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Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi

Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi was an Italian mountaineer and explorer Infante of Spain as son of Amadeo I of Spain, member of the royal House of Savoy and cousin of the Italian King Victor Emmanuel III. He is known for his Arctic explorations and for his mountaineering expeditions to Mount Saint Elias and K2, he served as an Italian admiral during World War I. He was born in Madrid, Spain as the third oldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. Prince Luigi Amedeo was a grandson of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy, he was born during his father's brief reign as King Amadeo of Spain. His siblings are Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Prince Umberto. Shortly after his birth his father, who had reigned in Spain since 1870, abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873. Prince Luigi Amedeo was a member of the House of Savoy, well known in Europe since the 12th century, his uncle became King Umberto I of Italy in 1878, his cousin became King Vittorio Emanuele III in 1900.

The title Duke of the Abruzzi was created by King Umberto I in 1890 for Luigi Amedeo, a son of the abdicating King of Spain Amadeus and was given the title of Infante of Spain. His ducal title referred to the central Italian region of Abruzzo. From 1893 to 1896, Luigi Amedeo traveled around the world, including Eritrea an Italian possession, Vancouver. In September 1893, he traveled to Italian Somaliland to quell the unrest and stayed for a month to guard the port of Mogadishu, giving him his first contact with a land to which he would devote the last years of his life and in which he would choose to die, he had begun to train as a mountaineer in 1892 on Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa: in 1897 he made the first ascent of Mount Saint Elias. There the expedition searched for a mirage, known as the Silent City of Alaska, that natives and prospectors claimed to see over a glacier. C. W. Thornton, a member of the expedition, wrote: "It required no effort of the imagination to liken it to a city, but was so distinct that it required, faith to believe that it was not in reality a city."Another witness wrote in The New York Times: "We could plainly see houses, well-defined streets, trees.

Here and there rose tall spires over huge buildings which appeared to be ancient mosques or cathedrals." In 1898, Prince Luigi Amedeo organized an expedition towards the North Pole and consulted the famous polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen that had sailed the furthest north with the Colin Archer-built polar ship Fram in 1893–1896. In 1899 Amedeo acquired Jason, a steam whaler of 570 tons, he took her to Colin Archer's shipyard in Larvik, Norway. The interior was stripped out and beams and knees strengthened the ship. In spring 1899 he arrived in the Norwegian capital Christiania with ten companions and Stella Polare took the expedition through the frozen sea. On 12 June they headed for Archangel. On 30 June Stella Polare dropped anchor in the docks of Arkhangelsk and the duke was solemnly received by governor Engelhardt; the same day, Prince Luigi Amedeo was invited to meet the local authorities and the present foreign diplomats. On 7 July, a local newspaper wrote: The city theatre arranged an extraordinary spectacle in the presence of the Duke of the Abruzzi.

The drama The princess of Baghdad, consisting of three acts, was performed. Before the curtain was raised the orchestra had played the Italian royal anthem…Later the duke himself wrote about his stay in Arkhangelsk: "Our departure was set for July 12. Early in the morning the church was open to us and we, although being Catholic, were allowed to join the mass. In the afternoon all the dogs were brought back on board to their kennels. In the evening the Stella Polare was escorted by two steamers down the Dvina. I still remained on shore, as well as Doctor Cavalli, in order to spend the evening together with our Italian friends. Next evening we left Arkhangel’sk. During the whole journey we saw flags being hoisted to welcome us…" Twenty men took part in the expedition, among them Captain Umberto Cagni, Lieutenant F. Querini and Doctor A. Cavalli Molinelli, they planned to go to Franz Joseph Land, in the Arctic wilderness, to establish a camp in which to stay during wintertime and, afterwards, to reach the North Pole by dogsled across the frozen sea.

Prince Luigi Amedeo established the winter camp on Rudolf Island. The expedition was to start at the end of the Arctic night; the duke lost two fingers during winter because of the cold, which made it impossible for him to join the trip by sled. He left the command over the pole expedition to Captain Cagni. On 11 March 1900 Cagni left the camp and reached latitude 86° 34’ on 25 April, setting a new record by beating Nansen's result of 1895 by 35 to 40 kilometres. Cagni managed to return to the camp on 23 June. On 16 August Stella Polare left the expedition returned to Norway. During the expedition the northern coast of Rudolf Island and two other islands were explored and measured. In 1906, inspired by Henry Morton Stanley's last wishes, the Duke led an expedition to the Ruwenzori Range, in Uganda, he scaled sixteen summits including the six principal peaks. One of them, Mount Luigi di Savoia, bears his name; the highest peak was reached on 18 June 1906. The next great expedition, in 1909, aimed to climb K2 in Karakoram.

A team led by Prince Luigi Amedeo reached a height of 6,250 m on the ridge in 1909. The standard route up the mountain (formerly known as K2's

2002 Allan Cup

The 2002 Allan Cup was the Canadian national senior ice hockey championship for the 2001-02 Senior "AAA" season. The event was hosted by the Powell River Regals in British Columbia; the 2002 tournament marked the 94th year. Powell River Regals St-Georges Garaga Stony Plain Eagles Warroad Islanders Round Robin Stony Plain Eagles 5 - Warroad Islanders 2 St-Georges Garaga 2 - Powell River Regals 0 St-Georges Garaga 6 - Warroad Islanders 3 Powell River Regals 5 - Stony Plain Eagles 4 Stony Plain Eagles 5 - St-Georges Garaga 2 Powell River Regals 6 - Warroad Islanders 5 Semi-final St-Georges Garaga 4 - Powell River Regals 3 Final St-Georges Garaga 4 - Stony Plain Eagles 2 Allan Cup archives Allan Cup website

New Electronics

New Electronics is a British bi-weekly magazine dedicated to UK electronic engineering design. It was established in 1968 and is published by Findlay Media The magazine is available both in print and electronic format and is free for electronic design engineers. New Electronics reaches a circulation 16,387, audited annually by the ABC; the magazine covers a range of topics including news, technology features, product information and interviews with industry experts. The New Electronics magazine has a complementary website, created to provide engineers and managers with up-to-date information about the electronics industry. Much like the magazine it features news and technology articles, product information and interviews, but incorporates interactive elements such as videos and blogs; the New Electronics website houses an electronic engineering jobs site. New Electronics are organisers of the annual British Engineering Excellence Awards; the awards are in their third year and aim to promote the success of British companies competing on a global scale.

New Electronics Website

Screwy Squirrel

Screwball "Screwy" Squirrel is an animated cartoon character, an anthropomorphic squirrel created by Tex Avery for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He is considered the wackiest and outright most antagonistic of the screwball cartoon characters of the 1940s. Among the most outrageous cartoon characters created, Screwy can do anything to anyone: he pulls objects out of thin air, doubles himself, breaks the fourth wall, all the while uttering a characteristic cackling laugh; the character was not as successful as Avery's Droopy was at this time, Screwy appeared in only five cartoons: Screwball Squirrel, Happy-Go-Nutty, Big Heel-Watha, The Screwy Truant, Lonesome Lenny. The character was known for being brash and erratic, with few sympathetic personality characteristics such as Bugs Bunny's nobility or Daffy Duck's pathos. Most of his cartoons revolve around him inflicting various forms of torture on his enemy for seven minutes. In The Screwy Truant, Screwy hits a dog across the head with everything he can find in a trunk labeled "Assorted Swell Stuff to Hit Dog on Head".

When he finishes, the dog remarks, "Gee whiz! He hit me with everything but the kitchen sink!" Screwy responds with, "Well, don't want to disappoint you, chum," pulls out that item and bashes him over the head with it. The final cartoon in the series, Lonesome Lenny, ended with a joking reference to indicate that Screwy had been killed off by his antagonist, who had crushed him and commented: "You know, I had a little friend once, but he don't move no more." Meathead Dog makes a cameo appearance in the 1988 film. He is seen sniffing around at R. K. Maroon's Cartoon Studio in the film's beginning. Screwy is mockingly mentioned as one of Eddie Valiant's bar patrons by Angelo: "Who's your client, Mr. Detective of the Stars? Chilly Willy, or Screwy Squirrel?" Hanna-Barbera resurrected Screwy in new animation for the Droopy, Master Detective saturday morning cartoon on Fox Kids in 1993. These new cartoons featured the character's name as Screwball—never Screwy—and pitted him not against Meathead, but a pair of typical Hanna-Barbera authority figures, human park attendant Dweeble and his oafish dog Rumply.

"Screwball" himself wore a T-shirt and, much of the time, a Napoleon hat. On April Fools' Day 1997, Cartoon Network ran an edited version of the 1944 Screwy Squirrel cartoon Happy-Go-Nutty from 6 AM to 6 PM, as part of an April Fool's joke that the cartoon character had taken over the channel. In 2013, both Meathead and Screwy Squirrel make appearances as residents of "Fairy Land" in Tom and Jerry's Giant Adventure retaining most of their traits. Screwy Squirrel was voiced by Paul Reubens and Meathead is voiced by John DiMaggio. In 2019, Screwy Squirrel makes an appearance as a landlord of an apartment building called Screwy Arms Apartments, in the third season of The Tom and Jerry Show episode called "Double Dog Trouble", he makes various cameos in the series. Screwy is voiced by Sean Kenin. Wally Maher Charlie Adler Paul Reubens Sean Kenin Our Gang Comics #12–14 Tom & Jerry's Winter Carnival #1, #2 Tom & Jerry's Winter Fun #3, #6, #7, #8 Tom & Jerry's Summer Fun #1, #2 Tom and Jerry #213, #231, #232, #258 Golden Comics Digest #3, #5, #8, #18, #22, #25, #28, #41 Tex Avery's Wolf and Red various issues Tex Avery's Screwball Squirrel Tex Avery's Droopy various issues Comics and Stories various issues Some earlier comics style the character's name as "Skrewy Squirrel" or "Skrewy the Screwball Squirrel."

Additional titles, not listed here, include the character in one-page puzzle features. Screwball Squirrel is on the DVD of The Thin Man Goes Home Happy-Go-Nutty is on the DVD of Dragon Seed The Screwy Truant is on the DVD of The Clock Lonesome Lenny is on the DVD of Undercurrent Screwball Squirrel at the Big Cartoon DataBase. Screwy Squirrel at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017


Bomis was a dot-com company best known for supporting the creations of free-content online-encyclopedia projects Nupedia and Wikipedia. It was founded in 1996 by Tim Shell and Michael Davis. By 2007, the company was inactive with its Wikipedia-related resources transferred to the Wikimedia Foundation; the company tried a number of ideas for content, including being a directory of information about Chicago. The site subsequently focused on content geared to a male audience, including information on sporting activities and women. Bomis became successful after focusing on X-rated media. "Bomis Babes" was devoted to erotic images. Bomis Premium, available for an additional fee, provided explicit material. "The Babe Engine" helped. The advertising director for Bomis noted. Bomis created Nupedia as a free online encyclopedia but it had a tedious, slow review process. Wikipedia was launched by Bomis to provide content for Nupedia, was a for-profit venture through the end of 2002; as the costs of Wikipedia rose with its popularity, Bomis' revenues declined.

Since Wikipedia was a drain on Bomis' resources and philosophy graduate student Larry Sanger decided to fund the project as a nonprofit. Sanger was laid off from Bomis in 2002. Nupedia content was merged into Wikipedia, it ceased in 2003; the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation began in 2003 with a Board of Trustees composed of Bomis' three founders and was first headquartered in St. Petersburg, Bomis' location. Wales used about US$100,000 of revenue from Bomis to fund Wikipedia before the decision to shift the encyclopedia to non-profit status. Wales stepped down from his role as CEO of Bomis in 2004. Shell served as CEO of the company in 2005. Wales edited Wikipedia in 2005 to remove the characterizations of Bomis as providing softcore pornography, which attracted media attention; the Atlantic gave Bomis the nickname "Playboy of the Internet", the term caught on in other media outlets. Scholars have described Bomis as a provider of softcore pornography. Jimmy Wales left a study track at Indiana University as a PhD candidate to work in finance before completing his doctoral dissertation.

In 1994 Wales was hired by Michael Davis, CEO of finance company Chicago Options Associates, as a trader focusing on futures contracts and options. Wales was adept at determining future movements of foreign currencies and interest rates, he became acquainted with Tim Shell from email lists discussing philosophy. Wales wanted to participate in the online-based entrepreneurial ventures which were popular and successful during the mid-1990s, his experience impressed on him the importance of networking. Wales was interested in computer science, experimenting with source code on the Internet and improving his skill at computer programming. In his spare time after work at Chicago Options Associates, Wales constructed his own web browser. While at the firm, he noted the successful 1995 initial public offering of Netscape Communications. Wales co-founded Bomis in 1996, with business associates Tim Shell, his then-manager Michael Davis, as a for-profit corporation with joint ownership. Wales was its chief manager.

In 1998 he moved from Chicago to San Diego to work for Bomis, to St. Petersburg, Florida; the staff at Bomis was about five employees. Its 2000 staff included system administrator Jason Richey. In June 2000, Bomis was one of five network partners of Ask Jeeves; the majority of the revenue that came in to Bomis was generated through advertising. The most successful time for Bomis was during its venture as a member of the NBC web portal NBCi. Although Bomis is not an acronym, the name stemmed from "Bitter Old Men in Suits"; the site began as a web portal. It focused on male-oriented content, including information on sporting activities and women. Working from the Open Directory Project, Bomis created and maintained hundreds of webrings on topics related to lad culture. In 1999 the company introduced the Bomis Browser, its webring on Star Wars was considered a useful resource for information on Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace. Additional webrings included sections helping users find information on Casablanca, Hunter S. Thompson, Farrah Fawcett, Geri Halliwell of the Spice Girls and Snake Eyes.

"Bomis: The Buffy the Vampire Slayer Ring", devoted to Buffy the Vampire Slayer, organized over 50 sites related to the program. Sheila Jeffreys noted in her Beauty and Misogyny that in 2004 Bomis maintained "The Lipstick Fetish Ring", which helped users with a particular attraction to women in makeup. Bomis became successful after it focused on erotic media. Advertising generated revenue which enabled the company to fund other websites, the site published suggestive pictures of professional models. In addition to Bomis the company maintained nekkid.c

Digital Economy Act 2010

The Digital Economy Act 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The act addresses media policy issues related to digital media, including copyright infringement, Internet domain names, Channel 4 media content, local radio and video games. Introduced to Parliament by Lord Mandelson on 20 November 2009, it received Royal Assent on 8 April 2010, it came into force two months with some exceptions: several sections – 5, 6, 7, 15, 16and 30 to 32 – came into force whilst others required a statutory instrument before they would come into force. However some provisions have never come into force since the required statutory instruments were never passed by Parliament and considered to be "shelved" by 2014, other sections were repealed. Sections 3 to 16 contained copyright infringement provisions; these provisions established a "code" to be created which would define a system of procedures covering notifications to Internet Service Providers to notify their customers when an allegation was made of downloading copyright-infringing content online, subscriber appeals, conditions under which subscribers could be identified to third parties, conditions for disconnecting persistent infringers.

The objective was to provide evidence that copyright holders could use in court action against subscribers who infringed. A second element of the provisions comprises the ‘technical measures’, where a sanction would be applied directly via a subscriber's Internet provider. Under DEA Section 3 the allegations were to be transmitted to the Internet Service Providers by the copyright holders; the ISPs would be obliged to transmit notifications to their subscribers, informing them of the allegation. DEA Section 4 mandated the ISPs to keep a list of repeat offenders who had reached a pre-determined threshold in terms of the number of infringements committed, the data should be anonymous; the aim is that copyright holders could seek a court order to identify subscribers against whom they want to take action. The Act provided for this in the form of an Enabling Act, which required Ofcom to produce a draft Code that would be passed by Parliament and come into force as a Statutory Instrument. However, by 2013, when the draft code was produced, the political climate had changed and a substantial controversy existed over the practicalities of the proposed Code.

The draft code to create the Code was never passed into law or pursued after that date, was "shelved" by 2014. The Code had comprised the following components: Initial obligations codeThe act does not specify the implementation detail for the measures. Instead, provides for the implementation to be drafted by Ofcom, in an Initial Obligations Code. Section 5 and Section 6 establish the process for Ofcom to write the code. Section 7 establishes in a broad way what the code should contain, but leaves all the detail for Ofcom; the code must be approved by Parliament under the annulment procedure. The decision to use the code of practice instead of specifying the measures in full within the text of the act has itself formed part of the controversy surrounding the measures. For example, the act did not specify the standard of evidence required, it did not specify the threshold – number of infringements – for entry onto the copyright infringement list. On 28 May 2010 Ofcom published a draft initial obligations code for consultation.

In June 2012, it issued a second consultation document Obligations to limit Internet access After the Initial Obligations Code has been in force for one year, the act provides for a second set of measures to be brought in. The technical measures specified in the act Section 9 are the restriction or limitation of the speed of the broadband connection, restricting access to particular material online, suspension of the service; the most controversial of them however, was disconnection of the subscriber for a period of time. It would function as an alternative to taking people to court, in effect an extrajudicial process. Technical measures are to be brought in under another code, known as the code about obligations to limit Internet access Section 11 and Section 12; this Code would be subject to the super-affirmative procedure in the British Parliament. AppealsSection 13 of the act requires the provision of an independent appeals process, so that subscribers who wish to do so, may challenge a notification or a technical measure.

Ofcom is required to set up an appeals body. This body will be independent of copyright holders and ISPs. Cases will not be heard in person. If technical measures are implemented, there will be a right to appeal to a First Tier Tribunal. Obligations on ISPs and copyright holdersThe act amends the Communications Act 2003. In this context, it places obligations on the ISP to apply both of the codes, it gives Ofcom the responsibility of enforcing those obligations. Ofcom has the power to fine the ISPs up to £ 250,000. Section 14 The act provides for the cost allocation to be determined by a further statutory instrument. Section 15. To date, two draft statutory instruments have been laid before Parliament but neither has been passed into law; this section of the act has been repealed. Section 17 and 18 would have allowed copyright holders to apply to a court to obtain website blocking injunctions where "a substantial amount of material has been, is being or is to be made available in infringement of copyright", or where a location "facilitates" such behaviour.

In deciding whether to grant an injunction, the court would have been