click links in text for more info


Pripyat or Prypiat is a ghost city in northern Ukraine, near the Ukraine–Belarus border. Named after the nearby Pripyat River, the city was founded on February 4, 1970, as the ninth nuclear city in the Soviet Union, to serve the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, it was proclaimed a city in 1979 and had grown to a population of 49,360 by the time it was evacuated on the afternoon of April 27, 1986, the day after the Chernobyl disaster. Although Pripyat is located within the administrative district of Ivankiv Raion, the abandoned municipality now has the status of city of oblast significance within the larger Kiev Oblast and is administered directly from Kiev. Pripyat is supervised by Ukraine's Ministry of Emergencies, which manages activities for the entire Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Access to Pripyat, unlike cities of military importance, was not restricted before the disaster, as the Soviet Union deemed nuclear power stations safer than other types of power plants. Nuclear power stations were presented as achievements of Soviet engineering, harnessing nuclear power for peaceful projects.

The slogan "peaceful atom" was popular during those times. The original plan had been to build the plant only 25 km from Kiev, but the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, among other bodies, expressed concern that would be too close to the city; as a result, the power station and Pripyat were built at their current locations, about 100 km from Kiev. After the disaster, the city of Pripyat was evacuated in two days. In 1986, the city of Slavutych was constructed to replace Pripyat. After the city of Chernobyl, this was the second-largest city for accommodating power plant workers and scientists in the Commonwealth of Independent States. One notable landmark featured in photographs of the city and visible from aerial-imaging websites is the long-abandoned Ferris wheel located in the Pripyat amusement park, scheduled to have its official opening five days after the disaster, in time for May Day celebrations; the Azure Swimming Pool and Avanhard Stadium are two other popular tourist sites. The following statistics are from January 1, 1986.

Population: 49,400 before the disaster. The average age was about 26 years old. Total living space was 658,700 m2: 13,414 apartments in 160 apartment blocks, 18 halls of residence accommodating up to 7,621 single males or females, eight halls of residence for married or de facto couples. Education: 15 kindergartens and elementary schools for 4980 children, 5 secondary schools for 6786 students. Healthcare: One hospital that could accommodate up to 410 patients, three clinics. Trade: 25 stores and malls. 10 warehouses that could hold 4,430 tons of goods. Culture: Three facilities: a culture palace, the Palace of Culture Energetik. Sports: 10 gyms, 10 shooting galleries, three indoor swimming-pools, two stadiums. Recreation: One park, 35 playgrounds, 18,136 trees, 33,000 rose plants, 249,247 shrubs. Industry: Four factories with total annual turnover of 477,000,000 rubles. One nuclear power plant with four reactors. Transportation: Yanov railway station, 167 urban buses, plus the nuclear power plant car park with 400 spaces.

Telecommunication: 2,926 local phones managed by the Pripyat Phone Company, plus 1,950 phones owned by Chernobyl power station's administration, Jupiter plant, Department of Architecture and Urban Development. A natural concern is whether it is safe to visit the surroundings; the Zone of Alienation is considered safe to visit, several Ukrainian companies offer guided tours around the area. In most places within the city, the level of radiation does not exceed an equivalent dose of 1 μSv per hour; the climate of Pripyat is designated as Dfb on the Köppen Climate Classification System. The plot of the film A Good Day to Die Hard is set in Pripyat; the horror movie Chernobyl Diaries was inspired by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and takes place in Pripyat. The majority of the movie Land of Oblivion was shot on location in Pripyat. Pripyat is featured in the History Channel documentary Life After People; the drone manufacturer DJI produced Lost City of Chernobyl, a documentary film about the work of photographer and cinematographer Philip Grossman and his five-year project in Pripyat and the Zone of Exclusion.

Filmmaker Danny Cooke used a drone to capture shots of the abandoned amusement park, some residential shots of decaying walls, children's toys, gas masks, collected them in a 3-minute short film Postcards From Chernobyl, while making footage for the CBS News 60 Minutes episode "Chernobyl: The Catastrophe That Never Ended". With the help of drones, the film The Girl with All the Gifts shot in Pripyat its aerial views of a deserted London; the film Transformers: Dark of the Moon shows a brief mission to Pripyat wherein the Autobots are first attacked by Shockwave while searching for a piece of alien technology which, in universe, is explained as being the catalyst to the Chernobyl disaster. The documentary White Horse was filmed in Pripyat. A portion of the first-person shooter video game Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare takes place in Pripyat, both in the campaign, multiplayer, it appears in the game's "Fifty-thousan

Adebowale Adefuye

Adebowale Ibidapo Adefuye was a Nigerian historian and diplomat. Born in Ijebu-Igbo, Adefuye attended the University of Ibadan, first graduating in 1969, he obtained a Ph. D in history from the same institution in 1973. During his academic career, Adefuye was named a Fulbright Scholar and used the funds to do research at Columbia University, the University of North Florida, the University of Florida. Adefuye taught at the University of Lagos, heading the school's history department from 1985 to 1987, he was named the Ambassador to Jamaica in 1987, serving until 1991. During that period, Adefuye concurrently served as the ambassador to Belize and Haiti, he was the Deputy High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. Adefuye left that post to serve as the deputy director of the Commonwealth of Nations for fourteen years. After leaving the Commonwealth, he became an advisor to the Economic Community of West African States in 2008. President Goodluck Jonathan appointed Adefuye the ambassador to the United States in 2010.

During his tenure, Adefuye continually advocated for the United States to provide more military aid to Nigeria to counter the forces of Boko Haram. He was recalled in 2015 after Muhammadu Buhari was sworn in as president of Nigeria, he died in Washington, D. C. on August 27, 2015, of a heart attack

UTC Central Bedfordshire

UTC Central Bedfordshire was a University Technical College in Houghton Regis, England. The college opened in September 2012 and specialised in education for future engineers and games designers, it closed in August 2016. UTC Central Bedfordshire was housed at the Kingsland campus in Houghton Regis; the building used by the college had undergone a refurbishment to provide engineering and design facilities. UTC Central Bedfordshire specialised in games design and engineering. Students aged 13 to 16 studied GCSEs alongside technical qualifications which included practical learning, work related projects and opportunities for enterprise; the UTC's sixth form students had the option to specialise in engineering, games design or product design. These qualifications led on to apprenticeships or work placements; the UTC gave its students access to industry equipment and specialist facilities, enabled them to work with employers on real workplace projects. In 2014, Bedford College was appointed as sponsor of UTC Central Bedfordshire.

Bedford College has won the Beacon Award for its work with schools and has been judged by Ofsted to be ‘outstanding’ for pre-16 education in two consecutive inspections. The University of Bedfordshire was a sponsor; the UTC closed in August 2016 after failing to attract sufficient numbers of pupils. Staff transferred to Bedford College, students completed their courses elsewhere on the same site. "Official website". UTC Central Bedfordshire. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016

Duncan MacInnes

Duncan MacInnes was a Scottish Anglican bishop in the 20th century. MacInnes was educated at Edinburgh Theological College and ordained in 1927, he began his ordained ministry with a curacy at St Columba's Clydebank, after which he was curate in charge of Knightswood. He was a chaplain to the British Armed Forces during World War II and Dean of Argyll and The Isles. In 1953 he became the Bishop of Moray and Caithness, a post he held until his death in 1970; the eleven bells of Inverness Cathedral were restored as a memorial to Bishop Macinnes

Clare Christian

Clare Margaret Christian OBE CP is a Manx politician, President of Tynwald until 2016. She is a former member of the Legislative Council and former Health Minister in the Isle of Man Government. Christian is the daughter of Sir Charles Kerruish, President of Tynwald and Chairman of the Executive Council, her sister is the former Treasury Minister. She is a graduate of the University of London with a degree in Physics and Chemistry, worked as a research chemist for Cadbury Schweppes, she was the Island Guide Commissioner from 1991 to 1996. Christian became an MHK at her first attempt for the Ayre constituency in March 1980, but failed to be re-elected in 1986, she was, appointed an MLC in 1993 and was appointed Health Minister in 1996, overseeing the construction of the new Noble's Hospital. In 2011, she was elected to the position of President of Tynwald. Christian was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to the Isle of Man, she was appointed as Captain of the Parish of Maughold in early 2018.

Chairman of the Civil Service Commission, 1981–82 Minister of Health and Social Security, 1996–2004 Vice Chairman of Isle of Man Water and Sewerage Authority, 2009–11 President of Tynwald, 2011–16

Don Winslow of the Navy (comic strip)

Don Winslow of the Navy was an American comic strip created by Frank Victor Martinek and distributed by the Bell Syndicate from 1934 to 1955. The title character was a spy-chasing lieutenant commander in Naval intelligence; the comic strip led to a radio adventure serial that began in 1937, as well as film serials that began in 1942. Original comic book stories appeared in Fawcett Comics titles starting in 1943; the idea for Don Winslow was conceived by Lieutenant Commander Frank V. Martinek, USNR, himself a storied veteran of World War I Naval intelligence, after Admiral Wat T. Cluverius complained to him about the difficulties of recruiting in the Midwest. Ruminating on the challenge, Martinek decided that a comic strip that focused on Naval tradition and courage would educate and fascinate America’s youth, he had used the character Don Winslow in some novels he wrote, so he had the main concept readymade. Colonel Frank Knox Secretary of the Navy helped sell the idea to the Bell Syndicate. Martinek brought in Naval Lieutenant Leon Beroth as art director and Carl Hammond to handle layouts and research.

Martinek articulated this central principle: "Since Don Winslow of the Navy is approved by the Navy Department, I cannot allow him to do anything, contrary to the ideals, traditions or motives of the Navy."The strip debuted on March 5, 1934. A Sunday page was added on April 21, 1935. Martinek supervised the daily feature’s "general tone and direction", sending the typewritten continuity to Beroth every week for illustrations. From 1934 to 1952, Beroth was the leading artist on the feature. Ken Ernst, assisted or ghosted the art between 1940 and 1942. With Don leaving his fiancée behind in December 1941 to go fight the Japanese, the World War II period saw the height of Don Winslow's popularity; the Sunday page featured several topper strips during the course of the run: Bos'n Hal, Bos'n Hal's Notebook, Winslowgrams aka Don Winslow's Hero-Gram and Winslow's Crime Facts. The Bell-McClure Syndicate dropped the strip in 1953, it was picked up by General Features, where it was illustrated by John Jordan.

The strip came to a close on Saturday, July 30, 1955. Don's best pal throughout the run of the series was the somewhat chubby Red Pennington, his commanding officer for a time was Admiral Colby. Mercedes Colby, the Admiral's daughter, was Don's romantic interest for the first half of the narrative, from 1935 to 1946. Mercedes was a war nurse and in a rare instance of realism returned to the states in 1944 suffering from "war trauma." Jane Steele, a captain in the WAVES, was introduced in 1951, Don's sister Mary Winlsow was incorporated in 1952. Don's primary nemesis was The Scorpion, he opposed Don from the beginning of the comic strip behind the scenes and unseen for long periods of time, as the head of a global, extra-national organization of espionage and sabotage called Scorpia. Time in Tibet allowed him to develop a variety of abilities, including on at least two occasions having his spirit leave his body and permanently possess another new one, he had a daughter, Madame Mask, just as evil but not quite as persistent.

The Scorpion favored beautiful associates, including Lotus who reformed. Agents of Scorpia in the 1930s included the Crocodile, Dr. Thor, the Duchess. Efforts to create new menaces other than Scorpia were short-lived, but included Owl-Eyes, clandestine organizations such as The Panther's Claw and the Clenched Fist. Although created as a Navy recruitment and propaganda tool, the strip received high marks from Coulton Waugh for “excellent suspense, ingenious, spine-joggling situations.” Ron Goulart credits Don Winslow with "intrigue, beautiful women, villains with names like Dr. Centaur, the Dwarf, the Scorpion." Following up on the success of the comic strip, reprints of the feature in comic book form appeared from various publishers. Merwil, a small publisher, offered reprints in 1937. In 1938 Dell Comics began reprinting the newspaper strips in Crackajack Funnies alongside other established newspaper features; when that title ceased publication in 1942, Don Winslow reprints begin running in Popular Comics, again with other strip favorites of the era.

In addition, Dell had Don Winslow in two issues of their Four Color Comics, a series which spotlighted a different character with nearly every issue. Dell's 1938 one-shot, Famous Feature Stories, contained more Winslow. Fawcett Comics released the Don Winslow of the Navy comic book with original stories beginning in 1943; the cover of the first issue shows Captain Marvel introducing the character to the readers. This series lasted until 1948 was revived in 1951, for a total to 69 issues. Winslow was revived again for a final brief time starting in 1955 in reprints published by Charlton Comics. Don Winslow of the Navy Don Winslow of the Coast Guard Don Winslow of the Navy "Don Winslow of the Navy" by Mark Carlson-Ghost