President of Slovakia

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President of the Slovak Republic
Prezident Slovenskej republiky
Flag of the President of Slovakia.svg
Presidential Standard
Andrej Kiska in Senate of Poland.jpg
Andrej Kiska

since 15 June 2014
ResidenceGrassalkovich Palace
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthFive years
renewable once, consecutively
Inaugural holderMichal Kováč
2 March 1993
FormationConstitution of Slovakia
Salaryc. 110,880 [1]
WebsitePresident of the Slovak Republic
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
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The President of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Prezident Slovenskej republiky) is the head of state of Slovakia and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The president is directly elected by the people for five years, and can be elected for a maximum of two consecutive terms, the presidency is largely a ceremonial office, but the president does exercise certain limited powers with absolute discretion. The president's official residence is the Grassalkovich Palace in Bratislava.

History of the office[edit]

The office was established by the constitution of Slovakia on 1 January 1993 when Slovakia permanently split from Czechoslovakia and became independent, the office was vacant until 2 March 1993 when the first president Michal Kováč was elected by the National Council of Slovak Republic. However, in 1998, the National Council was unable to elect a successor to Kováč, the result was that for half a year after Kováč's term ended in March 1998, the position was vacant. The duties and powers of the office were devolved upon the then prime minister and speaker of the National Council; in order to come to a solution, the constitution was changed to transfer election of the president to the people. Presidential elections have been held in 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014.

The current president is Andrej Kiska, who took office on 15 June 2014.

Role and powers[edit]

The President of Slovakia has a limited role in policy-making, as the office is largely ceremonial. According to the constitution, the president is the supreme representative of the state both in Slovakia and abroad.

Among his constitutional powers are nominating and appointing the Prime Minister, three judges of the constitutional court and three members of the judicial council, the president can also veto any bill or proposal by the National Council, except for constitutional amendments. This veto can be overridden if the National Council passes the same bill again with a two-thirds majority of all members of the Council, similar to the US system of presidential veto, the president also acts as the commander-in-chief of the Slovak armed forces.

Among his other constitutional duties are signing bills into the law, appointing ministers on the recommendation of the prime minister and appointing various other state officials: generals, professors, judges, rectors, procurators and such, the president can grant pardon, amnesty, commutations, and parole on the recommendation of the minister of justice.

Presidents of the Slovak Republic[edit]


  HZDS   SOP   HZD   Independent

President Presidency Party Term Previous office
1 Michal Kováč.jpg Michal Kováč
(Lived: 86 years)
2 March 1993

2 March 1998
Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
1 (1993) Chairman of the Federal Assembly of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1992)
2 Rudolf Schuster 2011.jpg Rudolf Schuster
Born 1934
(85 years old)
15 June 1999

15 June 2004
Party of Civic Understanding
2 (1999) Member of the National Council
Mayor of Košice
3 Ivan Gašparovič.jpg Ivan Gašparovič
Born 1941
(77 years old)
15 June 2004

15 June 2014
Movement for Democracy
3 (2004) Chairman of the National Council (1993–1998)
Independent 4 (2009)
4 Andrej Kiska in Senate of Poland.jpg Andrej Kiska
Born 1963
(55 years old)
15 June 2014

Independent 5 (2014) None prior elected office

Acting Presidents[edit]

Name Term
Vladimír Mečiar
Ivan Gašparovič
2 March 1998 – 30 October 1998
14 July 1998 – 30 October 1998
Mikuláš Dzurinda
Jozef Migaš
30 October 1998 – 15 June 1999

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 15 March and 29 March 2014 Slovak presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Robert Fico (Smer) 531,919 28.0 893,841 40.61
Andrej Kiska (Independent) 455,996 24.0 1,307,065 59.38
Radoslav Procházka (Independent) 403,548 21.2  
Milan Kňažko (Independent) 244,401 12.9
Gyula Bárdos (SMK–MKP) 97,035 5.1
Pavol Hrušovský (KDH, SDKÚ–DS, Most) 63,298 3.3
Helena Mezenská (Independent) 45,180 2.4
Ján Jurišta (KSS) 12,209 0.6
Ján Čarnogurský (Independent) 12,207 0.6
Viliam Fischer (Independent) 9,514 0.5
Jozef Behýl (Independent) 9,126 0.5
Milan Melník (Independent]) 7,678 0.4
Jozef Šimko (SMS) 4,674 0.2
Stanislav Martinčko (KOS) 2,547 0.1
Total (turnout 43.40% / 50.48% ) 1,899,332 100.00 2,200,906 100.00

Living former Presidents[edit]

There are two living former Slovak Presidents:

See also[edit]