Prince (musician)

Prince Rogers Nelson was an American singer, musician, record producer, dancer and filmmaker. A guitar virtuoso and multi-instrumentalist known for his genre-crossing work, wide-ranging singing voice, flamboyant stage appearances, he is regarded as one of the most influential musicians in the history of popular music, his innovative music integrated a wide variety of styles, including funk, R&B, new wave, soul and pop. Prince pioneered the late 1970s Minneapolis sound, a funk rock subgenre drawing from synth-pop and new wave. Born and raised in Minneapolis, Prince developed an interest in music as a young child and wrote his first song, "Funk Machine", at the age of seven, he signed a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records at the age of 19, released his debut album For You in 1978. Following up with his next four albums—Prince, Dirty Mind, 1999 —Prince gained critical success, prominently showcasing his explicit lyrics as well as his blending of funk and rock music. In 1984, he began referring to his backup band as The Revolution and released his sixth album Purple Rain, the soundtrack to his hugely successful film acting debut of the same name.

It became his most critically and commercially successful record, spending 24 consecutive weeks atop the Billboard 200. The film itself was critically and commercially successful and won the Academy Award for Best Original Song Score, the last film to receive the award. Following the disbandment of The Revolution, Prince released the critically acclaimed double album Sign o' the Times, he released three more solo albums—Lovesexy, the Batman soundtrack, the Graffiti Bridge soundtrack —before debuting his New Power Generation backing band in 1991. In the midst of a contractual dispute with Warner Bros. in 1993, Prince changed his stage name to the unpronounceable symbol, known to fans as the "Love Symbol", began releasing new albums at a faster rate in order to meet his contract quota and release himself from further obligations to the record label. He released five records between 1994 and 1996 before he signed with Arista Records in 1998, he began referring to himself as "Prince" again in 2000 and subsequently released 16 albums, including Musicology, his most successful album of that decade.

His final album, Hit n Run Phase Two, was first released on the Tidal streaming service in 2015. In April 2016, at the age of 57, Prince died of an accidental fentanyl overdose at his Paisley Park home and recording studio in Chanhassen, Minnesota, he sold over 100 million records worldwide, ranking him among the best-selling music artists of all time. He won seven Grammy Awards, seven Brit Awards, six American Music Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, he was honored with special awards including the Grammy President's Merit Award, American Music Awards for Achievement and of Merit, the Billboard Icon Award. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006, the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame in 2016. In 2016, he was posthumously honored with a Doctor of Humane Letters by the University of Minnesota. Rolling Stone ranked him at No. 27 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Prince Rogers Nelson was born on June 7, 1958, in Minneapolis, the son of jazz singer Mattie Della and pianist and songwriter John Lewis Nelson.

All four of his grandparents hailed from Louisiana. Prince was given his father's stage name, Prince Rogers, which his father used while performing with his mother in a jazz group called the Prince Rogers Trio. In 1991, Prince's father told A Current Affair that he named his son Prince because he wanted Prince "to do everything I wanted to do". Prince was not fond of his name and wanted people to instead call him Skipper, a name which stuck throughout his childhood. Prince has said, he stated, "My mother told me one day I walked in to her and said,'Mom, I'm not going to be sick anymore,' and she said,'Why?' and I said,'Because an angel told me so.'"Prince's younger sister, was born on May 18, 1960. Both siblings developed a keen interest in music, encouraged by their father. Prince wrote his first song, "Funk Machine", on his father's piano. Prince's parents divorced when he was 10, his mother remarried to Hayward Baker. Baker took Prince to see James Brown in concert, Prince credited Baker with improving the family's finances.

After a brief period of living with his father, who bought him his first guitar, Prince moved into the basement of the Anderson family, his neighbors, after his father kicked him out. He befriended the Andersons' son, who collaborated with Prince and became known as André Cymone. Prince attended Minneapolis' Bryant Junior High and Central High School, where he played football and baseball, he was a student at the Minnesota Dance Theatre through the Urban Arts Program of Minneapolis Public Schools. He played on Central's junior varsity basketball team, continued to play basketball recreationally as an adult. Prince met songwriter and producer Jimmy Jam in 1973 and impressed Jimmy with his musical talent, early mastery of a wide range of instruments and work ethic. In 1975, Pepe Willie, the husband of Prince's cousin Shauntel, formed the band 94 East with Marcy Ingvoldstad and Kristie Lazenberry, hiring And

Pardon My Clutch

Pardon My Clutch is a 1948 short subject directed by Edward Bernds starring American slapstick comedy team The Three Stooges. It is the 105th entry in the series released by Columbia Pictures starring the comedians, who released 190 shorts for the studio between 1934 and 1959. Shemp has been ill with a toothache; the Stooges' friend Claude, a self-proclaimed Kevin Trudeau-ish doctor, gives Moe and Larry some specific instructions on how to cure the toothache, which, of course, they misinterpret every which way possible. After yanking the troublesome tooth, Claude suggests they take Shemp on a camping trip for a little R&R. Since the Stooges do not own a car, Claude offers to sell them a car that turns out to be a "lemon." The trio run into a series of mishaps trying to get the car to work, including a flat tire that gets them into trouble with a local gas station attendant. Things improve via a car collector who wants to buy the clunker at a premium. Claude gets wind of this gives his money back to the Stooges, hands it to the collector.

Within minutes, two men in white coats from the local insane asylum come to retrieve the supposed car collector, with Claude following right behind. Pardon My Clutch was filmed on May 19–21, 1947. Both films borrow plot elements from the Laurel and Hardy shorts Them Thar Hills; this is the second of three Stooge shorts with the words "pardon my" in the title. Shemp is unable to convince the gas station attendant that the tire he is removing from the tire display came off his car and rolled into the gas station by accident; this was a stock routine, used in prior comedies. It had been performed by Joe Murphy and Bud Jamison in I'm the Sheriff and Edgar Kennedy and Charlie Hall in Slightly at Sea. A different variation of "Three Blind Mice" introductory theme is used in this entry; this version would be used again for Crime on The Ghost Talks. Larry: "You know, fish is great brain food." Moe: "You know, you should fish for a whale!" *SLAP!* Shemp: "Well, let's get loaded." Larry: "Hey, you know I don't drink!"

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Kampen (Sylt)

Kampen is a municipality and seaside resort on the island Sylt, in the district of Nordfriesland, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is located north of Westerland; the municipality is part of the Amt Landschaft Sylt. The local economy is dominated by tourism; the name Kaamp means "a marked out field". The first mention of Kampen occurs in a tax registry from 1543; the village is considered to have been founded quite late as a result of people moving there from an earlier settlement destroyed by a storm. In 1767, the local Landvogt and some inhabitants bought land to the north of the village and established the Kampener Vogelkoje, a decoy; this was profitable over the next four decades and through 1921 yielded a total of 695,957 killed ducks. In 1803, Kampen consisted of 93 inhabitants. In 1853, King Frederick VII of Denmark ordered the construction of the Kampen Lighthouse. In 1860, the number of houses had fallen to 22 and there were still 93 inhabitants, just three of them were seafarers. In 1864, Kampen became Prussian.

For centuries, until around 1900, Kampen was a rural village shaped by agriculture. Shipping and fishing as well as other industries and crafts played a smaller role in the village's development. Together with Wenningstedt, the village of Kampen constituted part of the so-called "Northern Villages" of Sylt; the church and school were shared due to the low number of citizens in the respective villages – so they could only be supported through a common effort. Kampen, a quiet hamlet situated in a heath, was discovered by tourists quite late; until the beginning of the 20th century the place was regarded an insider's tip among travellers. Only in the 1920s did Kampen's reputation as a seaside resort begin to develop. An ordinance from 1912, still effective today, requires that all houses in the village be built in the traditional style, i.e. brick buildings with thatched roofs. In July 1903, Kampen was linked by the Sylter Nordbahn to Westerland. In 1908, this was extended north to List. In 1908, the Nordseebad Kampen auf Sylt GmbH built a large two-storied octagonal wooden pavilion on the northern heath, around 400 metres from the Kurhaus.

Earlier, in 1906, a development plan had called for covering all of the northwestern heath with new construction. After World War I, the Verein Naturschutz Insel Sylt e. V. was founded. Haus Kliffende to the north of the village became a cultural and artists' meeting place in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1921, locals established the Verkehrsverein Kampen/Sylt e. V. to boost tourism. Beginning in 1921, writer Thomas Mann was a guest of Siegfried Jacobsohn and often stayed at Haus Kliffende, north of the village. Many other intellectuals, musicians and other artists flocked to the area; these included Emil Nolde, Carl Zuckmayer, Heinrich Vogeler and Lovis Corinth. In 1923, there were 1,213 visitors to Kampen. Ferdinand Avenarius is considered as the first popularizer of Sylt. Today, a park is named after him. Kampen became a separate municipality on 21 March 1927, when the Norddörfer association was dissolved by the Prussian authorities, creating the Landgemeinde Kampen. In 1938, there were more than 500 Ehrenkurgäste.

Prior to – and during – World War II camps to accommodate troops were established in Kampen by the Wehrmacht. A major camp was located near today's public camping site in the southwestern part of the village, it had been built due to the expansion of the air field in Braderup. There was, however, no direct combat action, nor did Kampen suffer any remarkable damage from the allied bombings. East of the village there was an anti-aircraft site with many shelters. In the immediate post-war years, Kampen had 370 inhabitants and they were joined by 1,927 refugees from Germany's former eastern territories housed in the former military installations. In the 1950s, the Café Kupferkanne was established inside the anti-aircraft facility; the Lager Skagerak became a youth hostel. After World War II the village became a venue of the "rich and famous" – the tycoons of the Wirtschaftswunder. Many celebrities of cinema and television thought Kampen to be fashionable. Gunter Sachs was one of those the public associated with the village.

In the 1960s there was a considerable boost in the naturist movement. The nude beach at Buhne 16 in Kampen gained popularity by frequent media reports. TV productions such as Tatort: Strandgut were set in Kampen. In 1971, Kampen had been assigned the title Nordseebad; the boom slowed down in the 1980s. Today Kampen remains an upscale tourist resort. From the 1920s on, the summer residences and villas of wealthy guests were constructed on the Nordheide around the old village core, thus the area of Kampen multiplied within a few years. Despite early plannings from the 1920s, the western heath of Kampen was not covered with buildings though and today is a nature reserve. Kampen lies on the Geest at a height of around 27 metres above NHN; the so-called Rotes Kliff west of the village rises up to 30 metres from the North Sea and is endangered by erosion and storm surges. The Uwe Düne reaches a height of 52.5 m above sea level. It is named after Uwe Jens Lornsen, a freedom fighter for a united Schleswig-Holstein who hailed from Keitum.

East of Kampen the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park extends, in summer the municipality offers guided mudflat hiking trips there. Like all municipalities on Sylt, Kampen is specialised on the tourism business, so that an economical monostructure can be found there; the annual number of visitors is curre