Psychohistorical Crisis is a science fiction novel by Donald Kingsbury, published by Tor Books in 2001. An expansion of his 1995 novella "Historical Crisis", it is a re-imagining of the world of Isaac Asimov's Foundation series, set after the establishment of the Second Empire; the book is neither authorized by Asimov's estate, nor is it intended to be recognized as part of his continuity. Psychohistorical Crisis was the 2002 winner of the Prometheus Award. Eron Osa had been the secret leaders behind the Second Empire of humanity. For a crime he cannot remember, he was sentenced, not to death, but to the removal of his fam, his symbiotic computer mind. Without the augmentation of his brain by his electronic familiar, he can function on Splendid Wisdom, the capital of the Empire. Without one navigating the streets of the planetary megalopolis is nearly impossible. Worse, the traumatic removal has stolen large chunks of his memory, which were never stored in his biological brain. Eron must figure out what he did and why, he must do so soon...
Psychohistorical Crisis title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Second Foundation is the third novel published of the Foundation Series by American writer Isaac Asimov, the fifth in the in-universe chronology. It was first published in 1953 by Gnome Press. Second Foundation consists of two published novellas published in Astounding Magazine between 1948 and 1950, making this the third volume in Asimov's Foundation series. Decades Asimov wrote two further sequel novels and two prequels. Writers have added authorized tales to the series; the Foundation series is regarded as one of Isaac Asimov's best works, along with his Robot series. The term describes the organization by that name, the focus of the book; the organization's existence had been revealed in Foundation, searched for in Foundation and Empire, makes brief appearances in this novel. It would not be described in detail until Foundation's Edge. Part I is about The Mule's search for the elusive Second Foundation, with the intent of destroying it; the executive council of the Second Foundation is aware of The Mule's intent and, in the words of the First Speaker, allows him to find it—"in a sense".
The Mule sends two of his men on a search for the Second Foundation: Han Pritcher, who had once been a captain and a member of the underground opposition prior to being Converted to the Mule's service, Bail Channis, an "Unconverted" man who has risen through the ranks and impressed The Mule. Channis reveals his suspicions about the Second Foundation being located on the planet Tazenda, takes the ship there, they first land on Rossem, a barren planet controlled by Tazenda, meet with its governor, who appears ordinary. Once they return to the ship, Pritcher confronts Channis and believes him to have been too successful with the search; the Mule, who had placed a hyper-relay on their ship in order to trace them through hyper-space and reveals that Channis is a Second Foundationer. Pritcher's emotional bonds to the Mule are broken in the ensuing exchange between Channis and the Mule, is made to fall into deep sleep. With only the two of them left, the Mule reveals that he has brought his ships to Tazenda and has destroyed the planet, yet senses that Channis's dismay is only pretense.
He forces Channis to reveal that Rossem is the Second Foundation, that Tazenda is only a figurehead. The First Speaker for the Second Foundation reveals to the Mule that his rule is over. Second Foundation agents are headed to Kalgan and the Foundation worlds to undo the Conversions of the Mule, his fleet is too far away to prevent it; when the Mule experiences a moment of despair, the First Speaker is able to seize control of and change his mind. Search by the Mule was published in the January 1948 issue of Astounding Science Fiction under the title "Now You See It—". Part II takes place 60 years after the first part, 55 years after the Mule's death by natural causes; those of the Foundation, which left the Mule's empire based on Kalgan after his death, are now aware of the Second Foundation's existence. Foundationists and many others believe that the Second Foundation's protection guarantees the success of the Seldon Plan despite crises, such as the Foundation's ongoing conflict with Kalgan.
The ensuing war is won by the Foundation, is listed in the Encyclopedia Galactica as the last major conflict before the rise of the Second Empire. Some Foundationists, distrust the Second Foundation and its members' Mule-like mental powers, hope to find and destroy it. After inventing a device that can jam telepathic abilities and cause telepaths great pain, the Foundation finds and detains indefinitely about 50 telepaths on Terminus; the planet, the capital of the Foundation, is on the edge of the Milky Way. Since, as Arkady Darell puts it, "a circle has no end" by tracing the disc of the galaxy around its edge, one would come back to Terminus; the Foundationists believe that, with the Second Foundation destroyed, the Seldon Plan will proceed without interference from telepaths. The telepaths however were nothing but martyrs taking part in a plot set by the Second Foundation to mislead the people of Terminus into thinking that the threat of the Second Foundation no longer exists, thus having the original Seldon Plan restored while its location remains secret.
The Second Foundation is located on Trantor—the former capital of the Galactic Empire—in the center of the galaxy. It was called "Star's End" due to the ancient saying that "All roads lead to Trantor, and, where all stars end"; the location was said to fit the "other end of the galaxy" location since the galaxy is not in fact a disc, but a spiral—and from the edge, the other end of a spiral lies at the center. The book noted that Hari Seldon was a social scientist, not a physical one; when the two Foundations were founded, they could be described as being at opposite social ends of the Galaxy, with Trantor at the center of galactic power and prestige, Terminus at the other extreme, something the First Foundation failed to realize because its members were inclined to analyze Seldon's statement in physical terms. Search by the Foundation was published in the November and December 1949 and January 1950 issues of Astounding Science Fiction under the title "—And Now You Don't"; the Second Foundation would again be
Boris Vallejo is a Peruvian painter. Vallejo works exclusively in the fantasy and erotica genres, his hyper-representational paintings have appeared on the covers of numerous science fiction and fantasy paperbacks and are featured in a series of best-selling glossy calendars. Subjects of his paintings are sword and sorcery gods and well-muscled male and female barbarians engaged in battle. Vallejo began painting at the age of 13, in 1954, had his first illustration job three years in 1957, at the age of 16, he attended the Escuela Nacional Superior Autónoma de Bellas Artes on a five-year scholarship, was awarded a prize medal. After emigrating to the United States in 1964, at the age of 23, he garnered a fan following from his illustrations of Tarzan, Conan the Barbarian, Doc Savage and various other fantasy characters; this led to commissions for movie poster illustration, advertisement illustration, artwork for various collectibles - including Franklin Mint paraphernalia, trading cards, sculpture.
Along with Julie Bell, Vallejo presents his artwork in various books. Vallejo's work is compared to the work of Frank Frazetta, not only because it is similar stylistically, but since Frazetta painted covers for paperbacks of some of the same characters. Vallejo's preferred artistic medium is oil on board, he has used photographs to combine discrete images to form composite images. Preparatory works are ink sketches, which have been displayed in the book Sketchbook, he and Julie Bell have worked on collaborative artworks together, in which they sign the artwork with both names. Vallejo has created film posters for numerous fantasy and action productions, including Knightriders, Q, Barbarian Queen, he has illustrated posters for comedies, notably National Lampoon's Vacation, European Vacation, Nothing But Trouble and Aqua Teen Hunger Force Colon Movie Film for Theaters, co-created with Bell. He created the 1978 Tarzan calendar, he received the British Fantasy Award as best artist in 1979 for his painting The Amazon Princess and her Pet.
Vallejo's published works include several collections: The Fantastic Art of Boris Vallejo Mirage Fantasy Art Techniques Ladies Dreams: The Art of Boris Vallejo Titans: The Heroic Visions of Boris Vallejo and Julie Bell Sketchbook Twin Visions Fantasy Workshop: A Practical Guide Boris Vallejo and Julie Bell: The Ultimate Collection The Fabulous Women of Boris Vallejo and Julie Bell Imaginistix A yearly calendar of 13 paintings by Boris Vallejo and Julie Bell is produced by Workman Publishing. Official website – Julie Bell and Vallejo Boris Vallejo Art Video on YouTube Boris Vallejo at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Ural.net Boris Vallejo gallery on Inside Your Art Boris Vallejo at Library of Congress Authorities, with 28 catalogue records
Foundation and Chaos
Foundation and Chaos is a science fiction novel by Greg Bear, set in Isaac Asimov's Foundation universe. It is the second book of the Second Foundation trilogy, written after Asimov's death by three authors, authorized by the Asimov estate; the novel is the second part of The Second Foundation Trilogy and takes place entirely in the same time frame as "The Psychohistorians,", the first part of the novel Foundation. In addition to telling a more expanded version of Hari Seldon's confrontation with the Commission of Public Safety it interweaves R. Daneel Olivaw's struggle against a sect of robots who oppose his plans for humanity. While covering the same period as in Asimov’s “The Psychohistorians,” Foundation and Chaos focuses more on paternal superrobot R Daneel Olivaw than on Hari Seldon. Olivaw’s 20 millennia of machinations and contrivances are questioned by “Calvinian” robots who do not observe Olivaw’s Zeroth Law developed in Asimov’s Robots and Empire. Olivaw's actions dampen human intellectual variation until the human species matures.
The novel's primary issue is. Does the ancient Auroran robot serve humanity’s greater good? Should Olivaw decide this for himself? Seldon seems unaware of Olivaw's role in perpetuating other dampeners, but Seldon would approve, considering his quarantining of the New Renaissance worlds when Seldon served as Imperial 1st Minister. Foundation and Chaos portrays the rise of mentalics such as Wanda Seldon and Stettin Palver, who will form the Second Foundation. Twisted rogue mentalic Vara Liso foreshadows the mutant Magnifico’s spectacular rise 310 years later. Powerful Public Safety Commissioner Linge Chen again plays a prominent role as the true Imperial power behind fatuous playboy Emperor Klayus. Reconstructed superrobot Dors Venabili reappears as well
Foundation and Empire
Foundation and Empire is a science fiction novel by American writer Isaac Asimov published by Gnome Press in 1952. It is the second book in the Foundation Series, the fourth in the in-universe chronology, it takes place in two parts published as separate novellas. The second part, "The Mule", won a Retro Hugo Award in 1996. Foundation and Empire saw multiple publications—it appeared in 1955 as Ace Double D-125 under the title The Man Who Upset the Universe; the stories comprising this volume were published in Astounding Magazine in 1945. Foundation and Empire was the second book in the Foundation trilogy. Decades Asimov wrote two further sequel novels and two prequels. Writers have added authorized tales to the series; the Foundation Series is regarded as one of Isaac Asimov's best works, along with his Robot series. The first half of the book, titled "The General", tells how the experienced General Bel Riose of the Galactic Empire launches an attack against the Foundation; the Empire still retains far more resources and personnel than the Foundation and Riose is willing to use that advantage to its fullest.
Lathan Devers, a native of the Foundation, Ducem Barr, a fugitive from the planet Siwenna, intercept a message that summarizes the General's doings, escape to Trantor, to see Emperor Cleon II and show him the message. In their attempts to contact the emperor and Barr attract the attention of Trantor law enforcement and are forced to flee the planet. In the end, the emperor decides that Riose is a threat to his status and to the balance of the Empire and recalls him to Trantor. Afterwards, members of the Foundation attempt to analyze the struggle for power between generals and emperors within the old Empire using the principles of psychohistory. Although Hari Seldon did not leave any advanced knowledge of psychohistory with the Foundation, they come to understand that no action was required on their part, as with the previous crisis; the characters of Emperor Cleon II and Bel Riose in this story are based on those of the historical Roman Emperor Justinian I and his general Belisarius. Their story was familiar to Asimov from his recent reading of Robert Graves's novel Count Belisarius, of his earlier study of Edward Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, on which the entire series is loosely based.
"The General" was first published in the April 1945 issue of Astounding Science Fiction under the title "Dead Hand". The second half of the book, titled "The Mule", takes place one hundred years after the first half; the Empire has ceased to exist, Trantor has undergone "The Great Sack", having been sacked by a "barbarian fleet", only a small rump state of 20 agricultural planets remain. Most of the Galaxy has split into barbaric kingdoms; the Empire itself has entered into an more rapid phase of decline and civil wars. The Foundation has become the dominant power in the galaxy, controlling its regions through its trading network; the existence of the Seldon Plan has become known, Foundationists and many others believe that as it has predicted previous events, the Foundation's formation of a Second Empire is inevitable and unavoidable. The leadership of the Foundation has become dictatorial and complacent, many outer planets belonging to the Traders plan to revolt. An external threat arises in the form of a mysterious man, known only as the Mule.
The Mule is a mutant, possesses the ability to sense and manipulate the emotions of others creating fear and/or total devotion within his victims. He uses this ability to take over the independent systems bordering the Foundation, has them wage a war against it. In face of this new threat, the provincial Traders join with the central Foundation leaders against the Mule, believing him to be the new Seldon crisis; as the Mule advances the Foundation's leaders assume that Seldon predicted this attack, that the scheduled hologram crisis message appearance of Seldon will again tell them how to win. To their surprise, they learn that Seldon predicted a civil war with the Traders, not the rise of the Mule; the tape stops as Terminus loses all power in a Mule attack, the Foundation falls. Foundation citizens Toran and Bayta Darell, along with the psychologist Ebling Mis and "Magnifico Giganticus", a clown fleeing the Mule's service, travel to different worlds of the Foundation, to the Great Library of Trantor.
The Darells and Mis seek to contact the Second Foundation, which they believe will be able to defeat the Mule. They have suspicions that the Mule wishes to know the location of the Second Foundation as well, so that he can use the First Foundation's technology to destroy it. At the Great Library, Ebling Mis works continuously; as Mis lies dying, he tells Toran and Magnifico that he knows where the Second Foundation is. Before he can reveal the Second Foundation's location, Bayta kills him. Bayta had realized, shortly before, that Magnifico was the Mule, who had used his powers in every planet they had visited. In the same way, he had forced Mis to find what the Mule was looking for. Bayta had killed Mis to prevent him from revealing the Second Foundation's whereabouts to the Mule; the Darells are left on Trantor. The Mule leaves to reign over the rest of his new empire. Existence of the Second Foundation, as an organization centered on the science of psychology and mentalics, in contrast to the Foundation's focus on physical sciences, is now known to the Darells and the Mule.
Now that the Mule has conquered the Foundat
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside
"The Originist" is a short story by Orson Scott Card. It appears in his short story collection Maps in a Mirror; this story is set in Isaac Asimov's Foundation universe and was first published in the short story collection Foundation's Friends. The events in "The Originist" take place just after the first part of Foundation and deal with Hari Seldon's establishment of the Second Foundation. List of works by Orson Scott Card