SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

President of Poland

The President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state of Poland. Their rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland; the president heads the executive branch. In addition the president has a right to dissolve parliament in certain cases, veto legislation and represents Poland in the international arena; the first president of Poland, Gabriel Narutowicz, was sworn in as president of the Second Polish Republic on 11 December 1922. He was elected by the National Assembly under the terms of the 1921 March Constitution. Narutowicz was assassinated on 16 December 1922. Józef Piłsudski had been "Chief of State" under the provisional Small Constitution of 1919. In 1926 Piłsudski staged the "May Coup", overthrew President Stanisław Wojciechowski and had the National Assembly elect a new one, Ignacy Mościcki, thus establishing the "Sanation regime". Before Piłsudski's death, parliament passed a more authoritarian 1935 April Constitution of Poland. Mościcki continued as president until he resigned in 1939 in the aftermath of the German Invasion of Poland.

Mościcki and his government went into exile into Romania. In Angers, France Władysław Raczkiewicz, at the time the speaker of the Senate, assumed the presidency after Mościcki's resignation on 29 September 1939. Following the fall of France, the president and the Polish government-in-exile were evacuated to London, United Kingdom; the transfer from Mościcki to Raczkiewicz was in accordance with Article 24 of the 1935 April Constitution. Raczkiewicz was followed by a succession of presidents in exile, of whom the last one was Ryszard Kaczorowski. In 1944–45 Poland became a part of Soviet-controlled central-eastern Europe. Bolesław Bierut assumed the reins of government and in July 1945 was internationally recognized as the head of state; the Senate was abolished in 1946 by the Polish people's referendum. When the Sejm passed the Small Constitution of 1947, based in part on the 1921 March Constitution, Bierut was elected president by that body, he served until the Constitution of the Polish People's Republic of 1952 eliminated the office of the president.

Following the 1989 amendments to the constitution which restored the presidency, Wojciech Jaruzelski, the existing head of state, took office. In Poland's first direct presidential election, Lech Wałęsa won and was sworn in on 22 December 1990; the office of the president was preserved in the Constitution of Poland passed in 1997. The President of Poland is elected directly by the people to serve for five years and can be reelected only once. Pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, the President is elected by an absolute majority. If no candidate succeeds in passing this threshold, a second round of voting is held with the participation of the two candidates with the largest and second largest number of votes respectively. In order to be registered as a candidate in the presidential election, one must be a Polish citizen, be at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the election and collect at least 100,000 signatures of registered voters; the President has a free choice in selecting the Prime Minister, yet in practice he gives the task of forming a new government to a politician supported by the political party with the majority of seats in the Sejm.

The President has the right to initiate the legislative process. He has the opportunity to directly influence it by using his veto to stop a bill. Before signing a bill into law, the President can ask the Constitutional Tribunal to verify its compliance with the Constitution, which in practice bears a decisive influence on the legislative process. In his role as supreme representative of the Polish state, the President has power to ratify and revoke international agreements and recalls ambassadors, formally accepts the accreditations of representatives of other states; the President makes decisions on award of highest academic titles, as well as state distinctions and orders. In addition, he has the right of viz. he can dismiss final court verdicts. The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces; the President performs his duties with the help of the following offices: the Chancellery of the President, the Office of National Security, the Body of Advisors to the President. Several properties are owned by the Office of the President and are used by the Head of State as his or her official residence, private residence, residence for visiting foreign officials etc.

The Presidential Palace in Warsaw is the largest palace in Warsaw and the official seat of the President of the Republic of Poland since 1993. The first presidential tenant was Lech Wałęsa when he moved to the Palace from Belweder in 1994. Belweder, in Warsaw, was the official seat of the President until 1993, is owned by the Office of the President as the official residence of the President and is used by the President and the Government for ceremonial purposes; the palace serves as an official residence for heads of state on offic

Punta Carnero, Ecuador

Punta Carnero is an island located in the Salinas County, in the Santa Elena Province of Ecuador. Its name, "Ram Point" in English, stems from the rocky headland located at the southeast end of the beach; the quality of the surf from the rocks to the dock Ecuasal is the reason why many surfers turn to this beach for the sport. Punta Carnero Beach is surrounded by thick coastal vegetation. Surfing in Ecuador is popular at Punta Carnero Beach has been chosen many times to be the venue of not just national surf competitions, but at an international level; this beach is located only 10 minutes to the south of Salinas and was the site of the ISA World Junior Surfing Games Ecuador in 2009. Bodyboarding is a surface water sport and is popular at surfing beaches around the world; the beach extends for 1.6 miles and is wide, with white to gray sand, medium waves and a prevalent inland breeze. Many who travel to Punta Carnero take a visit to other famous beaches are found just off the coast of Ecuador by 972 km is known the world over, the Galápagos Islands an area of volcanic islands distributed around the equator in the Pacific Ocean.

Whale watching and sighting of Humpback whale during their mating season is from June to October. There are many boats for hire. Parasailing & Birdwatching are popular in Punta Carnero, Ecuador. Beach Informacion at Ecuador Ecostravel.com Punta Carnero Web Site at puntacarnero.com. Wannasurf.com Punta Carnero surfosmagazine.com Punta Carnero

Manitoba Museum

The Manitoba Museum the Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature is the largest museum in Winnipeg, Canada. It is located close to City Hall; the museum was designed by Herbert Henry Gatenby Moody of Moody and Moore in 1965. The museum focuses on human and natural heritage, it has a Science Gallery hall. The Institute for Stained Glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at the Manitoba Museum. In 1879, the Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba began to collect and preserve its heritage at some unknown location. In the early 1890s, E. Thompson Seton wrote about the Manitoba Museum, housed in the basement of Winnipeg's City Hall; those collections appear to have been dispersed, by 1900 there was no public museum in Winnipeg. There were, significant private collectors and from 1911 to the early 1920s material from their collections was exhibited in the Exposition Building of the former Winnipeg Industrial Bureau at Main and Water; the present museum holds some of these collections. In 1932, the Natural History Society of Manitoba, the Winnipeg Board of Trade, the Auditorium Commission founded the Manitoba Museum Association.

The Manitoba Museum opened its doors on December 15, 1932 in the newly built Civic Auditorium on Vaughan Street. The museum remained in that location, together with the Winnipeg Art Gallery, until 1967. Critical support for outreach programs and exhibits came from the Carnegie Corporation and Junior League. Professors at the University of Manitoba the Manitoba Agriculture College, played significant roles in the museum's development; the museum was run by volunteer Honorary Curators, with assistance from other dedicated volunteers and a small staff. As the museum grew in acquisitions and attendance, the need for an expanded facility became critical, in 1954 the Board began planning a new institution, which would reflect the values of the time, they consulted extensively with the American Museum of the Hayden Planetarium. Funding came in large part from federal project sources designed to create new Canadian cultural facilities for the 1967 Canadian Centennial commemoration. In 1964, a proposal for a museum and planetarium was submitted to the Manitoba government headed by Premier Duff Roblin.

The proposal stated that:Manitoba needs a Modern Museum of Man and Nature. Not a collection of stuffed birds, antiquated firearms or dusty rocks – but a living history of man and his environment, tracing the evolution of Manitoba's resources and culture, past and present, pointing the way, through research, to the future. To inform and educate by interpreting nature to man and their effect on each other in the function of a Modern Museum of Man and Nature. In 1965, provincial legislation dissolved the unincorporated Manitoba Museum Association and incorporated the Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature and the Manitoba Planetarium, the location as part of the planned Manitoba Centennial Centre was announced. Paid curatorial positions were created, the former volunteer curators were appointed to the Museum Advisory Council. Most of the invaluable collections were transferred to the new corporation and during 1968-69, while the new building was being completed. Lieutenant Governor Richard Bowles opened the Planetarium on May 15, 1968, the new museum facilities were opened in July, 1970 by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II to commemorate the province's Centennial.

At the time of the official opening only the Orientation Gallery and part of the Grasslands Gallery were finished. The planetarium and museum were integrated as one corporation in 1988, in 1996 the corporate name returned to the original Manitoba Museum; the museum formally began using the name The Manitoba Museum in 2002. In 1994, the Hudson's Bay Company designated the museum as the permanent home for its historic material collection, which portrays more than three centuries of the company's colourful history. In 1996, construction got underway for a new wing to house this magnificent collection; the new wing was opened in September, 1998, the new HBC Gallery opened on May 2, 2000. When the last major gallery, Parklands/Mixed Woods, opened in September 2003, the grand design for a museum to portray the human and natural history of all of Manitoba was complete. A renewed Science Gallery opened in 2008 replacing the'Touch the Universe' Gallery; the plan calls for a separate Science Museum building next to the Manitoba Museum.

An expanded Alloway Hall opened in the spring of 2017. The new Hall is 9,750 square feet in size; the Winnipeg Gallery opened November 1, 2019. The purpose of this gallery is to tell the story of Winnipeg's development over the past century, it features a stained glass logo of Winnipeg that used to be located at the old "gingerbread" City Hall, has not been seen since the 1960s. The Manitoba Museum is in the process of upgrading its antiquated HVAC system in 2019; the Manitoba Museum is the first Canadian museum to recreate marine life as it was 450 million years ago. A virtual underwater observatory shows the Hudson’s Bay region during the Ordovician period. Manitoba is home to the giant trilobite; the collections in the museum reflect the heritage of Manitoba. The interpretive galleries are Earth History, Arctic/Sub-Arctic, Boreal Forest, Hudson's Bay Company, Parklands/Mixed Woods and Urban. Together these explore the history and environment of the province from its northern Arctic coast to its southern prairie grasslands.

In particular the museum is famed for its Urban Ga