A prefix is an affix, placed before the stem of a word. Adding it to the beginning of one word changes it into another word. For example, when the prefix un- is added to the word happy, it creates the word unhappy. In the study of languages, a prefix is called a preformative, because it alters the form of the words to which it is affixed. Prefixes, like other affixes, can be either inflectional, creating a new form of the word with the same basic meaning and same lexical category, or derivational, creating a new word with a new semantic meaning and sometimes a different lexical category. Prefixes, like all other affixes, are bound morphemes. In English, there are no inflectional prefixes; the word prefix is itself made up of the stem fix, the prefix pre-, both of which are derived from Latin roots. This is a comprehensive, although not exhaustive, list of derivational prefixes in English. Depending on how one defines a derivational prefix, some of the neoclassical combining forms may or may not qualify for inclusion in such a list.
This list takes the broad view that acro- and auto- count as English derivational prefixes because they function the same way that prefixes such as over- and self- do. As for numeral prefixes, only the most common members of that class are included here. There is a large separate table covering them all at Numeral prefix > Table of number prefixes in English. The choice between hyphenation or solid styling for prefixes in English is covered at Hyphen > Prefixes and suffixes. The most used prefix in Japanese, お o-, is used as part of the honorific system of speech, it is a marker for politeness, showing respect for the thing it is affixed to. In the Bantu languages of Africa, which are agglutinating, the noun class is conveyed through prefixes, declined and agrees with all of its arguments accordingly; the one, fat farmer goes. Verbs in the Navajo language are formed from multiple affixes. For example, each verb requires one of four non-syllabic prefixes to create a verb theme. In the Sunwar language of Eastern Nepal, the prefix ma- म is used to create negative verbs.
It is the only verbal prefix in the language. Bad child! As a part of the formation of nouns, prefixes are less common in Russian than suffixes, but alter the meaning of a word. In German, derivatives formed with prefixes may be classified in two categories: those used with substantives and adjectives, those used with verbs. For derivative substantives and adjectives, only two productive prefixes are addable to any substantive or adjective as of 1970: un-, which expresses negation, ur-, which means "original, primitive" in substantives, has an emphatic function in adjectives. Ge-, on the other hand, expresses union or togetherness, cannot be added to any noun or adjective. Verbal prefixes in use are be-, er-, ent-, ge-, ver-, zer-, miss-. Be- expresses strengthening or generalization. Ent- expresses negation. Ge- indicates the completion of an action, that's why its most common use has become the forming of the past participle of verbs. In some cases, the prefix particle ent- can be considered the opposite of particle be-, while er- can be considered the opposite of ver-.
The prefix er- indicates the successful completion of an action, sometimes the conclusion means death. With fewer verbs, it indicates action; the prefix er- is used to form verbs from adjectives. Affix Suffix Privative Bound and unbound morphemes English prefix List of Greek and Latin roots in English substring#Prefix Metric prefix Mihaliček, Vedrana. Language Files: Materials for an Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Ohio State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8142-5179-9
In 1952 Billboard magazine published three charts covering the best-performing country music songs in the United States. At the start of the year the charts were published under the titles Most-Played Juke Box Records, Best-Selling Retail Folk Records and Country & Western Records Most Played By Folk Disk Jockeys. With effect from the issue of Billboard dated November 15, the titles of the charts were changed to Most Played in Juke Boxes, National Best Sellers, Most Played By Jockeys with the genre denoted in an overall page title rather than in the titles of the charts themselves. All three charts are considered part of the lineage of the current Hot Country Songs chart, first published in 1958. In the first issue of Billboard of the year, "Slow Poke" by Pee Wee King was at number one on both the juke box and best sellers charts, the top position on the jockeys chart was held by "Let Old Mother Nature Have Her Way" by Carl Smith. Smith had three number-one country songs in 1952; the longest-running number one on both the juke box and best sellers charts was "The Wild Side of Life" by Hank Thompson, which on both listings spent fifteen consecutive weeks in the top spot before being replaced by "It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels" by Kitty Wells.
Wells' song, written as an answer song to "The Wild Side of Life", was the first million-selling country single by a female artist and the first Billboard country number one by a solo female. Despite this level of success, it did not top the jockeys chart, as the content of the song was deemed controversial and it was not played by some radio stations; the longest-running number one on the jockeys chart was "Jambalaya" by Hank Williams, which spent thirteen non-consecutive weeks atop the chart. The Cajun-inspired song was the final number one of the year on both that chart and the best sellers listing and was thus in the top spot when Williams died early on January 1, 1953; the year's final number one on the juke box chart was "Don't Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes" by Skeets McDonald, which reached the top spot three weeks after the song's writer, Slim Willet, had taken his own recording of the song to number one on the jockeys chart. The song would prove to be the only country number one for both Willet.
Hank Thompson and Kitty Wells achieved their first number ones in 1952, but each would go on to achieve further chart-toppers and be elected into the Country Music Hall of Fame. 1952 in music 1952 in country music List of artists who reached number one on the U. S. country chart
Beth Axelrod is an American-born human resources leader. She is Vice President of Employee Experience at Airbnb and an advisor at the Clayman Institute for Gender Research at Stanford University, she was the senior Vice President of human resources at eBay from 2005 to 2015. Axelrod is a member of several corporate boards and academic advisory councils, including Heidrick & Struggles, the Jay H. Baker Retailing Center at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, YaleWomen, she was an advisory board member of Bulger Partners and UC Berkeley Executive Education. Axelrod received a B. S. E. degree from Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. She has a master's in private management from the Yale School of Management. Axelrod started working at McKinsey & Company in 1989. In 2002, she was hired as the Chief Talent Officer for WPP. At WPP, she helped retain talented people for the company. In 2005, she was hired as the Senior Vice President of human resources at eBay, she retired from eBay in 2015 after the spin-off of PayPal and became the Vice President of Employee Experience at Airbnb in 2017.
As of 2020, Beth sits as Vice President of Employee Experience at Airbnb, a popular vacation rental home website. She heads every aspect of employee life, from hiring to office environment to fostering and keeping up the employee benefits that Airbnb provides; the War For Talent is a book written in 2001, by Axelrod, Ed Michaels, Helen Handfield-Jones. The book was based on the term'war for talent', first expressed by Steven Hankin of McKinsey and Company, a colleague of Axelrod; the book details a study done at the company in 1997, citing the war for talent as a challenging business strategy that Hankin argued would expand over the next two decades
Gfresh is a global online business-to business seafood marketplace with integrated shipping, payment and quality assurance services. Gfresh was launched in 2014 and connects sellers of live seafood located in Canada, United States, Europe and New Zealand directly to buyers located in China. Gfresh is an online seafood marketplace, launched in 2014, connects sellers of live seafood directly to buyers in China and Hong Kong. Gfresh has its financial backing from Shanghai Regal Gfresh founders. Gfresh's presence can be found in markets like Canadian Dungeness crab and geoduck, American lobster, Australian abalone where over 4,000 boxes, or 120 metric tons of live lobster were sold in one week. Gfresh sells seafood directly to buyers in over 10 of China’s major cities including Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen, as well as Hong Kong. Gfresh has a signed industry-first agreement with the China Certification and Inspection Group Canada at the 2016 BC Seafood Expo. In 2016, Gfresh signed a Memorandum of Understanding at the conference with the Global Aquaculture Alliance at Global Outlook on Aquaculture Leadership in Guangzhou.
The online seafood marketplace, hosted sales of over RMB20 million in one week. The largest portion of these sales came from a Chinese demand for lobster. Seafood suppliers from around the world, including US-based Ready Seafood, Canada-based Fisherman's Market and Australia-based Craig Mostyn Group, all sell their products to China through Gfresh. Gfresh has a signed agreement with CCIC Australia to assist Australian seafood exports to China. In November 2016, Gfresh raised $20 million in Series A funding from Riverhill Fund and Legend Capital
Gokulathil Seethai is a 1996 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film directed by Agathiyan, starring Karthik and Karan in the lead roles. Upon release on November 1996, the film emerged as a major box office success and was remade in several languages. Rishi sleeps around through the efforts of a sophisticated, dedicated and ‘immigration officer’ look alike pimp, his Dad whom Rishi considers to be his ‘friend’ voices his concern in a friendly way about Rishi's life style and suggests him to try falling in love instead of spending all his hard earned money on call girls. Rishi brushes him off asking him to only worry about his earnings and that he would take of care of the expenditure. Rishi offers his employee/old friend I. C. Mohan to take him to a show. Although hesitant at first, he agrees; the show turns out be a college show where a beautiful looking Nila, doing her final year BBA performs a song. Mohan feels he has had one of his best days as he falls in love with her. On the contrast, Rishi sets his sexual sight on her.
Rishi calls on the pimp to book Nila. The pimp ends up in jail. Rishi bails him out. I. C. Mohan sends a tape, she tries to throw the tape away but her friends offer to use the tape to record something else. Intrigued by a couple of flower bouquets, she finds out the information about Rishi and meets him personally. Rishi proposes to sleep with her one night. Nila walks away, but Rishi is resolute to woo her into bed one night. When Nila returns to her hostel, she finds the ‘tape’ to have more info into it and hears a whining I. C. Mohan's marriage proposal. Nila takes sympathy towards Mohan and meets him at a beach and lays down her rules straight: "She would fall in love, but only after marriage" and that she is determined to be behind the success of a man she marries, she asks him to meet her mother ` formally'. While Nila takes a hiatus and visits home, her mother informs Nila that their family ‘doctor’ friend is interested in marrying her, it is implied. Mohan meets up with Rishi at a restaurant and confesses that he had lied to him and that he is in love and that ‘she’ is about to get married.
On hearing that ‘she’ is Nila, Rishi is stumped and takes a brief moment to himself to kill his own sexual urge and decides to help his ‘only’ friend and gives him an idea to forge a letter and that he would take care of the rest. When Rishi passes the letter through a drunk Stranger to Nila on the night before her wedding, she shows it to her ‘doctor’ groom; the Doctor reads the ‘suicide’ note and empathizes with Mohan and encourages Nila to go ahead and marry him, wishing her good luck, promising that he would marry Nila's sister instead. Nila gets into a car; the car stops halfway through and Nila is surprised to see Rishi in the driver seat. Rishi reveals his surprise that Nila hasn't ran away from the car and subtly acknowledges his own defeat; the car stops at a house. Rishi lets Nila out and tells her that the house was where he was born and that that's where her ‘first night’ is going to happen and asks her to go in. Nila warns Rishi. Rishi sarcastically approves her "bravado" but still encourages her to go in.
Nila enters that house confused until she sees Mohan begging his Parents and his sister to approve his love for Nila. What follows is an ugly altercation among the four. Rishi, drinking outside the house hears this and enters in. Mohan tells his parents that Rishi is his boss and he gave the house as a gift for their upcoming wedding. Mohan's parents talk ill of Rishi and sarcastically suggest him to marry Nila since he gave her a ride in the middle of the night. Mohan asks Rishi to drop Nila back off at the wedding hall. Rishi tries to convince him about Nila's trust but in vain. Nila asks Rishi to leave the place. Rishi leaves the house calling Mohan an "idiot", he offers Nila to drop her off at the wedding hall. But Nila hesitates to go back worrying about her sister's future. Rishi offers his own house. Nila, skeptical accepts the offer after Rishi's word that he'll never mistreat someone in despair. Rishi's Dad believes in his word and remarks to him that for the first time in Rishi's life that a woman is in need of his services that draws a sarcastic comment from the Cook on being asked to take care of the guest.
Next day Rishi tells Mohan that he should’ve fired him for what he did the previous night but lets him stay due to his family debts but confirms that their friendship is over. Rishi takes Nila to a party where his friends mistake her for a call girl and embarrass her by asking her price per night. Rishi storms out of the place with Nila. Rishi apologizes to Nila for what happened but she shrugs it off by letting him know that Rishi had never been out with his mom or sisters or any other decent woman; this hurts Rishi who drinks too much and they get into a big argument. Nila cools him off by offering her friendship; the Pimp visits Rishi at his home next day and is surprised to see Nila in and congratulates him on his conquest. Rishi clarifies to him that she is just a platonic friend and that he made a mistake and ruined her life; that day Nila suggests a critical business solution to Rishi and his Dad who asks Rishi to hire her immediately. During a business lunch at the office, Rishi su
User advocacy has several definitions. One is that user advocacy is the practice of using designated spokespeople to facilitate interaction between users and designers of the products they use. Another more broadly defines user advocacy as the practice of advocating for the user, regardless of whether one is a user, developer, manager, etc. User advocates may suspend their own personal or functional point of view, attempt to see the product through the eyes of, the experience of, the user of that product; the ability to take on the user's point of view, without personal judgement or bias, allows the advocate to see things as the user might see them, enabling them to make observations and recommendations to improve the user experience. Some user advocates will take a neutral, scientific point of view, will observe and collect data from users that will suggest that the product and/or user experience could be changed or improved in a way that users would prefer or benefit from. User advocates may be scientists or engineers who use the scientific method to make improvements that result in increased ease of use, time savings, improved levels of user satisfaction, or other user-centered metrics.
An advocate is a person who supports a cause or policy. A user advocate could either be a person, as in a research study; the idea of user advocates originated from large-scale software development projects. In such teams, a consensus is reached regarding the roles of a product designer and the user experience analyst, that the two roles can no longer be performed by the same individual due to inherent conflicting interests. An example of such a conflict of interest would be a designer having to defend his own design decision about a product improvement, versus an alternative decision that could lead to a better user experience, but would negate the designer's original decision about how to improve the product. Designer interaction with actual users on such large-scale projects would be viewed as expensive and inefficient for some designers, but an alternative view suggests that some designers and some companies do not value interaction with actual users; some experts have suggested that designers and developers may have contempt for actual users.
In large-scale projects there is a practical necessity for the division of labor, but that should not be used to justify lack of user involvement at each step of the software development life cycle. The person responsible for designing a product may be far removed from the development of a product, further removed from traditional user experience studies, which analyze how users interact with a product versus how it was designed to be used; the degrees of separation inherent in these large-scale projects can create a disconnect between ambitious designers who risk creating ineffective products that they prefer to design, instead of designing what users want and need. Care must be taken to involve the user at each step of the design cycle, lest the needs of the user be ignored and a sub-standard product design result; the idea of a consultant with expertise working with a client group has theoretical origins in models of process consulting, which focus on developing close relationships to work out joint solutions.
One practice of user advocacy asks designers to define their users collectively, as one person or a persona, attach common attributes and characteristics of their typical users, taking into consideration many types of use case scenarios users encounter to aid with anticipating the needs and expectations of a user. From this persona and its associated traits, use case scenarios, functional requirements and user expectations can be derived and provide refined specifications for product improvements to be developed; such a practice channels access product designers to users by representing their needs in the form a persona or fictional character. User advocacy helps make the effects of design decisions easier to measure because the traits and characteristics of user personas consist of crowdsourced suggestions from actual users. Suggestions for improvement are generalized and prioritized according to frequency, severity, or an alignment with corporate initiatives; as a result, design decisions become less about a designer and more about fulfilling the needs of users, as the suggestions for improvement are provided directly by the users themselves