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Pretty in Pink

Pretty in Pink is a 1986 American teen romantic comedy film about love and social cliques in American high schools in the 1980s. A cult classic, it is identified as a "Brat Pack" film, it was directed by Howard Deutch, produced by Lauren Shuler Donner, written by John Hughes, who served as co-executive producer. It was named after the song by The Psychedelic Furs; the film's soundtrack has been rated as one of the best in modern cinema. It features a re-recorded version of the title song by The Psychedelic Furs. Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark's "If You Leave" became an international hit and charted at #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 in May 1986. High school senior Andie Walsh lives with her underemployed working class father, Jack, in a Chicago suburb. Andie's best friend, Phil "Duckie" Dale, is in love with her, but is afraid to tell her how he feels. In school and Andie, along with their friends, are harassed and bullied by the arrogant "richie" kids Benny Hanson and her boyfriend Steff McKee, who finds Andie attractive and secretively resents having been rejected by her.

While working after school at TRAX, a new wave record store, Andie starts talking about her school's senior prom to her manager Iona, who advises Andie to go, despite not having a date. Blane McDonough, one of the preppy boys and Steff's best friend, starts talking to Andie and asks her out. On the night of the date, Andie waits for Blane at TRAX. Duckie comes in and asks Andie to go out with him. Feeling like she got stood up, Iona gives Andie a pep talk, while Duckie, still oblivious, asks what's wrong; when Blane arrives, Duckie is upset and starts an argument with Andie, with Duckie trying to convince her that Blane will only hurt her. Duckie storms off and Andie goes on with her date. Blane suggests going to a house party Steff is throwing, but Andie is mistreated by everybody, including a drunken Steff and Benny. Andie, in turn, suggests going to the local club, where they discover Iona sitting with Duckie, hostile towards Blane. After another argument with Duckie and Blane walk out of the club.

Andie, feeling that their night didn't go so well, tells Blane that she wants to go home, but when Blane offers to take her home, she refuses, admitting that she doesn't want him to see where she lives. She allows him to drop her off and he asks her to the prom, which she accepts and they share their first kiss. Andie visits Iona at her apartment the next day to talk about the date. Meanwhile, pressured by Steff and all Blane's rich friends, begins distancing himself from Andie. Jack comes home one night and surprises Andie with a pink dress he bought for her. Questioning how he was able to afford it, Andie tells him that she knows he has been lying about going to a full-time job, they have a big argument until Jack breaks down, revealing that he is still bitter and depressed about his wife having left him. At school, Andie confronts Blane for avoiding her and not returning her calls; when asked about prom, he claims that he had asked somebody else but had forgotten. Andie calls Blane a liar and tells him that he is ashamed of being seen with her because he knows Steff and all Blane's rich friends won't approve.

Andie runs away. Duckie attacks him in the hallway; the two fight. Andie goes to Iona and telling her about what happened, asks for Iona's old prom dress. Using the fabric from Iona's dress and the dress her father bought, Andie creates a new pink prom dress; when she arrives at the prom, Andie has second thoughts about braving the crowd on her own until she sees Duckie. They walk into the ballroom hand in hand; as a drunk Steff begins mocking the couple, Blane confronts him and realizes that Steff resents Andie because she had turned down his advances. Blane approaches the two, shaking Duckie's hand and apologizing to Andie, telling her that he always believed in her and that he will always love her, kissing her cheek before walking out. Duckie concedes that Blane is not like the other rich kids at school and advises Andie to go after him, joking that he'll never take her to another prom if she doesn't. Duckie sees a girl smiling at him, signaling him to come over and dance with her. Andie catches up with Blane in the parking lot and they kiss.

Charlie Sheen was considered for the role of Blane, but Ringwald convinced the filmmakers to cast McCarthy for the role instead. The film portrayed Andie and Duckie ending up together. Executives at Paramount were apprehensive about the original ending as they were worried that the message of the film could end up coming across as classist and suggest that wealthy people and poor people should never interact. Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark had selected "Goddess of Love" from the album The Pacific Age for the original ending. With only two days before going on tour, OMD wrote "If You Leave" in less than 24 hours for the newly re-shot Andie/Blane ending; the film was adapted into a novel, written by H. B. Gilmour and Randi Reisfield and released in 1986, it was published by Bantam Books. The book was written before the last scene was changed, so it has the original ending, in which Andie winds up with Duckie instead of Blane; the film was the top-grossing film for the week of March 12, 1986. The film earned US$6.1 million during its opening weekend and $40.5 million during its theatrical run.

It was the 22nd highest-grossing film in 1986. Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reported as of December 20

Arthur McGarry

Arthur Martin McGarry was an English footballer who played at right-half for Port Vale and Rochdale. McGarry most joined Port Vale in the autumn of 1918, he played numerous games for the club in the war leagues and non-leagues before Vale were elected into the English Football League in October 1919. He played 45 games in 1919–20, was a member of the sides that enjoyed double cup glory in 1920, but lost his place through injury in August 1920, he was released from The Old Recreation Ground at the end of the 1920–21 season after being able to muster just three Second Division appearances, moved on to Reading and Rochdale. His brother, J. McGarry, was a footballer, he made one appearance for Port Vale, replacing Arthur as half-back on 23 November 1918 in a war league game. Source: Port ValeStaffordshire Senior Cup winner: 1920 North Staffordshire Infirmary Cup winner: 1920


JAARS is a non-profit organization that helps organizations around the world get practical, day-to-day support for Bible translation. As of November 2012, JAARS focuses on five main types of practical support: aviation, land transportation, water transportation, information technology, media. JAARS is a wholly controlled subsidiary of SIL International, but partners extensively with other organizations like Wycliffe Bible Translators. JAARS doesn't start and operate its own programs overseas, instead working with local field partners; the type of involvement varies depending on the location and other factors. JAARS' headquarters in North Carolina is referred to as the "JAARS Center". While the JAARS Center serves as the home for all of the organization's core operations, it hosts staff from partner organizations. For example, SIL International has both IT and media staff working at the JAARS Center. In aviation, JAARS helps its field partners run local aviation programs; this help comes in the form of training staff, setting standards, equipping aircraft and more.

In turn, these partners provide a range of transportation services to a variety of people, including translators, support personnel, trainers, Christian mission organizations, local people and governments. These services can include medical evacuations and disaster relief work. JAARS' aviation partners fly a variety of aircraft, including: Bell LongRanger helicopter, flown by SIL International in Papua New Guinea Robinson R44 helicopter, flown at the JAARS Center and by SIL International in Cameroon Cessna 206, flown at the JAARS Center and by partners in Brazil and Papua New Guinea Cessna 207, Soloy Turbine conversion, flown by SIL International in Cameroon Helio Courier, flown at the JAARS Center Pilatus PC-12, flown by YAJASI in Indonesia Pilatus PC-6, flown at the JAARS Center and by YAJASI in Indonesia Quest Kodiak, flown by SIL International in Papua New GuineaJAARS was one of fifteen organizations that financed the prototyping and development of the Quest Kodiak. William Cameron Townsend co-founded Wycliffe Bible Translators in 1934, as the organization grew, he saw the need for airplanes and radio to reach remote areas around the world, to provide safe access to language groups.

JAARS was formed as Jungle Aviation and Radio Service in Peru in 1948 and moved to its current location in Waxhaw, North Carolina in 1961. In 1986, as a result of diversifying activities, JAARS dropped the original meaning behind the acronym and became "JAARS, Inc." JAARS operates two separate museums at its headquarters campus in Waxhaw, North Carolina: The Museum of the Alphabet was established in 1991 by JAARS founder William Cameron Townsend, focuses on the development of the alphabet and the history of writing systems and written languages. Exhibits include maps, sculptures, a copy of the Rosetta Stone, a Torah scroll, over 150 years old, a handmade lyre; the languages covered include Greek, Hebrew and African languages. The Mexico-Cardenas Museum was established in 1977 by Townsend with a focus on Mexican culture and Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexico's president from 1934 to 1940. Cárdenas was close friends with Townsend. Exhibits include Mexican folk art, photos and clothing. JAARS Flight demonstration of Helio Courier landing ECFA Member Profile of JAARS Wycliffe and JAARS Missions Box Bio: William Cameron Townsend

Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen

Hyacinthe-Louis De Quelen was an Archbishop of Paris. De Quélen was born in the Levieux sire de Quélen noble Breton family, his motto "Em Pob Emser Quelen" and the older Breton expression for "Better death than dishonour" figure in stained glass in the Lazarist church in the rue de Sèvres. He was educated at the College of Navarre. Ordained in 1807, he served a year as Vicar-General of Saint-Brieuc and became secretary to Cardinal Fesch, uncle to Napoleon Bonaparte; when the latter was exiled from his diocese of Lyon under the Bourbon Restoration, de Quélen exercised his ministry at St. Sulpice and in the military hospitals. Under the Bourbons, he became successively spiritual director of the schools in the archdiocese, Vicar-General of Paris, coadjutor archbishop to the Cardinal de Talleyrand-Périgord, succeeding the latter in 1821. A good preacher, he was favored by Louis XVIII and Charles X, but retained some measure of independence; as a peer of the realm he opposed, on behalf of the middle classes, the conversion of the national debt.

At his reception into the Académie française he publicly lauded Chateaubriand in disgrace. While blessing the cornerstone of the Chapelle Expiatoire, he requested in vain an amnesty for the exiled members of the Convention; the ordinance of 1828, disbanding the Jesuits and limiting the recruiting of the clergy, was issued against his advice. Although de Quélen had not approved of the royal ordinance of July 1830, which aimed at restoring absolute monarchy and instead triggered the July Revolution, he was held in suspicion of legitimism by the House of Orléans. On one occasion Louis-Philippe said to him: "Archbishop, remember that more than one mitre has been torn asunder". "Sire", replied the archbishop, "God protect the crown of the king, for many royal crowns too have been shattered". Apart from official functions such as the christening of the Comte de Paris, the obsequies of the Duke of Orléans and the Te Deum sung in honour of the French victory in Africa, he therefore confined himself to his episcopal duties, visiting the parishes of the diocese, looking after the religious instruction of military recruits, organizing his clergy.

In the outbreaks which followed the Revolution of 1830 the archbishop was twice driven from his palace. However, when the epidemic of 1832 broke out, he transformed his seminaries into hospitals ministered to the sick at the Hôtel-Dieu, founded at his own expense the "Oeuvre des orphelins du choléra", he is remembered for denying the last sacraments of the Church to the dying Abbé Grégoire unless the latter would retract his oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, which the Abbé refused to do. De Quélen himself died shortly after, having had the joy of witnessing the conversion of the apostate Bishop of Autun, the Prince de Talleyrand, whose sincerity however has been questioned. Ravignan eulogized him at Notre-Dame, Louis-Mathieu Molé at the Académie française. From de Quélen's episcopate date the "Société de St. Vincent de Paul", the "Conferences apologétiques de Notre-Dame" and several religious institutes, among which are the nursing Sisters of Bon-Secours. Besides the eulogies on Louis XVI, on Madame Elizabeth, on the Duke de Berry, his "Discours de réception à l'académie française", some 120 pastoral letters, we have from his pen "Manuels pour l'administration des Sacrements de l'Eucharistie et de l'Extrême-Onction: du Baptême des Enfants: du Marriage" collected in the "Rituel de Paris".

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Hyacinthe-Louis de Quelen". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton

Turkish capture of Smyrna

The Turkish capture of Smyrna was the final phase of the Great Offensive and last conflict of the Turkish War of Independence. After the Turkish Army inflicted heavy losses on the Greek Army at Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922, Greek forces were in continual retreat towards Smyrna as the Turkish Army's westward advance continued. On the eve of the Turkish arrival, Greek forces left the city, on 8 September, at ten o'clock in the morning, the Greek administration ceased to exist in Smyrna. On 9 September 1922, the Turkish Army entered İzmir from the east. 9 September is considered a local holiday commemorating the Liberation of İzmir in the İzmir Province, Turkey. Dokuz Eylül University is named in honor of the event. Mustafa Kemal who founded the Republican People's Party chose 9 September 1923 as the establishment date of his party as a reminder of the capture of Smyrna. Great fire of Smyrna On the Quai at Smyrna

Philadelphia Society for the Preservation of Landmarks

The Philadelphia Society for the Preservation of Landmarks founded in 1931, maintains and preserves four historic house museums in the region around Philadelphia, United States. These are: Grumblethorpe Hill-Physick-Keith House Powel House WaynesboroughThese are open for the education and enjoyment of the public and its members; the Philadelphia Society for the Preservation of Landmarks has played a significant role in the historic preservation movement in Philadelphia by restoring and presenting to the public its distinguished house museums. Landmarks has an interesting history of its own. In 1931, roused by the news that the historic Powel House was to be demolished in six weeks, Frances Anne Wister and Sophia Cadwalader and a group of strong supporters founded Landmarks to save the house; the newly formed Landmarks was successful despite the economic depression of the time and within another ten years had acquired Grumblethorpe in Germantown. In the late 1960s, Ambassador and Mrs. Walter Annenberg restored the stately Hill-Physick-Keith House and donated the house to Landmarks.

In 1981, Landmarks entered into an agreement with Easttown Township in Chester County, Pennsylvania to administer Historic Waynesborough. Today, Landmarks carries on the vision of Miss Wister by managing the four house museums and bringing thousands of visitors and schoolchildren each year to learn about Philadelphia's history. For the last decade Landmarks has served as the sponsor in the Philadelphia Region for the world-renowned Road Scholar program. On average each year, Landmarks Road Scholar Program attracts over 2,000 visitors to the Philadelphia Region to enjoy its many historical and cultural resources. Landmarks Road Scholar ranks 20th out of a total of 638 sponsors around the world. Landmarks is a major supporter of the Philadelphia Orchestra, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia Flower Show and The Barnes Foundation among others through its purchase of admission tickets to these fine organizations. Accounting for over $500,000 in purchases of hotel rooms and services throughout the region, Landmarks Road Scholar plays a significant role in the Philadelphia Region's tourism economy.

For over eighty years, the Philadelphia Society for the Preservation of Landmarks has played a significant role in the historic preservation movement in Philadelphia by restoring and presenting to the public its four distinguished house museums: Grumblethorpe, Physick House, Powel House and Waynesborough. While remaining committed to preserving and interpreting the past, Landmarks is moving into the future with a renewed mission to expand beyond business-as-usual, explore new conceptual territories, create new collaborations and make its houses relevant to today's audiences. To that end, working with founding curator Robert Wuilfe, the organization in 2006 created a new program called Landmarks Contemporary Projects. Landmarks Contemporary Projects is a program of exhibitions, screenings, lectures and educational strategies, bringing new and experimental contemporary culture from Philadelphia and beyond to historic sites. Landmarks Contemporary Projects tries to provide a thoughtful alternative for audiences, creative opportunities for artists and new partnerships with other organizations.

The core of the program is an exhibition/residency program in which Landmarks invites artists to explore and react to its properties and collections and create site-specific installations. By providing an experimental atmosphere in which artists are free to create new work and question basic assumptions of historical preservation, Landmarks hopes to stimulate discourse and challenge accepted approaches to both house-museums and contemporary art. To date, Landmarks Contemporary Projects has offered opportunities to a wide range of emerging and established artists. Projects thus far have included: Megawords Candy Depew An ongoing partnership with Bowerbird David Gatten Roxana Perez-Mendez Karen Kilimnik Caitlin Perkins Zoe Cohen Virginia Maksymowicz Michelle Wilson Caroline Lathan-Stiefel Phuong X. Pham Marie H. Elcin J. Makary Nadia Hironaka and Matthew Suib Philadelphia portal Official website Landmarks Contemporary Projects Frederick James's 1881 painting, showing Grumblethorpe