The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students for painters and sculptors, established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state; the prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by the Minister of Culture; the Prix de Rome was created for painters and sculptors in 1663 in France, during the reign of Louis XIV. It was an annual bursary for promising artists having proved their talents by completing a difficult elimination contest. To succeed, a student had to create a sketch on an assigned topic while isolated in a closed booth with no reference material to draw on; the prize, organised by the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, was open to their students. From 1666, the award winner could win a stay of three to five years at the Palazzo Mancini in Rome at the expense of the King of France.
In 1720, the Académie Royale d’Architecture began a prize in architecture. Six painters, four sculptors, two architects would be sent to the French Academy in Rome founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert from 1666. Expanded after 140 years into five categories, the contest started in 1663 as two categories: painting and sculpture. Architecture was added in 1720. In 1803, music was added, after 1804 there was a prix for engraving as well; the primary winner took the "First Grand Prize", the "Second Prizes" were awarded to the runners-up. In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte moved the French Academy in Rome to the Villa Medici, with the intention of preserving an institution once threatened by the French Revolution. At first, the villa and its gardens were in a sad state, they had to be renovated in order to house the winners of the Prix de Rome. In this way, he hoped to retain for young French artists the opportunity to see and copy the masterpieces of antiquity and the Renaissance. Jacques-Louis David, having failed to win the prize three years in a row, considered suicide.
Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Ernest Chausson, Maurice Ravel attempted the Prix de Rome but did not gain recognition. Ravel tried a total of five times to win the prize, the last failed attempt in 1905 was so controversial that it led to a complete reorganization of the administration at the Paris Conservatory. During World War II, the prize winners were accommodated in the Villa Paradiso in Nice; the Prix de Rome was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, Minister of Culture at the time. Since a number of contests have been created, the academies, together with the Institut de France, were merged by the State and the Minister of Culture. Selected residents now have an opportunity for study during an 18-month stay at The Academy of France in Rome, accommodated in the Villa Medici; the heyday of the Prix de Rome was during early nineteenth centuries. It was imitated by the Prix Abd-el-Tif and the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers, 1907–1961, Prix d'Indochine including a bursary to visit the École des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine in Hanoi, 1920–1939, bursary for residence at the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid, 1929–present.
The Prix de Rome for Architecture was created in 1720. The engraving prize was created in 1804. List of all the winners of the Prix de Rome for musical composiiton A Prix de Rome was established in the Kingdom of Holland by Lodewijk Napoleon to award young artists and architects. During the years 1807 -- 1810 prize winners were sent to onwards to Rome for study. In 1817, after the Netherlands had gained its independence, King Willem I restarted the prize. Suspended in 1851 it was reinstated in 1870 by William III of the Netherlands. Since the winners have been selected by the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the main headings of architecture and the visual arts; the Belgian Prix de Rome is an award for young artists, created in 1832, following the example of the original French Prix de Rome. The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp organised the prize until 1920, when the national government took over; the first prize is sometimes called the Grand Prix de Rome. There were distinct categories for architecture, painting and music.
Académie de France Rome American Academy in Rome American School of Classical Studies at Athens American Schools of Oriental Research British School at Rome Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Rom Rome Prize List of European art awards The Prix de Rome Contests in Painting The Prix de Rome winners in Sculpture — Complete Prix de Rome winners
The Midlands is the central part of England. A cultural area located between Northern and Southern England, it was important in the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, its largest city is Birmingham. While geographical definitions of the Midlands vary, the area broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia and to two of the official regions of England, the West Midlands and East Midlands. Although there is no precise definition, the Midlands, if defined as being made up of the regions of East Midlands and West Midlands, includes the counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Rutland, Staffordshire, Warwickshire and the West Midlands metropolitan boroughs. If not following the official regional boundaries, the Midlands may include Peterborough and Banbury and Sheffield, the aforementioned boroughs of Lincolnshire. Additionally, there is an informal region known as the South Midlands, considered to include the southern parts of the East Midlands and the counties of Bedfordshire and Oxfordshire in Southern England while some definitions and perceptions of the Midlands may include East Anglia.
Conversely, although the northern parts of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire are part of the Midlands, they are considered to be in Northern England, with northern Derbyshire lying close to the cities of Sheffield and Manchester and northern Nottinghamshire lying close to Sheffield. However, they are included in the North Midlands informal region which includes Lincolnshire and Staffordshire, along with Cheshire and South Yorkshire in Northern England to a lesser degree. With more restricted boundaries than the area traditionally known as the Midlands, two Regions of England together represent the latter: West Midlands and East Midlands; these are constituencies of the European Parliament and NUTS 1 statistical regions. The West Midlands comprises: the metropolitan county of West Midlands the non-metropolitan counties of Staffordshire and Worcestershire the unitary authorities of Herefordshire, Stoke-on-Trent and Telford and WrekinThe East Midlands comprises: the non-metropolitan counties of Derbyshire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire the unitary authorities of Derby, Leicester and RutlandThe unitary authorities of North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire, while classed as part of the ceremonial county of Lincolnshire come under the Yorkshire and the Humber region and are therefore not in the recognised East Midlands region.
The two regions have a combined population of 10,350,697, an area of 11,053 sq mi. The largest Midlands conurbation, which includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, is covered by the metropolitan county of the West Midlands. Various parts of the Midlands Warwickshire and Leicestershire, are on occasion referred to as the Heart of England in tourist literature given that the geographic centre of England is considered to lie within this arc. Different areas of the Midlands have their own distinctive character, giving rise to many local history and industrial heritage groups. Nottingham played a notable part in the English Civil War, commemorated in a number of place names. Areas such as Derbyshire's Amber Valley and Erewash combine attractive countryside with industrial heritage and are home to historic canals and sites associated with the mining industry; the Black Country, broadly the boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell and Walsall, played an important part in the Industrial Revolution. The Midlands is predominantly low-lying and flat, although isolated hills such as Turners Hill, within the Black Country conurbation have extensive views.
Upland areas lie in the west and north of the region with the Shropshire Hills to the west, close to the Welsh border, the Peak District area of the southern Pennines in the north of the region. The Shropshire Hills reach a height of 540 m at Brown Clee Hill and includes the Long Mynd, Clee Hills and Stiperstones ridge. Wenlock Edge, running through the middle of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is a long, low ridge, which extends for over 15 miles; the Peak District reaches heights of between 300 600 m. Further south, the Welsh border reaches over 700 m high, at Black Mountain, which at 703 m is thus the highest point in Herefordshire; the Malverns are formed of some of the oldest rock in England and extend for some 13 km through two West Midlands counties as well as northern Gloucestershire in the southwest. The highest point of the hills is the Worcestershire Beacon at 425 m above sea level; the Cotswolds – designated an AONB in 1966. – extend for over 90 miles
St Katherine's School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form located in the English county of Somerset. Known to be located in Pill, the school is located in the neighbouring civil parish of Abbots Leigh; the house system is based on the names of people who have contributed to their community and share similar values to the school. As a community school, St Katherine's is administered by North Somerset Council. From 2018, it is now an Academy school; the school offers GCSEs, Cambridge Nationals and Level 2 BTECs as programmes of study for pupils, while students in the sixth form have the option to study from a range of A-levels, Cambridge Technicals and Level 3 BTECs. Executive Headteacher: Mrs Karuna Duzniak Head of Lower Academy: Mr Justin Humphreys Head of Upper Academy: Mr Jamie Williams Head of Post 16: Mr Steve Coleburne Associate Headteacher & Head of PE: Mr D Cook, Associate Headteacher & Head of English: Mrs J Jefferson, Transition Manager Year 7: Mrs J Ball, Head of Stephenson House: Mr A Thomas, Head of Pankhurst House: Mr I Murdoch, Head of Turing House: Mrs H Price, Head of Yousafzai House: Ms E Andrews, Head of Sixthform: Mr S Colebourne, Deputy Head of Sixthform: Mr T Hodgson St Katherine's School official website