The president is a leader of an organization, community, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between the president and the chief executive officer varies, depending on the structure of the specific organization. In a similar vein to the chief operating officer, the title of corporate president as a separate position is loosely defined; the powers of the president vary across organizations and such powers come from specific authorization in the bylaws like Robert's Rules of Order. The term "president" was used to designate someone who presided over a meeting, was used in the same way that "foreman" or "overseer" is used now, it has now come to mean "chief officer" in terms of administrative or executive duties. In addition to the administrative or executive duties in organizations, the president has the duties of presiding over meetings; such duties at meetings include: calling the meeting to order determining if a quorum is present announcing the items on the order of business or agenda as they come up recognition of members to have the floor enforcing the rules of the group putting all questions to a vote adjourning the meetingWhile presiding, the president should remain impartial and not interrupt a speaker if the speaker has the floor and is following the rules of the group.
In committees or small boards, the president votes along with the other members. However, in assemblies or larger boards, the president should vote only when it can affect the result. At a meeting, the president only has one vote; the powers of the president vary across organizations. In some organizations the president has the authority to hire staff and make financial decisions, while in others the president only makes recommendations to a board of directors, still others the president has no executive powers and is a spokesman for the organization; the amount of power given to the president depends on the type of organization, its structure, the rules it has created for itself. If the president exceeds the given authority, engages in misconduct, or fails to perform the duties, the president may face disciplinary procedures; such procedures may include suspension, or removal from office. The rules of the particular organization would provide details on who can perform these disciplinary procedures and the extent that they can be done.
Whoever appointed or elected the president has the power to discipline this officer. Some organizations may have a position of President-elect in addition to the position of President; the membership of the organization elects a president-elect and when the term of the president-Elect is complete, that person automatically becomes president. Some organizations may have a position of Immediate Past President in addition to the position of President. In those organizations, when the term of the president is complete, that person automatically fills the position of Immediate Past President; the organization can have such a position. The duties of such a position would have to be provided in the bylaws. Bennett, Nathan. Riding Shotgun: The Role of the COO. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-5166-8. National Association of Parliamentarians®, Education Committee. Spotlight on You the President. Independence, MO: National Association of Parliamentarians®. ISBN 1-884048-15-3
Pietro Jerónimo Martínez y Rubio or Pietro Martinez y Rubio was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Archbishop of Palermo. On 22 September 1656, Pietro Jerónimo Martínez y Rubio was selected as Archbishop of Palermo and confirmed by Pope Alexander VII on 15 January 1657. On 2 April 1657, he was consecrated bishop by Francesco Barberini, Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, with Francesco Gonzaga, Bishop of Cariati e Cerenzia, Patrizio Donati, Bishop Emeritus of Minori serving as co-consecrators, he served as Archbishop of Palermo until his death on 22 November 1667. While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of Bishop of Lipari. Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Palermo". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. Chow, Gabriel. "Metropolitan Archdiocese of Palermo". GCatholic.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018
Schattdorf is a village and a municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland. Schattdorf is first mentioned in 1248 as Sachdorf. Schattdorf has an area, as of 2006, of 16.3 km2. Of this area, 33.6 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 11% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In the 1997 land survey, 29.1% of the total land area was forested, while 4.5% is covered in small trees and shrubbery. Of the agricultural land, 0.4% is used for farming or pastures, while 23.4% is used for orchards or vine crops and 9.8% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 4.3% is covered with buildings, 3.5% is industrial, 0.2% is classed as special developments, 0.5% is listed as parks and greenbelts and 2.5% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.9% is unproductive flowing water, 8.2% is too rocky for vegetation, 8.7% is other unproductive land. The municipality is located along the Reuss between the Schächenbach and the Reuss; the village is located on the valley floor but stretches up the mountain side to the hamlet of Haldi, 1,079 m above sea level.
Schattdorf has a population of 5,424. As of 2007, 6.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4.7%. Most of the population speaks German, with Serbo-Croatian being second most common and Italian being third; as of 2007 the gender distribution of the population was 49.0 % female. In the 2007 federal election the FDP party received 87.6% of the vote. In Schattdorf about 64.7% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. Schattdorf has an unemployment rate of 0.74%. As of 2005, there were 125 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 50 businesses involved in this sector. 1,003 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 44 businesses in this sector. 1,075 people are employed with 92 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table: Schattdorf in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland