Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves, thereby express themselves selectively. When something is private to a person, it means that something is inherently special or sensitive to them; the domain of privacy overlaps with security, which can include the concepts of appropriate use, as well as protection of information. Privacy may take the form of bodily integrity; the right not to be subjected to unsanctioned invasions of privacy by the government, corporations or individuals is part of many countries' privacy laws, in some cases, constitutions. In the business world, a person may volunteer personal details, including for advertising, in order to receive some sort of benefit. Public figures may be subject to rules on the public interest. Personal information, voluntarily shared but subsequently stolen or misused can lead to identity theft; the concept of universal individual privacy is a modern construct associated with Western culture and North American in particular, remained unknown in some cultures until recent times.
Most cultures, recognize the ability of individuals to withhold certain parts of their personal information from wider society, such as closing the door to one's home. In 1890 the United States jurists Samuel D. Warren and Louis Brandeis wrote The Right to Privacy, an article in which they argued for the "right to be let alone", using that phrase as a definition of privacy. There is extensive commentary over the meaning of being "let alone", among other ways, it has been interpreted to mean the right of a person to choose seclusion from the attention of others if they wish to do so, the right to be immune from scrutiny or being observed in private settings, such as one's own home. Although this early vague legal concept did not describe privacy in a way that made it easy to design broad legal protections of privacy, it strengthened the notion of privacy rights for individuals and began a legacy of discussion on those rights. Limited access refers to a person's ability to participate in society without having other individuals and organizations collect information about them.
Various theorists have imagined privacy as a system for limiting access to one's personal information. Edwin Lawrence Godkin wrote in the late 19th century that "nothing is better worthy of legal protection than private life, or, in other words, the right of every man to keep his affairs to himself, to decide for himself to what extent they shall be the subject of public observation and discussion." Adopting an approach similar to the one presented by Ruth Gavison Nine years earlier, Sissela Bok said that privacy is "the condition of being protected from unwanted access by others—either physical access, personal information, or attention." Control over one's personal information is the concept that "privacy is the claim of individuals, groups, or institutions to determine for themselves when, to what extent information about them is communicated to others." A person who has consensually formed an interpersonal relationship with another person is not considered "protected" by privacy rights with respect to the person they are in the relationship with.
Charles Fried said that "Privacy is not an absence of information about us in the minds of others. In the era of big data, control over information is under pressure. Alan Westin defined four states—or experiences—of privacy: solitude, intimacy and reserve. Solitude is a physical separation from others. Intimacy is a "close and frank relationship between two or more individuals" that results from the seclusion of a pair or small group of individuals. Anonymity is the "desire of individuals for times of'public privacy.'" Lastly, reserve is the "creation of a psychological barrier against unwanted intrusion". In addition to the psychological barrier of reserve, Kirsty Hughes identified three more kinds of privacy barriers: physical and normative. Physical barriers, such as walls and doors, prevent others from accessing and experiencing the individual. Behavioral barriers communicate to others—verbally, through language, or non-verbally, through personal space, body language, or clothing—that an individual does not want them to access or experience him or her.
Lastly, normative barriers, such as laws and social norms, restrain others from attempting to access or experience an individual. Privacy is sometimes defined as an option to have secrecy. Richard Posner said that privacy is the right of people to "conceal information about themselves that others might use to their disadvantage". In various legal contexts, when privacy is described as secrecy, a conclusion if privacy is secrecy rights to privacy do not apply for any information, publicly disclosed; when privacy-as-secrecy is discussed, it is imagined to be a selective kind of secrecy in which individuals keep some information secret and private while they choose to make other information public and not private. Privacy may be understood as a necessary precondition for the development and preservation of personhood. Jeffrey Reiman defined privacy in terms of a recognition of one's ownership of his or her physical and mental reality and a moral right to his or her self-determination. Through the "social ritual" of privacy, or the social practice of respecting an individual's privacy barriers, the social group
Ophiogomphus, the snaketails, is a genus of dragonfly in the family Gomphidae. The species have beautifully marked green club-shaped abdomens, more noticeable in the males; the genus contains the following species: Ophiogomphus acuminatus Carle, 1981 – acuminate snaketail Ophiogomphus anomalus Harvey, 1898 – extra-striped snaketail Ophiogomphus arizonicus Kennedy, 1917 – Arizona snaketail Ophiogomphus aspersus Morse, 1895 – brook snaketail Ophiogomphus australis Carle, 1992 – southern snaketail Ophiogomphus bellicosus Voronocovsky, 1909 Ophiogomphus bison Selys, 1873 – bison snaketail Ophiogomphus carolus Needham, 1897 – riffle snaketail Ophiogomphus caudoforcipus Yousuf & Yunus, 1977 Ophiogomphus cecilia – green snaketail, green gomphid Ophiogomphus cerastis Selys, 1854 Ophiogomphus colubrinus Selys, 1854 – boreal snaketail Ophiogomphus edmundo Needham, 1951 – Edmund's snaketail Ophiogomphus howei Bromley, 1924 – pygmy snaketail Ophiogomphus incurvatus Carle, 1982 – Appalachian snaketail Ophiogomphus mainensis Packard, 1863 – Maine snaketail Ophiogomphus morrisoni Selys, 1879 – Great Basin snaketail Ophiogomphus obscurus Bartenev, 1909 Ophiogomphus occidentis – Sinuous snaketail Ophiogomphus purepecha González & Villeda-Callejas, 2000 Ophiogomphus reductus Calvert, 1898 Ophiogomphus rupinsulensis – rusty snaketail Ophiogomphus severus Hagen, 1874 – pale snaketail Ophiogomphus sinicus Ophiogomphus smithi Tennessen & Vogt, 2004 – Sioux snaketail Ophiogomphus spinicornis Selys, 1878 Ophiogomphus susbehcha Vogt & Smith, 1993 – St. Croix snaketail Ophiogomphus westfalli Cook & Daigle, 1985 – Westfall's snaketail
Plasmodium odocoilei is a species of parasites, that causes malaria in white-tailed deer. This species was discovered in 1967 in Texas and formally named in 1980, it was rediscovered again in North America in 2016. This species is a member of the subgenus Vinckeia of the genus Plasmodium; the genus Plasmodium is most related to Polychromophilus. The relation between these genera is under debate at present and a revision of the taxonomy seems to be required. From this study it seems that Plasmodium odocoilei belongs to a clade, most related to Polychromophilus; this study was based on mitochondria and nuclear genes which makes it to have the correct topology. Molecular genetic studies have show that this species is at least two separate species that diverged between 2.3 million years ago to 6 million years ago. This species has large vacuoles in the erythroctic stages, it causes discolouration of the host erythrocyte. Anopheles punctipennis This species has been detected in while-tailed deer in the eastern United States.
The anime series television Bungo Stray Dogs centers on individuals who are gifted with supernatural powers and use them for different purposes including holding a business, solving mysteries, carrying out missions assigned by the mafia. The story follows the members of the "Armed Detective Agency" and their everyday lives, it is produced by Bones was written by Yōji Enokido. Nobuhiro Arai and Hiroshi Kanno served as the chief animation directors, while the former served as character designer along with Ryō Hirata. Taku Iwasaki composed the series' music. Kazuhiro Wakabayashi was the series' sound director at Glovision. Additionally, Yumiko Kondou was the art director, Yukari Goto was the anime's color designer, Tsuyoshi Kanbayashi was the director of photography, Shigeru Nishiyama was the editor. Granrodeo performed the anime's opening theme, titled "Trash Candy", Luck Life performed the anime's ending theme, titled "Namae wo Yobu yo"; the two seasons were released on DVD and Blu-ray between June 24, 2016 and August 4, 2017.
Funimation licensed the series for English release, with the first compilation being out on March 6, 2018The series was split into two halves: the first half, containing twelve episodes, premiered on 7 April 2016 and ended on 23 June 2016, being broadcast on Tokyo MX, Chiba TV, tvk, GBS, Mie TV, SUN, TVQ Kyushu, BS11. The second half containing twelve episodes, premiered on 6 October 2016 and ended on 22 December 2016; the series has been licensed for streaming by Crunchyroll. Screen Mode sung the opening theme titled "Reason Living" while Luck Life once again sung the ending theme titled "Kaze ga Fuku Machi". An original video animation was bundled with the 13th limited edition manga volume, released on 31 August 2017. On 21 July 2018, it has been announced; the cast and staff will reprise their roles from the previous two seasons. The third season premiered from 12 April 2019 and ended on 28 June 2019, broadcast on Tokyo MX, TVA, KBS, SUN, BS11, Wowow. Granrodeo performed the third seasons' opening theme "Setsuna no Ai," and Luck Life performed the third seasons' ending theme "Lily."The anime is licensed in North America by Crunchyroll and in the United Kingdom by Anime Limited
Fucked Up Friends is the first studio album by Tobacco. It was released through Anticon on October 14, 2008. Aesop Rock provided vocals on "Dirt". At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 73% based on 14 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Kevin O Donnell of Rolling Stone gave the album 3.5 stars out of 5, calling it "one of the year's best stoner-rock records." Meanwhile, Joe Colly of Pitchfork gave the album a 6.2 out of 10, saying, "as an album, Fucked Up Friends lacks focus and variety."Jeff Weiss of LA Weekly placed it at number 46 on the "50 Best Albums of the Year" list. Fucked Up Friends at Discogs
Jay King "Babe" Towne was a catcher in Major League Baseball. Towne began his professional baseball career in 1902. From 1903-1906, he played for Des Moines of the Class A Western League. In July 1906, Towne was batting.357. He played in 14 games and pinch-hit once in the 1906 World Series, which the White Sox won. Towne went back down to the minor leagues the following year. From 1909-1912, he played for the Western League's Sioux City Packers, managing the team in 1910 and 1911, he batted.333 in 73 games for the 1910 team, which he managed to 108 wins and the pennant. He ended his managing career in 1916 in the Central Association. Towne was born in Coon Rapids and died in Des Moines, Iowa. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Babe Towne at Find a Grave