A propaganda film is a film that involves some form of propaganda. Propaganda films may be packaged in numerous ways, but are most documentary-style productions or fictional screenplays, that are produced to convince the viewer of a specific political point or influence the opinions or behavior of the viewer by providing subjective content that may be deliberately misleading. Propaganda is the ability "to produce and spread fertile messages that, once sown, will germinate in large human cultures.” However, in the 20th century, a “new” propaganda emerged, which revolved around political organizations and their need to communicate messages that would “sway relevant groups of people in order to accommodate their agendas”. First developed by the Lumiere brothers in 1896, film provided a unique means of accessing large audiences at once. Film was the first universal mass medium in that it could influence viewers as individuals and members of a crowd, which led to it becoming a tool for governments and non-state organizations to project a desired ideological message.
As Nancy Snow stated in her book, Information War: American Propaganda, Free Speech and Opinion Control Since 9-11, propaganda "begins where critical thinking ends." Film is a unique medium in that it reproduces images and sound in a lifelike manner as it fuses meaning with evolvement as time passes in the story depicted. Unlike many other art forms, film produces a sense of immediacy. Film's ability to create the illusion of life and reality, opening up new, unknown perspectives on the world, is why films those of unknown cultures or places, are taken to be accurate depictions of life; some film academics have noted film's great illusory abilities. Dziga Vertov claimed in his 1924 manifesto, “The Birth of Kino-Eye” that “the cinema-eye is cinema-truth.” To paraphrase Hilmar Hoffmann, this means that in film, only what the camera ‘sees’ exists, the viewer, lacking alternative perspectives, conventionally takes the image for reality. Films are effective propaganda tools because they establish visual icons of historical reality and consciousness, define public attitudes of the time they're depicting or that at which they were filmed, mobilize people for a common cause, or bring attention to an unknown cause.
Political and historical films represent and create historical consciousness and are able to distort events making it a persuasive and untrustworthy medium. History of propaganda films Nazism and cinema North Korean film propaganda Why We Fight Propaganda Filmmaker: Make Your Own Propaganda Film PropagandaCritic Video Gallery
William John Blair was an engineer, teacher, soldier surveyor and Canadian federal politician. Blair was born in Embro, Ontario on October 13, 1875. Blair took his post secondary education at Woodstock College and the University of Toronto where he completed a bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering, he began surveying in 1904 in Ontario and using his knowledge to Steak mining property which he sold. He married his wife Lottie May Nethercott in 1906 and they had one daughter and one son, he continued his survey work. Blair first served in public office on the municipal level, for one term he served as Mayor of New Liskeard, Ontario from 1907 to 1908. After Blair moved out west he attempted a career at Alberta provincial politics, he ran for a seat in the Alberta Legislature by running as the Conservative candidate in the ministerial by-election held on May 27, 1912 in the Sedgewick district. He was soundly defeated by incumbent Minister of Municipal Affairs Charles Stewart. Blair joined the war effort in 1916 and became a Canadian Forces recruiter for the 151st Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
He worked as a military recruiter until 1917. Blair would try his hand at federal politics running as the Unionist candidate in the 1917 Canadian federal election, he won the election, defeating Laurier Liberal candidate and future Member of Parliament Daniel Webster Warner in a hotly contested election. Blair would serve in the House of Commons for 1 term before retiring from Federal politics. In 1925 Blair became ill and moved his family to Barrie, Ontario he would spend the next 5 years recovering his health, moving back to Alberta in 1930. In 1937 he contracted his family moved back to Ontario once again, he withdrew himself from public life and died April 24, 1943 Alberta Land Surveying History William John Blair biography William John Blair – Parliament of Canada biography
Tarcoola railway station is located on the Trans-Australian Railway. It serves the town of Tarcoola and is the northern junction of the Sydney-Perth and Adelaide-Darwin railways, which share 530 kilometres of track between Tarcoola and Crystal Brook; the Trans-Australian Railway was built through Tarcoola in 1915, in 1980 it became a junction station when the Adelaide–Darwin railway diverged from Tarcoola to Alice Springs. This was extended to Darwin in 2004, it was built as a standard gauge replacement for the Central Australia Railway. There is a triangular junction at Tarcoola which joins Crystal Brook and Perth. Another triangular junction at Crystal Brook joins Tarcoola and Sydney; the station has two triangles, one for turning locomotives, the larger one to the west of the town gives direct access from the Darwin line to the Trans-Australian Railway to Kalgoorlie. In 2018, the track between Tarcoola and Adelaide was upgraded from 47 kilograms per metre to 60 kilograms per metre rails; this was done while the track was open for service, with 600 metres of rail being replaced at a time between train services.
The upgrade increased. The Ghan and the Indian Pacific passenger services pass through Tarcoola both running once per week in each direction all year round; the mail for Tarcoola arrives by train. Media related to Tarcoola, South Australia at Wikimedia Commons Photo: Station building ca.1926-1940 Photo: Station building ca.1912 Flickr gallery
Melvin "Fritz" Hanson was a Canadian football player for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers and the Calgary Stampeders. Hanson was signed by the Blue Bombers for $125 a game and free room and board, a considerable sum in the cash-strapped dirty thirties. Nicknamed the'Galloping Ghost','Twinkle Toes', the'Perham Flash', Hanson was one of the pioneers of football in Western Canada and a huge star at the time. Although he weighed only 145 pounds he used his incredible quickness to evade defenders, he helped lead the Blue Bombers to the first Grey Cup victory by a western Canadian team in 1935 and won again with the Bombers in 1939 and 1941. In the 1935 Grey Cup Game Hanson had an incredible 334 punt return yards on 13 returns, a record that still stands today, including a sensational 78-yard return for the winning touchdown, he played with Winnipeg from 1935 through 1946 spent two years playing for the Calgary Stampeders, where he won a fourth Grey Cup in 1948. Hanson was elected into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1963 and inducted into the Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame in 1980.
He became a Canadian citizen in 1966 and, in 2005, Hanson was named one of the Blue Bombers 20 All-Time Greats. He died in Calgary on February 14, 1996, at the age of 81. Hanson and his wife, had four daughters. Profile at Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame Fritz Hanson's profile at the Canadian Football Hall of Fame The Canadian Encyclopedia
"Luz V" known as "V", is the fifth studio album by the Spanish rock singer-songwriter Luz Casal. It was her first album released in 1989 under Hispavox her new label after departing from Zafiro, her former record company. In this album, the performer started collaborating with other artists counting with the executive production of the Colombian musician Chucho Merchán, who participated in Casal's previous album as a musician back in 1987, she met other composers such as Paco Trinidad and Pancho Varona. This album is the longest studio release of the performer with 14 tracks, much longer than her four first albums which only had nine songs. Five maxi singles were extracted from this release. With this album, unlike the previous one, Luz returned to the rock or hard rock sound of her first three releases but improved with a more modern and more sophisticated production, it is considered that this album is the most "Rock"n Roll" one of the career of this singer with only three ballads. One of those ballads, released as the first Maxi single, was "Te dejé marchar", composed by David Summers, the lead member of the band Hombres G.
This song is considered by many as a hymn dedicated to those ones. The second and popular single was "Loca" a song with sensual and provocating lyrics that had a much more powerful sound and stronger arrangements; the third single and arguably the most popular one of this album was "No me importa nada", a song arranged with caribbean rhythms whose lyrics, written by Gloria Varona and based on a personal story of the lyricist, showed feelings of distrust and lack of confidence to a possible lover. So high was the popularity of this song that it reached the first place in Los 40 principales top 40 chart and was translated into French; the remaining two maxi singles "El tren" and "He visto un angel" were powerful rock tracks as the most songs in this album. Luz Casal sold with this album in Spain over 400.000 copies. Due to these high selling figures it is considered that the performer entered in her golden era due to the everytime bigger exposure both inside and outside Spain; some year in 1998, a compilation album which featured the French version of "No me importa nada" was released in France receiving a successful welcome.
Luz V in Luz Casal official website
UFC Fight Night: McGregor vs. Siver was a mixed martial arts event held on January 18, 2015, at the TD Garden in Boston, Massachusetts; the event was headlined by a featherweight bout between Dennis Siver. It was announced that a victory over Siver will ensure McGregor of a shot at the UFC Featherweight Championship in his next fight. Jorge Masvidal was expected to face Norman Parke at the event. However, in early December, Masvidal pulled out of the bout citing an injury and was replaced by Gleison Tibau. Paul Felder was expected to face Johnny Case at the event. However, Felder elected to fight as a replacement against Danny Castillo at UFC 182, he was replaced by Francisco Trevino. On December 23, it was announced that Trevino had to pull out of the bout due to an injury and was replaced by promotional newcomer Frankie Perez. Costas Philippou was expected to face Uriah Hall at the event. However, Philippou was forced out of the bout due to injury, he was replaced by Strikeforce veteran Louis Taylor.
On January 11, it was announced that Taylor pulled out of the fight due to a pulled muscle in his back and had his contract terminated as a result. Hall faced promotional newcomer Ron Stallings. Eddie Alvarez was expected to face former WEC & UFC Lightweight champion Benson Henderson at the co-main event. However, Alvarez was forced out of the bout due to illness, he was replaced by Donald Cerrone, whom Henderson won both fights. One fight was for the WEC Lightweight Championship and the other one was for the interim belt. Cerrone had fought just 15 days before this event at UFC 182, winning his fight against Myles Jury; the following fighters were awarded $50,000 bonuses: Fight of the Night: Sean O'Connell vs. Matt Van Buren Performance of the Night: Conor McGregor and Lorenz Larkin The following is the reported payout to the fighters as reported to the Massachusetts State Athletic Commission, it does not include sponsor money or "locker room" bonuses given by the UFC and do not include the UFC's traditional "fight night" bonuses.
Conor McGregor: $170,000 def. Dennis Siver: $39,000 Donald Cerrone: $146,000 def. Benson Henderson: $48,000 Uriah Hall: $28,000 def. Ron Stallings: $10,000 Gleison Tibau: $90,000 def. Norman Parke: $20,000 Cathal Pendred: $16,000 def. Sean Spencer: $14,000 ^ Lorenz Larkin: $56,000 def. John Howard: $21,000 Chris Wade: $20,000 def. Zhang Lieping: $15,000 Patrick Holohan: $20,000 def. Shane Howell: $8,000 Johnny Case: $20,000 def. Frankie Perez: $8,000 Charles Rosa: $20,000 def. Sean Soriano: $8,000 Sean O'Connell: $20,000 def. Matt Van Buren $8,000 Joby Sanchez: $16,000 def. Tateki Matsuda: $8,000^ Although not reflected in the Massachusetts State Athletic Commission paperwork, both Pendred and Spencer received win bonuses List of UFC events 2015 in UFC