The Prime Minister of the Netherlands is the head of the executive branch of the Government of the Netherlands in his capacity as chair of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is de facto the head of government of the Netherlands and coordinates its policy with his cabinet; the current Dutch Prime Minister is Mark Rutte, in office since 2010. Although the Prime Minister is the leading political figure in the Netherlands, they are not as powerful as the British Prime Minister and the German Chancellor; this is because all Dutch ministers used to be responsible to the Monarch. The Prime Minister's role gained importance when ministers became responsible to the parliament, the position became reserved for the leader of the biggest political party in the House of Representatives. Still, because the position holds limited powers compared to its equivalent in other neighboring parliamentary democracies, the Prime Minister's role is described as primus inter pares. Following the constitutional review of 1983, the position of Prime Minister was formalized in the Dutch Constitution for the first time.
According to the Constitution of the Netherlands, the Government is constituted by the King and the ministers. The Constitution stipulates that the Prime Minister chairs the Council of Ministers and is appointed by royal decree; the royal decree of their own appointment and those of the other ministers are to be countersigned by the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers is no longer nowadays attended by the King; the Prime Minister chairs the weekly meetings of the Council of Ministers and has the power to set the agenda of these meetings. The prime minister is Minister of General Affairs, which takes an important role in coordinating policy and is responsible for the Government Information Service; the Prime Minister is responsible for the royal house and has a weekly meeting with the King on government policy. Informally the Prime Minister functions as the "face" of the cabinet to the public. After the meetings of the cabinet on Friday, the Prime Minister hosts a press conference on the decisions of the cabinet and current affairs.
The Prime Minister has some functions in international affairs, attending the European Council every six months and maintaining bilateral contacts. The Prime Minister's office is a hexagon shaped tower, named "The Little Tower", in the Binnenhof in The Hague; the official residence is the Catshuis. Incumbent Mark Rutte lives in a flat downtown The Hague; the Prime Minister has no security detail. Although the Prime Minister is always the political leader of his party and a member of the House of Representatives, he is required to give up his seat for the duration of his tenure, as Dutch ministers are not allowed to be members of parliament; the Dutch electoral system makes it all but impossible for one party to win an outright majority in the House of Representatives. Hence, Dutch governments are always coalitions between two or more parties. After each election, the House appoints a "scout" to seek advice on how to interpret the election results. On the basis of this advice, the House appoints an informateur to check on prospective coalitions and lead negotiations between potential partners.
If successful, the House appoints a formateur, who concludes the talks between the members of the prospective coalition. The formateur is always the leader of the largest party in the prospective coalition, thus de facto Prime Minister-designate. Prior to 2012, the monarch had a considerable role in these talks, but reforms in 2012 eliminated royal influence on the process, it takes several months of negotiations before a formateur is ready to accept a formal royal invitation to form a government. The monarch appoints the ministers and state secretaries, who resign their seats in the House. A minister from the smaller coalition party becomes Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands. If there is a third or fourth party in the coalition, each has the right to name one of its ministers second and third Deputy Prime Minister. For a list of historic Prime Ministers, see List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands. For a list of Prime Ministers by age, see List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands by age.
For a list of Prime Ministers by religious affiliations, see Religious affiliations of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands. The Prime Minister became an official function of government leader, taken by the political leader of the largest party. Since 1848 the role of the first minister has become relevant. In that year the Constitution of the Netherlands was amended to make ministers responsible to the States General rather than – as hitherto – being responsible to the King, who acted as the leader of cabinet; until 1901 the position chair of the Council of Ministers rotated between ministers. Between 1901 and 1945 the position formally still rotated but prominent politicians were able to claim a rotation period of four years. In 1937 a separate Ministry of General Affairs was instituted, informally linked to the Prime Minister. Barend Biesheuvel was the last Prime Minister, not the political leader of the largest party in cabinet, but of the third largest. In 1983 the function of Prime Minister was laid down in the constitution.
The position of the Prime M
Before the sale of PAWS Inc. in August 2019, all of the profits from merchandise went to PAWS Inc. of which Jim Davis is the CEO and founder. Unlike any other comic strip, Davis decided to merchandise his comic strip, rather than waiting for someone to license it out for him; this has led Garfield to be the most profitable comic strip character, only rivaled by Snoopy and other Peanuts characters. Garfield's face has appeared on nearly every product imaginable including tooth brushes, cameras and thermos. Jim Davis's comic strip Garfield has generated a large amount of merchandise; the following is a compiled list of selected merchandise based on Garfield. In the books, there are numerous'extras' at the front and/or back. For example, in the 10th Birthday book, the beginning has an extract of a newspaper, stating "JIM DAVIS A FRAUD", with Pooky revealing Garfield has in fact been writing the strips. Garfield states "I hired some down-and-out hack cartoonist to take all the credit." Denying several criticisms, which accused Davis was using ghostwriters, not working on the strip at all.
There was a bonus strip, which features a single panel at the end page of Garfield At Large showing Garfield walking in the sunset. There was a bonus strip to fill in the book Garfield Gains Weight, which features a single panel with Garfield holding his face down in front of the TV; these books released twice a year by Ballantine Books, contain reprints of the comic as it appears in newspapers daily. These books were printed in black and white, but volumes 37 and have been in full color; each book collects six months of comics, including the Sunday comics. The titles of these books were styled as double entendres alluding to Garfield's weight; these books introduced the "Garfield format" in publishing, whereby the rectangular books are horizontally oriented to match comic strip dimensions. Volumes 37 and introduced a new, larger square book in full color, showing the Sunday strips to be formatted in a size as they are, instead of shrunken-down to meet the book size. However, this means that the first panel after the logo box is no longer printed in the compilation books.
These panels, are preserved on the eBook editions. Each of the original 36 books have been re-released in the new larger format, dubbed "Garfield Classics"; the Garfield Classics imprint has been in print since 2001, reprints Garfield's first 36 books in a "remastered" format, with increased page size, bolder lines, each strip in full-color format. Newer books are only available in a similar format, starting with book #37. Garfield Complete Works is a hardcover collection of Garfield strips, with both black and white and full-color comics; the first volume includes an introduction from Garfield creator Jim Davis. In the UK, over 60 Garfield books "Pocket Books" or paperbacks, have been published by Ravette; the format is different, as the strips are presented in a vertical style. In the Garfield 20th anniversary book, Davis said vertical stacking was the one type of comic anthology layout he wanted to avoid the most when compiling the above collections. Additionally, adaptations of Garfield television specials have been published in comic format: Garfield as Himself collects the following books: Here Comes Garfield Garfield on the Town Garfield Gets a Life Garfield Holiday Celebrations collects the following books: Garfield in Disguise Garfield's Thanksgiving A Garfield Christmas Garfield Travel Adventures collects the following books: Garfield in the Rough Garfield in Paradise Garfield Goes Hollywood Each Fat Cat volume contains the contents of three successive compilations stacked back to back.
There are two types of Fat Cat books, one features black and white strips and one featuring full color strips. Volumes 1 to 12 have been released in black and white, but most have since been reissued in full color; the black and white strips were published semiannually up to Vol. 11 in 1999. Since the publication schedule has slowed: Vol. 12 was published in 2001, followed by Vol. 13 in 2006. Vol. 1 was released on March 16, 1993. Vol. 2 was released on August 9, 1994. Vol. 3 was released on January 30, 1995. ISBN * 978-0-345-39493-4. Vol. 4 was released on August 15, 1995. ISBN 978-0-345-40238-7. Vol. 5 was released on January 30, 1996. ISBN 978-0-345-40404-6. Vol. 6 was released on September 3, 1996. ISBN 978-0-345-40884-6. Vol. 7 was released on April 7, 1997. ISBN 978-0-345-41449-6 Vol. 8 was released on January 20, 1998. ISBN 978-0-345-42601-7 Vol. 9 was released on August 25, 1998. ISBN 978-0-345-42903-2 Vol. 10 was released on February 2, 1999. ISBN 978-0-345-43458-6 Vol. 11 was released on September 7, 1999.
ISBN 978-0-345-43801-0 Vol. 12 was released on April 3, 2001. ISBN 978-0-345-44581-0 The first twelve Fat Cat volumes have been reissued in larger, colorized versions. Starting from Fat Cat Vol. 13, the larger, full-color format of the reissued volumes has been used. Vol. 1 was released on August 26, 2003. ISBN 978-0-345-46455-2 Vol. 2 was releas
Ivan Dolinar was a Slovene Christian Democrat politician and journalist. Ivan Dolinar was born in Škofja Loka. After attending primary school he studied wood carving at Štefan Šubic. Traveled to Dalmatia and Montenegro and in 1859 he enlisted in Carniola and performed military service in Italy during the Second Italian War of Independence. Carved and painted religious subjects for the Church, was the nephew of Luka Dolinar priest and poet, born October 14, 1794 at Skofja Loka, † August 27, 1863 at Šmartno in Tuhinju. In 1865 he lived in the neighborhood of Scorcola. Dolinar was co-founder and first president of Delavskega podpornega in bralnega društva, he was the founder and secretary of Edinost, this association and involvement with children and workers of the Slovene minority and organized cultural moments of reading, formed youth choirs and organizations and theater, schooling in Slovenian. He was owner and editor of the Consortium of the newspaper Edinost. Dolinar died in Trieste, June 6, 1886, his obituary is on Edinost of 2 April 1898, A. XXXIII, No. 40.
Josip Ferfolja Boris Furlan Engelbert Besednjak Enciclopedia Slovena, Ljubljana, 1988 Slovenski Biografski Leksikon. I giornali triestini dal 1863 al 1902, Trieste 1976, Silvana Monti Orel Slovenska tiskana beseda v tiskarnah na Primorskem 1607-1918: bibliografija Andreina Jejčič - 1989 - 181 pagine Krajevni leksikon Slovenije: knj. Zahodni del Slovenije Roman Savnik, Francè Planina, Živko Šifrer - 1968 Stare slovenske lipe: Kramljanja z ljudmi o življenju, ki je stoletja teklo... Miran Sattler, France Stele - 1973 - 254 pagine Politično življenje Slovencev: od 4. Januarja 1797. Do 6. Januarja 1919. LetPagina 50 Dragotin Lončar - 1921 Arhivska zapuščina Petra Grassellija, 1842-1933 - Pagina 467 Marjan Drnovšek - 1983 Libro di scorno libro d'onore: la scuola elementare triestina durante l'amministrazione austriaca / Diana De Rosa. Udine: Del Bianco Editore-1991-411 pagine