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Primera B Metropolitana

Primera B Metropolitana is one of two professional leagues that form the third level of the Argentine football league system. The division is made up of 17 clubs from the city of Buenos Aires and its metropolitan area, Greater Buenos Aires. Created as the second division, it became the third level after a restructuring of the system in 1985 that ended with the creation of Primera B Nacional, set as the second division since then; the other league at level three is the Torneo Federal A, where teams from regional leagues take part. Primera B Metropolitana is organized so, during the course of a season, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents; the team that gets the most points at the end of the season is recognized as the Primera B champion and is automatically promoted to Primera B Nacional. The teams that hold the second to fifth positions have the chance to enter the Torneo Reducido whose winner will be promoted; the teams with the 2 lowest aggregate points total in Primera B Metropolitana are relegated to Primera C Metropolitana.

Established in 1899, the Primera B was the first second division championship in Argentine football. Some of the teams participating were reserve teams of Primera División clubs. Since 1906, a promotion and relegation system was established. Porteño would be the first club to achieve promotion under those rules. In 1911, the Association created the "División Intermedia" as a second level of Argentine football pyramid, therefore the Segunda División became the third division of the system. Three years San Lorenzo de Almagro promoted to Primera División after beating Honor y Patria. Tournaments organised by dissident Asociación Amateurs were named "Extra"; when both associations, AAm and AFA merged in 1926, from the 1927 season, the Segunda División was set as the second level, Intermedia the third. In 1986 the Argentine Association created the Primera B Nacional with the purpose of allowing clubs throughout Argentina to play official competitions. Primera B Nacional became the second division of Argentine football while Primera B was set as the third division, being renamed "Primera B Metropolitana" due to it was contested by teams from the Buenos Aires metropolitan area.

Primera B Metropolitana has received several names since its inception in 1899 as the second division of Argentine football. The following charts describe the changes made to the division since its creation: The tournament has received different names since its first edition in 1899, such as "Segunda División", "Primera División B". After the restructuring of the Argentine football league system in 1985, the tournament became the third division, changing its name to "Primera B Metropolitana" to set a difference with Primera B Nacional. División Intermedia Argentine football league system Official AFA site Promiedos

United Nations Security Council Resolution 510

United Nations Security Council resolution 510, adopted unanimously on 15 June 1982, noted a report of the Secretary-General that, due to the existing circumstances, the presence of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus would continue to be essential for a peaceful settlement. The Council expressed its desire for all parties to support the ten-point agreement for the resumption of intercommunal talks, asked the Secretary-General to report back again before 30 November 1982 to follow the implementation of the resolution; the Council reaffirmed its previous resolutions, including Resolution 365, expressed its concern over the situation, urged the involved parties to work together toward peace and once more extended the stationing of the Force in Cyprus, established in Resolution 186, until December 15th 1982. Cyprus dispute List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 501 to 600 United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus Turkish Invasion of Cyprus Text of the Resolution at undocs.org Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 510 at Wikisource

Silver Fame

Silver Fame was a British Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 1951 Cheltenham Gold Cup. After beginning his racing career in Ireland he moved to England and became one of the leading steeplechasers of his time, he won races at the Cheltenham Festival in 1948 and 1950 and ran twice in the Grand National, falling when favourite for the race in 1948. Despite running well at Cheltenham he did not contest the Gold Cup until 1951 when he won the race in record time, he was the oldest winner of the race up to that time, remains one of only two horses to win the race at the age of twelve. He spent his retirement as a hunter. Silver Fame was a "pale chestnut with a white blaze" bred in the United Kingdom, he was sired by Werwolf, a son of Hurry On and therefore a representative of the Godolphin Arabian sire-line. Werwolf was a successful National Hunt stallion who sired the Grand National winner Bogskar and the Champion Hurdler Free Fare. Silver Fame's dam Silver Fairy was a distant female-line descendant of The Oaks winner Cyprian.

During his racing career Silver Fame was owned Vivian Smith, 1st Baron Bicester and trained by George Beeby. Beeby trained the horse at Hamilton House at Compton in Berkshire. Silver Fame's racing style meant that he won by a wide margin but was difficult to overtake once he took the lead. Silver Fame began his racing career in Ireland and recorded his first success in a bumper at Naas Racecourse in 1943, he was sent to England after the war and developed into a high-class steeplechaser in the late 1940s proving well-suited to courses such as Cheltenham Racecourse and Sandown Park. He was less adept over the bigger fences of Aintree Racecourse and never completed any of his races at the Lancashire track. In the 1947 Grand National he started at odds of 33/1 but fell in the race after being hampered by loose horses three fences from the finish. In the following season he was again aimed at the National. At the 1948 Cheltenham Festival he won the £600 Seven Springs Handicap Chase carrying top weight of 175 pounds.

He won the Golden Miller Chase at the same course, over a distance of four miles. In his second attempt at the Grand National he was made the 9/1 favourite, but fell at Becher's Brook on the first circuit. In 1949 he bypassed the National, running instead in the Champion Chase over two miles seven furlongs at the same course, he was leading and looked to win before falling heavily. Silver Fame remained on the ground for some time, leading to fears that he had been fatally injured, but he had only been winded by the fall and recovered. In the following year he defeated Freebooter in the Stanley Chase at Sandown and in March he recorded his second success at the Festival as he carried 175 pounds to victory in the National Hunt Handicap Chase; until 1951 Silver Fame had never contested the Cheltenham Gold Cup. For last two renewals Lord Bicester had preferred to rely on Finnure who had finished fourth in 1949 and second in 1950. On his final start before the Cheltenham Festival Silver Fame was beaten by Lockerbie at Manchester Racecourse, conceding weight to the winner.

The weather turned exceptionally cold and wet and the Cheltenham meeting was abandoned after the first day. The Gold Cup was rescheduled for the next Cheltenham meeting and was run on 25 April, meaning that it took place after the Grand National. Many of the original entrants, including the favourite Arctic Gold, did not appear and the race attracted only six runners. Silver Fame, ridden by Martin Molony, started the 6/4 favourite ahead of Lockerbie on 3/1 with the best of the others appearing to be the Queen's horse Manicou and Freebooter; the two outsiders were Mighty Jimmy Rank's eight-year-old Greenogue. Lockerbie took the early lead; the field remained grouped until first Manicou and Freebooter weakened leaving four horses still in contention as the field turned into the straight. Lockerbie had regained the advantage and led at the last but began to struggle leaving Silver Fame and Greenogue to fight out the finish. Greenogue appeared to have the slight edge all the way up the run in but Silver Fame, under a strong ride from Molony, drew level in the final strides and was adjudged to have won by a short head.

There was no photo-finish at the time in National Hunt racing and there was some criticism of the judge's verdict. He became the oldest horse to win the race, supplanting Thrown In who won as an eleven-year-old in 1927; the winning time of 6:23.4 for three and a quarter miles was a record for the race. Silver Fame's time has never been beaten although it should be mentioned that the distance of the race has been altered on several occasions. Silver Fame returned for a final season in 1951/52, he failed to recover his best form: after being beaten at Leicester Racecourse he finished unplaced behind Mont Tremblant in the 1952 Cheltenham Gold Cup. After the end of his racing career Silver Fame spent several years as a hunter for Lord Bicester. In their book, A Century of Champions, based on the Timeform rating system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Silver Fame an "average" Gold Cup winner. Silver Fame was inbred 4 × 4 to Persimmon, meaning that this stallion appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree