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Prefecture-level city

A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure. Administrative chiefs of prefectural level cities have the same rank as a division chief of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities. A prefectural level city is a "city" and "prefecture" that have been merged into one consolidated and unified jurisdiction; as such it is a city, a municipal entry with subordinate districts, a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties, an administrative division of a province. A prefectural level city is not a "city" in the usual sense of the term, but instead an administrative unit comprising a main central urban area, its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities and villages; the larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres. Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, other such sub-divisions.

This results from the fact that the predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area, the term 市区 shìqū, is used; the first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures. Most provinces are composed or nearly of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces and 3 autonomous regions have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities. Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city: An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000 gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities. A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities. There are total of three classification of prefecture-level city: Regular prefectural level city which consist of counties, county level cities, districts subdivisions. Consolidated district-governed prefectural level city which only consist of districts as it subdivisions. There are only 12 cities are under this classification: Ezhou, Guangzhou, Karamay, Sanya, Wuhai, Xiamen, Zhuhai Prefectural level city with no county-level divisions are cities that are not governed by any county-level divisions such as counties, county level cities, or legal administrative districts. There are only 5 cities are under this classification: Danzhou, Jiayuguan, Zhongshan In Europe and North America, cities are represented as points, while counties are represented as areas.

Thus, Indiana is indicated on the map by a point, distinct from, enclosed by, the area of Monroe County, Indiana. In China, large cities such as City of Xianning may, in reality, contain both urban and rural elements. Moreover, they may enclose other cities. On a less detailed map, City of Xianning would be indicated by a point, more or less corresponding to the coordinates of its city government. Other populous areas may be exhibited as points, such as County of Tongshan, with no indication that County of Tongshan is, in fact, enclosed by City of Xianning. On a more detailed map, City of Xianning would be drawn as an area, similar to a county of the United States, County of Tongshan would be drawn as a smaller area within City of Xianning; this convention may lead to difficulty in the identification of places mentioned in older sources. For example, Guo Moruo writes that he was born in Town of Shawan, within Prefecture of Leshan, attended primary school in Town of Jiading. A modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it is too small, Jiading, because it is the seat of City of Leshan, is therefore indicated on the map by a point labelled "Leshan."

A more detailed map would show Shawan as a district within City of Leshan, but Jiading would still be missing. Statistics of China such as population and industrial activity are reported along prefectural city lines. Thus, the unknown City of Huangshi has 2.5 million residents, more than most European capitals, but upon closer inspection, the city covers an area 100 kilometers across. Furthermore, Huangshi contains several other cities, such as City of Daye. If a person wished to calculate the population of the urban

Party lists in the 2009 European Parliament election in the Netherlands

The 2009 European Parliament election for the election of the delegation from the Netherlands was held on 4 June 2009. This is the 7th time. Sources for everything below: The official order and names of candidate lists: Below is the candidate list for the Christian Democratic Appeal for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for the Labour Party for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for GreenLeft for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for Socialist Party for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for Christian Union-SGP for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for the Democrats 66 for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for Newropeans for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Europe Cheap!

& Sustainable for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Solidara for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Party for the Animals for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for European Whistleblower Party for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for The Greens for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Party for Freedom for the 2009 European Parliament election Elected members are in bold Below is the candidate list for Liberal Democratic Party for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Party for European politics for the 2009 European Parliament election Below is the candidate list for Libertas for the 2009 European Parliament election

Tahlil

The Tahlīl, is a form of dhikr by uttering sentence lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāhu, meaning there is no deity but God. The term Tahlīl is a verbal noun from basic word هَلَّلَ which means to praise or to acclaim. Traditionally, the utterance of the sentence is part of Shahada performed by somebody converting to Islam. On, it becomes tradition in sufism as one of its rituals, such as an event remembering a dead muslim. Tahlil as a ritual to remember the dead is considered a bid'ah by Salafi muslims. In Indonesia and Malaysia, ritualized repetitive chanting of the Tahlil is done in a tradition called Kenduri during death rituals; this practice is more common among muslims. Narrated by Abu Huraira: The Messenger of Allah said, "He who utters a hundred times in a day these words: `La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli sha'in Qadir,' he will have a reward equivalent to that for emancipating ten slaves, a hundred good deeds will be recorded to his credit, hundred of his sins will be blotted out from his scroll, he will be safeguarded against the devil on that day till the evening.

Al-Tirmidhi related on the authority of `Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas that the Messenger of Allah said: (The best thing I and the prophets before me have said:. Alhamdulillah Dhikr Glossary of Islam Quran Ṣabr Tawhid