President of Ukraine

The president of Ukraine is the Ukrainian head of state. The president represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties; the president is directly elected by the citizens of Ukraine for a five-year term of office, limited to two terms consecutively. The president's official residence is the Mariyinsky Palace, located in the Pechersk district of the capital Kyiv. Other official residences include the House with Chimaeras and the House of the Weeping Widow, which are used for official visits by foreign representatives; the Presidential Administration of Ukraine, unofficially known as "Bankova" in reference to the street it is located on, serves as the presidential administration, advising the president in the domestic and legal matters. Since the office's establishment on 5 July 1991, there have been six presidents of Ukraine. Leonid Kravchuk was the inaugural president, serving three years from 1991 until his resignation in 1994.

Leonid Kuchma was the only president to have served two consecutive terms in office. Viktor Yushchenko, Petro Poroshenko and Viktor Yanukovych served one term, with the latter being replaced by acting president Oleksandr Turchynov, who also served as Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament, on 21 February 2014. Oleksandr Turchynov was the only acting president in Ukraine's modern history. Unlike in the US, where the vice president receives all powers of the presidency upon assumption of the presidential office, in Ukraine the powers of an acting president are limited. On 18 June 2015, Yanukovych was deprived of the title of president of Ukraine; the Government of Ukraine utilizes a semi-presidential system in which the roles of the head of state and head of government are separate, thus the president of Ukraine is not the nation's head of government. The prime minister serves as the head of government, a role filled by Oleksiy Honcharuk, appointed to the position in August 2019; the current president is Volodymyr Zelensky, who took the oath of office on 20 May 2019.

The president is the commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Army, heads the National Security and Defense Council, which advises the president, co-ordinates and controls executive power in the sphere of national security and defense. According to the Constitution of Ukraine, the president is the guarantor of the state's sovereignty, territorial indivisibility, the observance of the Constitution of Ukraine and human and citizens' rights and freedoms; as with the separation of powers, the president has checks on the authority of parliament and the judicial system. For instance, any law passed by the parliament can be vetoed by the president; the president has limited authority to disband the Verkhovna Rada, nominates candidates for the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Defense in the Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers. Six out of eighteen of the Constitutional Court judges are appointed by the president. Decisions of the president are subject to review by Ukraine's courts with the Constitutional Court having the sole authority and power to declare decrees of the president unconstitutional.

While in office, the president enjoys the right of immunity. Ukrainian presidents are asked by individual citizens for help in solving their personal problems. By-passing local governments is an ages-old practice in Ukraine. 1648–1676: Hetman of Zaporizhian Host 1917–1918: President of Ukrainian Central Council 1918–1918: Hetman of Ukraine 1918–1948: Directorate of Ukraine 1948–1991: President of Ukraine in exile 1991–1992: President of Ukraine 1663–1764: Hetman of Zaporizhian Host 1917–1991: First secretary of Communist Party of Ukraine 1938–1990: Chair of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Prior to the formation of the modern Ukrainian presidency, the previous Ukrainian head of state office was established in exile by Andriy Livytskyi. At first the de facto leader of nation was the president of the Central Rada at early years of the Ukrainian People's Republic, while the highest governing body was the General Secretariat headed by its chairman.

With the proclamation of the last universal of the UPR dated 25 January 1918 due to a military aggression, the Central Rada of the UPR proclaimed its independence from the Russia. On 29 April 1918, the Rada elected Mykhailo Hrushevskyi as the first president of the Central Rada of the Ukrainian People's Republic, in effect making him the de facto leader of the republic. Although a rather widespread misconception, the state leadership position title varied and none of them had an official "presidential" title. On 29 April 1918 the Central Rada was arrested and liquidated during a coup d'état initiated by the local German administration to install Hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky who spoke a word of the Ukrainian language. In November of the same year the directorate government of the UPR was established as the opposition movement to the Skoropadsky's regime; the Ukrainian People's Republic was soon re-established in December 1918 with Volodymyr Vynnychenko as the Directorate's chairman, serving as the republic's de facto second "president" from 19 December 1918 to 10 February 1919.

Although the Directorate was the temporary governing body until the new Ukrainian Constituent Assembly would elect its president. Symon P

Muhammad Bassiri

Muhammad Sidi Brahim Sidi Embarek Basir was a Sahrawi nationalist leader and presumedly executed by the Spanish Legion in June 1970. Muhammad Bassiri was born in a Sahrawi family in Tan-Tan. In 1957 he left Tan-Tan for the newly independent Morocco to attend school in Marrakesh, proceeded to study the Quran & Arabic in Cairo and Journalism in Damascus, where he get in touch with the Panarabism ideology. On returning to Morocco in 1966, he founded a Sahrawi nationalist newspaper, he worked as a journalist in Casablanca. In March 1968 he was allowed to enter to Spanish Sahara, because of the closing of the newspaper by Moroccan authorities in late 1967, settled in the city of Smara as a Quranic teacher, it was there he started to organize the anti-colonial movement known as the movement of liberation calling for end of Spanish occupation of the Sahara. Bassiri stressed non-violence and wanted to bring about change through democratic action, although the ruthless colonial rule imposed by Francisco Franco's Spain forced the Harakat Tahrir to remain clandestine.

Bassiri didn't want a precipitated independence, but to negotiate with the Spanish authorities On early June 17, 1970 the organization appeared in a peaceful demonstration against the Spanish colonial rule, asking for autonomy and self-determination in the Zemla neighborhood of El-Aaiun, in parallel to an official Francoist demonstration. The Spanish governor-general of the colony, General José María Pérez de Lema y Tejero, went to Zemla to discuss with the organizers of the demonstration, but did not reach an agreement to make them leave the place and join the official demonstration. Tensions escalated between the growing mass of Sahrawi protesters and the Spanish reservist soldiers, who were stoned-throwed after detaining 3 speakers of the protest, answered opening fire on the mass at 17:30 PM. Disturbance continued until 19:00 PM, when troops of the Tercio "Juan de Austria" of the Spanish Legion brutally put down what remained of the protesters; the events were seen by the Spanish authorities as a defiance to the official demonstration organized by the General governor, made to show the world the supposed Sahrawi support to the Spanish regime and refusal to the UN involvement.

These events have been dubbed the Zemla Intifada by Sahrawis. Bassiri, who had abandoned Zemla before violence erupted, was informed of the events, he was offered to escape to Mauritania by car. According to Salem Lebser, he replied: "Nobody could say I'm an adventurer who has led people to death and disappeared.. I fled once Morocco, where I felt like a stranger, but I would not fled from my own land". Bassiri was tracked down that night, detained around 03:00 AM of June 18, jailed at El Aaiun Territorial Police headquarters. On June 19, after being tortured, he testified before the Spanish military authorities. A photograph of him registering before the "Habs Shargui" prison authorities is the last known trace of him, he was moved to "Sidi Buya", the Spanish Legion headquarters in El Aaiun. According to testimonies given by three different persons to apostolic prefect to Spanish Sahara Félix Erviti Barcelona, Bassiri was executed by a Spanish Legion patrol in the dunes surrounding El Aaiun on the night of 29 July 1970, although Spanish authorities of the time claimed that he had been expelled from the territory to Morocco on that date, moreover they claimed that Bassiri had entered Spanish Sahara illegally from Algeria in September 1970.

Spanish colonial authorities claimed in 1971 that Bassiri had died on the Skhirat coup d'état against Hassan II. Present-day Sahrawi nationalists such as the Polisario Front honor him as the father of the modern Sahrawi independence struggle, as well as the first of the Sahrawi "disappeared" and a national martyr for the Liberty

Aleksandr Bogomoev

Aleksandr Pavlovich Bogomoev is a Russian freestyle wrestler of Buryat descent, who competed for the men's freestyle 61 kg at the World Wrestling Championships 2014 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. He was eliminated in the quarterfinal rounds, after being defeated by Cuba's Yowlys Bonne, based on the technical score 0-10. Winner Golden Grand Prix Ivan Yarygin 2015 and two time Russian National Champion. International Master of Sports in freestyle wrestling. Gold medalist World cup 2011 in Makhachkala, Russia. In World cup 2015 he won silver medal in Los Angeles, United States. European Nations' Cup 2014 winner. In 2015 European Games he defeated in the semifinal match 2x World Champion Haji Aliyev and in gold medal match he over Beka Lomtadze of Georgia