Privatdozent or Privatdozentin, abbreviated PD, P. D. or Priv.-Doz. is an academic title conferred at some European universities in German-speaking countries, to someone who holds certain formal qualifications that denote an ability and permission to teach a designated subject at the highest level. To be granted the title Priv.-Doz. By the University the person has to fulfill the criteria set by the University which require excellence in research and further education. In its current usage, the title indicates that the holder has completed his habilitation and was therefore granted permission to teach and examine students independently without having a chair. A university faculty can confer the title to an academic who has a higher doctoral degree - in the form of a habilitation; the title, Privatdozent, as such does not imply a salaried appointment. At German universities, some title holders are appointed as Dozent on a fee basis, or as senior researchers through externally funded research projects.
Many title holders do not have remuneration agreements with their conferring institution, but depending on local regulations may be required to teach in order to maintain their status as a Privatdozent. In 2012 more than 5000 honorarium Privatdozenten worked at German universities without a salary. A Privatdozent ceases to hold the title if appointed at professorial level or if discontinuing lecturing at the faculty. In Germany, the title can be revoked if the holder does not lecture for more than two consecutive semesters; the title has its origins in German-speaking countries in Europe before 1800. It referred to a lecturer. In Prussia it started around 1810, became established around 1860. From 1900 until 1968, most university professors who were appointed were title holders, as they obtained a habilitation and held a teaching position. In Germany, since the end of the 1960s the requirement of a post-doctoral degree for a professorship has been questioned and in some cases became not always necessary.
Since 2002, junior professorships provide a route to a professorship without habilitation. This has led to a decline in universities conferring the title Privatdozent in certain academic disciplines
State Road 81 is a state highway linking State Road 20 at Bruce with Alabama State Route 87. State Road 81 begins at a wye along State Road 20 in Bruce, in rural Walton County, The road curves more toward the east through Dismal Swamp and the turn back to the northeast where it runs along the west coast of Buzzards Roost Swamp before crossing a bridge over Seven Runs River, it curves to the west before approaching Mossy Bend Road, an old section of the road and enters Redbay where it curves back toward the north around the termini of two local streets. After this, the road turns from northeast to straight north before descending towards a valley named Hunter Branch ascends from that area to pass by Redbay Cemetery, it curves around some ponds as it approaches a pair of bridges over Big Branch Creek and Bruce Creek, followed by a blinker-light intersection with the southeastern terminus of CR 183, turns straight north long before approaching the southwestern terminus of CR 181 a bi-county road in Walton and Holmes Counties, that leads to Ponce de Leon Springs State Park.
North of there, it runs under a moderately sized power line right-of-way, after the intersection of C. B. Whitehead Road curves to the northeast; the road crosses the Walton-Holmes County Line on the south side of the intersections of Hogan Drive and L. D. Anderson enters the Town of Ponce de Leon on the north side. Despite entering the town limits, the surroundings are still rural as it becomes a divided highway as it approaches Interstate 10 at Exit 96, which contains a rest area on the southeast corner of that interchange, accessible from SR 81 rather than I-10 itself. North of I-10, the road is named Samson Highway. After the divider ends, the road takes a slight curve to the right that ends at a bridge over Mill Creek enters "downtown" Ponce de Leon where it meets an at-grade crossing with the CSX P&A Subdivision. After that crossing and the intersections with Maple Loop and Skelton Street, the road curves to the right again over another bridge over Sandy Creek turns straight north again.
At US 90 SR 81 intersects at an angle, but north of there it has a connecting spur to and from US 90 on the northeast corner, the by-product of a former wye. State Road 81 takes a northwest curve at that connecting road, but after leaving the town limits, the road returns to a straight north trajectory. 0.9 miles north of the intersections with Sandy Creek Road and White Road, the route curves to the northeast entering Prosperity where it intersects CR 181 reuniting with the route it encountered south of the Walton-Holmes County Line. Northwest of this intersection, CR 181 will enter Leonia, cross back into Walton County before reaching Darlington. Meanwhile, SR 81 curves from northeast to northwest before the intersection with Bradley Road, it maintains this trajectory as it enters the community of Hobbs Crossroads where it meets the western terminus of CR 160, approaches what would seem to be the western terminus of State Road 2. Instead, SR 2 follows SR 81 in an obvious concurrency, which takes a sharper northwestern curve as it approaches the intersection of CR 185, a bi-county road spanning from Glendale in Walton County, Alabama State Route 27.
SR 81 continues northwest through some farmland that's interrupted by a culvert over Hurricane Creek rises to approach an intersection with two dirt roads, one of, named after the aforementioned creek. 0.4 miles after that intersection, it turns straight north again before the concurrency with SR 2 ends at the blinker-light intersection of CR 2 and CR 2A in Royal Crossroads, stays at this trajectory permanently. The road takes one last dip into some low-lying forestland before emerging at some sparse farmland, which includes a small fruit and vegetable store on the southbound side; this farmland ends as State Road 81 approaches a wooded embankment along the east bank of Camp Creek before it ends at the Florida-Alabama state line, becoming Alabama State Route 87 in Geneva County, Alabama. Florida Route Log
Armour's Warehouse known as the Seneca Grain Elevator or the Hogan's North Elevator, is a historic grain elevator located in the village of Seneca, United States. The elevator and two surrounding outbuildings were listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1997; the grain elevator, known as Armour's Warehouse, was constructed in 1861–62 on the north bank of the Illinois-Michigan Canal in Seneca, Illinois. It was built by John Armour and remained in the Armour family for a short time before passing through different owners. Though not the first grain elevator in Seneca, it is the only historic grain elevator still standing in the village; the Seneca Grain Elevator consists of a 65-foot grain elevator or "elevating warehouse" which rises four stories above its basement. The 40-foot by 80-foot structure overlooks downtown Seneca. Between 1924–39 corrugated metal siding was added to the building as a fire prevention measure. In total there are five separate buildings, including the grain elevator, on the site of Armour's Warehouse.
An 1883 spur of railroad track remains on the north side of the elevator. On the property are an office with an attached scale house dating from 1892, two seed warehouses. One seed warehouse dates from after 1947; the Seneca Grain Elevator is the oldest remaining grain elevator along the banks of the Illinois-Michigan Canal, a U. S. National Historic Landmark District, it is significant in a local context commercially and in attracting the railroad to Seneca. On a broader level, it illustrates the economic importance of the Illinois-Michigan Canal for transporting grain products. Armour's Warehouse was added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places on November 7, 1997. Included in the listing as contributing properties were the 1892 office building and attached scale house, the older of the two seed warehouses. Armour's Warehouse, Property Information Report, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency Historic American Engineering Record No. IL-25, "Armour's Warehouse"
The Black sicklebill is a large member of the Paradisaeidae family, better known as the birds of paradise. This species is found throughout most of central New Guinea and the Vogelkop region to the northwest in montane forests at altitudes from 1800 to 2150 m; the species' scientific name is Epimachus fastosus. Epimachus, its generic name, means "equipped for battle", referring to this genus' machine gun-sounding calls, its specific name, means "proud". For its subspecies, atratus means "black", ultimus means "final", stresemanni honors the German naturalist, Erwin Stresemann; as being the second longest bird of paradise species, the black sicklebill measures about 110 cm in length if the tail is included, around 24 inches without the tail. The female is around 21 inches in length; the black sicklebill is a bizarre species of bird of paradise. The male has a black head with a long, silver downcurved bill, a bright yellow mouth, scarlet-red eyes which are surrounded by iridescent scaly feathers of blue-greenish color that cover most of the front of the face.
The rest of the head, including the neck, is jet black. The back is jet black, but is covered with iridescent scale-like feathers with metallic blue color, but can be concluded as greenish-blue in some lights, his wings are black with a less conspicuous bluish iridescence. The exaggerated tail is jet black with a more visible blue iridescence, more notable at the center. On its underside, he has soft silky brownish-black plumage that ends in elongated flank plumes that extend past the tail, but these plumes are more pronounced in the Brown sicklebill. Hidden when perched, the males' most splendid ornaments are two glorious pectoral fans on each side of the breast; these large feathers are entirely black, but an outstanding feature is that each feather is intricately tipped iridescent blue-greenish. These fans are used in their courtship displays when they bring them up over their head to form an overall comet shape edged with a stroking narrow, blue line; the female, however, is generically unimpressive.
She is an olive-light brown above with more of an orange-brown crown. She is creamy on the belly, covered with black barring, she still has a long tail, but not nearly as long as her male counterpart. She differs from the female brown sicklebill by her brown eyes vs. the white eyes of the latter species. The tail is a dull olive. Both sexes have grey-blackish feet. Long-tailed Sicklebills have un-birdly calls; the male of this species produces a powerful, far-carrying, bubbling "kwit-it kwit-it", a characteristic sound in its range. The true unusual call is found in the brown sicklebill. Listen to call here. In the wild, the bird has hybridised with the Arfak astrapia to create offspring that were once considered two distinct species, the Elliot's sicklebill and the Astrapian sicklebill. Both species are viewed by most mainstream ornithologists as hybrids, but a minority of ornithologists believe ellioti may be a valid species. There have been records of hybrids with the Long-tailed paradigalla, Superb Bird-of-paradise and the Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-paradise.
Black sicklebills, like many of their relatives, are omnivorous, feeding on fruits and other animal prey. Unlike most frugivorous cousins, it tends to feed on both items at an equal proportion, it feeds solitarily, but mixed foraging flocks aren't abnormal. Male black sicklebills display anywhere from September to February to April. Like nearly all members in Paradisaeidae, they are polygnous, mating with several females in a single season; the male choses a upstanding branch for his display. He may practice for days on end; when a female lands on his pole, he fluffs up his pectoral fans to make a comet shape and bending horizontally. After his intro, he rises upward and perpendicular to the ground and rubs the rachides of his flight feathers together to make woodpecker-like beating sounds, all while orbiting around the female's inquisitive face. Once she's been impressed, the two birds copulate; the female tend to all parental duties. However, as custom with the family little is known about the actual breeding process of this species.
The Black sicklebill has been classified as Promerops fastuosus, was first thought to be a species of sugarbird upon discovery. The "Long-tailed" Sicklebills are not to the "Short-tailed" birds of the same name in the family. Of course, its closest relative is the Brown sicklebill; the black sicklebill has three subspecies: Epimachus fastosus atratus- the disputed subspecies stresemanni is synonymized with atratus. Epimachus fastosus fastosus Epimachus fastosus ultimus With a population estimated around 2,000-10,000 individual birds, the habitat Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, hunting in some areas for food and its tail feathers, the black sicklebill is declining in a relevant portion of it distribution, it is classified as Least Concer
The following list is a discography of production by Matt Martians, an American record producer. It includes a list of songs produced and co-produced by year, artist and title. 01. "Spend The Night / If You Were My Girlfrend" 02. "What Love Is" 03. "Where Are Yo Friends?" 04. "Baby Girl" 05. "Southern Isolation" 06. "Found Me Some Acid Tonight" 07. "Alotta Women / Useless" 08. "Down" 10. "Callin' On Me" 11. "Diamond in da Ruff" 12. "Elevators" 04. "Off My Feet/Westside Rider Anthem" 05. "Pony Fly" 06. "Southern Isolation 2" 07. "Look Like" Notes "Diamond in da Ruff" contains hidden track "Feelin" 01. "Violet Nude Women" 02. "They Say / Shangrila" 03. "She DGAF" 04. "Cunt" 05. "Cocaine / Tevie" 06. "Ode to a Dream" 07. "Gurl" 09. "Lincoln" 11. "She Knows" 13. "Visions" 14. "The Garden" 05. "Pupil / The Patience" 06. "Red Balloon" 09. "Matt's Apartment" 13. "Higher Times" 01. "Get Away" 02. "Gabby" 03. "Under Control" 04. "Go With It 06. "For the World 08. "Special Affair" 09. "Something's Missing" 11. "Penthouse Cloud" 01. "Come Together" 03.
"Come Over" 05. "Stay the Night" 06. "Bravo" 07. "Mood" 08. "Next Time/Humble Pie" 09. "It Gets Better" 11. "Wanna Be" 12. "Beat Goes On" 13. "Hold On" 03. "Laxin'" 05. "Bubble Gum" 09. "Money Talk" 10. "Our Story" 01. "Welcome Aboard Voyager" 02. "Can I Hold Your Hand?!" 03. "Friday" 04. "But She Not My Lover" 05. "Don't Tell the Mermaids" 06. "Rapido Eye Movement" 07. "Revenge of the Ranger Wranglers" 08. "The Knight Hawk" 09. "Hercules Cup" 10. "Orange Juice Simpson" 11. "Strobe Light 12. "My Good Girl" 13. "They Dove Through the Ice Into the Unfathomable Depths of the Abyss" 14. "Submarine" 15. "Lisa, Where Have You Been?" 16. "EUROPA" 01. "Green Stars" 02. "5th Echelon" 03. "Pack Up" 04. "Love In The Purple Forest" 05. "Dust Off" 06. "Thump Thump" 07. "The Fallen Angels" 08. "Sunburst" 09. "LunchBox" 10. "Wonderland" 13. "The Finer Things" 14. "Protozoa" 15. "Burfday" 16. "Sleep!" 17. "Welcome Home Son" 18. "A Happy Ending" 19. "Her Secrets" 04. "Welcome Home Son" 09. "But She's Not My Lover" 04. "Ya Know" 01. "Warping Walls" 02. "Special K" 03.
"Desert N' The Dark" 04. "ON!" 05. "Juney Jones" 06. "Panic On Pluto" 07. "Not So Scary" 08. "Love In Water" 09. "Lily Pads" 10. "A Place Where Lovers Go" 11. "Machines Machines" 12. "One Take" 13. "SuperFINE" 14. "Mushy" 15. "The Door's Door" 16. "Asia" 17. "Squares" 18. "Wonderful World" 19. "Naked" 20. "Airport" 21. "Telephones" 01. "Summer is Ending" 02. "The Long Way Home" 03. "Escape City" 04. "The Jaunt" 05. "Friday Night/the World's Ending" 06. "Wool Glasses" 07. "Ain't a Party" 08. "Buzzin'" 09. "Chance" 10. "1 A. M" 11. "LocoMotive" 12. "Dis Far Witcha'" 13. "Fly Like Me" 14. "What Reality?" 15. "Come on Wit Me Gurl" 01. "I Want Eargasms" 02. "Radio Love" 03. "The Last Martians" 05. "Searching For" 06. "Bad Day" 07. "We Were" 08. "Where Is Home" 09. "Sign Off" "Horn"
Irene Romona Obera is an American track and field athlete, specializing in sprinting events. Over an extended career, she has set numerous world records and has won numerous world championships, she is a member of the W70 world record holding 4x100 metres relay team. She holds the current American record in the W60 and W75 100 metres and the W75 200 metres. Obera found her way into the sport late. In the amateur era, most athletes retired about the end of college when the life requirements to make money overrode the time commitment to become a great athlete. Obera attended Chico State College, playing field hockey and basketball, she graduated with a teaching credential in 1957. After graduation "I was at softball practice when a teammate told me she was a track champion,” she recalls. “I thought to myself, ‘If she is a champion, I know I can be one, too.’ You might say I was a bit cocky.” Obera ran in her first meet in 1958 and made the national championships in 1959 running against the likes of Wilma Rudolph.
She ran in the 1960 and 1968 Olympic Trials, the latter just a couple of months before her 35th birthday, running the 100 metres in 12.1 in the semifinals She was featured in Sports Illustrated's "Faces in the Crowd" in the June 18, 1962, issue. Obera made her career from 1958 to 1994 as an educator for the Berkeley Unified School District becoming Berkeley’s first female continuation school principal. During her time in the district, Berkeley High School won the state State girls team title in 1974, 1976 and 1981-3, the boys title in 1980-1, she was a pioneer in Masters athletics. In 1974, she suffered a bout of Sarcoidosis, she heard about the first world Masters championships due to be held in Toronto, Canada in 1975. She used. To her surprise, she didn't win there, it motivated her to return. It wasn't until she reached the 45 age group that world championship wins and records became commonplace; as she passed through each age division W45 to W70, she set the world record in the 200 metres. She performed the same feat W50 to W65 at 100 meters.
And W50 through W60 at 400 metres. On January 18, 2014 she became the oldest woman to break 40 seconds for the 200 metres, running 38.10 in an all comers track meet at the University of California, Berkeley. After setting three world indoor records in the 60m, 200m and 400m, Obera was named USATF "Athlete of the Week" March 19, 2014. In the same meet, she bested Mary Bowermaster's American record in a new event for her, the Shot Put, but Obera's new record was bested in the same competition by Gloria Krug. USATF selected Obera ahead of a new M70 weight throw world record by Ed Burke, a new American 15K road racing record by Shalane Flanagan, Phyllis Francis beating Francena McCorory's American indoor record in the 400 meters and Kendell Williams setting an indoor World Junior record in the pentathlon during the same competitive week, she received the honor again on March 25, 2015. On July 12, 2014, at San Francisco Track and Field Club's Pride Track & Field Meet in Hayward, Obera, W80, broke two world records in 80m hurdles and 200m hurdles.
These marks were her seventh world marks this year. In 2019, she made her third appearance in Sports Illustrated's "Faces in the Crowd," the first was in 1962. In 1996, Obera was elected into the inaugural class of the USATF Masters Hall of Fame