The president of Russia the president of the Russian Federation, is the head of state and de jure head of government of the Russian Federation, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces. He holds the highest office in Russia. In 1991, the office was known as the president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic until 25 December 1991. According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the president of Russia was head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the president of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. In all cases where the president of the Russian Federation is unable to fulfill his duties, they shall be temporarily delegated to the prime minister of Russia, who becomes acting president of Russia; the chairman of the Federation Council is the third important position after the president and the prime minister. In the case of incapacity of both the president and prime minister, the chairman of the upper house of parliament becomes acting head of state.
The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic and judicial officers, concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the State Duma and the Federation Council. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, to convene and adjourn the Federal Assembly under extraordinary circumstances; the president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation. The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term; the law prohibits anyone from being elected to the presidency for a third consecutive term. In all, three individuals have served four presidencies spanning six full terms. In May 2012, Vladimir Putin became the fourth president. A candidate for office must be a citizen of the Russian Federation, at least 35 years old and has "permanently resided" in Russia for at least 10 years; the Constitution of Russia limits the election of one person to the Presidency to two consecutive terms.
Since the constitution contains no ruling on a total number of terms that a President may serve, a former president may seek re-election after sitting out one complete term. The election of the President is regulated by the Presidential Election Law and the Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights; the Federation Council calls the presidential elections. If it does not call a presidential election, due, the Central Election Commission will call the presidential election; the Election Day is the second Sunday of the month and the presidential electoral constituency is the territory of the Russian Federation as a whole. Each faction in the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections; the minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 100,000, down from 2 million before amendments to the law. Terms were extended from four during Dmitry Medvedev's administration.
The President is elected in a two-round system every six years, with a two consecutive term limitation. If no candidate wins by an absolute majority in the first round, a second election round is held between two candidates with the most votes; the last presidential election was in 2018, the next is in 2024. Inauguration of the President of Russia is conducted six years after the previous inauguration. If the President was elected in early elections, he takes the oath, thirty days after the announcement of the results. Before executing the powers of the office, a president is constitutionally required to take the presidential oath:I swear in exercising the powers of the President of the Russian Federation to respect and safeguard the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence and integrity of the State, to faithfully serve the people. Vacancies in the office of President may arise under several possible circumstances: death and removal from office.
In all cases when the President is unable to perform his duties, his powers are temporarily transferred to the Prime Minister until the new President takes office. After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president; these devices are used on special occasions. The first insignia, issued is the chain of office with an emblem; the central emblem is the red cross of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", with arms in equal size, charged with the Russian coat of arms. On the reverse of the cross, the words "Benefit and Glory" appear in the form of a circle. A golden wreath is used to connect the cross with the rest of the chain. There are 17 "links" in the emblem, with nine consisting of the Russian coat of arms; the other eight consist of a rosette bearing the motto "Benefit and Glory." At the inauguration of Vladimir Putin, the emblem was placed on a red pillow, positioned on the left side of the podium. According to the Presidential website, the emblem is placed inside the Kremlin and is used only on certain occasions.
The standard is a square version of the Russian flag, charged in the center with the Russian coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to t
Magane Maru was an auxiliary minelayer and patrol boat of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. Magane Maru was laid down on 14 December 1939 at the shipyard of Harima Zosensho at the behest of shipping company, Nihon Kaiun, she was launched on 15 June 1940 and completed 5 August 1940. On 5 September 1941, she was requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy and converted to an auxiliary minelayer/gunboat under Reserve Lieutenant Maniwa Kenji. Armaments mounted were 1 x 8 cm/40 3rd Year Type naval gun, 1 twin Type 93 machinegun, 1 Type 3 heavy machine gun, 120 mines. In December 1941, she was assigned to Gunboat Division 10 of the 5th Fleet under Lieutenant Commandeer Sasaki Heiji. On 10 April 1942, she was detached from Gunboat Division 10 and attached to the Adak-Attu invasion force under Rear Admiral Sentarō Ōmori during the Aleutian Islands campaign. On 25 September 1942, she was reassigned to the Yokosuka Naval District. On 25 May 1943, Sasaki was replaced by Reserve Lieutenant Yamazaki Kiyoichi.
On 18 September 1943, Yamazaki was replaced by Reserve Lieutenant Shigematsu Yoshioka. On 24 January 1944, she was attacked and sunk by the American submarine USS Snook about 175 miles northwest of Chichi Jima, she was struck from the Navy List on 10 March 1944
Wayne Chiang or Chiang Wan-an. He is a grandson of Chiang Ching-kuo. Chiang Wan-an worked as a business lawyer in the United States prior to begin a political career in Taiwan. Born Wayne Chang on 26 December 1978, he is the only son to his parents John Helen Huang, he has two elder sisters. He was unaware of his relation to Chiang Kai-shek until high school, when his father told Chiang and his siblings in a late-night talk. Following the announcement, the family changed their surname from "Chang" to "Chiang". Chiang was a student at the Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University and Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School. Upon graduation, he attended National Chengchi University where he majored in international relations and law. Upon graduation from National Chengchi University, he worked for the law firm Li. Chiang became an aide in the National Assembly, he was accepted to the University of Pennsylvania Law School in 2002, left for the United States. After Chiang earned his J.
D. degree, he practiced law at Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati's Palo Alto office, a well known corporate law firm in California where his practice area focused on venture capital financing and corporate and security law. After practicing for several years, he founded his own law firm before returning to Taiwan in 2013. Chiang faced Lo Shu-lei in the first round of the Kuomintang party primary in April 2015. After Lo failed to build a sufficient lead, another primary was called the next month, which Chiang won, he ran as the KMT candidate for Taipei City's third constituency in the 2016 legislative elections and won a seat in the Legislative Yuan. The Taipei District Prosecutor's Office ended an investigation of vote-buying accusations against Chiang in March, but did not charge him with wrongdoing. In January 2018, Chiang stated that he would not seek to represent the Kuomintang in the Taipei mayoral election scheduled for November. Chiang ran for reelection in 2020, defeating his closest opponent, Democratic Progressive Party candidate Enoch Wu, by six percent of votes, 51–45%.
Chiang met his future wife, 石舫亘. They dated for ten years and married on 23 May 2009, their first child, a son named 蔣得立, was born in June 2011. Media related to Jiang Wan-an at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Chiang Wan-an at Wikiquote