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Proclamation Day

Proclamation Day is the name of official or unofficial holidays or other anniversaries which commemorate or mark an important proclamation. In some cases it may be the day of, or the anniversary of, the proclamation of a monarch's accession to the throne. A proclamation day may celebrate the independence of a country, the end of a war, or the ratification of an important treaty. Proclamation Day in South Australia celebrates the establishment of government in South Australia as a British province; the province itself was created and proclaimed in 1834 when the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act, which empowered King William IV to create South Australia as a British province and to provide for its colonisation and government. It was ratified 19 February 1836; the proclamation announcing the establishment of Government was made by Captain John Hindmarsh beside The Old Gum Tree at the present-day suburb of Glenelg North on 28 December 1836. The proclamation specified the same protection under the law for the local native population as for the settlers.

The date 28 December as a public holiday in South Australia was modified to the first working day after the Christmas Day public holiday. Formal ceremonies involving the most senior current officials and politicians, followed by public celebrations, continue to be held at the still-extant Old Gum Tree at Glenelg North on 28 December; the proclamation was drafted aboard HMS Buffalo by Hindmarsh's private secretary, George Stevenson, printed by Robert Thomas, who came from England with his family on Africaine, arriving at Holdfast Bay on 8 November 1836. Thomas brought with him the first printing press to reach South Australia; the press was a Stanhope Invenit No. 200, was on display in the State Library until 2001. It may be surmised that, from the quilled text of the proclamation provided to him by the officials, it was Thomas himself who made a more striking layout for print most familiar to the public, it was signed by the Colonial Secretary, Robert Gouger, who had travelled on the Africaine.

By His Excellency John Hindmarsh, Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order and Commander-in-Chief of His Majesty’s Province of South Australia. In announcing to the Colonists of His Majesty’s Province of South Australia, the establishment of the Government, I hereby call upon them to conduct themselves on all occasions with order and quietness, duly to respect the laws, by a course of industry and sobriety, by the practice of sound morality and a strict observance of the Ordinances of Religion, to prove themselves worthy to be the Founders of a great and free Colony, it is at this time my duty to apprize the Colonists of my resolution, to take every lawful means for extending the same protection to the Native Population as to the rest of His Majesty’s Subjects and of my firm determination to punish with exemplary severity, all acts of violence or injustice which may in any manner be practiced or attempted against the Natives who are to be considered as much under the Safeguard of the law as the Colonists themselves, entitled to the privileges of British Subjects.

I trust therefore, with confidence to the exercise of moderation and forbearance by all Classes, in their intercourse with the Native Inhabitants, that they will omit no opportunity of assisting me to fulfil His Majesty’s most gracious and benevolent intentions toward them, by promoting their advancement in civilization, under the blessing of Divine Providence, their conversion to the Christian Faith. By His Excellency’s Command, Robert Gouger, Colonial Secretary. Glenelg, 28th December 1836. God Save the King; the colonising fleet prior to Buffalo consisted of 8 vessels which had first arrived at Nepean Bay on Kangaroo Island before being directed to Holdfast Bay on the mainland. The first vessel to arrive at Nepean Bay was Duke of York on 27 July 1836 which did not proceed to Holdfast Bay but instead set off on a whaling expedition. Africaine was the seventh to arrive at Nepean Bay, discharging settlers at Holdfast Bay on 9 November 1836. Seven of these earlier ships preceded Governor John Hindmarsh on Buffalo to enable preparations in advance of his formal arrival on 28 December.

Thomas's wife Mary published The Diary of Mary Thomas, in which she described the journey on Africaine and the early years in South Australia. An extract from the diary reads: About December 20th 1836, we built a rush hut a short distance from our tents for the better accommodation of part of our family... and in this place the first printing in South Australia was produced. One of the children of Robert and Mary Thomas was a surveyor who assisted Colonel William Light in the survey which led to the founding of the City of Adelaide. Another son, William Kyffin Thomas, inherited from his father the newspaper of the time, The Register, which his parents had set up. William had a son called Robert, who became senior proprietor of The Register, he was knighted by King Edward VII in 1909 when President of the first great Press Conference in London. A majestic statue of that king stands prominently outside the South Australian Institute building in North Terrace, Adelaide. In 1876 Parliament decreed that the Proclamation Day holiday, a gala occasion when thousands descended on Glenelg, would henceforth be celebrated on 27 December in lieu of the 28th, in order to make a three-day Christmas holiday.

H. J Moseley, proprietor of the Glenelg's Pier Hotel, was the first and loudest protester against the move, rescinded. Proclamation Day refers to 21 October 1890, the day that Western Australia achieved self-government, with it

Sound BlasterAxx

Sound BlasterAxx is a series of USB powered speakers that has got features of a sound card. The speakers have got built-in microphones; the series of speakers work with Mac OS X other than Microsoft Windows. The Sound BlasterAxx SBX series was released in year 2012. There are three models in the series the Sound BlasterAxx SBX 8, Sound BlasterAxx SBX 10 and Sound BlasterAxx SBX 20. All three speakers have a bass port, Headphone Out and Aux-in/Mic-in 3.5mm jacks behind. The speakers do not contain rechargeable batteries and they require a USB power source; the speakers work with the Sound BlasterAxx Control Panel software for adjustment of SBX Pro Studio and Crystal Voice settings. The Sound BlasterAxx Control Panel has got a Mac OS X version other than the Microsoft Windows version; the Sound BlasterAxx SBX 8 is the only speaker. The Sound BlasterAxx SBX 10 and Sound BlasterAxx SBX 20 are Bluetooth capable and can be used for answering phones calls from iOS and Android smart phones; the Bluetooth version for the speakers is Bluetooth 2.1.

The Bluetooth codecs supported are SBC and AAC, aptX is not supported. The speakers do not support ASIO and do not have the Scout Mode feature. SBX Pro Studio effects such as SBX Surround, SBX Crystallizer, SBX Bass, SBX Smart Volume and SBX Dialog Plus can be adjusted by the Sound Blaster Central mobile app. In the beginning of 2014, Creative Labs released the Sound BlasterAxx AXX 200 portable Bluetooth speaker. Like the speakers of the Sound BlasterAxx SBX series, it has a built-in SB-Axx1 sound chip and works with Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows computers, its dimensions are 64.0 x 72.3 x 200.6 mm and it weighs 0.5 kg. The Sound BlasterAxx AXX 200 has got a built-in 5200mAh Lithium-ion battery allowing it to be used as a portable Bluetooth speaker, it has got a microSD card slot for playing WMA/MP3 tracks from a microSD card. Calls and voices can be recorded through its microphone to the microSD card. There is a megaphone function allowing it to be used as a megaphone, its Bluetooth version supports SBC, AAC and aptX Bluetooth codecs.

It can be paired with Bluetooth devices via NFC. Same as the Sound BlasterAxx SBX series of speakers, it does not support ASIO and does not have the Scout Mode feature. Sound Blaster Sound BlasterAxx Press Release - Creative Technology Sound BlasterAxx Press Release Sound BlasterAxx Axx 200 Press Release - Creative Technology Sound BlasterAxx Press Release

English Folk Dance and Song Society

The English Folk Dance and Song Society was formed in 1932 when two organisations merged: the Folk-Song Society and the English Folk Dance Society. The EFDSS, a member-based organisation, was incorporated as a company limited by guarantee in 1935 and became a registered charity in England and Wales in 1963; the Folk-Song Society, founded in London in 1898, focused on collecting and publishing folk songs of Britain and Ireland although there was no formal limitation. Participants included: Lucy Broadwood, Kate Lee, Cecil Sharp, Percy Grainger, Ralph Vaughan Williams, George Butterworth, George Barnet Gardiner, Henry Hammond, Anne Gilchrist and Ella Leather; the English Folk Dance Society was founded in 1911 by Cecil Sharp. Maud Karpeles was a leading participant, its purpose was to preserve and promote English folk dances in their traditional forms, including Morris and sword dances, traditional social dances, interpretations of the dances published by John Playford. The first secretary of the society was Lady Mary Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis.

One of the greatest contributions that the EFDSS made to the folk movement, both dance and song, was the folk festival, starting with the Stratford-upon-Avon Festival in the 1940s and continuing with festivals in Whitby, Holmfirth and elsewhere. Since 1936 the EFDSS has published English Song at least four times a year; this has become the longest-established magazine devoted to folk music and song in the country. English Dance & Song is aimed at stimulating the interest of the membership of the EFDSS, as well as the wider folk music and dance community, their regular scholarly publication is Folk Music Journal, published annually in December, entitled the Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society until 1965. The work continues the earlier journals of the two societies: Journal of the Folk-Song Society, 1899–1931. In 1998, with the folk movement supported by a number of other organisations and the seeds planted by EFDSS thriving, the EFDSS altered its strategy to focus on education and archiving, with its primary goal the development of the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library as the country's national archive and resource centre for folk music and song.

In 2011 the society entered into a joint commission with Shrewsbury Folk Festival to create the Cecil Sharp Project, a multi-artist residential commission to create new works based on the life and collecting of Cecil Sharp. The project took place in March 2011, the artists involved being: Steve Knightley, Andy Cutting, Leonard Podolak, Jim Moray, Jackie Oates, Caroline Herring, Kathryn Roberts and Patsy Reid. In 2013, EFDSS launched The Full English, an ongoing archive project supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund, The Folklore Society, the National Folk Music Fund and the English Miscellany Folk Dance Group; this free and searchable resource of 44,000 records and over 58,000 digitised images is the world's biggest digital archive of traditional music and dance tunes. As well as folk music, the EFDSS is home to a number of performance artists, providing a regular performance platform for acts including the Ukulele Orchestra of Great Britain, the Massive Violins and the Swingle Singers. Country Dance and Song Society, the American counterpart to the EFDSS Official website Charity Commission.

English Folk Dance and Song Society, registered charity no. 305999. English Dance and Song Magazine website Media related to Cecil Sharp House at Wikimedia Commons

Alan Dale

Alan Hugh Dale is a New Zealand-born actor. As a child, Dale enjoyed rugby. After retiring from the sport, he took on a number of professions, before deciding to become a professional actor at age 27. With work limited in New Zealand, Dale moved to Australia, where he played Dr. John Forrest in The Young Doctors from 1979 to 1982, he appeared as Jim Robinson in Neighbours, a part he played from 1985 until 1993. He left the series when he fell out with the producers over the pay he and the rest of the cast received. In 2018 it was revealed that Dale would reprise his role as Jim for one episode on December 25, 25 years after his last appearance. After leaving Neighbours, Dale found he had become typecast as Jim Robinson in Australia and struggled to find work, his career was revitalised after he relocated to the United States in 2000. Since he has had roles in many American series including prominent parts in The O. C. and Ugly Betty, as well as recurring and guest roles in Lost, 24, NCIS, ER, The West Wing, The X-Files and Once Upon a Time.

Dale has appeared in minor roles in films such as Star Trek Nemesis, Hollywood Homicide, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Captain America: The Winter Soldier, as well as the London West End production of Spamalot. Dale has four children. Since 2017, he has starred in Dynasty as Joseph Anders. Dale was born on 6 May 1947 in Dunedin, New Zealand. One of four children, Dale enjoyed his childhood, but his family was poor. Growing up in New Zealand without televisions, Dale loved amateur dramatics, his first performance was for a school concert, at the age of 13, doing an impression of comedian Shelley Berman. His parents became founding members of an amateur theatre in Auckland called "The Little Dolphin Theatre". Dale operated the stage equipment used to produce weather effects,Dale was a skilled rugby player, but opted to move into drama instead because "the acting fraternity didn't like footballers and the footballers didn't like actors. Acting gave me the same buzz and there was the chance of a longer career."

He gave up rugby at the age of 21 because it was not considered a workable career at the time, he had to support his family. Acting roles were limited in New Zealand so Dale worked in multiple jobs, including as a male model, a car salesman and a realtor. While working as a milkman he heard the disc jockey at his local radio station resign during a broadcast. Dale told the managers he could do a better job, they gave him a trial and signed him up for the afternoon show. At the age of 27 he decided to become a professional actor. Dale's first professional acting job was playing an Indian in a production of The Royal Hunt of the Sun at the Grafton Theatre in Auckland, his first on-screen role came in the New Zealand television drama Radio Waves, which although not successful, he described as "nine months of solid work and great fun." In the late 1970s, Dale moved to Australia at the age of 32, due to the limited acting work in New Zealand. He applied to the National Institute of Dramatic Art in Sydney, but was rejected because he "was a lot older than anybody else on the course."

He was soon cast as Dr. John Forrest in the Australian soap opera The Young Doctors, where he remained for three-and-a-half years. In 1985, Dale was cast in the continuing role of Jim Robinson in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, earning him acclaim across the world, he appeared on the show from the first episode and stayed for eight years before his character was killed off in 1993. He found working on Neighbours "exciting" and it enabled him to provide for his sons, but he said: "You were a replaceable commodity, he expanded: "I didn't like it there, they were not nice people. When we decided that we hated each other, the company and me, one of the things the company did was to market everything they could out of us and pay us nothing." Dale and the company parted on "bad terms". After Neighbours, Dale struggled to find work in Australia, his only regular sources of income were voice-overs, publishing magazines about his former show which he "made quite a lot of money out of". He lost most of his profits investing in a failed children's magazine.

In 1999, he was cast in the American TV film First Daughter, filmed in Australia. After discovering he could perform a convincing American accent, Dale attended the film's premiere moving with his family to the United States permanently in January 2000. Dale, his second wife Tracey, their two-year-old son Nick moved into an "awful little flat" in Los Angeles and found an agent. Dale recalled telling his wife in Melbourne, but if it does, it proves you can do anything." At the age of 52, he began to revive his career and started taking acting classes, something he had not thought about after being cast in Neighbours. He described his age, unknown status and willingness to work for a low fee as being his main assets for getting work in America, his drama teacher, who he has remained with since, told him "that you might want to play great roles, but truth is you will get cast as a specific type. Just work out your type; the others in the class said I was a bit Anthony Hopkins and a bit Sean Connery and that went into my head.

I thought if I go for roles those guys would go for I'm more to get them." The first role he was offered was a part in a series called S

Shadow of the Red Baron

Shadow of the Red Baron is the third studio album by Belgian band Iron Mask, released on December 16, 2009 by Lion Music. All songs were composed by Dushan Petrossi. "Shadow of the Red Baron" – 07:04 "Dreams" – 4:32 "Forever in the Dark" – 5:11 "Resurrection" – 5:07 "Sahara" – 4:21 "Black Devil Ship" – 4:31 "We Will Meet Again" – 4:33 "Universe" – 4:51 "My Angel Is Gone" – 4:16 "Only the Good Die Young" – 3:56 "Ghost of the Tzar" – 6:54 Dushan Petrossi - all guitars Goetz "Valhalla jr" Mohr - lead vocals Oliver Hartmann - lead vocals on 2, backing vocals Andreas Lindahl - keyboards Vassili Moltchanov - bass Erik Stout - drums Roma Siadletski - extreme vocals Lars Eric Mattsson - guitar solo on 5 Production - Dushan Petrossi Mix & mastering - Jens Bogren at Fascination Street Studios, Sweden Guitars, orchestral parts recorded - The Iron Kingdom Studio, Belgium Drums recorded - Het Paand Studio, Holland Keyboards recorded - Andreas Lindahl, Sweden Vocals recorded - Oliver Hartmann at Alive Studio, Germany Front cover, booklet design - Eric Phillippe

Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles

Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles was a commercial vehicle manufacturing offshoot of the Wolverhampton based Sunbeam Motor Car Company when it was a subsidiary of S T D Motors Limited. Sunbeam had always made ambulances on modified Sunbeam car chassis. S T D Motors chose to enter the large commercial vehicle market in the late 1920s, once established they made petrol and diesel buses and electrically powered trolleybuses and milk floats. Commercial Vehicles became a separate department of Sunbeam in 1931. Ownership switched from S T D Motors to Rootes Securities in mid-1935, that year their Karrier trolleybus designs were added to Sunbeam production lines. In 1946 J. Brockhouse and Co of West Bromwich bought Sunbeam but in September 1948 sold the trolleybus part of the business to Guy Motors. In the early 1950s the amalgamated Sunbeam and Guy trolleybus operation was the largest in Britain and the world. In 1954 Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles moved within Wolverhampton from the Moorfield Works in Blakenhall to new extensions at Guy Motors Fallings Park.

Guy Motors was bought by Jaguar Cars in 1961 and was closed by Jaguar's parent company, British Leyland, in 1982. The Sunbeam Cycles brand appeared in 1887 when John Marston made his first high quality bicycles and branded them Sunbeam, he added high-quality cars to his products and in 1905 formed the Sunbeam Motor Car Company after building, a mile or so south of his cycle works, his new Moorfield Works for his car workshops in Upper Villiers Street, Wolverhampton. He had established Villiers Engineering there some years earlier. At its height in the 1920s, Sunbeam Motor Car Company's Moorfield works employed 3,500 staff on their 50-acre site; the buildings covered a full 15 acres. Sunbeam made a 3-axle bus chassis in December 1928 in an attempt to diversify. Known as the Sunbeam Sikh it had a Sunbeam 6-cylinder 7.98-litre engine developing 142 brake horse power in a chassis designed for a double-deck body carrying 60 to 70 passengers. A smaller 2-axle model Pathan appeared in August 1929 fitted with a 6.6-litre engine developing 110 bhp capable of carrying a 26-seater single deck or luxury coach body.

Sales were disappointing despite Sunbeam's good build quality. Sydney S Guy had been Sunbeam Works Manager until May 1914, his Guy Motors had produced the world's first 3-axle trolleybuses in 1926, Wolverhampton Corporation had bought a number of them. In 1931 Sunbeam decided to split off a commercial vehicles division, they took their 3-axle motor bus chassis and modified it to carry the electric motors and control gear of a trolleybus. The design was a success, large numbers were sold. By the summer of 1933 Sunbeam trolleybuses were running on the Wolverhampton and other British networks. In mid 1934 near the height of the Great Depression it became known that the Sunbeam Motor Car Company was unable to repay large sums borrowed for Sunbeam by parent company S T D Motors ten years earlier. In October 1934 a committee of the unhappy lenders asked the court to appoint a Receiver and Manager and though it was avoided and a new company named Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles was hastily incorporated on 17 November 1934 it proved impossible to avoid the receivership.

The receivership held up the sale of the business. Rootes Securities Limited announced in early July 1935 that sanctioned by an Order of the Court a subsidiary, Motor Industries, had entered into possession of the share capital of Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles Limited along with the other undertaking and goodwill of Sunbeam Motor Car Company. Motor Industries would change its name to include Sunbeam and would continue the manufacture of Sunbeam's cars and trolley buses. Rootes soon transferred manufacture of their acquired Karrier trolleybuses to Moorfield. AEC tried a joint venture with Sunbeam in 1935 and made a bus built on an AEC chassis with a Gardner engine and Sunbeam bodywork, it was not successful and sales were poor. Sunbeam produced milk floats and other battery electric road vehicles in the late 1930s. AEC withdrew from the venture in 1944 and was bought by Leyland Motors in 1946. Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles was sold to the Brockhouse Group in August 1946. In September 1948 the Sunbeam Trolley Bus Company was sold on to Guy Motors but Brockhouse kept Sunbeam's machine-tool section.

Guy adopted the Sunbeam marque for most of their subsequent trolleybus sales. The bringing together of Sunbeam Karrier and Guy trolleybus factories created Britain's largest trolleybus manufacturer. At the beginning of 1949 contracts were in hand to provide trolleybuses for the systems at Newcastle, Wolverhampton, South Shields, Glasgow and Ipswich in Britain, Durban and Pretoria in South Africa, Coimbra in Portugal, Adelaide and Perth in Australia. Production moved from Moorfield to new-built extensions at the Guy works during 1954; the first Sunbeam trolleybuses to be built at Guy's Fallings Park site were a batch for Penang, followed by a batch for Hull but by the end of 1956 it was clear that local and international demand for trolleybuses was declining. Guy Motors faced severe difficulties in the late 1950s exacerbated by an ill-advised decision to manage South African retail sales in-house and the failure of the Wulfrunian; the Wulfrunian, i.e. a resident of Wolverhampton, was a front-entrance, front-engined motor bus developed for the West Riding Automobile Company.

Guy Motors last ordinary dividend had been paid in 1957. Lloyds Bank appointed a receiver in September 1961; the next month Jaguar Cars bought Guy Motors from the receiver hoping it might be feasible to coordinate and rationalise output with their acquired Daimler Company's buses. Jaguar bought only the assets and business of G