List of Presidents of Zimbabwe

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President (benzi guru) of the
Republic of Zimbabwe
Presidential Standard of Zimbabwe.svg
Presidential Flag
Robert Mugabe May 2015 (cropped).jpg
Robert Mugabe

since 31 December 1987
Term length

5 years, renewable once[1] (de jure)

5 years per term, automatically renewable at end of each term (de facto)
Inaugural holder Canaan Banana
Formation 18 April 1980
Deputy Vice-President of Zimbabwe
Salary US$ 18,000 (2014)[2]

The President of Zimbabwe is the head of state of Zimbabwe, elected by popular majority vote. The office of President was held by Canaan Banana from the country's independence in 1980 until 1987 and then by the current incumbent, Robert Mugabe.

The President is also the head of government, as the office of Prime Minister was abolished in 1985, the office was restored as a result of the 2008–09 political negotiations, but abolished again following the 2013 constitutional referendum.

Under the rules adopted by the same referendum, the president serves a maximum of two five-year terms[1] (this does not have retrospective effect).[citation needed]

History of the office[edit]

The office of the President of Zimbabwe was established in 1980, when the country gained independence from the United Kingdom. A Methodist minister, Canaan Banana, became the first President and he served until 1987, in a mostly ceremonial role, the real power was vested in the Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe. In 1987, Mugabe succeeded Banana as President after he revised the Constitution to make himself Executive President.


Political parties

Presidents of Zimbabwe (1980–present)[edit]

No. Picture Name
Elected Took office Left office Political Party
1 CS Banana.jpg Canaan Banana
18 April 1980 31 December 1987 ZANU
2 Robert Mugabe May 2015 (cropped).jpg Robert Mugabe
31 December 1987 Incumbent ZANU–PF

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Robert Mugabe (Incumbent) 29 years, 290 days
2 Canaan Banana 7 years, 257 days

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "BBC News – Zimbabweans hope for democratic rebirth". 20 March 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Gumbo, Lloyd (22 April 2014). "President reveals monthly salary". The Herald (Zimbabwe). Retrieved 22 April 2014.