Vice President of Bulgaria
The Vice President of the Republic of Bulgaria is a position, established by the Constitution of Bulgaria, the only vice presidential office in the European Union. The vice president is elected in a popular vote, along with the president. Candidates for president and vice president run on their party ticket and are prohibited from serving in any other post upon election. According to the constitution the vice president shall be principal assistant to the president in his/her official duties. In the 1971–1990 period, the Chairmen of the State Council — Todor Zhivkov and Petar Mladenov — were the heads of state of Bulgaria; the First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council were deputy heads of state. The State Council was abolished on April 3, 1990. Below is a list of First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council and Vice-Presidents of the Republic of Bulgaria: Deputy Chairmen of State Council of People's Republic of Bulgaria The following vice presidents were elected by the parliament; the following vice-presidents were elected by the people.
History of Bulgaria Politics of Bulgaria List of First Deputy Chairmen of the State Council of Bulgaria List of heads of state of Bulgaria List of current Vice Presidents List of vice heads of state of Bulgaria by longevity
Rumen Georgiev Radev is a Bulgarian politician and former Major General, the current President of Bulgaria since January 22, 2017. Radev served as Commander of the Bulgarian Air Force, he won the 2016 presidential election, as an independent candidate supported by the Bulgarian Socialist Party, defeating GERB candidate Tsetska Tsacheva in the second round. Radev was born on June 1963 in Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria, his family is from Slavyanovo in the Haskovo region. In 1982 he graduated from the Mathematical School in Haskovo with a gold medal, he graduated from the Georgi Benkovski Bulgarian Air Force University in 1987 as the top graduate. In 1992, he graduated from the US Air Force Squadron Officer School at Maxwell AFB. From 1994 to 1996, he studied at the Rakovski Defence and Staff College, where he was the top graduate, he holds a Doctor of Military Sciences degree in the field of improvement of tactical training of flight crews and simulation of air combat. In 2003 he graduated from Air War College at Maxwell AFB in the United States with a Master of Strategic Studies with honors.
1987 – 1989: Junior pilot in the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1989 – 1992: Unit deputy commander at the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1992 – 1997: Unit commander at the 15th Fighter Aviation Regiment – Ravnets 1997 – 1999: MiG-29 squadron commander at the Fifth Fighter Airbase – Ravnets 1999 – 2000: Deputy commander for flight preparation at the Fifth Fighter Airbase – Ravnets 2000: Deputy commander for flight training at the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2000 – Study of the Air defence of the Republic of Bulgaria – NATO, Brussels 2000 – 2002: Chief of Staff of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2002 – 2004: Chief of Staff of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2004 – 2009: Commander of the Third Fighter Airbase – Graf Ignatievo 2009 – 2014: Bulgarian Air Force deputy commander 2014 – 2017: Bulgarian Air Force commander Pilot 1st class. Flight experience of L-29, L-39 trainers and MiG-15UTI, MiG-17, MiG-21, MiG-29 fighter jets. Familiarization flights of the F-15, F-16, F/A-18 Hornet, Eurofighter Typhoon, SAAB Gripen, Dassault Rafale.
Flown over 1400 hours. In 2014, he organized aviation show "This we are!" and performed the "Bell" and "Pugachev's Cobra" manoeuvres on a MiG-29. 1987 – Lieutenant 1989 – Senior Lieutenant 1994 – Captain 1997 – Major 1999 – Lieutenant Colonel 2002 – Colonel 2007 – Brigadier General 2014 – Major General 2017 – General Rumen Radev was awarded numerous medals and prizes, including the sign "For loyal service under the flags" – III degree, Honorary sign of the Ministry of Defence "Saint George" – II degree. Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Stara Planina Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Civil Merit Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of Military Merit Bulgaria: Grand Master of the Order of the Madara Horseman Greece: Grand cross of the Order of the Redeemer Malta: Companions of Honour of the National Order of Merit Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz In August 2016, the opposition Bulgarian Socialist Party and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival nominated Radev as a candidate for the November 2016 presidential election.
In the same month, ABR withdrew its presidential nomination of General Radev in favour of Ivaylo Kalfin. On the first round of the election, conducted on November 6, 2016, Radev came first with 25.44% of the vote. He faced GERB candidate Tsetska Tsacheva in the runoff the following Sunday, November 13, he defeated her. On 24 January 2018, Radev condemned the Turkish invasion of northern Syria aimed at ousting U. S.-backed Syrian Kurds from the enclave of Afrin, insisted that the European Union should intervene to stop it. Radev has two children from his first marriage to Ginka Radeva, which ended in a divorce in 2014: a daughter Darina, born in 2001 and a son Georgi, born in 2003, he married Desislava Gencheva, married to the BSP MP Georgi Svilenski. Apart from Bulgarian, Radev is fluent in Russian and English. Media related to Rumen Radev at Wikimedia Commons
Boyko Metodiev Borisov is a Bulgarian politician, serving as the 50th Prime Minister of Bulgaria since 4 May 2017. He had held the post of Prime Minister on two separate occasions, from 2009 until 2013 and from 2014 until January 2017, he was the Mayor of Sofia from 2005 to 2009. Borisov plays as a forward for the football club FC Vitosha Bistritsa. In 2013, he became the oldest player to play for a Bulgarian professional club when he appeared for Vitosha in the B Group, the second division of Bulgarian football. Borisov was born in 1959 in Bankya to Ministry of Internal Affairs official Metodi Borisov and elementary school teacher Veneta Borisova. In 1977, Borisov graduated from Bankya's high school with excellent marks. Between 1982 and 1990, he assumed different positions in the Ministry of Internal Affairs as a firefighter and as a professor at the Police Academy in Sofia; as a National Security Office member, Borisov took part in the protection of crops and haylofts during the name-changing campaign towards ethnic Turks in the 1980s.
From 1985 to 1990, Borisov was a lecturer at the Higher Institute for Police Officers Training and Scientific Research of the Ministry of Interior. Borisov quit the Ministry in 1990. In 1991, he founded a private security company, Ipon-1, guarded “Bulgaria's communist dictator Todor Zhivkov after he was pushed from power in 1989”, as well as for Simeon II. Borisov has been claiming participation in karate championships since 1978, serving as the coach of the Bulgarian national team and a referee of international matches, he said to United States President Barack Obama that he has a 7th dan black belt in karate, but his coach argued this being not true, claimed that Borisov has never been a karate competitor, but only an administrator of the team. He is the chairman of the Bulgarian Karate Federation. Borisov has been a coach for the Bulgarian national karate team for many years. Borisov is divorced, but for a number of years lived with Tsvetelina Borislavova, head of Bulgarian American Credit Bank.
Borisov has a daughter, from his former marriage to the physician Stela. Borisov has a sister, Krasimira Ivanova. Borisov's great-grandfather was executed in the wake of the Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944. Boyko Borisov was the Chief Secretary of the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior between 2001 and 2005, with the rank of General. During that period he is famous for getting the notorious mobster. In the 2005 parliamentary elections he was a parliamentary candidate of the National Movement Simeon II. In 2005 he resigned from that post, instead standing as a candidate in the 2005 mayoral election in Sofia, he was succeeded Stefan Sofiyanski. He was re-elected in the 2007 mayoral election. Borisov founded a new conservative political party, GERB in December 2006. GERB won the first Bulgarian European Parliament elections on 20 May 2007, despite a low poll attendance and turnout of 28.6%, which prompted Borisov to voice his wish for early parliamentary elections. Following a party congress in January 2010, Borisov became the official leader of GERB, thus replacing Tsvetan Tsvetanov, who had served under Borisov at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, as a vice-mayor of Sofia.
Form more information on the cabinet, see First Borisov Government. Borisov's party GERB won the parliamentary election on 5 July 2009 by collecting 39.71% of the popular vote and 116 of the 240 seats in parliament. Since 27 July 2009 Borisov served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria in a GERB-dominated centre-right minority government with parliamentary support from three other parliamentary groups, including the nationalist party "Ataka", he invited several non-party affiliated experts to the government, most prominent among them Simeon Djankov, a former high-ranking World Bank official, Rosen Plevneliev, manager of a large German subsidiary in Bulgaria. Borisov's stated policies were aimed at curbing corruption in the public administration and building an adequate infrastructure. One of the main goals in this direction was the expansion of the national motorway network, of which Lyulin was the first motorway to be completed; the government has approved a strategy for the development of the energy sector until 2020, which includes the completion of gas interconnectors with Greece and Turkey and expanding renewable energy capacities.
The Borisov government stopped the Belene Nuclear Power Plant project after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The acquisition of European funds has increased from 2.6% to 20%. Specialised police actions have tackled corruption in the administration and a number of high-profile members of the organised crime have been imprisoned, though there has been little improvement in the rule of law. At the same time the government has received criticism from other EU members due to the erosion of media freedom, falling attractiveness for investors and continuing mafia activities; these criticisms have been leveled against Deputy Prime Minister Tzvetan Tzvetanov, formally under investigation for wiretapping members of the government and parliament. During his court trial, his actions were found to be justified. Media leaks raised suspicions. According to France24, “Once in powe
2014 Bulgarian parliamentary election
Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 5 October 2014 to elect the 43rd National Assembly. GERB remained the largest party. A total of eight parties won seats, the first time since the beginning of democratic elections in 1990 that more than seven parties entered parliament. Boyko Borisov became prime minister as head of a coalition with the Reformist Bloc and with outside support from the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival. After the 2013 election, the seat distribution was such that the new coalition government, composed of the Bulgarian Socialist Party and the Movement for Rights and Freedoms and led by Plamen Oresharski, had only half the seats in Parliament, thus prospects of holding early elections were significant; the Oresharski cabinet was confronted by a series of protests starting on 14 June 2013, in response to the election of Delyan Peevski as head of the Bulgarian state security agency DANS. Following the setback suffered by the BSP in the European Parliament election - having picked up 18.94% of the popular vote - opposition parties called for early parliamentary elections.
The leader of the DPS expressed his desire to have the government resign so that early elections can be scheduled for the end of 2014 or the middle of 2015. On 10 June 2014 the leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Sergei Stanishev, demanded the resignation of the government: "We cannot have the responsibility for the existence and actions of this government by ourselves." Following an agreement from the three largest parties to hold early parliamentary elections for 5 October 2014, the cabinet was to resign by the end of July. On Wednesday July 23, Oresharski's government submitted its resignation; the next day parliament voted 180 -- 8. After each party refused to try to form a new government, on 6 August a caretaker government led by Georgi Bliznashki was sworn into office and the 42nd National Assembly was dissolved with an election date set for 5 October. Twenty-two parties and seven coalitions registered to run on election day before the deadline. Two parties were denied registration.
The election campaign started on 5 September. Following his party's election victory, Borisov stated that his party would try to form the next government and that he "want to govern, in person"; the newly elected Assembly met for the first time on 27 October. After being tasked by President Rosen Plevneliev to form a government, Borisov's GERB allied with the Reformist Bloc to form a government and had the outside support of the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival; the cabinet of twenty ministers was approved by a majority of 136-97. Borisov was chosen as prime minister by an larger vote of 149-85
The European Council is a collective body that defines the European Union's overall political direction and priorities. It comprises the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission; the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy takes part in its meetings. Established as an informal summit in 1975, the European Council was formalised as an institution in 2009 upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, its current president is Donald Tusk, former Prime Minister of Poland. While the European Council has no formal legislative power, it is a strategic body that provides the union with general political directions and priorities, acts as a collective presidency; the European Commission remains the sole initiator of legislation, but the European Council is able to provide an impetus to guide legislative policy. The meetings of the European Council, still referred to as EU summits, are chaired by its president and take place at least twice every six months.
Decisions of the European Council are taken by consensus, except where the Treaties provide otherwise. The European Council gained the status of an EU institution after the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007, distinct from the Council of the European Union. Before that, the first summits of EU heads of state or government were held in February and July 1961, they were informal summits of the leaders of the European Community, were started due to then-French President Charles de Gaulle's resentment at the domination of supranational institutions over the integration process, but petered out. The first influential summit held, after the departure of de Gaulle, was the Hague summit of 1969, which reached an agreement on the admittance of the United Kingdom into the Community and initiated foreign policy cooperation taking integration beyond economics; the summits were only formalised in the period between 1974 and 1988. At the December summit in Paris in 1974, following a proposal from then-French president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, it was agreed that more high level, political input was needed following the "empty chair crisis" and economic problems.
The inaugural European Council, as it became known, was held in Dublin on 10 and 11 March 1975 during Ireland's first Presidency of the Council of Ministers. In 1987, it was included in the treaties for the first time and had a defined role for the first time in the Maastricht Treaty. At first only a minimum of two meetings per year were required, which resulted in an average of three meetings per year being held for the 1975-1995 period. Since 1996, the number of meetings were required to be minimum four per year. For the latest 2008-2014 period, this minimum was well exceeded, by an average of seven meetings being held per year; the seat of the Council was formalised in 2002. Three types of European Councils exist: Informal and Extraordinary. While the informal meetings are scheduled 1½ years in advance, they differ from the scheduled ordinary meetings by not ending with official Council conclusions, as they instead end by more broad political Statements on some cherry picked policy matters.
The extraordinary meetings always end with official Council conclusions - but differs from the scheduled meetings by not being scheduled more than a year in advance, as for example in 2001 when the European Council gathered to lead the European Union's response to the 11 September attacks. Some meetings of the European Council—and, before the Council was formalised, meetings of the heads of government—are seen by some as turning points in the history of the European Union. For example: 1969, The Hague: Foreign policy and enlargement. 1974, Paris: Creation of the Council. 1985, Milan: Initiate IGC leading to the Single European Act. 1991, Maastricht: Agreement on the Maastricht Treaty. 1992, Edinburgh: Agreement to retain at Strasbourg the plenary seat of the European Parliament. 1993, Copenhagen: Leading to the definition of the Copenhagen Criteria. 1997, Amsterdam: Agreement on the Amsterdam Treaty. 1998, Brussels: Selected member states to adopt the euro. 1999. 1999, Tampere: Institutional reform 2000, Lisbon: Lisbon Strategy 2002, Copenhagen: Agreement for May 2004 enlargement.
2007, Lisbon: Agreement on the Lisbon Treaty. 2009, Brussels: Appointment of first president and merged High Representative. 2010, European Financial Stability FacilityAs such, the European Council had existed before it gained the status as an institution of the European Union with the entering into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, but after it had been mentioned in the treaties it could only take political decisions, not formal legal acts. However, when necessary, the Heads of State or Government could meet as the Council of Ministers and take formal decisions in that role. Sometimes, this was compulsory, e.g. Article 214 of the Treaty establishing the European Community provided that ‘the Council, meeting in the composition of Heads of State or Government and acting by a qualified majority, shall nominate the person it intends to appoint as President of the Commission’. In that case, what was politically part of a European Council meeting was a meeting of the Council of Ministers; when the European Council, alre
Philip Dimitrov Dimitrov is a Bulgarian politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria for the short period 1991-1992, MP in the 36th, 37th and the 40th National Assembly, MEP from January 2007 to May 2007. Dimitrov was born in Sofia, he graduated from the First English High School, Sofia, in 1973 and he graduated with a law degree from Sofia University in 1977, undertook further study in the field of individual and group psychotherapy using the psycho-dynamic approach. He worked as an attorney in Sofia between 1979 and 1990, serving as Secretary of the Bulgarian Attorneys' Union from 1989 onwards. Bulgarian media had suggested, he reacted by giving the first order, in spite of reluctance from his allies, to reveal information on each citizen request about whether there was any data of his/her links with the secret police. Dimitrov was active in the Union of Democratic Forces, a broad coalition against continued rule by the Bulgarian Communist Party, serving as vice-president of the Green Party, he became a member of its'National Coordination Council' in 1990, was its chair from December that year until December 1994.
He has been a member of the Executive Council of the UDF since February 1997. In 1999, Philip Dimitrov received the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom. Dimitrov led the UDF to victory in the 1991 election, becoming the first non-interim Prime Minister in 47 years, not either a Communist or a fellow traveller. However, he remained in office for only about a year, after losing a vote of confidence that he called for himself. During its term of office, his government managed to make the new democratic institutions work and started an ambitious set of democratic political and economic reforms. Under his administration, observance of human rights became an irrevocable legal and ethical norm and previous ethnic tensions and abuses were eliminated. Foreign policy focused on integration into the West. Bulgaria was the first country to recognize Macedonia unconditionally as a sovereign state, his government allowed the possibility for a free market system, which changed most Bulgarian cities within half a year.
He insisted on the large-scale restitution of nationalized properties, although he himself had none, his government made the first practical steps allowing citizens to re-claim property, confiscated by the state. Dimitrov is responsible for the collapse of the Bulgarian agriculture after 1991 by restoring the land of the state-owned cooperative farms to its legitimate owners instead of allowing a gradual transition from state-owned to private-owned agriculture; the problem was that all of these owners were old people, who received small pieces of land, they had no machinery and physical strength to cultivate these lands. The infrastructure of the cooperative farms was left without any supervision, it was destroyed and stolen; this had a devastating effect for the Bulgarian agriculture. The production of agritultural goods collapsed, many people in the agriculture sector became unemployed, the population in the Bulgarian villages dropped, his government made possible the swift restitution of citizenship and property rights for all Jewish Bulgarian emigrants.
He served in the 36th, 37th, 40th legislatures of the National Assembly, having been elected in Sofia for the UDF on each occasion. In 2005, he was elected Deputy Speaker of the 40th National Assembly, he authored or introduced among other bills the Bill for Abolition of Mandatory Military Service and bills on preventing and sanctioning Conflict of Interest. He was a member of the Bulgarian Parliament Delegation for Relations with the European Parliament. In January through June 2007 he was a member of the European Parliament and Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, his inability to compromise led to vetoing his candidacy both for President and Leader of the list of candidates for the European parliament. In spite of his quiet withdrawal, the UDF lost both elections heavily. Fall of 2007, he was rejected by the government as a candidate for the position of Judge at the European Court of Human Rights. In July 2008, he declared. In April 1997 he was appointed Ambassador of Bulgaria at the UN, New York and from August 1998 to January 2002 he was Ambassador of Bulgaria to the US.
In 2004 he was a Special Envoy of the President of the CSCE for Azerbaijan. He was a visiting scholar in the Woodrow Wilson Center in 2003. Philip Dimitrov has taught political sciences in the American University in Bulgaria since 2002. Dimitrov is a Member of the Club of Madrid, an independent non-profit organization composed of 88 democratic former Presidents and Prime Ministers from 58 different countries; the Club de Madrid’s objective is to promote “Democracy that Delivers”. In 2004 he was Senior member of the NED-CLS team for democratic experience exchange with Georgia, he is member of the Board of the New Bulgarian University, Honorary Chairman of the board of the George Marshal Association – Bulgaria and Program Director at the'Bulgarian Institute for Legal Development'. In September 1999, Mr. Dimitrov was granted the Truman-Reagan Freedom Award for his contribution to overcoming Communism. During the 2008-2009 academic year, Dimitrov held a position as a visiting professor at Christopher Newport University in Newport News, Virginia.
He is married to Elena Gueorguieva, MD, an
Municipalities of Bulgaria
The 28 provinces of Bulgaria are divided into 265 municipalities. Municipalities comprise multiple towns and settlements and are governed by a mayor, elected by popular majority vote for a four-year term, a municipal council, elected using proportional representation for a four-year term; the creation of new municipalities requires that they must be created in a territory with a population of at least 6,000 and created around a designated settlement. They must be named after the settlement that serves as the territory's administrative center, among other criteria; the council of a municipality is further permitted to create admininistrative subdivisions: mayoralties and wards or quarters. Mayoralties are overseen by elected mayors and comprises one or more villages or towns. Settlements are overseen by a manager appointed by the mayor of a municipality and thus have fewer responsibilities and less power than a mayoralty. Wards are overseen by elected mayors and must include a population of at least 25,000.
Like municipalities themselves and wards are designated administrative-territorial units, as they have their own elected officials. Settlements, are designated territorial units since their leaders are appointed. Bansko Municipality Belitsa Municipality Blagoevgrad Municipality Garmen Municipality Gotse Delchev Municipality Hadzhidimovo Municipality Kresna Municipality Petrich Municipality Razlog Municipality Sandanski Municipality Satovcha Municipality Simitli Municipality Strumyani Municipality Yakoruda Municipality Aytos Municipality Burgas Municipality Kameno Municipality Karnobat Municipality Malko Tarnovo Municipality Nesebar Municipality Pomorie Municipality Primorsko Municipality Ruen Municipality Sozopol Municipality Sredets Municipality Sungurlare Municipality Tsarevo Municipality Balchik Municipality Dobrich Municipality Dobrichka Municipality General Toshevo Municipality Kavarna Municipality Krushari Municipality Shabla Municipality Tervel Municipality ) Dryanovo Municipality Gabrovo Municipality Sevlievo Municipality Tryavna Municipality Dimitrovgrad Municipality Harmanli Municipality Haskovo Municipality Ivaylovgrad Municipality Lyubimets Municipality Madzharovo Municipality Mineralni Bani Municipality Simeonovgrad Municipality Stambolovo Municipality Svilengrad Municipality Topolovgrad Municipality Ardino Municipality Chernoochene Municipality Dzhebel Municipality Kardzhali Municipality Kirkovo Municipality Krumovgrad Municipality Momchilgrad Municipality Boboshevo Municipality Bobov Dol Municipality Dupnitsa Municipality Kocherinovo Municipality Kyustendil Municipality Nevestino Municipality Rila Municipality Sapareva Banya Municipality Treklyano Municipality Apriltsi Municipality Letnitsa Municipality Lovech Municipality Lukovit Municipality Teteven Municipality Troyan Municipality Ugarchin Municipality Yablanitsa Municipality Berkovitsa Municipality Boychinovtsi Municipality Brusartsi Municipality Chiprovtsi Municipality Georgi Damyanovo Municipality Lom Municipality Medkovets Municipality Montana Municipality Valchedram Municipality Varshets Municipality Yakimovo Municipality Batak Municipality Belovo Municipality Bratsigovo Municipality Lesichovo Municipality Panagyurishte Municipality Pazardzhik Municipality Peshtera Municipality Rakitovo Municipality Sarnitsa Municipality Septemvri Municipality Strelcha Municipality Velingrad Municipality Brezn