Itawamba County, Mississippi
Itawamba County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,401, its county seat is Fulton. The county is part of MS Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county was named for the Chickasaw leader Itawamba, known to English-speaking settlers as Levi Colbert. He was prominent during the Indian Removal period of the early 19th century, but died before his people left the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 540 square miles, of which 533 square miles is land and 7.7 square miles is water. Interstate 22 U. S. Highway 78 Mississippi Highway 23 Mississippi Highway 25 Natchez Trace Parkway Tishomingo County Franklin County, Alabama Marion County, Alabama Monroe County Lee County Prentiss County Natchez Trace Parkway Pharr Mounds, 85-acre complex of earthwork burial mounds from the Middle Woodland period As of the census of 2000, there were 22,770 people, 8,773 households, 6,500 families residing in the county; the population density was 43 people per square mile.
There were 9,804 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.47% White, 6.47% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.32% from other races, 0.42% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2000, there were 8,773 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,156, the median income for a family was $36,793. Males had a median income of $29,231 versus $20,900 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,956. About 10.10% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 23.60% of those age 65 or over. Fulton Mantachie Tremont Beans Ferry Bounds Crossroads Carolina Clay Dorsey Evergreen Fairview Kirkville Peaceful Valley Sandy Springs Tilden Mount Pleasant Rara Avis Reedsville Ryan's Well Van Buren Wheeling Yale Tammy Wynette, American country music legend, was born near Tremont. Delphia Spencer Hankins, an American supercentenarian, was born in Itawamba County. John E. Rankin, sixteen-term Democratic U. S. Congressman Brian Dozier, All-star baseball player for Minnesota Twins and Los Angeles Dodgers. Born in Fulton; the County holds an annual Civil Rights march and speaker series in January on/around the celebration of MLK day.
MLK Day Celebration The county was the site of the 2010 Itawamba County School District prom controversy when a lesbian student attempted to bring her partner to prom. List of counties in Mississippi National Register of Historic Places listings in Itawamba County, Mississippi Geographic data related to Itawamba County, Mississippi at OpenStreetMap Itawamba Historical Society Lee-Itawamba Library System at SirsiDynix
Booneville is the county seat of Prentiss County, Mississippi. Booneville was incorporated in 1861 and named after R. H. Boone, a relative of Daniel Boone; the population was 8,743 at the 2010 census. It is one of 21 certified Mississippi retirement cities; the land of Booneville was bought by B. B. Boone, G. W. Williams, W. P. Curlee from the Chickasaw tribesman Le-Ho-Yea; the community was named for R. H. Boone, a relative of Daniel Boone, the early American pioneer. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.7 square miles, of which 25.7 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. The city is concentrated along Mississippi Highway 145 between its intersections with Mississippi Highway 30 to the south and Mississippi Highway 4 to the north. U. S. Route 45 passes through western Booneville, connecting the city with Tupelo. Climate is characterized by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year; the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa".
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,625 people, 3,302 households, 2,205 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.8 people per square mile. There were 3,625 housing units at an average density of 141.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.88% White, 18.49% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.15% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population. There were 3,302 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 16.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,361, the median income for a family was $38,918. Males had a median income of $29,667 versus $19,821 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,128. About 11.2% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,743; the City of Booneville is served by two public school districts - Prentiss County. Booneville is home to Northeast Mississippi Community College, which has an annual enrollment in excess of 6,000 students; the community college serves five counties: Prentiss, Alcorn and Tishomingo. Banner Independent Prentiss County Progress WMAE-TV Channel 12 TV W34DV-D Channel 34 TV WBIP AM 1400 Hometown Radio The Booneville/Baldwyn Airport is owned by the cities of Booneville and Baldwyn.
It is located in Prentiss County, six nautical miles southwest of Booneville's central business district. Parachuting can be seen outside of the town along highway 45 as well Cecil Bolton, Major League Baseball first baseman for the Cleveland Indians George E. Allen, American political figure and head football coach for 1 game at Cumberland University Harold Bishop, Jr. professional football player Travis Childers, former congressman Jamie Davis, Southern rock musician Gene Kelton, singer-songwriter, blues musician, band leader of Mean Gene Kelton & The Die Hards Prentiss County Voice - Booneville Baptist Memorial Hospital - Booneville Chamber of Commerce - Booneville The Banner Independent
Baldwyn is a city located in Lee and Prentiss counties, located in the northern part of the Tupelo micropolitan area. The population was 3,297 at the 2010 census. Located five miles north of Guntown, the main street of Baldwyn runs along the county line of Lee and Prentiss counties; the city has the unusual distinction of having been incorporated in four counties. It was incorporated by an Act of the Legislature in Tishomingo and Itawamba counties on April 1, 1861. Tishomingo County was divided into Alcorn and Tishomingo in 1870, while Lee County was formed from parts of Itawamba and Pontotoc counties in 1866. Baldwyn is an outgrowth of the village of Carrollville: when the Mobile and Ohio Railroad was being built during the years of 1848 to 1861, it missed Carrollville by one and one-half miles and the citizens moved to the new town of Baldwyn, named for the civil engineer who surveyed the road through the town. Tishomingo, chief of the Chickasaw, lived at old Carrollville but died at Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1839 of smallpox while being moved west with his tribe.
In the 2000 census, 1,892 of the city's 3,321 residents lived in Prentiss County and 1,429 in Lee County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.6 square miles, of which 11.5 square miles is land and 0.1 square mile is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,321 people, 1,331 households, 886 families residing in the city; the population density was 287.9 sq mi). There were 1,472 housing units at an average density of 127.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 54.53% White, 43.87% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.30% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population. There were 1,331 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,016, the median income for a family was $37,598. Males had a median income of $27,162 versus $21,174 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,430. About 19.9% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 23.3% of those age 65 or over. Baldwyn is served by the Baldwyn School District. Baldwyn is the home of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center The Booneville/Baldwyn Airport is owned by the cities of Booneville and Baldwyn, it is located in Prentiss County, six nautical miles southwest of Booneville's central business district.
Babe McCarthy, was an American professional and collegiate basketball coach Tim Ford, Speaker of the Mississippi House of Representatives from 1988 to 2004 Elijah Pierce, American woodcarver Brice's Cross Roads National Battlefield Site List of municipalities in Mississippi National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Mississippi GovernmentOfficial websiteGeneral informationAnne Spencer Cox Library at Northeast Regional Library Geographic data related to Baldwyn, Mississippi at OpenStreetMap
U.S. Route 45
U. S. Route 45 is a major north–south United States highway and a border-to-border route, from Lake Superior to the Gulf of Mexico. A sign at the highway's northern terminus notes the total distance as 1,300 miles. US 45 is notable for incorporating, in its maiden alignment, the first paved road in the South, a 49-mile segment in Lee County, Mississippi. Let to contract in July 1914, the concrete highway opened on November 15, 1915; as of 2006, the highway's northern terminus is in Ontonagon, Michigan, at the corner of Ontonagon and River Streets, a few blocks from Lake Superior. M-64 terminated there as well until its rerouting in October 2006 to use the newly built Ontonagon River Bridge, its southern terminus is in Mobile, Alabama, at an intersection with U. S. Route 98. US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 17 between Mobile and Vinegar Bend, just north of Deer Park, in Washington County, Alabama. From Vinegar Bend to the Mississippi state line, US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 57. U. S. Highway 45 is part of a designated hurricane evacuation route in Mississippi.
It is four-laned from its point of entry from Alabama, at the town of State Line, to the Tennessee line just north of Corinth, along the way serving the towns of Waynesboro, Meridian and Tupelo. At Brooksville, U. S. 45 splits away from U. S. 45 Alternate and serves the towns of Columbus and Aberdeen before rejoining U. S. 45 Alternate south of Tupelo. The alternate roadway provides a more direct and four-laned route between Meridian and Tupelo, bypassing Columbus to the west and, more Starkville to the east. Major junctions of U. S. 45 in Mississippi include U. S. Route 84 at Waynesboro, Interstate 20/59 at Meridian, U. S. Route 82 at Columbus, Interstate 22/U. S. Route 78 at Tupelo and U. S. Route 72 at Corinth; each of these junctions is an interchange and, with the exception of Waynesboro, each is part of a freeway segment. The Mississippi section of U. S. 45 is defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3. From the Mississippi state line U. S. 45 extends north past Selmer and Jackson to Three Way, just north of Jackson.
At Three Way, the highway splits into U. S. 45E and U. S. 45W. From Three Way to the northeast, U. S. 45E extends past Milan Martin and is concurrent with unsigned State Route 43 for most of the route's length past except for short segments at South Fulton and Martin, where it is cosigned with State Route 216 and State Route 215 respectively. From Three Way to the northwest, U. S. 45W extends past Humboldt and is concurrent with unsigned State Route 5 to Union City and with U. S. 51 to the junction with U. S. 45E less than a quarter mile south of the Kentucky state line. Mainline U. S. 45, concurrent with U. S. 51, continues north into Kentucky. U. S. 45 enters Kentucky at Fulton northeast past Mayfield heads directly north into Paducah as a four-lane highway. In Paducah, U. S. 45 serves as a major artery, intersecting with Interstate 24 at exit 7, intersecting US 60 and 62. U. S. 45 leaves Kentucky from Paducah's northern border across the two-lane, metal-grate Brookport Bridge to Brookport, Illinois across the Ohio River.
In the state of Illinois, U. S. 45 runs from a bridge across the Ohio River from Paducah, through Shawnee National Forest and north to the Wisconsin border east of Antioch, Illinois. With a length of 428.99 miles in Illinois, U. S. 45 is the longest numbered route in Illinois. In its progress north from the Ohio River U. S. 45 first joins Interstate 24 as far as Vienna heads northeast through Harrisburg and north through Fairfield, Effingham, Champaign, Urbana and Kankakee straight north through the western suburbs of Chicago in Will County, Cook County and Lake County to the Wisconsin border. U. S. 45 enters the state in southeast Wisconsin. It runs concurrent with Interstate 894 and U. S. Route 41 through the west side of metro Milwaukee to form a major artery through the metropolitan area, it runs north to Fond du Lac. The highway routes near the western shore of Lake Winnebago through Wisconsin. U. S. 45 travels north through Wittenberg and Eagle River, as well as the state and national forests, until it leaves the state at Land O' Lakes and enters Michigan.
US 45 enters Michigan south of Watersmeet. From there, the highway crosses the Western Upper Peninsula through the Ottawa National Forest running north to Ontonagon. US 45 ends just south of Lake Superior in downtown Ontonagon; the terminus was not changed in 2006 despite realignment of M-38 and M-64 from the terminus to a crossing 0.7 miles south. Until March 1935, US 45's northern terminus was in the Illinois area. Prior to the construction of the Interstate Highway system, US 45 was one of the main routes south out of Chicago toward New Orleans, Louisiana. Much of the traffic left US 45 at Effingham, continuing on through Cairo, Illinois along Illinois Route 37. Southern segmentAlabama US 98 in Mobile I‑65 in Prichard Mississippi US 84 in Waynesboro I‑20 / I‑59 in Meridian US 11 / US 80 in Meridian US 82 west of Columbus; the highways travel concurrently to Columbus. US 278 north-northwest of New Wren; the highways travel concurrently to the Verona–Tupelo city line. I‑22 / US 78 in Tupelo US 72 in Corinth Tennessee US 64 in Selmer.
The highways travel concurrently through the city. I‑40 / US 412 in Jackson US 45E / US 45W in Three Way US 79 in Milan US 79 in Humboldt Northern segmentTennessee US 45E / US 45W / US 51 in South Fulton. US 45 / US 51 travel concurrently to Fulton, Kentucky. Kentucky Future I‑69 north of Mayfield I‑24 in Paducah US 62 in Paducah; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 60 / US 62 in Paducah. US 45/US 60 travels concurrently throu
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Lee County, Mississippi
Lee is a county in Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,910; the county seat is Tupelo. Lee County is included in the Tupelo Micropolitan Statistical Area. Lee County was established on October 26, 1866, named for Robert E. Lee, General in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States, it was carved from Pontotoc. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 453 square miles, of which 450 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. Interstate 22 U. S. Highway 45 U. S. Highway 78 Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi Highway 6 Prentiss County Itawamba County Monroe County Chickasaw County Pontotoc County Union County Brice's Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Natchez Trace Parkway Tupelo National Battlefield As of the census of 2000, there were 75,755 people, 29,200 households, 20,819 families residing in the county; the population density was 168 people per square mile. There were 31,887 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.66% White, 24.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races.
1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 29,200 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,165, the median income for a family was $43,149. Males had a median income of $31,039 versus $22,235 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,956.
About 10.50% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over. Lee County has the ninth highest per capita income in the State of Mississippi. Baldwyn Saltillo Tupelo Verona Barrett Ridge Guntown Nettleton Plantersville Shannon Sherman Mooreville Brewer Eggville Ellistown Jug Fork Belden Lee County is served by the Baldwyn, Lee County and Tupelo school districts. List of counties in Mississippi List of memorials to Robert E. Lee National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Mississippi GovernmentOfficial websiteGeneral information Geographic data related to Lee County, Mississippi at OpenStreetMap Lee-Itawamba Library System at SirsiDynix