Chamber of Representatives of Uruguay
The Chamber of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly of Uruguay. The Chamber has 99 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation with at least two members per department; as of the last election, the Broad Front has retained its majority with 50 Deputies with the National Party receiving 31, the Colorado Party receiving 17, the Independent Party electing two. List of Presidents of the Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay Official website House of Representatives of Uruguay Politics Data Bank at the Social Sciences School - Universidad de la República
2010 Uruguayan municipal elections
Uruguay's local government elections, held on May 9, 2010, to elect the intendente of the 19 departments that are the administrative divisions of Uruguay, resulted in losses for the Frente Amplio government, some gains for the opposition Partido Nacional and Partido Colorado. This was the first time; the Frente Amplio had won with a narrow margin the presidential and parliamentary elections on October 25, 2009, having to face a runoff on November 29. This poor showing was reflected in the municipal elections of 2010. In the municipal elections of May 2005, the Partido Nacional had won 10 departments, the Partido Colorado only one department, the Frente Amplio 8 departments, for the first time; as a result of the municipal elections of 2010, the Partido Nacional won 12 departments, the Frente Amplio 5, the Partido Colorado 2. The Partido Nacional had a net gain of two departments, the Partido Colorado had a net gain of one department and the Frente Amplio had a net loss of three departments. Many political pundits commented that this was the heaviest loss of the Frente Amplio in all its electoral history.
Following is a list of the departments in Uruguay, with the name of the intendente elected, his party affiliation and the faction within the party to which he belongs: Montevideo: Ana Olivera. Hold for the Frente Amplio. Artigas: Patricia Ayala. Pickup for the Frente Amplio from the Partido Nacional. Canelones: Marcos Carámbula. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Frente Amplio. Cerro Largo: Sergio Botana. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Colonia: Walter Zimmer. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Durazno: Benjamín Irazábal. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Flores: Armando Castaingdebat. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Florida: Carlos Enciso. Pickup for the Partido Nacional from the Frente Amplio. Lavalleja: Adriana Peña. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Maldonado: Oscar de los Santos. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Frente Amplio. Paysandú: Bertil Bentos. Pickup for the Partido Nacional from the Frente Amplio. Río Negro: Omar Lafluf. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Rivera: Marne Osorio.
Hold for the Partido Colorado. Rocha: Artigas Barrios. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Frente Amplio. Salto: Germán Coutinho. Pickup for the Partido Colorado from the Frente Amplio. San José: José Luis Falero. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Soriano: Guillermo Besozzi. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Tacuarembó: Wilson Ezquerra. Re-elected incumbent. Hold for the Partido Nacional. Treinta y Tres: Dardo Sánchez Cal. Pickup for the Partido Nacional from the Frente Amplio. Politics Data Bank at the Social Sciences School – Universidad de la República
Vice President of Uruguay
The Vice President of Uruguay is the person with the second highest position in the executive branch of the Uruguayan government, after the President of Uruguay. The Vice President replaces the elected President in case of his absence; as long as the President is in his functions, the Vice President is the president of the Chamber of Senators and of the General Assembly. The position of Vice-President of the Republic was established in the Constitution of 1934; the President of the Senate assumed the Presidency in case of vacancy of the President. The Constitution of 1952 established a 9-member executive council, the National Council of Government, abolishing the figure of the Vice President; the Constitution of 1967 eliminates the National Council of Government and resumes the presidential system, maintaining the figure of the Vice President. List of current Vice Presidents History of Uruguay Politics of Uruguay www.presidencia.gub.uy
Politics of Uruguay
The politics of Uruguay abide by a presidential representative democratic republic, under which the President of Uruguay is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as a multiform party system. The president exercises executive power and legislative power and is vested in the two chambers of the General Assembly of Uruguay; the Judiciary branch is independent from that of the legislature. The Colorado and National parties have been locked in a power struggle, with the predominance of the Colorado party throughout most of Uruguay's history; the elections of 2004, brought the Encuentro Progresista-Frente Amplio-Nueva Mayoría, a coalition of socialists, former Tupamaros, social democrats, Christian Democrats among others to power with majorities in both houses of parliament. A majority vote elected President Tabaré Vázquez. In 2009, the Broad Front once again won the elections with a plurality of the votes. A presidential runoff was triggered because their candidate, José Mujica, only received 47.96 percent of the vote.
The Broad Front's candidate beat Luis Alberto Lacalle of the Nacional Party in second round of voting. In addition to the presidency, the Broad Front won a simple majority in the Uruguayan Senate and Congress; until 1919, from 1934 to 1952, Uruguay's political system, based on the 1830 Constitution, was presidential with a strong executive power, similar to that of the United States. It was characterized by the rivalry between the two traditional parties, the Colorado Party and the Blanco Party, conservative; the whites represented the interests of rural property, the Church and the military hierarchy, while colorados were supported by urban movable property and reformist intellectuals. In the 19th century, the country had similar characteristics to other Latin American countries: caudillism, civil wars and permanent instability, foreign capitalism's control of important sectors of the economy, high percentage of illiterate people, land oligarchy, etc, yet Montevideo became a refuge for Argentine exiles fleeing the dictatorship of Juan Manuel de Rosas and maintained a reputation as a welcoming place for ideas of "advanced" political and social protest.
In 1842, the newspaper Le Messager devoted a special issue to the memory of Charles Fourier. During the Great War, Garibaldi's red shirts fought in Montevideo against Rosas' attacking forces. In 1875, workers founded an Internationale. At the beginning of the 20th century, Uruguay became the most politically and advanced state on the continent; the liberal José Batlle y Ordóñez was the main architect of this transformation. A system of proportional representation is adopted to allow for the representation of minorities, it calls for the abolition of the death penalty, the fight against administrative corruption and the introduction of secularism and women's right to vote. On the economic level, he states that "industry must not be allowed to destroy human beings, but that on the contrary the State must regulate it in order to make the lives of the masses happier. "It thus undertakes an economic policy of a dirigiste nature and nationalizes many sectors of the economy. The "batllism" takes the form of social measures: institutionalization of free and compulsory primary education, support for trade unions and recognition of the right to strike, maternity leave, an eight-hour day, etc.
All this legislation, well advanced at the time, made Uruguay a progressive social democracy. Uruguay adopted its first constitution in 1830, following the conclusion of a three-year war in which Argentina and Uruguay fought as a regional federation: the United Provinces of Río de la Plata. Sponsored by the United Kingdom, the 1828 Treaty of Montevideo built the foundations for a Uruguayan state and constitution. A constitution proposed under the military dictatorship government was rejected by a referendum in 1980. Uruguay's Constitution of 1967 created a strong presidency, subject to legislative and judicial balance. Many of these provisions were suspended in 1973 but reestablished in 1985; the president, both the head of state and the head of government, is elected by popular vote for a five-year term, with the vice president elected on the same ticket. The President must act together with the Council of Ministers, which comprises cabinet ministers, appointed by the president. Thirteen ministers head various executive departments.
The ministers can be removed by the General Assembly by a majority vote. The General Assembly has two chambers; the Chamber of Representatives has 99 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation with at least two members per department. The Chamber of Senators has 31 members; the Supreme Court is the highest court. The Uruguayan constitution allows citizens to challenge laws approved by Parliament by use of a referendum or to propose changes to the Constitution by the use of a plebiscite; the Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Uruguay as "full democracy" in 2016. Uruguay or Uruguayan organizations participate in the following international organizations: The Food and Agriculture Organization Group of 77 Inter-American Development Bank International Atomic Energy Agency International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (Wo
Palacio Legislativo (Uruguay)
The Legislative Palace in Montevideo, Uruguay, is the site where the Uruguayan parliament meets. The construction of this building started in 1904 sponsored by the government of President José Batlle y Ordoñez; the building has 27 different colors of Marble. All from extracted from Uruguayan quarries, it was designed by Italian architects Vittorio Meano and Gaetano Moretti, who planned the building's interior, covered with marble. Among the notable contributors to the project was sculptor José Belloni, who created numerous reliefs and allegorical sculptures for the building; the building was inaugurated on August 25th, 1925 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. The inauguration was presided over by President José Serrato; the building was declared a National Historic Monument in 1975 by the government of President Juan María Bordaberry. General Assembly of Uruguay Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay Senate of Uruguay Vittorio Meano Official site
An official residence is the residence at which a nation's head of state, head of government, religious leader, leaders of international organizations, or other senior figure resides. It may or may not be the same location where the individual conducts work-related functions or lives. 3 Sutton Place, New York City Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Kiriri Presidential Palace Unity Palace Palácio Presidencial Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Kinshasa Presidential Palace Palais de la Nation Palais du mont Ngaliema Palais de Marbre Brazzaville Presidential Palace Le Palais de la Présidence Presidential Palace Abdeen Palace Heliopolis Palace Koubbeh Palace Montaza Palace Ras el-Tin Palace Government Building Asmara President's Office National Palace Imperial Palace Presidential Palace State House Osu Castle formal residence Golden Jubilee House current residence Peduase Lodge retreat Presidential Palace Villa Syli Belle Vue Presidential Palace State House Royal Palace State House Executive Mansion Al-Sikka, Tripoli Al Nasr Convention Centre Dar al-Salam Hotel Abusita Navy Base Royal Palace of Tripoli Bab al-Azizia Iavoloha Ambohitsorohitra Sanjika Palace New State House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace State House Clarisse House Mechouar Essaid, Rabat Dâr-al-Makhzen, Fes Dâr-al-Makhzen, Meknes Marchane Palace, Tangier Bahia Palace, Marrakech El Badi Palace, Marrakech Palácio da Ponta Vermelha State House Presidential Palace Aso Rock Villa Rivers State:Government House Urugwiro Presidential Palace Palais de la Republique State House State House Villa Somalia Mahlamba Ndlopfu, Genadendal Residence, Cape Town Leeuwenhof Cape Province:Government House Transvaal:Government House Natal:Government House Orange Free State:Government House Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Lozitha Palace State House The Palace of the Governors Carthage Palace State House State House State House Government House Government House Government House Ilaro Court Palace of the Revolution Presidential Palace Government House Palacio Nacional, Dominican Republic Government House National Palace King's House Government House Jamaica House Vale Royal Government House Government House Government House President's House St. Anns Diplomatic Residence Whitehall Official residence Belize House Government House Rideau Hall Citadelle of Quebec 24 Sussex Drive Harrington Lake Stornoway The Farm, Gatineau Park 7 Rideau Gate British Columbia:Government House Manitoba:Government House New Brunswick:Old Government House Nova Scotia:Government House Prince Edward Island:Government House Newfoundland and Labrador:Government House Quebec:Édifice Price/Price Building *The provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Quebec no longer have official residences for their lieutenant governors, but do provide them with accommodations.
Casa Presidencial, Costa Rica Casa Presidencial called Casa Blanca Casa Presidencial National Palace Palacio José Cecilio del Valle None. The President uses own private residence. Los Pinos National Palace Castillo de Chapultepec *In every state of the Mexico the Palacio de Gobierno, or Government Palace, was the official residence the governor, they are now maintained as the relevant governor's offices. Querétaro Casa de la Corregidora Presidential Palace Presidential Palace Palacio de las Garzas White House Camp David Number One Observatory Circle Blair House Presidential Townhouse Trowbridge House Waldorf Astoria New York (Ambassador to
Uruguay the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.44 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Montevideo. With an area of 176,000 square kilometres, Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, after Suriname. Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for 4,000 years before the Portuguese established Colonia del Sacramento in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain and Argentina and Brazil, it remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics.
A series of economic crises put an end to a democratic period that had begun in the early 20th century, culminating in a 1973 coup, which established a civic-military dictatorship. The military government persecuted leftists and political opponents, resulting in several deaths and numerous instances of torture by the military. Uruguay is today a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, low perception of corruption, e-government, is first in South America when it comes to press freedom, size of the middle class and prosperity. On a per-capita basis, Uruguay contributes more troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions than any other country, it tops the rank of absence of a unique position within South America. It ranks second in the region on economic freedom, income equality, per-capita income and inflows of FDI. Uruguay is the third-best country on the continent in terms of HDI, GDP growth and infrastructure.
It is regarded as a high-income country by the UN. Uruguay was ranked the third-best in the world in e-Participation in 2014. Uruguay is an important global exporter of combed wool, soybeans, frozen beef and milk. Nearly 95% of Uruguay's electricity comes from renewable energy hydroelectric facilities and wind parks. Uruguay is a founding member of the United Nations, OAS, Mercosur, UNASUR and NAM. Uruguay is regarded as one of the most advanced countries in Latin America, it ranks high on global measures of personal rights and inclusion issues. The Economist named Uruguay "country of the year" in 2013, acknowledging the policy of legalizing the production and consumption of cannabis; the name of the namesake river comes from the Spanish pronunciation of the regional Guarani word for it. There are several interpretations, including "bird-river"; the name could refer to a river snail called uruguá, plentiful in the water. In Spanish colonial times, for some time thereafter and some neighbouring territories were called the Cisplatina and Banda Oriental for a few years the "Eastern Province".
Since its independence, the country has been known as la República Oriental del Uruguay, which means "the eastern republic of the Uruguay ". However, it is translated either as the "Oriental Republic of Uruguay" or the "Eastern Republic of Uruguay"; the documented inhabitants of Uruguay before European colonization of the area were the Charrúa, a small tribe driven south by the Guarani of Paraguay. It is estimated that there were about 9,000 Charrúa and 6,000 Chaná and Guaraní at the time of contact with Europeans in the 1500s. Fructuoso Rivera - Uruguay's first president – organized the Charruas' genocide; the Portuguese were the first Europeans to enter the region of present-day Uruguay in 1512. The Spanish arrived in present-day Uruguay in 1516; the indigenous peoples' fierce resistance to conquest, combined with the absence of gold and silver, limited their settlement in the region during the 16th and 17th centuries. Uruguay became a zone of contention between the Spanish and Portuguese empires.
In 1603, the Spanish began to introduce cattle. The first permanent Spanish settlement was founded in 1624 at Soriano on the Río Negro. In 1669–71, the Portuguese built a fort at Colonia del Sacramento. Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold in the country, its natural harbor soon developed into a commercial area competing with Río de la Plata's capital, Buenos Aires. Uruguay's early 19th century history was shaped by ongoing fights for dominance in the Platine region, between British, Spanish and other colonial forces. In 1806 and 1807, the British army attempted to seize Buenos Aires and Montevideo as part of the Napoleonic Wars. Montevideo was occupied by a British force from February to September 1807. In 1811, José Gervasio Artigas, who became Uruguay's national hero, launched a successful revolt against the Spanish authorities, defeating them on 18 May at the Battle of Las Piedras. In 1813, the new government in Buenos Aires convened a constituent assembly where Artigas emerged as a champ