The Presbyterian Church, abbreviated PC, is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States. A part of the Reformed tradition, it is the largest Presbyterian denomination in the US, known for its progressive stance on doctrine; the PC was established by the 1983 merger of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, whose churches were located in the Southern and border states, with the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, whose congregations could be found in every state. The named Presbyterian Church in America is a separate denomination whose congregations can trace their history to the various schisms and mergers of Presbyterian churches in the United States; the denomination had 1,352,678 active members and 19,243 ordained ministers in 9,161 congregations at the end of 2018. This number does not include members who are baptized but who are not confirmed or the inactive members affiliated. For example, in 2005, the PC claimed 318,291 baptized, but not confirmed and nearly 500,000 inactive members in addition to active members.
Its membership has been declining over the past several decades. Average denominational worship attendance dropped to 565,467 in 2017 from 748,774 in 2013; the PC is the largest Presbyterian denomination in the United States. Presbyterians trace their history to the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century; the Presbyterian heritage, much of its theology, began with the French theologian and lawyer John Calvin, whose writings solidified much of the Reformed thinking that came before him in the form of the sermons and writings of Huldrych Zwingli. From Calvin's headquarters in Geneva, the Reformed movement spread to other parts of Europe. John Knox, a former Roman Catholic Priest from Scotland who studied with Calvin in Geneva, took Calvin's teachings back to Scotland and led the Scottish Reformation of 1560; because of this reform movement, the Church of Scotland embraced Reformed theology and presbyterian polity. The Ulster Scots brought their Presbyterian faith with them to Ireland, where they laid the foundation of what would become the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.
Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland brought Presbyterianism to America as early as 1640, immigration would remain a large source of growth throughout the colonial era. Another source of growth were a number of New England Puritans who left the Congregational churches because they preferred presbyterian polity. In 1706, seven ministers led by Francis Makemie established the first American presbytery at Philadelphia, followed by the creation of the Synod of Philadelphia in 1717; the First Great Awakening and the revivalism it generated had a major impact on American Presbyterians. Ministers such as William and Gilbert Tennent, a friend of George Whitefield, emphasized the necessity of a conscious conversion experience and pushed for higher moral standards among the clergy. Disagreements over revivalism, itinerant preaching, educational requirements for clergy led to a division known as the Old Side–New Side Controversy that lasted from 1741 to 1758. In the South, the Presbyterians were evangelical dissenters Scotch-Irish, who expanded into Virginia between 1740 and 1758.
Spangler argues they were more energetic and held frequent services better attuned to the frontier conditions of the colony. Presbyterianism grew in frontier areas. Uneducated whites and blacks were attracted to the emotional worship of the denomination, its emphasis on biblical simplicity, its psalm singing; some local Presbyterian churches, such as Briery in Prince Edward County, owned slaves. The Briery church purchased five slaves in 1766 and raised money for church expenses by hiring them out to local planters. After the United States achieved independence from Great Britain, Presbyterian leaders felt that a national Presbyterian denomination was needed, the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America was organized; the first General Assembly was held in Philadelphia in 1789. John Witherspoon, president of Princeton University and the only minister to sign the Declaration of Independence, was the first moderator. Not all American Presbyterians participated in the creation of the PCUSA General Assembly because the divisions occurring in the Church of Scotland were replicated in America.
In 1751, Scottish Covenanters began sending ministers to America, the Seceders were doing the same by 1753. In 1858, the majority of Covenanters and Seceders merged to create the United Presbyterian Church of North America. In the decades after independence, many Americans including Calvinists and Baptists were swept up in Protestant religious revivals that would become known as the Second Great Awakening. Presbyterians helped to shape voluntary societies that encouraged educational, missionary and reforming work; as its influence grew, many non-Presbyterians feared that the PCUSA's informal influence over American life might make it an established church. The Second Great Awakening divided the PCUSA over revivalism and fear that revivalism was leading to an embrace of Arminian theology. In 1810, frontier revivalists organized the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Throughout the 1820s, support and opposition to revivalism hardened into well-defined factions, the New School and Old School respectively.
By the 1838, the Old School–New School Controversy had divided the PCUSA. There were now two general assemblies each claiming to represent the PCUSA. In 1858, the New School split along sectional lin
During the 1991–92 English football season, Derby County F. C. competed in the Football League Second Division, following relegation from the First Division the previous season. Despite the loss of key players like Mark Wright and Dean Saunders, Derby County emerged as genuine contenders for an automatic return to English football's top flight after the takeover by Lionel Pickering made Derby one of the richest clubs in the Second Division. Derby smashed their transfer record twice during the season, signing striker Paul Kitson for £1.3 million from East Midlands rivals Leicester City in March, followed by the signing of striker Tommy Johnson from First Division strugglers Notts County for the same fee. Club legend Bobby Davison was re-signed, on loan from Leeds United. However, in spite of this flurry of transfer activity and breaking the club's record for away wins Derby were unable to gain automatic promotion, finishing two points adrift of second-placed Middlesbrough. Derby qualified for the playoffs, but were knocked out in the semi-finals by Blackburn Rovers on a 5-4 scoreline over two legs.
At the end of the season, Scottish winger Ted McMinn was named the club's player of the season. November saw the death of former chairman Robert Maxwell, who had just sold the club to Lionel Pickering earlier in the year. Maxwell disappeared from his luxury yacht, the Lady Ghislaine, while it was cruising off the Canary Islands, his death was ruled as accidental drowning after he fell off the yacht, though commentators have alleged it was murder or suicide. Derby's kit were sponsored by Auto Windscreens. Squad at end of seasonNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Marco Gabbiadini - Crystal Palace, £1,000,000 Paul Simpson - Oxford United, £500,000, February Paul Kitson - Leicester City, £1,300,000, March Tommy Johnson - Notts County, £1,300,000, March Bobby Davison - Leeds United, loan Mark Wright - Liverpool, £2,500,000, 15 July Dean Saunders - Liverpool, £2,900,000, 19 July Phil Gee - Leicester City, part-exchange for Kitson, March Ian Ormondroyd - Leicester City, part-exchange for Kitson, March 19 October: Derby County 2-0 Portsmouth 6 November: Port Vale 1-0 Derby County 1 February: Portsmouth 0-1 Derby County 11 March: Derby County 3-1 Port Vale Derby County 1-1 Barnsley Derby County 0-2 Blackburn Rovers Derby County 3-1 Brighton & Hove Albion Derby County 4-1 Bristol City Derby County 1-0 Bristol Rovers Derby County 0-0 Cambridge United Derby County 1-2 Charlton Athletic Derby County 0-0 Grimsby Town Derby County 1-0 Ipswich Town Derby County 1-2 Leicester City Derby County 2-0 Middlesbrough Derby County 0-2 Millwall Derby County 4-1 Newcastle United Derby County 2-2 Oxford United Derby County 2-0 Plymouth Argyle Derby County 1-2 Southend United Derby County 1-2 Sunderland Derby County 2-1 Swindon Town Derby County 0-1 Tranmere Rovers Derby County 3-1 Watford Derby County 1-2 Wolverhampton Wanderers Barnsley 0-3 Derby County Blackburn Rovers 2-0 Derby County Brighton & Hove Albion 1-2 Derby County Bristol City 1-2 Derby County Bristol Rovers 2-3 Derby County Cambridge United 0-0 Derby County Charlton Athletic 0-2 Derby County Grimsby Town 0-1 Derby County Ipswich Town 2-1 Derby County Leicester City 1-2 Derby County Middlesbrough 1-1 Derby County Millwall 1-2 Derby County Newcastle United 2-2 Derby County Oxford United 2-0 Derby County Plymouth Argyle 1-1 Derby County Southend United 1-0 Derby County Sunderland 1-1 Derby County Swindon Town 1-2 Derby County Tranmere Rovers 4-3 Derby County Watford 1-2 Derby County Wolverhampton Wanderers 2-3 Derby County 4–6 January: Burnley 2-2 Derby County 25 January: Derby County 2-0 Burnley 25–27 January: Derby County 3-4 Aston Villa Blackburn Rovers 4-2 Derby County Derby County 2-1 Blackburn Rovers
Ozma is an American rock band from Pasadena, California. The band's sound is a mix of nostalgic new wave–influenced power pop and contrapuntal Casiotone-driven melodies sustained by heavy guitar riffs. Since their formation in 1995, Ozma has released five studio albums and toured the U. S. Japan and Canada more than thirty times, including extensive touring with stylistically similar groups including Weezer, Nada Surf, Rilo Kiley, The Rentals, The Get Up Kids, Saves The Day, Asian Kung-Fu Generation, Rooney. Ozma was formed in September 1995 by Ryen Slegr, Jose Galvez, Patrick Edwards and Daniel Brummel, when Brummel was introduced to the others by Galvez, whom he met on AOL while looking for a band to join. In 1996, the still-unnamed band were joined by Katherine Kieckhefer on keyboards, before deciding on the name "Ozma" in 1997, in 1998 were joined by expert keyboardist Star Wick, who replaced the departing Kieckhefer. After their early 4-track cassette demos Cuatro and Ocho were well received by friends, they released Songs of Inaudible Trucks and Cars in early 1999, a collection of demos and live tracks, released on home-made CD-Rs and republished on MP3.com as Songs of Audible Trucks and Cars.
They self-released what is considered their first "proper" studio album and Roll Part Three, on January 1, 2000. This consisted of "a few thousand" CDs manufactured by Tornado Recordings. During these early years, Ozma "played anywhere in the California state area," garnering a strong regional following. Ozma's first real break came in 2001. In preparation for the "Yahoo! Outloud Tour," Weezer asked their fans to vote for an opening act via their web site, the bands who received the most votes were Ozma and The Get Up Kids. One year Weezer invited Ozma to tour with them again on 2002's "Hyper Extended Midget Tour", which featured Saves the Day. Early in 2001, the band self-released their second album The Doubble Donkey Disc. With this release, Ozma experimented with the traditional Russian balalaika and the flute to create a sound they called "Russian coldfusion." The disc was split into two imaginary concept EPs: the first five songs revolved around Russian themes, while the second half created a more danceable atmosphere.
In 2001 as a result of the exposure gained from touring with Weezer, Ozma signed with Kung Fu Records, which led to a mainstage appearance on the 2002 Warped Tour. Over the next two years, Kung Fu put out remastered and enhanced versions of Rock and Roll Part Three and The Doubble Donkey Disc, before Ozma's third album, Spending Time On The Borderline, was released in 2003; this record saw Ozma mature their sound and expand their musical outlook, moving away—at times significantly—from the keyboard-driven video game–themed rock of the earlier albums. During the 2001–4 period, Ozma toured the US numerous times, with bands such as Nada Surf, Piebald, The Format, Rilo Kiley. On July 23, 2004, Ozma announced that they had disbanded, citing deteriorating relationships between band members. Daniel Brummel moved to New York City to pursue a more folk-heavy style and released his debut solo album Speak Easy independently on September 27, 2005. During this interim period, Ryen Slegr and Jose Galvez formed Yes Dear with ex-members of Arlo and Teen Heroes.
On January 9, 2006, Ozma announced that the band had reunited—without Edwards—to play new shows, new songs, put out new records. During July and August 2006 the band joined The Rentals for the "Return Tour," with Slegr performing in both bands. During the tour, Ozma rotated many new songs through their setlist. In September, the band announced that they would be touring the nation again in October with the band Hellogoodbye. On May 15, 2007, the band released their fourth studio album, through About a Girl Records; the album included guest appearances by Matthew Caws, Will Noon, Rachel Haden, Ben Pringle, Eric Summer. Allmusic referred to Pasadena as "the strongest work of their careers," rating it 4.5 out of 5 stars. In 2012, Ozma performed alongside Dinosaur Jr. and Sebadoh. In late 2013, Ozma held PledgeMusic campaign to fund their unnamed fifth album, their goal was exceeded, Boomtown was released digitally on February 11, 2014. Following the digital release, Ozma joined Weezer, Cat Power, The Orwells, DIIV, Adam Devine on the second Weezer Cruise, being the only band aside from Weezer to perform on both cruises.
Ozma's song "Korobeiniki" was featured in Kick-Ass 2. A person in the crowd in the film Napoleon Dynamite can be seen wearing an Ozma t-shirt. Ocho Cuatro Songs of Audible Trucks and Cars Rock and Roll Part Three The Doubble Donkey Disc Spending Time on the Borderline Pasadena Boomtown Ozma's MySpace Ozma's Facebook Ozma's Bandcamp
Tropical Cyclone Urmil was a short lived storm of January 2006 that explosively intensified to reach its peak intensity as a high-end Category 2 cyclone on the Australian Scale, just 12 hours after being named. Forming out of a tropical disturbance early on January 14, Urmil intensified before weakening just as quickly; the intensification was a result of the main convective banding feature wrapping around the center of circulation. However, the combination of high wind shear and the rapid movement of the cyclone caused convection to become separated from the center. By January 15, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone shortly before dissipating. Urmil had only minor effects on land. Tropical Cyclone Urmil originated from a weak tropical disturbance over the open waters of the south Pacific Ocean on January 13. Around 1800 UTC, the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in Nadi, Fiji classified the system as Tropical Disturbance 06F, while it was located about 370 km west of Pago Pago, American Samoa.
Forming in the wake of Tropical Cyclone Tam, the disturbance organized within an environment of favorable diffulence aloft, warm waters, moderate wind shear. Six hours RSMC Nadi upgraded 06F to a tropical cyclone and gave it the name Urmil while it was situated near Niuatoputapu, Tonga. Shortly after, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert as the storm traveled towards the south-southeast. Around 0600 UTC on January 14, the JTWC classified Urmil as Tropical Cyclone 07P. During the following six hours, Urmil underwent explosive deepening as the main feeder band wrapped around the center of circulation. After the brief period of intensification, the storm reached its peak intensity with winds of 110 km/h according to both the RSMC Nadi and the JTWC, making it a high-end Category 2 cyclone on the Australian Scale; the favorable environment, in combination with the fast forward motion of the storm, allowed Urmil to reach its peak intensity, despite wind shear reaching 35 km/h.
However, as as the storm strengthened, it began to weaken as convection weakened. With both wind shear and forward motion increasing, the cyclone became disorganized. Around 0000 UTC on January 15, the center of circulation was devoid of shower and thunderstorm activity. About six hours Urmil transitioned into an extratropical cyclone and was subsequently absorbed into the mid-latitude westerlies. Upon being designated Tropical Disturbance 06F, tropical cyclone alerts and strong wind warnings were issued for Niue, the Cook Islands, French Polynesia. A flood advisory and small craft advisory were issued for Samoa; that day, the strong wind warnings for the Cook Islands and French Polynesia were canceled, as Urmil no longer posed a threat to the islands. By January 15, all of the warnings associated with Urmil were lifted. Early on January 14, 06F passed close to Tafahi and Niuatoputapu, produced heavy rains and near gale-force winds over the islands; the highest winds in Tonga were recorded on Niuatoputapu.
The winds caused minor damages limited to vegetation. Some fruit trees were damaged banana trees; the rains from Urmil exaggerated flooding produced by Cyclone Tam just a few days earlier. 2005–06 South Pacific cyclone season World Meteorological Organization Australian Bureau of Meteorology Fiji Meteorological Service New Zealand MetService Joint Typhoon Warning Center
José "Pepe" Hernández Bethencourt, better known as Pepe Hern, was an American supporting actor, who played Spanish and Latino roles throughout his career. Pepe Hern participated in nearly 50 films, he Make Haste to Live. He was brother of actor Tom Hernández. Pepe Hern was born on June 6, 1927 in New Jersey, to Spanish immigrants Domingo Hernández and Dominga Bethencourt, his parents were natives from Puerto de la Cruz on the island of Tenerife. He had two older brothers. Pepe Hern debuted in his first film at the age of 21 in the "Bodyguard" film. After this, his career spanned nearly 40 years. William A. Seiter gave to Hern his two most important roles of the 1950s in the films Borderline and Make Haste to Live. In 1968, Hern had a role in Madigan. In the following decades, Hern portrayed a peasant in The Magnificent Seven and a priest in Joe Kidd; this role was one of his last appearances in films. It was on television where Hern maintained greater continuity and visibility, participating in several TV series episodes such as The Rifleman, The Fugitive, I Spy, The High Chaparral, The Streets of San Francisco, Lou Grant, The Bionic Woman, Charlie's Angels.
In 1984, Hern appeared in an episode of Murder, She Wrote and an episode of Hill Street Blues. He died on February 2009 in Los Angeles, California; this is a list of film of Pepe Hern. Pepe Hern - películas, noticias, vídeos - www.hoycinema.com
The Last Days of American Crime is an upcoming American action crime thriller film directed by Olivier Megaton from a screenplay written by Karl Gajdusek. It stars Edgar Ramirez, Anna Brewster, Michael Pitt, Sharlto Copley and is based on Rick Remender and Greg Tocchini's 2009 graphic novel of the same name. Edgar Ramirez as Graham Bricke Anna Brewster as Shelby Dupree Michael Pitt as Kevin Cash Sharlto Copley Sean Cameron Michael as Pete Slatery Alonso Grandio as Checkpoint Army Ranger On July 27, 2018, it was announced that Edgar Ramirez would star as a career criminal Graham Bricke in the crime thriller film adaptation of the comic book The Last Days of American Crime by Rick Remender, which would be directed by Olivier Megaton, screenplay written by Karl Gajdusek, set in a near future; the film would be produced by Jesse Berger through Radical Studios, Jason Michael Berman through Mandalay Pictures, Barry Levine and Kevin Turen. In October 2018, Anna Brewster, Michael Pitt, Sharlto Copley joined the cast of the film.
Principal photography on the film began on November 6, 2018. Filming will take place in Cape Johannesburg; the Last Days of American Crime on IMDb