Prince Sultan Air Base is a military air base located in the closed-city Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia. There was a large United States presence there during Operations Southern Watch, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom; the U. S. presence was predominantly that of multiple United States Air Force flying units, augmented by a United States Navy or United States Marine Corps Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler squadron, a Royal Air Force fighter squadron with Panavia Tornado F.3s and a French Air Force fighter squadron with Dassault Mirage 2000s, Mirage F1 CR plus a Boeing C-135RF Stratotanker air refueling aircraft. Following the attack on USAF facilities at Khobar Towers in Dharan in 1996, all USAF activities at that location were relocated to PSAB. Before 11 September 2001, per agreement with the Saudi Arabian government, all U. S. and Allied aircraft stationed at PSAB were to be of a "defensive" versus "offensive" nature. This was due to Arab sensitivities that non-Royal Saudi Air Force aircraft in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia should be perceived as being there for the defense of the Kingdom.
During Operation Southern Watch, this required aircraft carrying offensive strike ordnance for use against ground targets in Iraq to be stationed in Kuwait or aboard aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf. USAF, USN, USMC, RAF and French aircraft that were based at PSAB consisted of airborne early warning, air refueling, electronic warfare, suppression of enemy air defenses and air-to-air fighter aircraft, along with transient airlift aircraft. U. S. squadrons came under the operational control of the 4404th Wing, 363rd Air Expeditionary Wing at PSAB, with associated squadrons or detachments prior to 11 Sep 2001 rotated in and out from their home bases in Europe, the United States or the Pacific on a 90-day to 6-month basis. During Operation Southern Watch, in addition to Active Component aircraft, the USAF made extensive use of Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Command McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft and associated personnel on rotational assignments to PSAB.
The United States Navy, Navy Reserve and United States Marine Corps employed EA-6B aircraft from PSAB as well. In August and early September 1998, Joint Task Force Southwest Asia and its associated Coalition Air Operations Center were in the process of relocating from the Eskan Village complex in Riyadh to PSAB concurrent with construction of a more modern and expanded CAOC at PSAB; the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing accelerated this movement, so that subsequent command and control of all Coalition air operations for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom were executed from PSAB, before 11 September 2001. In mid-2003, all U. S. operations at PSAB began migrating to Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar. Between 2003 and 2005 Vickers VC10s from No. 101 Squadron RAF were based here in support of Operation Telic before moving to RAF Al Udeid. In October 2019, 2,000 U. S. troops joined 700 service members stationed at the air base, along with deploying B-1B bombers, F-22 Raptor stealth fighters and Patriot missile batteries.
The new troop buildup followed several attacks on oil tankers by Iran in the Gulf of Oman. The 378th Air Expeditionary Wing was activated at Prince Sultan on 17 December 2019, with the Air Force stating the wing's mission is to'provide strategic depth and increased defensive support while sustaining regional presence to promote peace through deterrence'. RSAF Wing 6:No. 18 Squadron RSAF with the Boeing E-3 Sentry Airborne Warning and Control System surveillance aircraft. No. 19 Squadron RSAF with the Beech Model 350 Super King Air and the Boeing RE-3A signals intelligence aircraft No. 23 Squadron RSAF with the Boeing KE-3A airborne refueller No. 24 Squadron RSAF with the Airbus A330-203 MRTT and the Airbus A330-243 MRTT No. 32 Squadron RSAF with the Lockheed KC-130H Hercules The air base resides at an elevation of 1,651 feet above mean sea level. It has two runways designated 17L/R/35L/R with an asphalt surface measuring 4,000 by 45 metres; the base uses hundreds of tents as semi-temporary housing, though there are plans to have the tents replaced with trailers and more permanent structures.
List of military installations in Saudi Arabia Prince Sultan Air Base at GlobalSecurity.org Prince Sultan Air Base at CNN Prince Sultan Air Base at AFCENT Prince Sultan Air Base at Defense Visual Information Distrobution hub
A Joint Economic Development District is an arrangement in Ohio where one or more municipalities and a township agree to work together to develop township land for commercial or industrial purposes. The benefit to the municipality is that they get a portion of the taxes levied in the JEDD without having to annex it; the benefits to the township are that it does not lose prime development land, it can still collect property taxes as well as a portion of the income tax collected, it receives water from the municipality, which it may not otherwise have. In 1993, the Ohio General Assembly passed legislation enabling local communities to create JEDDs. JEDDs began in Summit County. Akron had been annexing parts of neighboring townships; this hurt them economically. Mayor Don Plusquellic championed the idea of the JEDD as a way to expand the city's tax base without having to fight with its neighbors; this required new legislation from the state. Only Summit County was allowed to have JEDDs but on the idea was expanded to the rest of the state.
Akron formed JEDDs with Springfield and Copley townships. On, in conjunction with Fairlawn it formed a JEDD with Bath Township. Since other communities in Summit County and the rest of the state have formed JEDDs. To create a JEDD, the municipality and township work together to create a contract; this contract specifies details such as how taxes are levied and shared, annexation prohibitions, water rates. The communities vote on the agreement; the issue must pass in each community for the JEDD to be approved. In 2006, a JEDD was established between the City of Columbus and three jurisdictions in Pickaway County; the purpose was to make infrastructure available to aid in the business development that will come due to the construction of an intermodal facility by the Norfolk Southern Railway, the presence of the Rickenbacker Freight Air Hub, business development by the Columbus Regional Airport Authority on property they own, private industrial parks in the area. The JEDD provides for the provision of sanitary sewer, roadway and other infrastructure that will be necessary for new business location in the Rickenbacker area.
In the past 20 years 26,000,000 square feet of distribution space has been developed in the Rickenbacker area. The long-term projection for additional logistics development is in the area of $9 billion and 70,000 direct and indirect jobs. Other partners include the Greater Columbus Chamber of Commerce, CompeteColumbus, Franklin County, the Villages of South Bloomfield and Ashville. Other JEDDs include agreements between: Olmsted Township, Ohio. City of Dayton and Butler Township, effective January 1, 2007 City of Dayton and Miami Township, effective January 1, 2006 "to promote economic development around the Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport". City of Milford and Union Township to include a 1% income tax at the Ivy Pointe business park. City of Middletown and Liberty Township for "Economic expansion of 600 acres of commercial development on the Liberty Interchange in addition to increased visibility that will come to Cincinnati-Dayton Road and Hamilton-Mason." City of Mount Healthy and Springfield Township.
West Chester Township and the City of Fairfield, city of Springdale. Https://web.archive.org/web/20130513144951/http://www.westchesteroh.org/JEDD.cfm City of Kent and Brimfield Township City of Tallmadge and Brimfield Township Chapter 715, Ohio Revised Code Municipal Leader
Willem "Wil" Albeda was a Dutch politician of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party and of the Christian Democratic Appeal party and economist. Albeda attended a Gymnasium in Leeuwarden from May 1937 until March 1943. During the German occupation Albeda wanted to continued his study but in March 1943 the refused to sign a loyalty oath to the German occupation authority but to escape prosecution he was forced to enlist in the Arbeitslager in the German armored production industry in Oberhausen. Following the end of World War II Albeda served as a translator for the United States Army from March 1945 until May 1945. Albeda worked as a civil servant for the Fiscal Information and Investigation Service of the Ministry of Finance from May 1945 until June 1945 and for the Central Bank of the Netherlands from June 1945 until November 1945. Albeda applied at the Rotterdam School of Economics in April 1946 majoring in Economics obtaining an Bachelor of Economics degree in June 1947 before graduating with an Master of Economics degree on 8 December 1950.
Albeda worked as a researcher at the Netherlands Economic Institute from April 1948 until September 1951. Albeda worked a financial adviser for the National Christian Trade unions from September 1951 until January 1960. Albeda applied at the Free University Amsterdam in July 1952 for a postgraduate education in Development economics and got an doctorate as an Doctor of Philosophy in Development economics on 22 February 1957. Albeda worked as a researcher for Philips from January 1960 until November 1961. Albeda worked as a trade union leader for the National Christian Trade unions and served as General-Secretary from November 1961 until September 1966. Albeda worked as a professor of Development economics at the Rotterdam School of Economics from September 1966 until December 1977 and as a professor of Labour law at the Rotterdam School of Economics from January 1973 until December 1977 and as a professor of Labour law and Public administration at the Delft Institute of Technology from February 1973 until December 1977.
Albeda was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1960, taking office on 20 September 1966 serving as a frontbencher chairing the parliamentary committee for General Affairs and parliamentary committee for Economic Affairs and spokesperson for Economic Affairs, Social Affairs, Development Cooperation and Development aid. Albeda was selected as Parliamentary leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party in the Senate following the appointed of Gaius de Gaay Fortman as Minister of the Interior in the Cabinet Den Uyl, taking office on 11 May 1973. After the election of 1977 Albeda was appointed as Minister of Social Affairs in the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel, taking office on 19 December 1977. In April 1981 Albeda announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1981 but wanted tot return to the Senate. After the Senate election of 1981 Albeda returned as a Member of the Senate, taking office on 30 June 1981. Following the cabinet formation of 1981 Boersma was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Van Agt-Wiegel was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt II on 11 September 1981 and he continued to serve in the Senate as a frontbencher and spokesperson for Economic Affairs and Social Affairs and deputy spokesperson for Finances.
Albeda became a distinguished professor of Economics at the Utrecht University, serving from 1 November 1981 until 1 January 1985 and returned as a Member of the Social and Economic Council, serving from 1 December 1981 until 1 January 1985. In December 1984 Albeda was nominated as Director of the Scientific Council for Government Policy, serving from 1 January 1985 until 1 January 1990; the Rotterdam based Albeda College is named after him Dr. W. Albeda Parlement & Politiek Dr. W. Albeda Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal