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Project Gutenberg

Project Gutenberg is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks". It is the oldest digital library. Most of the items in its collection are the full texts of public domain books; the Project tries to make these as free as possible, in long-lasting, open formats that can be used on any computer. As of 23 June 2018, Project Gutenberg reached 57,000 items in its collection of free eBooks; the releases are available in plain text but, wherever possible, other formats are included, such as HTML, PDF, EPUB, MOBI, Plucker. Most releases are in the English language, but many non-English works are available. There are multiple affiliated projects that are providing additional content, including regional and language-specific works. Project Gutenberg is closely affiliated with Distributed Proofreaders, an Internet-based community for proofreading scanned texts. Michael S. Hart began Project Gutenberg in 1971 with the digitization of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Hart, a student at the University of Illinois, obtained access to a Xerox Sigma V mainframe computer in the university's Materials Research Lab. Through friendly operators, he received an account with a unlimited amount of computer time. Hart explained he wanted to "give back" this gift by doing something one could consider to be of great value, his initial goal was to make the 10,000 most consulted books available to the public at little or no charge, to do so by the end of the 20th century. This particular computer was one of the 15 nodes on ARPANET, the computer network that would become the Internet. Hart believed one day the general public would be able to access computers and decided to make works of literature available in electronic form for free, he used a copy of the United States Declaration of Independence in his backpack, this became the first Project Gutenberg e-text. He named the project after Johannes Gutenberg, the fifteenth century German printer who propelled the movable type printing press revolution.

By the mid-1990s, Hart was running Project Gutenberg from Illinois Benedictine College. More volunteers had joined the effort, he manually entered all of the text until 1989 when image scanners and optical character recognition software improved and became more available, making book scanning more feasible. Hart came to an arrangement with Carnegie Mellon University, which agreed to administer Project Gutenberg's finances; as the volume of e-texts increased, volunteers began to take over the project's day-to-day operations that Hart had run. Starting in 2004, an improved online catalog made Project Gutenberg content easier to browse and hyperlink. Project Gutenberg is now hosted by ibiblio at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Italian volunteer Pietro Di Miceli developed and administered the first Project Gutenberg website and started the development of the Project online Catalog. In his ten years in this role, the Project web pages won a number of awards being featured in "best of the Web" listings, contributing to the project's popularity.

Hart died on 6 September 2011 at his home in Urbana, Illinois at the age of 64. In 2000, a non-profit corporation, the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, Inc. was chartered in Mississippi, United States to handle the project's legal needs. Donations to it are tax-deductible. Long-time Project Gutenberg volunteer Gregory Newby became the foundation's first CEO. In 2000, Charles Franks founded Distributed Proofreaders, which allowed the proofreading of scanned texts to be distributed among many volunteers over the Internet; this effort increased the number and variety of texts being added to Project Gutenberg, as well as making it easier for new volunteers to start contributing. DP became affiliated with Project Gutenberg in 2002; as of 2018, the 36,000+ DP-contributed books comprised two-thirds of the nearly 60,000 books in Project Gutenberg. In August 2003, Project Gutenberg created a CD containing 600 of the "best" e-books from the collection; the CD is available for download as an ISO image.

When users are unable to download the CD, they can request to have a copy sent to them, free of charge. In December 2003, a DVD was created containing nearly 10,000 items. At the time, this represented the entire collection. In early 2004, the DVD became available by mail. In July 2007, a new edition of the DVD was released containing over 17,000 books, in April 2010, a dual-layer DVD was released, containing nearly 30,000 items; the majority of the DVDs, all of the CDs mailed by the project, were recorded on recordable media by volunteers. However, the new dual layer DVDs were manufactured, as it proved more economical than having volunteers burn them; as of October 2010, the project has mailed 40,000 discs. As of 2017, the delivery of free CDs has been discontinued, though the ISO image is still available for download; as of August 2015, Project Gutenberg claimed over 60,000 items in its collection, with an average of over 50 new e-books being added each week. These are works of literature from the Western cultural tradition.

In addition to literature such as novels, short stories and drama, Project Gutenberg has cookbooks, reference works and issues of periodicals. The Project Gutenberg collection has a few non-text items such as audio files and music-notation files. Most releases are in English, but there are significant numbers in many other languages; as of April 2016, the non-English languages most represented are: French, Finnish, Italian

Barry Stobart

Barry Henry Stobart was an English footballer who played in the Football League as a forward for Wolverhampton Wanderers, Manchester City, Aston Villa and Shrewsbury Town during the 1960s. Stobart began his football career at Wath Wanderers, the Yorkshire-based nursery club of Wolverhampton Wanderers, before heading south in 1953 to join them, turning professional in 1955. With the likes of Peter Broadbent, Dennis Wilshaw and Jimmy Murray established in the forward line, Stobart was consigned to the reserves in his early years, he made his first team debut on 5 March 1960, when he scored in a 2–0 win at Manchester United. Although he made just four league appearances before the 1960 FA Cup Final, his performance in the final league game at Chelsea saw him earn a surprise place in the Cup Final team, at the expense of Bobby Mason; this allowed Stobart to collect the only medal of his career, as Wolves defeated Blackburn 3–0 in the Wembley showpiece. Barry Stobart was given the nickname "Kangaroo Kid" due to his unique ability to jump and score many goals via headers.

The following two seasons saw him only appear for the first team, it wasn't until the 1962–63 campaign that he enjoyed a lengthy run in the side, during which he scored 14 goals. The next year saw him again relegated to the reserves though, he left Molineux to join Manchester City in summer 1964, he failed to settle at Maine Road, returned to the Midlands within months when he joined Aston Villa in November 1964 for £22,000. He remained at Villa for three years, his best season coming in 1966–67 when he scored 11 times from 20 appearances, he dropped down the divisions in October 1967 to join Shrewsbury Town of the Third Division in a £10,000 deal. After a spell with them, he moved to South Africa to play out his career with Durban Spurs, his eldest son Sean Stobart was a professional footballer a Scunthorpe United scoring on his first team debut against Rochdale FC. His youngest son Loy was also on the professional books at Wolverhampton Wanderers during the early 1990s having signed from Nottingham Forrest on a free transfer.

He played for Cheltenham Town FC and Bidvest Witts in South Africa. Barry went on to coach Willenhall Town FC to an FA vase final in 1981 at Wembley and guided semi-pro footballers, John Muir, Brendan Hackett and Russell Bradley to professional careers in Football. After retirement he worked as a greengrocer and as a window cleaner in the Sedgley area. In 2005 it was revealed, he resided in a care home from 2009 and died on 28 August 2013. Barry Stobart at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database

Ben Ofoedu

Ben Ofoedu is a Nigerian/British singer-songwriter, most famous for being the former lead singer of the duo Phats & Small. In 1993, Ofoedu joined the band Benz, in 1999 he became the singer of Phats & Small as a guest vocalist, he released a solo single called "Your Love" in 2000 and in 2001 joined a new band called REDhill, which included Shane Lynch. The following year he joined another music collaboration, The Intenso Project, over the next three years he teamed up with three more bands for one-off singles and concerts. In 2005, he joined Four Story who went on to appear on Making Your Mind Up in the hope of representing the United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest with their song "Hand on My Heart", they came fifth. Ben hosted 90's dance night'Big Ben's Big Tunes' produced by The 3 Wise Monkeys. Ben hosted and performed with other acts such as Damage, Dane Bowers, 5ive and Heather Small, all of whom he regards as'close friends'. Vanessa Feltz had a guest spot on the show, held at West Midlands Safari Venues nr Kidderminster.

In 2006, Ofoedu appeared in The All Star Talent Show. Ofoedu and fiancé Vanessa Feltz have taken part in a number of television programmes as a couple. In April 2007, they participated in an episode of Channel 4's Celebrity Wife Swap, in which she moved in with magician Paul Daniels for one week, while his wife Debbie McGee moved in with Ofoedu. On 22 September 2007, Feltz and Ofoedu won £150,000 for a cancer charity on the celebrity version of ITV's Who Wants To Be a Millionaire. In 2010, they took part in the Virgin 1 show A Restaurant in our Living Room, catering for 25 people in their home. Since January 2011, Ofoedu and Feltz have co-hosted The Vanessa Show on Channel 5. Ofoedu and Feltz made an appearance on the BBC One daytime quiz show Pointless Celebrities in July 2011, they reached the final, beating the other three pairs, but were unable to win the jackpot for their charity. They appeared on All Star Mr & Mrs in 2014. Ofoedu and Feltz appeared together on Celebrity Big Brother's "Bit On the Side" as panel members in 2014.

On 29 March 2015, Ofoedu appeared live on the BBC programme The Big Questions in a debate entitled, "Do you need to be born again to be a Christian?". Ofoedu was born in Hong Kong and moved to the United Kingdom with his family when he was two years old, he grew up in Newbury Park, London. He has been engaged to television and radio presenter Vanessa Feltz since 2006 and they live together in St John's Wood, London. "Phats and Small's Ben Ofoedu to star in Sevenoaks' Peter Pan". Sevenoaks Chronicle. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2016. Dayani, Alison. "M2 Music: Ben Has Hottest Hits This summer". Birmingham Evening Mail. Retrieved 19 June 2016