The President of Venezuela known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the head of state and head of government in Venezuela. The president leads the National Executive of the Venezuelan government and is the commander-in-chief of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. Presidential terms were set at six years with the adoption of the 1999 Constitution of Venezuela, presidential term limits were removed in 2009; the office of president in Venezuela has existed since the 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence from the Spanish Crown. From 1821 to 1830, Venezuela was a member state of Gran Colombia, the Venezuelan executive was absorbed by the Colombian government in Bogotá; when the State of Venezuela became independent from Gran Colombia, the office of the president was restored under José Antonio Páez. Every head of state of Venezuela since has held the title of president; as of November, the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis is unresolved and who holds the office is disputed since 10 January 2019, when the opposition-majority National Assembly declared that incumbent Nicolás Maduro's 2018 re-election was invalid and the body declared its president, Juan Guaidó, to be acting president of the country.
As a self described republic with a presidential executive, Venezuela grants significant powers to the president. He or she controls the executive branch, represents the country abroad, appoints the cabinet and, with the approval of the National Assembly, the judges for the Supreme Tribunal of Justice; the president is the commander-in-chief of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces. The powers and obligations of the President of Venezuela are established and numbered by articles 236 and 237 of the constitution: To comply with and enforce the Constitution and the law. To direct the activity of the Government. To appoint and remove the Executive Vice-President and the Cabinet Ministers. To direct the international relations of the Republic and sign and ratify international treaties, agreements or conventions. To direct the National Armed Forces in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief, exercise supreme hierarchical Authority over the same and establish their contingent. To exercise supreme command over the National Armed Forces, promote their officers at the rank of colonel or naval captain and above, appoint them to the positions reserved to them.
To declare states of exception and order the restriction of guarantees in the cases provided for under the Constitution. To issue executive orders having the force of law, subject to authorization in advance by an enabling act. To call special sessions of the National Assembly. To issue regulations for the application of laws, in whole or in part, without altering the spirit and reason for being of the laws. To administer the National Public Treasury. To negotiate national loans. To order extraordinary budget item in addition to the budget, subject to authorization in advance from the National Assembly or the Delegated Committee. To enter into contracts in the national interest, subject to this Constitution and applicable laws. To designate, subject to prior authorization from the National Assembly or the Delegated Committee, the Attorney-General of the Republic and the heads of the permanent diplomatic missions. To designate and remove those officials whose appointment is made subject to his discretion by the Constitution or the applicable law.
To address reports or special messages to the National Assembly, either in person or through the Executive Vice-President. To formulate the National Development Plan and, subject to approval in advance from the National Assembly, direct the implementation of the same. To grant pardons. To determine the number and competence of the Ministries and other organs comprising the National Public Administrative Branch, as well as the organization and functions of the Cabinet Ministers, within the principles and guidelines set forth in the pertinent organic law. To dissolve the National Assembly in the case contemplated by the Constitution. To call reference in the cases provided for under the present Constitution. To call and preside over meetings of the National Defense Council. Any others vested in the President under law; the President's salary directly derives from the National Treasury, as stated in the Organic Law of Salaries and Retirements of High Officials of the Public Power. During his or her tenure, the President may not be employed by anyone else, nor receive any other salary from the state.
The President's salary is not to be superior to twelve monthly minimum wages, to say, 67,469.76 VEF. The Presidential Honor Guard Brigade of Venezuela is in charge of the President's protection, as well as the presidential family and their political peers; the Presidential Guard of Honor is made up of members from the four service branches of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces and other institutions of public security, is headed by a general or flag officer. Since 1900, the official workplace of the President is the Palace of Miraflores in Caracas; the presidential residence has been the palace of La Casona since 1964, instituted by president Raúl Leoni. La Casona was not used by previous President Maduro. Presidential Palaces The presidential designation encompasses only those persons who were sworn into office as President of Venezuela following Venezuela's declaration of independence from Spanish colonial rule, which took effect on July 5, 1811; the first president, taking office on July 5, 1811, was the president of a triumvirate of the first e
Hinata Miyazawa is a Japanese football player. She plays for Japan national team. Miyazawa was born in Minamiashigara on November 28, 1999. After graduating from high school, she joined Nippon TV Beleza in 2018, she was selected Best Young Player Award in 2018 season. In September 2016, Miyazawa was selected Japan U-17 national team for 2016 U-17 World Cup, she played at all 6 matches and Japan won the 2nd place. In August 2018, she was selected Japan U-20 national team for 2018 U-20 World Cup, she played at all 6 matches. At final against Spain, she scored Japan won the championship. November 11, 2018, she debuted for Japan national team against Norway. Hinata Miyazawa – FIFA competition record Hinata Miyazawa at Soccerway Hinata Miyazawa at WorldFootball.net Japan Football Association
Here is the tenth studio album by Scottish alternative rock band Teenage Fanclub, released on 9 September 2016 on the band's own PeMa label in Europe and on Merge Records in North America. It was the band's final album to feature co-founder Gerard Love, who left the band in November 2018. Here received favorable reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from critics, the album received an average score of 79, which indicates "generally favourable reviews", based on 21 reviews; the album made the twenty-strong longlist for the Scottish album of the Year Award 2017 but did not make it to the ten-strong shortlist. Credits for Here are adapted from Allmusic. Teenage FanclubNorman Blake Gerard Love Francis MacDonald Raymond McGinley David McGowanAdditional personnelNigel Baillie - trumpet Krista Blake - sleeve design Linda Gerdes - mixing engineer David Henderson - engineer Robert Henderson - trumpet Elspeth Mackay - cello Sean Magee - mastering John McCusker - viola, violin Bertrand Montandon - mixing engineer Sebastian Muxfeldt - mixing engineer Helen Thomson - harp Quentin Tillie - mixing engineer
Brian Tyler Ownby is an American soccer player who plays for Louisville City in the USL Championship. Ownby was born in Glen Allen, Virginia to parents Steve and Andrea Ownby and has a younger brother named Eric, he would first play competitive soccer with the Travel teams of the Richmond Strikers. He attended Deep Run High School where he would play soccer and become the school's all-time leading goal scorer; as a Senior in 2008 Ownby would lead Deep Run to a 22-2-1 record and the Virginia Group AAA state championship. In the Championship match he would earn an assist on the lone goal of the match as Deep Run defeated Robinson Secondary School 1-0. After the season he would be named Virginia's Soccer Player of the Year as well as being named to the All-State First Team. Ownby played four years of college soccer at the University of Virginia between 2008 and 2011. During his Freshman year he scored five goals and added four assists over 19 matches and was named to the ACC All-Freshman and All-Tournament teams.
He was named to the Soccer America All-Freshman and to the NSCAA All-South Atlantic Region second teams. He was limited by injury during his Sophomore year and would play in fifteen matches scoring three goals and one assist. Ownby and Virginia would go to win the 2009 NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship with Ownby being named to the all tournament team, he would score the golden goal against the Wake Forest Demon Deacons in the NCAA semifinal. As a Junior he would appear in 20 matches scoring seven goals with three assists earning first team All-ACC honors; as a Senior he would appear in 18 matches scoring six goals with two assists earning second team All-ACC honors. After college, Ownby would play one season with Reading United AC of the Premier Development League, he would score. Ownby was selected by the Houston Dynamo with the 7th pick in the first round of the 2012 MLS Supplemental Draft and would sign his first professional contract after a month long trial. He'd make his professional debut on May 29 in the US Open Cup against San Antonio.
He would make seven league appearances for Houston as well as one appearance in the US Open Cup. Houston would go on to win the Western Conference playoffs although Ownby would not participate in any of their MLS Cup matches. On March 22, 2013, Ownby was sent to the USL Pro side Richmond Kickers on loan from the Dynamo until September 2013, he would appear in nineteen of Richmond's league matches scoring seven goals with six assists as well as both of their USL Cup matches. Richmond and Ownby would finish the USL Pro regular season with the best overall record. After his loan to Richmond Ownby would appear in three league matches for Houston, he made his first appearance in a continental club competition when he was used as a substitute in the CONCACAF Champions League against W Connection F. C. on August 20. Due to injuries to other players Ownby would begin the 2014 season as part of Houston's senior roster and would make his season debut March 15 against Montreal, he would go on to appear in 21 league matches for Houston as well as two appearances in the US Open cup.
Ownby would go on several loan periods with Houston's USL affiliate. With Pittsburgh Ownby would make five appearances scoring one goal, he was released by Houston in November 2014. Ownby signed with the Richmond Kickers of the United Soccer League on February 9, 2015 and he would make his season debut on April 10 against Wilmington, he would appear in twelve of Richmond's 28 league matches with four goals and one assist as well as playing and scoring one goal in one of Richmond's US Open Cup matches. Ownby's season would be cut short when he sustained a serious injury to his right shoulder in June 14 match against Montreal, he would have season ending surgery eleven days later. After an unsuccessful trial with the Colorado Rapids of MLS Ownby would resign with Richmond for the 2016 Season, he would make his season debut March 25 in a 3–1 victory against Harrisburg and would go on to appear in 26 of Richmond's 30 league matches scoring three goals. Of the four league matches in which he did not participate two were due to a concussion that he sustained on August 21 against Orlando City B.
He played one match each for Richmond in the US Open Cup and the USL Cup Playoffs without scoring a goal. Ownby signed with USL side Louisville City FC on January 18, 2017 and would make his season debut March 25 against Saint Louis, he would go on to appear in 23 of Louisville's 32 league matches scoring four goals with four assists and appeared in one of Louisville's two US Open Cup matches going goalless. In the USL Cup Playoffs he would appear in all four of Louisville's matches. Ownby along with Stefano Bonomo of New York Red Bulls II would be the top goal scorer of the playoffs with three goals each. Ownby and Louisville would go on to win the USL Cup Final against Swope Park. Ownby remained with Louisville City FC for the 2018 season, he missed the first three matches of the season due to illness and made his season debut on April 14 against Richmond. He went on to appear in 22 of Louisville's 34 league matches, missing several more matches due to a concussion, failed to score a goal during league play.
He appeared in all five of Louisville's U. S. Open Cup matches as Louisville reached the quarter finals of the competition for the first time in its history; this included a 3–2 victory over the New England Revolution of MLS. He along with Cameron Lancaster lead the team with two goals scored in the competition including the decisive goal against New England. Ownby appeared in all
Jennifer Louise Macklin is an Australian former politician, a member of the House of Representatives from 1996 until 2019, representing the Division of Jagajaga for the Labor Party. She was a minister in the Rudd and Gillard Governments from 2007 to 2013, having been her party's deputy leader from 2001 to 2006. Born in Brisbane, she was raised in Cohuna and Wangaratta in regional Victoria, she spent time in Japan as a student before graduating from the University of Melbourne with an honours degree in economics. Macklin was a researcher at the Australian National University in 1976–78, an economics research specialist with the Parliamentary Library in Canberra 1978–81, Research Coordinator at the Labour Resource Centre in Melbourne 1981–1985, an adviser to the Victorian Minister for Health 1985–88, director of the federal government's National Health Strategy 1990–93 and director of the Australian Urban and Regional Development Review 1993–1995, she was a member of a Canberra discussion group, the Red Fems, which presented a paper to the Women and Labour Conference in 1980.
On her election to Parliament as a member of the Australian Labor Party, Macklin was elected a member of the Opposition Shadow Cabinet, where she served in a number of roles, including Shadow Minister for Aged Care, Social Security and the Status of Women. After the 1998 election, Macklin became Shadow Minister for Health, she is a member of the Socialist Left faction of the Labor Party. After the ALP's defeat at the 2001 election, Macklin was elected unopposed as deputy leader to Simon Crean, she was the first woman to hold a leadership position in either Australian major party. She took on the position of Shadow Minister for Education. Macklin remained Deputy Leader after Crean's replacement as leader by Mark Latham in December 2003, under Kim Beazley following Latham's resignation in January 2005. Macklin became the first person to be deputy to three leaders of the ALP since Frank Forde. On 1 December 2006, Macklin's position as deputy leader of the ALP came under threat after Kim Beazley called for a spill of all the leadership positions, in a bid to end growing speculation over the issue.
Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Kevin Rudd, Shadow Minister for Health, Julia Gillard, announced their intentions to run against Beazley and Macklin as a team for the positions of leader and deputy leader of the party. On the day of the ballot, Macklin stepped down from the position, choosing not to contest the deputy leadership after Kevin Rudd was elected as the new party leader. Macklin was once again elected to the Shadow frontbench, was appointed Shadow Minister for Families and Community Services and Shadow Minister for Indigenous Affairs and Reconciliation, she maintained these portfolios in government after Labor's victory in the 2007 election. Minister In 2007, Macklin became the Minister for Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. In this capacity she oversaw the passage and implementation of Australia's first national Paid Parental Leave Scheme, the Closing the Gap framework to address the life expectancy gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, a historic rise in the pensions and a number of other significant changes to social policy and family support payments.
In 2011, Macklin was given the additional responsibility of Minister for Disability Reform, overseeing the design and implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme. Macklin was a member of the Government's Expenditure Review Committee and Chair of the Government's Social Policy Committee. Indigenous Affairs Macklin was Minister for Indigenous Affairs throughout the Labor Government's two terms in office. Macklin was instrumental in the National Apology to the Stolen Generations, delivered by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in February 2008 and the implementation of the Close the Gap Framework, the first comprehensive strategy for tackling Indigenous disadvantage in Australia's history; this strategy saw record investment in health, housing, early childhood development and remote Indigenous service provision. She has said that one of her most important achievements was to take the politics out of Indigenous affairs and destroy the toxic division between "symbols" and "practical" change.
On 23 November 2011, the Stronger Futures Policy legislation was introduced by Macklin to address key issues such as unemployment, school attendance, alcohol abuse, child protection, safety and land reforms in the Northern Territory. National Disability Insurance Scheme On 10 August 2011, Prime Minister Julia Gillard and Minister Macklin announced the Labor Government’s support for a National Disability Insurance Scheme a major social policy reform designed to ensure that people with disability received the care and support they need; the rollout of the NDIS commenced in 2013 at four launch sites around Australia, with full rollout to be completed in 2019. Macklin was instrumental in the success of negotiations with states and territories, which resulted in a nationwide agreement on the NDIS; when completed in 2019 the NDIS is expected to cover around 460,000 Australians with disability. Paid Parental Leave Macklin was the Minister was responsible for the design and implementation of Australia’s first national paid parental leave scheme.
Prior to its launch on 1 January 2011, Australia was one of just two developed countries without a national paid parental leave scheme. The scheme provides primary care givers with 18 weeks' of paid parental leave paid at the national minimum wage. In the six years since the scheme was launched more than 700,000 Australian families have accessed paid parental leave. An independent review of the scheme in 2014 found that more than
Worms are many different distantly related animals that have a long cylindrical tube-like body, no limbs, no eyes. Worms vary in size from microscopic to over 1 metre in length for marine polychaete worms, 6.7 metres for the African giant earthworm, Microchaetus rappi, 58 metres for the marine nemertean worm, Lineus longissimus. Various types of worm occupy a small variety of parasitic niches, living inside the bodies of other animals. Free-living worm species do not live on land, but instead, live in marine or freshwater environments, or underground by burrowing. In biology, "worm" refers to an obsolete taxon, used by Carolus Linnaeus and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck for all non-arthropod invertebrate animals, now seen to be paraphyletic; the name stems from the Old English word wyrm. Most animals called "worms" are invertebrates, but the term is used for the amphibian caecilians and the slowworm Anguis, a legless burrowing lizard. Invertebrate animals called "worms" include annelids, platyhelminthes, marine nemertean worms, marine Chaetognatha, priapulid worms, insect larvae such as grubs and maggots.
Worms may be called helminths in medical terminology when referring to parasitic worms the Nematoda and Cestoda which reside in the intestines of their host. When an animal or human is said to "have worms", it means that it is infested with parasitic worms roundworms or tapeworms. Lungworm is a common parasitic worm found in various animal species such as fish and cats. In taxonomy, "worm" refers to an obsolete grouping, used by Carl Linnaeus and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck for all non-arthropod invertebrate animals, now seen to be polyphyletic. In 1758, Linnaeus created the first hierarchical classification in his Systema Naturae. In his original scheme, the animals were one of three kingdoms, divided into the classes of Vermes, Pisces, Amphibia and Mammalia. Since the last four have all been subsumed into a single phylum, the Chordata, while his Insecta and Vermes have been renamed or broken up; the process was begun in 1793 by Lamarck, who called the Vermes une espèce de chaos and split the group into three new phyla, worms and polyps.
By 1809, in his Philosophie Zoologique, Lamarck had created 9 phyla apart from vertebrates and molluscs, namely cirripedes, crustaceans, insects, radiates and infusorians. Chordates are remarkably wormlike by ancestry. In the 13th century, worms were recognized in Europe as part of the category of reptiles that consisted of a miscellany of egg-laying creatures, including "snakes, various fantastic monsters, assorted amphibians," as recorded by Vincent of Beauvais in his Mirror of Nature. In everyday language, the term worm is applied to various other living forms such as larvae, millipedes, shipworms, or some vertebrates such as blindworms and caecilians. Worms are still technically decomposers; the first of these, includes the flatworms and flukes. They have a flat, ribbon- or leaf-shaped body with a pair of eyes at the front; some are parasites. The second group contains the threadworms and hookworms; this phylum is called Nematoda. Threadworms may be microscopic, such as the vinegar eelworm, or more than 1 metre long.
They are found in damp earth, decaying substances, fresh water, or salt water. Some roundworms are parasites; the Guinea worm, for example, gets under the skin of the feet and legs of people living in tropical countries. The third group consists with bodies divided into segments, or rings; this phylum is called Annelida. Among these are the earthworms and the bristle worms of the sea. Familiar worms include members of phylum Annelida. Other invertebrate groups may be called worms colloquially. In particular, many unrelated insect larvae are called "worms", such as the railroad worm, glowworm, inchworm, mealworm and woolly bear worm. Worms may be called helminths in medical terminology when referring to parasitic worms the Nematoda and Cestoda. Hence "helminthology" is the study of parasitic worms; when a human or an animal, such as a dog or horse, is said to "have worms", it means that it is infested with parasitic worms roundworms or tapeworms. Deworming is a method to kill off the worms that have infected a human or animal by giving anthelmintic drugs.
"Ringworm" is not a worm at all, but a skin fungus. Wurm, or wyrm was the Old English term for carnivorous reptiles, mythical dragons. Worm has been used as a pejorative epithet to describe a weak or pitiable person. Worms can be farmed for the production of nutrient-rich vermicompost. Sea worm, lists various types of marine worms Worm cast Worm charming