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President of the Republic of China

The President of the Republic of China is the head of state of the Republic of China. Since 1996, the President is directly elected by plurality voting to a four-year term, with at most one re-election; the incumbent, Tsai Ing-wen, succeeded Ma Ying-jeou on 20 May 2016 as the first female president in the state's history. Established in Nanking in 1912, the government and its president relocated to Taipei in 1949 after losing the Chinese Civil War. Since the 1996 Taiwanese presidential election the President has been democratically elected; the president is elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. Before 1991, the president was selected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China for a term of six years; the Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces. The president is responsible for conducting foreign relations, such as concluding treaties, declaring war, making peace.

The president has no right to veto. Other powers of the president include granting amnesty, pardon or clemency, declaring martial law, conferring honors and decorations; the President can appoint senior advisors, National Policy Advisors and Strategy Advisors, but they do not form a council. The Constitution does not define whether the president is more powerful than the premier, as it names the Executive Yuan as the "highest administrative authority" with oversight over domestic matters while giving the president powers as commander-in-chief of the military and authority over foreign affairs. Prior to his election as president in 1948, Chiang Kai-shek had insisted that he be premier under the new Constitution, while allowing the president be a mere figurehead. However, the National Assembly overwhelmingly supported Chiang as president and once in this position, Chiang continued to exercise vast prerogatives as leader and the premiership served to execute policy, not make it. Thus, until the 1980s power in the Republic of China was personalized rather than institutionalized which meant that the power of the president depended on who occupied the office.

For example, during the tenure of Yen Chia-kan, the office was ceremonial with real power in the hands of Premier Chiang Ching-Kuo, power switched back to the presidency when Chiang became president. After President Lee Teng-hui succeeded Chiang as president in 1988, the power struggle within the KMT extended to the constitutional debate over the relationship between the president and the premier; the first three premiers under Lee, Yu Kuo-hwa, Lee Huan, Hau Pei-tsun were mainlanders who had opposed Lee's ascension to power. The appointment of Lee and Hau were compromises by President Lee to placate conservatives in the KMT; the subsequent appointment of the first native Taiwanese premier Lien Chan was taken as a sign of Lee's consolidation of power. Moreover, during this time, the power of the premier to approve the president's appointments and the power of the Legislative Yuan to confirm the president's choice of premier was removed establishing the president as the more powerful position of the two.

After the 2000 election of Chen Shui-bian as president, the presidency and the Legislative Yuan were controlled by different parties which brought forth a number of latent constitutional issues such as the role of the legislature in appointing and dismissing a premier, the right of the president to call a special session of the legislature, who has the power to call a referendum. Most of these issues have been resolved through inter-party negotiations; the Constitution of the Republic of China gives a short list of persons who will succeed to the presidency if the office were to fall vacant. According to the Additional Articles of the Constitution, Article 2: Should the office of the vice president become vacant, the president shall nominate a candidate within three months, the Legislative Yuan shall elect a new vice president, who shall serve the remainder of the original term until its expiration. Should the offices of both the president and the vice president become vacant, the president of the Executive Yuan shall exercise the official powers of the president and the vice president.

A new president and a new vice president shall be elected in accordance with Paragraph 1 of this article and shall serve out each respective original term until its expiration. The pertinent provisions of Article 49 of the Constitution shall not apply; as no president of the Executive Yuan has succeeded to the presidency under these provisions, it is untested whether, should the office of the premier be vacant as well, pursuant to the Additional Articles, Article 3, the vice president of the Executive Yuan, who would be acting premier, would act as president. There is no constitutional provision for a succession list beyond the possibility that the vice president of the Executive Yuan might succeed to the presidency. Assuming that the vice president of the Executive Yuan would be third in line for the presidency, the current line of succession is: Chen Chien-jen, Vice President of the Republic of China Su Tseng-chang, President of the Executive Yuan Chen Chi-mai, Vice President of the Executive YuanPresidential succession has occurred three times under the 1947 Constitution: President Chiang Kai-shek declared incapacity on 21 January 1949 amid several Communist victories in the Chinese Civil War and was replaced by Vice President Li Tsung-jen as

2013 Tre Valli Varesine

The 2013 Tre Valli Varesine was the 93rd edition of the Tre Valli Varesine single-day cycling race. It was held on 23 August 2013, over a distance of 199.5 km. The race started with a circuit in Varese, passed through the three "varesine valley" and another circuit in Luino, ended in Campione d'Italia on the Lago di Lugano; the race was won by Kristijan Đurasek, who out-sprinted Bardiani Valvole–CSF Inox's Francesco Bongiorno on the final hill, whereas Alexandr Kolobnev of Team Katusha was third. The race was decided on the final climb: when Bongiorno attacked with two kilometers to go, only Đurasek could follow the young Italian rider; the two managed to keep themselves few seconds ahead of Kolobnev, chasing them alone, the Croatian rider won the two-men sprint to get his first victory for Lampre-Merida. 15 teams and more than 100 riders took part to the race. Pre-race favourites were Damiano Cunego, Enrico Gasparotto, Fabio Aru, Pierre Rolland, Alexandr Kolobnev and Davide Rebellin

William J. Zloch

William J. Zloch is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida, as well as a former American football quarterback and wide receiver for the University of Notre Dame. Following the departure of Heisman Trophy winner John Huarte in 1965, Notre Dame football coach Ara Parseghian was faced with a wide-open competition for the quarterback position, he opted to move senior Bill Zloch from wide receiver to quarterback for the 1965 season. Directing a team, run-oriented, Zloch finished the season completing 36 of 88 passes for 558 yards and three touchdowns; the team ranked 8th nationally. Zloch graduated from the University of Notre Dame with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1966. After graduation, he spent three years in the United States Navy, achieving the rank of lieutenant returned to Notre Dame Law School, completing a Juris Doctor in 1974, he returned to Fort Lauderdale, Florida where he practiced law from 1974 to 1985. On October 9, 1985, President Ronald Reagan nominated Zloch to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida created by 98 Stat. 333.

He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 1, 1985, received his commission on November 4, 1985. On July 1, 2000, he began a seven-year term as Chief Judge of the district, ending on June 30, 2007, he was succeeded as Chief Judge by Judge Federico A. Moreno, he assumed senior status on January 31, 2017. On August 21, 2009, Judge Zloch sentenced UBS whistleblower Bradley Birkenfeld to 40 months in prison with 3 years probation and a $30,000 fine, a term, harsher than the prosecutors wanted. "Assistant U. S. attorney Jeffrey A. Neiman recommended that Birkenfeld get 30 months in prison for his conviction on one count of conspiracy to defraud the government—down from the 60-month maximum sentence he is exposed to—because of his extensive cooperation," the Miami Herald reported. William J. Zloch at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center


Antoinism is a healing and Christian-oriented new religious movement founded in 1910 by the Walloon Louis-Joseph Antoine in Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, Seraing. With a total of 64 temples, over forty reading rooms across the world and thousands of members, it remains the only religion established in Belgium whose notoriety and success has reached outside the country. Active in France, the religious movement is characterized by a decentralized structure, simple rites and tolerance towards other faiths. Raised a Catholic, Antoine worked as a coal miner in his youth as a steelworker, before performing his military service in 1866. After marrying Catherine in 1873, he moved several times for professional reasons. Impressed by Allan Kardec's writings, he organized a spiritualist group in the 1890s. In 1893, the death of his son marked the definitive loss of his faith in Catholicism. In 1896, he explained his Spiritist views in a book discovered the gifts of healing. Known as a healer, he gathered many followers among workers disappointed by Catholicism or medicine.

In 1906, he broke with Spiritism and started a religion published three books outlining his doctrine and consecrated the first Antoinist temple. After his death in 1912, Catherine ensured the continuity of the religion, promoting a centralized worship around the person of her husband and providing additional rules in the organization; when she died in 1940, some differences happened between the Belgian temples. Antoinist beliefs combine some elements of Catholicism and healing. In the Antoinist views, the man must reach consciousness by getting rid of the illusion of matter produced by his intelligence—the source of evil and suffering; the purpose of the life is to release oneself from the cycle of reincarnation through a moral progression aided by "fluids"—all human actions, acquired by silent prayer and the harm caused by diseases and enemies. As freedom of conscience and free will are considered important in Antoinist creed, the religion does not practice proselytism and is not exclusive.

It does not provide any prescription on social issues. Although focused on healing, Antoinism does not interfere with the medical field, does not discourage the resort to traditional medicine. Simple and brief, services are performed in the temples twice per day, are composed of two forms of worship: "The General Operation", which consists of the transmission of the fluid to the churchgoers, "The Reading" of Antoine's writings. Members who performed the services wear an black dress, as sign of an intense involvement in the religion. Temples are the place of consultations of a healer by people who wish to obtain a request related to health. Antoinist celebrations include Christian holidays and other three days that commemorate the founding couple and the dedication of the first temple. Registered as organism of public utility in Belgium and as religious association in France, the religion is directed by a college composed of the most active members called desservants, it do not ask for money from its followers.

In France, the cult classification of Antoinism in the 1995 Parliamentary Report was criticized by the sociologists who studied the religious group, many people involved in the anti-cults fight did not report cultic deviances. Louis-Joseph Antoine was born on 7 June 1846 in Mons-Crotteux, Belgium at a place called "In the Chapel", the youngest of a large family, which belonged to the Roman Catholic Church, his mother was Catherine Castille, born in 1797. He attended primary school in Mons. From the age of twelve, Louis was employed as a coal miner, following in the footsteps of his father. One day, while working at the mine, his lamp went out without apparent reason, which he interpreted as a divine sign that he should abandon this work, he worked for two years in the mine was a steelworker in the Cockerill factory in Seraing. He was enrolled in the militia of Belgium in 1866, filled his military obligations in Bruges. During the Franco-Prussian War, he accidentally killed a comrade. After marrying Jeanne Catherine Collon on 15 April 1873, while he was a hammerer, he became the father of a son, Louis Martin Joseph, born in Hamborn, Prussia on 23 September 1873, baptized five days in the Catholic Church of St. John.

The family went to Belgium in August 1876, where Antoine bought a horse and became a vegetable vendor. In 1878, he began to suffer from recurring stomach aches. In February 1879, he returned to Poland where he was hired as hammerer chief by Mr. Pastor in the Pragua steelworks. Five years the family moved to Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, where he built twenty houses for workers. On 5 February 1886, Antoine was sentenced to a fine of two francs on the grounds of physical violence on Denis Collon on 10 October 1885; until 1900, he was a collector of Lexhy factory. Though young, Antoine showed great piety, which the historian Pierre Debouxhtay described as a "devotion of a rather scrupulous formalism". Despite his strong faith, Antoine was unsatisfied with his religion, he began to be influenced by the writings of Allan Kardec and, through his friend Gustave Gon, was initiated in 1884 in Spiritism in attending Spiritist meetings to Tilleur, alongside his wife and his nephew Pierre Dor. In Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, with friends, he started a Spiritist movement called "The Vine Growers of the Lord".

Ill, his son attended evening school in Jemeppe worked at the Society of Belgian Northern Ra

Walter M. Brackett

Walter M. Brackett, was an American painter and the younger brother of sculptor Edward A. Brackett. Brackett was born in Maine, he spent most of his professional career in Boston, exhibiting his work at the Boston Athenaeum, the Apollo Association, the National Academy of Design. He was one of the artists engaged by Secretary of War William W. Belknap in the early 1870s to execute portraits of the line of succession of the secretaries, he painted the portraits of Timothy Pickering, Samuel Dexter, William Eustis, Henry Dearborn, all prominent residents of his native state, he was a noted painter of fish, was tasked with repainting the Sacred Cod of Massachusetts in 1898. Brackett died in Boston on March 4, 1919; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: William Gardner. Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2013. Washington, D. C.: US Army Center of Military History. P. 72. Media related to Walter M. Brackett at Wikimedia Commons Artwork by Walter M. Brackett

Duluth-Superior Dukes (1956–70)

The Duluth-Superior Dukes were a minor league baseball team, based in Duluth, Minnesota that played from 1956 to 1970 in the Northern League. The franchise formed in 1956 as the Duluth-Superior White Sox after a merger of the Duluth Dukes and the Superior Blues; the team name was changed back to the Dukes in 1960. From 1960 to 1964, they were affiliated with the Detroit Tigers. In 1965, they were affiliated with the Chicago Cubs. In 1966, they were affiliated with the Cubs. In 1967, they were affiliated with the Chicago White Sox. From 1968 to 1970, they were affiliated with the White Sox alone; the Dukes played their home games at Wade Stadium, located at 101 N. 35th Avenue West Duluth, Minnesota 55807. The stadium, built in 1940 is still in use today as home to the Duluth Huskies. 1960 -- Aubrey Gatewood, Ray Oyler, Willie Smith 1961 -- Leo Marentette, Tom Timmermann 1962 -- Ike Brown, Vern Holtgrave 1963 -- Pete Craig 1964 -- Arlo Brunsberg, Wayne Comer, Jack DiLauro, Andy Kosco 1965 -- Bill Butler 1968 -- Don Eddy, Dan Neumeier, Scott Northey, Denny O'Toole 1969 -- Stan Perzanowski, Glenn Redmon, Hugh Yancy 1970 -- Bruce Miller, Hugh Yancy