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Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale

Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale was the eldest child of the Prince and Princess of Wales and grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. From the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the British throne, but did not become king as he died before his father and grandmother. Albert Victor was known to his family, many biographers, as "Eddy"; when young, he travelled the world extensively as a naval cadet, as an adult he joined the British Army, but did not undertake any active military duties. After two unsuccessful courtships, he was engaged to be married to Princess Mary of Teck in late 1891. A few weeks he died during an influenza pandemic. Mary married his younger brother, who became King George V in 1910. Albert Victor's intellect and mental health have been the subject of speculation. Rumours in his time linked him with the Cleveland Street scandal, which involved a homosexual brothel; some authors have argued that he was the serial killer known as Jack the Ripper, but contemporary documents show that Albert Victor could not have been in London at the time of the murders, the claim is dismissed.

Albert Victor was born two months prematurely on 8 January 1864 at Frogmore House, Berkshire. He was the first child of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, his wife Alexandra of Denmark. Following his grandmother Queen Victoria's wishes, he was named Albert Victor, after herself and her late husband, Albert; as a grandchild of the reigning British monarch in the male line and a son of the Prince of Wales, he was formally styled His Royal Highness Prince Albert Victor of Wales from birth. He was christened Albert Victor Christian Edward in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 10 March 1864 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Longley, but was known informally as "Eddy", his godparents were Queen Victoria, King Christian IX of Denmark, King Leopold I of Belgium, the Dowager Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Landgrave of Hesse, the Crown Princess of Prussia and Prince Alfred. When Albert Victor was just short of seventeen months old, his brother, Prince George of Wales, was born on 3 June 1865.

Given the closeness in age of the two royal brothers, they were educated together. In 1871, the Queen appointed John Neale Dalton as their tutor; the two princes were given a strict programme of study, which included games and military drills as well as academic subjects. Dalton complained that Albert Victor's mind was "abnormally dormant". Though he learned to speak Danish, progress in other languages and subjects was slow. Sir Henry Ponsonby thought. Albert Victor never excelled intellectually. Possible physical explanations for Albert Victor's inattention or indolence in class include absence seizures or his premature birth, which can be associated with learning difficulties, but Lady Geraldine Somerset blamed Albert Victor's poor education on Dalton, whom she considered uninspiring. Separating the brothers for the remainder of their education was considered, but Dalton advised the Prince of Wales against splitting them up as "Prince Albert Victor requires the stimulus of Prince George's company to induce him to work at all."

In 1877, the two boys were sent to HMS Britannia. They began their studies there two months behind the other cadets as Albert Victor contracted typhoid fever, for which he was treated by Sir William Gull. Dalton accompanied them as chaplain to the ship. In 1879, after a great deal of discussion between the Queen, the Prince of Wales, their households and the Government, the royal brothers were sent as naval cadets on a three-year world tour aboard HMS Bacchante. Albert Victor was rated midshipman on his sixteenth birthday, they toured the British Empire, accompanied by Dalton, visiting the Americas, the Falkland Islands, South Africa, Fiji, the Far East, Ceylon, Egypt, the Holy Land and Greece. They acquired tattoos in Japan. By the time they returned to Britain, Albert Victor was eighteen; the brothers were parted in 1883. At Bachelor's Cottage, Albert Victor was expected to cram before arriving at university in the company of Dalton, French instructor Monsieur Hua, a newly chosen tutor/companion James Kenneth Stephen.

Some biographers have said that Stephen was a misogynist, although this has been questioned, he may have felt attached to Albert Victor, but whether or not his feelings were overtly homosexual is open to question. Stephen was optimistic about tutoring the prince, but by the time the party were to move to Cambridge had concluded, "I do not think he can derive much benefit from attending lectures at Cambridge... He hardly knows the meaning of the words to read". At the start of the new term in October, Albert Victor and Lieutenant Henderson from Bacchante moved to Nevile's Court at Trinity College, which was

Henry Kajura

Henry Muganwa Kajura known as Henry Kajura, is a Ugandan administrator and politician. Until 2016 he served as the First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Service in the Cabinet of Uganda. Kajura was born on 7 July 1934 in Masindi, Bunyoro-Kitara, attended St Mary's College Kisubi, he holds the degree of Bachelor of Arts, from Makerere University, awarded when Uganda's oldest university was still affiliated with the University of London. He has postgraduate qualifications in Administration, from Oxford University in the United Kingdom and in Management from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in the United States. From its inception in 1967 until 1973, Kajura served as Secretary of the East African Development Bank. From 1973 until 1978, during the Idi Amin regime, he served as the chairman and managing director of Uganda Commercial Bank, the precursor to Stanbic Bank Uganda, he served as Governor of the Bank of Uganda from September 1978 until February 1979, being preceded in that role by Onegi Obel and succeeded by Charles Kikonyogo.

From 1978 until 1989, Kajura served for Hoima District. He was appointed Minister of Trade & Industry, Natural Resources, Water & Mineral Development in 1989, serving in that capacity until 1998. Between 1998 and 2001, he served as Minister of Water, Lands & the Environment, after Trade & Industry was split off to form a separate ministry, he was appointed Third Deputy Prime Minister in 2002, serving in that capacity until 2005 when he was appointed Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Public Service. In the cabinet reshuffle of May 2009, that of 27 May 2011, he retained both his cabinet positions, being promoted to First Deputy Prime Minister in 2013. Kajura was a member of Uganda's Cabinet, continuously from 1989 until 2016. Kajura served as Member of Parliament for Bugahya County on behalf of the National Resistance Movement from 1989 until 2006 and for Hoima Municipality from 2011 to 2016, when he lost in the NRM primary to Lawrence Bategeka. In the eighth Parliament he served an ex-officio Member of Parliament, on account of his cabinet appointment.

In February 2017 Kajura was appointed as the Bunyoro Omukama’s advisor on palace affairs by Solomon Gafabusa Iguru. Parliament of Uganda Cabinet of Uganda Hoima District Website of the Parliament of Uganda Profile at

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi

Franciszek Ksawery Lampi known as Franz Xaver Lampi, was a Polish Romantic painter born in Austria of ethnic Italian background. He was associated with the aristocratic circle of the late Stanisław II Augustus, the last Polish king before the foreign partitions of Poland. Lampi settled in Warsaw around 1815 at the age of 33, established himself as the leading landscape and portrait artist in Congress Poland soon after Napoleon's defeat in Russia. Lampi was the son of renowned Italian historical painter Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder from Romeno known as Jan Chrzciciel Lampi in Poland, invited to Warsaw by King Stanisław II August in 1786 when Franz was 4 years old, he was born in Klagenfurt. He was the younger brother of Johann Baptist von Lampi a portrait painter in the Lampi family; when he was 15 years old, the Lampi family relocated to St. Petersburg in 1797 during the third and final partition of Poland, enticed by an generous offer from the Tsar. Estranged from his father, disinherited, Franciszek Lampi left St. Petersburg at the age of 32 after the Napoleonic Wars, settled in Warsaw a year in 1815.

The well-established reputation of his father in Poland as well as his own Polish childhood helped him blend into society. He exhibited at Warsaw Salons in 1828, 1838, 1841 and 1845. Lampi painted aristocratic portraits and specialized in the Romantic depictions of attractive women. What's more, he produced fantastic landscapes and seascapes inspired by the new intellectual forces of the Age of Enlightenment and the philosophical evolution of Romanticism in Poland, his art style was similar to the work of Italian Salvator Claude Joseph Vernet of France. He gave art classes in his studio, but traveled. In 1817–1819 he was teaching in Kraków. Among his most notable students were Piotr Michałowski. In 1823 he went to Lublin in 1830 to Vilna. After the November Uprising against the Russian Empire he spent a few years in Wrocław before returning to Warsaw in 1836. In 1840 he visited Dresden and Munich – known as Franz Xaver Ferdinand von Lampi in German. In 1850 Lampi returned to Warsaw where he died in 1852 at the age of 70, said to have been a possible victim of the cholera outbreak.

His work can be found at the National Museum of Poland and its branches including Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań as well as in the Mykolas Žilinskas Art Gallery. Media related to Franciszek Ksawery Lampi at Wikimedia Commons Representative works at Franciszek Ksawery Lampi. Biography, at


Turva is a Finnish offshore patrol vessel. Built in 2014 by STX Finland Rauma shipyard for the Finnish Border Guard, she is the largest vessel of the fleet as well as the first patrol vessel in Finland powered by liquefied natural gas. In the second supplemental budget of 2009, the Government of Finland reserved 57 million euro for the procurement of a new offshore patrol vessel for the Finnish Border Guard. In addition, a further 10.4 million euro was reserved for the design and development of the new vessel in 2009–2010. However, it was found out that the allocated funds would not be enough to purchase a vessel that would fulfill the requirements, so in the third supplemental budget of 2011 the funding was increased by 70 percent, bringing the price of the vessel to 97 million euro and making her the most expensive patrol vessel constructed in Finland; the development of the new offshore patrol vessel was carried out in close co-operation with the Finnish Environment Institute and STX Finland Rauma shipyard which presented the UVL10 concept to the public in October 2011.

As part of the design process, model tests were carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aker Arctic. On 21 December 2011, the Finnish Border Guard awarded the contract for the construction of the new offshore patrol vessel, which would provide over 400 man-years of work to the builder and had a domestic concent of about 90 percent, to STX Finland Rauma shipyard with the initial deliverey date set in November 2013; the shipyard had an option for a sister vessel, but no funding was secured for the second offshore patrol ship. The steel cutting ceremony, which marks the official start of production, was held in Rauma on 22 October 2012 and the keel of vessel, identified by its yard number as "newbuilding 1385", was laid on 25 February 2013. A naming contest was announced by the Finnish Border Guard. On 2 August 2013, the ship was launched and her sponsor, Minister of the Interior Päivi Räsänen, gave her the name Turva, Finnish for "protection" or "security"; the name was chosen out of 1,358 proposals and has been used for a 1977-built patrol vessel, sold to a private owner in 2007.

The construction of the new offshore patrol vessel was delayed and Turva began her first sea trials on 25 February 2014. About a month on 21 March, the vessel left for the second sea trials. Turva was completed and handed over to the Finnish Border Guard on 9 May 2014. However, her departure from Rauma was delayed due to damage to one of her tanks during commissioning. Turva replaced three smaller vessels: 2002-built Tavi and 2004-built Tiira; the old vessels were not strengthened for navigation in ice and their oil spill prevention and response capability was not deemed adequate for dealing with the increased traffic in the Gulf of Finland. On 16 September 2013, STX Finland decided to close the shipyard in June 2014 and for a while it looked like Turva would be the last new vessel built in Rauma where ships have been constructed for over 300 years. However, a new shipbuilding company, Rauma Marine Constructions, took over the shipyard in the summer of 2014. Turva is 95.9 metres long and 17.4 metres wide, making her the largest vessel commissioned by the Finnish Border Guard as well as longer than any existing or past vessel commissioned by the Finnish Navy.

Laden, she draws 5 metres of water. At design draught, the vessel has a deadweight tonnage of 660 tonnes while her maximum deadweight is around 1,800 tonnes, her complement will be 30. The main purposes of the new offshore patrol vessel are open sea patrol and ensuring border safety. Turva carries a rigid-hulled inflatable boat and a larger patrol boat, both stowed in covered recesses, that can be used to carry a vessel inspection teams to intercepted ships. While the vessel does not have a hangar, the forward helipad with folding "wings" is large enough for receiving and refueling a Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, the largest type of helicopter operated by the Finnish Border Guard, during search-and-rescue operations at sea. Turva is the first Finnish patrol vessel fitted with such capability. For surveillance, Turva has a Cassidian TRS-3D radar—the same used in the Hamina-class missile boats and Hämeenmaa-class minelayers of the Finnish Navy—and extensive command and control systems which allow the ship to direct large rescue operations both in the air and on the surface.

Although no details have been released, the vessel is fitted with underwater surveillance systems. Turva is equipped for rescue operations, emergency towing and demanding environmental duties, she can perform mechanical recovery of spilled oil with built-in recovery systems in open water, either by using conventional outriggers and booms in calm seas or a stiff steel boom and a special wave-dampening channel in heavy weather. The oil recovery system has been manufactured by the Finnish company Mobimar which has provided equipment for other Finnish patrol vessels. Furthermore, the vessel is fitted for but not with equipment capable of recovering oil in ice conditions; the internal storage tanks are dimensioned for 1,000 cubic metres of recovered oil and 200 cubic metres of recovered chemicals. The 350 square metres open aft deck is covered with Iroko. For diving support and oil recovery tasks, Turva carries a small workboat. Like all Finnish offshore patrol vessels, Turva can be armed and used for national defense purposes in a crisis.

However, during peacetime the vessels carry only small arms. The blue-and-w

Helianthus divaricatus

Helianthus divaricatus known as the rough sunflower, woodland sunflower, or rough woodland sunflower, is a North American species perennial herb in the composite family. It is native to central and eastern North America, from Ontario and Quebec in the north, south to Florida and Louisiana and west to Oklahoma and Iowa. Helanthus divaricatus occurs in dry open sites; the showy yellow flowers emerge in summer through early fall. The woodland sunflower is similar to Helianthus hirsutus, it is up to 1.5 m tall with short stalked, lanceolate to oval leaves, 1–8 cm wide with toothed margins. Its flowers have 8 to 15 rays, each 1.5 to 3 cm long, surrounding an orange or yellowish brown central disk. Media related to Helianthus divaricatus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Helianthus divaricatus at Wikispecies "Helianthus divaricatus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 30 August 2008. Distribution Map from Flora of North America Missouri Plants

John Sanderson (17th-century landowner)

John Sanderson was a landowner who held extensive property in Northamptonshire. John Sanderson was christened at Swineshead, Huntingdonshire on 8 February 1578/9, a son of Lawrence Sanderson, the rector of that parish, his wife Joan. Evidence suggests that his father was a close relative of John Sanderson, a noted academic who like Laurence had come from Lancashire and matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge in the early 1550s. John married Cecily, a daughter of William & Anne Gage and widow of Robert Tawyer of Stanwick, Northamptonshire, her father was living at Rushton when he made his will in 1616. It was proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury two years and included a bequest to his daughter Cecily of 20 marks “which John Sanderson her husband oweth mee for lambes”. William made bequests of £10 each to be paid at the age of 21 to John and Cecily’s children, Thomas and Robert and to Cecily’s son William Tawyer. John was described as a gentleman when the christening of his son Lawrence took place at Roxton, Bedfordshire in 1604.

He did not stay there for long afterwards, as on 28 January 1606/7 a certificate was issued by the commissioners for collecting tax in Northamptonshire confirming that John Saunderson had been living at Moulton for most of the previous year and so was responsible for paying tax there. In 1608-9, John and Cecily Sanderson sued Thomas Harrison and William Houghton in connection with water mills at Stanwick called “Stanwick Mills”; the dispute concerned an ancient custom of "suit and grist" to the mills by the inhabitants of Raunds, Irthlingborough and Caldecott. It related to windmills in Raunds and Irthlingborough; the Sandersons alleged. In May 1609, King James I granted Stanwick Manor to John Williams. By 1622, ownership had passed into the hands of John and Cecily Saunderson, John Coxe and William Tawyer, who at that stage conveyed it to Nicholas Atkins and his son John. William Tawyer was Cecily’s son by her first marriage and the same person as “William Tawyer and heir of Robert Tawyer of Stanwick, co.

Northampton”, admitted to Gray’s Inn on 20 October 1623. When “John Sanderson and heir of John Sanderson Esq.” was admitted to Grays Inn on 1 November 1619 he was recorded as “of Stanwick, co. Northampton” In 1621, Richard Pickes and Eleanor his wife and Henry Calthorpe and Dorothy his wife sold the advowson of Little Addington, Northamptonshire to John Sanderson, described as living in that parish. Six years John presented his son Laurence to the living, where he was vicar until deprived by authority of Parliament in 1646. In 1623, Thomas Shuckborough junior and Eleanor his wife granted the manor of Little Harrowden to John Sanderson. Nine years John Sanderson, his wife Cecily and John Sanderson junior conveyed the same manor to Edward Vaux, Lord Harrowden. By a deed dated 30 July 1629, John Sanderson, described as a gentleman of Moulton, purchased property that he was in occupation of, described as “all that scite of the manner or mansion of Moulton”, along with several named closes, 60 acres of land in the common fields of Moulton and other land.

The deed does not state the purchase price for this property, to be held direct from the King at an annual rent of £8.10s. The manor house stood to the north of the church on the site now occupied by Manor Farm, which John Bridges, a historian of the county, described in 1720 as “the new house, now called the Hall”. John’s daughter Susannah died on 12 January 1638 and was commemorated by a slab in the north of the chancel of Moulton church. On 15 May 1651, John Sanderson made his final will, it does not mention his wife Cecily, so she had certainly died by that stage. It is evident; the will was proved at the Court of Civil Commission on 13 June 1653