President of Kazakhstan

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President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Flag of the President of Kazakhstan.svg
Presidential Standard
Нурсултан Абишович Назарбаев.jpeg
Nursultan Nazarbayev

since 24 April 1990
ResidenceAk Orda Presidential Palace
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length5 years, renewable once (The 1st President is excluded from this limit)
Inaugural holderNursultan Nazarbayev
Formation24 April 1990
SuccessionChairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan
Website(in Kazakh)
(in English)
Emblem of Kazakhstan.svg
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The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті; Russian: Президент Республики Казахстан) is the head of state, commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authorities of this position are described in special section of Constitution of Kazakhstan.

The position was established on 24 April 1990, a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The first, and as of 2018 current and only President of Kazakhstan is Nursultan Nazarbayev.[1]

None of the presidential elections held in Kazakhstan have been considered free or fair by western countries or international observers[2] with issues noted including ballot tampering, multiple voting, harassment of opposition candidates and press censorship.

Decoration of the President of Kazakhstan[edit]

The President of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and Standard of The President of Kazakhstan. According to a post[who?] The President of Kazakhstan granted cavalierity of the order of the "Gold Eagle" («Altyn Qyran»)).

The President in the Constitution[edit]

Item 5 of Article 42 of the constitution determines that none can be elected president more than two terms in a row, but it also states that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." [3]

Article 46 says that the President's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that his expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions.[4] According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless inviolability for all actions he performs during his being on a post. And till the death he sustains the government official. He also keeps ability to speak to people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, state support of his activity, and official apartment and summer residence became his property with official maintenance. There is also pointed medical care, sanatorium, provision of pensions and insurance.

On April 26, 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidency.[5] The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Astana on April 29.[5] At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president ensured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.[5]

On January 25, 2017 President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the ground work for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for purpose of more open and efficient governance.[6]

Latest election[edit]

Prior to the 2011 election, President Nazarbayev wrote an op-ed for the Washington Post titled "Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy".[7]

Kazakhstan's 5th presidential election was held on April 26, 2015.[8] Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote.[9] 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.[9]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists.[10] OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."[11]

Presidents of the Republic of Kazakhstan (1990–present)[edit]

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

Name Portrait Elected Term of office Political party
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev
Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев
Nursultan Nazarbayev 27092007.jpg 24 April 1990 1 December 1991 Communist Party of Kazakhstan
1 December 1991 14 December 1991
(1) 14 December 1991 20 January 1999 Independent
20 January 1999 1 March 1999
(1) 1 March 1999 11 January 2006 Otan
11 January 2006 1 December 2006
(1) 1 December 2006 8 April 2011 Nur Otan
8 April 2011 29 April 2015
29 April 2015 Incumbent

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Nursultan Nazarbayev 26 years, 327 days[12]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Kazakhstan President Embassy of Kazakhstan
  2. ^ Kazakhstan's long term president to run in snap election – again, The Guardian, 11 March 2015
  3. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  4. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  5. ^ a b c "Re-elected President Inaugurated, Announces Five Reform Efforts".
  6. ^ "Kazakh President Unveils Plans of Constitutional Reforms". The Astana Times.
  7. ^ Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy Washington Post
  8. ^ "Nearly 10 mn voters to head to polls to elect Kazakh president". Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
  9. ^ a b "Kazakhstan strongman leader re-elected with 97.7% amid record voter turnout".
  10. ^ "Kazakh strongman says sorry for landslide election victory". 27 April 2015.
  11. ^ Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev wins re-election with 97.7 per cent of vote, ABC Australia, 28 April 2015
  12. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 16 December 1991.