-year-old colt named Hastings in 1895, who went on to win the Belmont Stakes the following year. Hastings was the leading sire of 1902 and 1908, he was known as a sire of fast, precocious horses but had a tendency to pass on his savage temperament to his offspring in varying degrees.
Belmont bred Hastings to a stakes winning daughter of Epsom Derby winner Bend Or. The resultant colt, foaled at Belmont's Nursery Stud, was Fair Play, his grandsire was Spendthrift, whose grandsire was the English Triple Crown champion West Australian. This sire line traces to the Godolphin Arabian. Fair Play was an attractive golden chestnut horse, he was always strung but his behavior soured when he was sent to race in England in 1909. Subsequently, he would not allow a rider to exercise him over grass, he was trained by Andrew Jackson Joyner. As a two-year-old, Fair Play finished fourth in his first start broke his maiden in his second, he won the Montauk Stakes at Brighton Beach and the Flash Stakes at Saratoga. He was second in the Hopeful and Matron Stakes, third in the United States Hotel and Nursery Handicap, he was unplaced in the Futurity Stakes. Fair Play was considered among the best horses of his generation, though a step behind the great Colin; the intense competition between these two was covered in Horse Racing's Greatest Rivalries, published by the Eclipse Press in 2008.
Colin beat Fair Play three times at age two beat him again in the Withers Stakes to start his three-year-old campaign. In their final face off in the Belmont Stakes, Colin went out to an early lead but was nearly caught at the wire by Fair Play, who lost by just a neck in a blinding rainstorm, they never met again and Colin retired. With just two days rest, Fair Play next entered the Brooklyn Handicap, where he finished second to Colin's stablemate, Celt, he won his first start at age three in the Brooklyn Derby, before finishing third in the Suburban Handicap. After a slow start to the season, Fair Play won six of his next nine starts at distances ranging from 10 to 14 furlongs; these included the Coney Island Jockey Club Stakes, where he equaled the track record, the Lawrence Realization, Jerome Handicap, First Special and the Municipal Handicap. In 1909, racing in New York was shut down due to the Hart-Agnew Executive Liability Act, an anti-gambling bill. Therefore, Joyner took several horses with him, including Fair Play.
Although Joyner had a good deal of success overseas, Fair Play did not respond well to the experiment, going unplaced in six starts. Although Belmont contemplated standing Fair Play at stud in France, he was instead returned to America. While successful on the track, Fair Play gained his most fame as a sire. Among his better progeny were: Man o' War – chosen #1 in the Blood-Horse magazine List of the Top 100 U. S. Racehorses of the 20th Century Display – 1926 Preakness Stakes winner and sire of Discovery Mad Play – 1924 Belmont Stakes winner Ladkin – 1924 International Stakes No.2 winner Mad Hatter – 1921 U. S. Champion Older Male Horse Chance Play – 1927 United States Horse of the Year Chance Shot – 1927 Belmont Stakes winner. S. Hall of Fame steeplechase championFollowing the death of owner August Belmont Jr. in 1924, Fair Play was sold to Joseph E. Widener, proprietor of Elmendorf Farm in Lexington, where he remained until his death on December 17, 1929. Widener, a dedicated horseman, buried Fair Play in the Elmendorf Farm cemetery and erected a nearly life-size bronze statue at the head of his grave.
Fair Play is in the ancestral lineage of all modern American thoroughbreds. Man o' War and Discovery were both outstanding sires and the Man o' War sire line is still active today. Discovery was the broodmare sire of Bold Ruler, whose descendants include Secretariat, Seattle Slew, A. P. Indy and multiple classic winners. Fair Play's pedigree and stats Fairl Play at the United States National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame