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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Proteales

Proteales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants consisting of two families. The Proteales have been recognized by all taxonomists. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Proteales were in the superorder Proteiflorae; the APG II system of 2003 recognizes this order, places it in the clade eudicots with this circumscription: order Protealesfamily Nelumbonaceae family Proteaceae with "+..." = optionally separate family. The APG III system of 2009 followed this same approach, but favored the narrower circumscription of the three families recognizing three families in Proteales: Nelumbonaceae and Proteaceae; the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, suggests the addition of Sabiaceae, not placed in an order in the eudicots in the APG III system, would be sensible. The APG IV system of 2016 added family Sabiaceae to the order. Well-known members of the Proteales include the proteas of South Africa, the banksias and macadamias of Australia, the London plane, the sacred lotus; the origins of the order are ancient, with evidence of diversification in the mid-Cretaceous, over 100 million years ago.

Of interest are the current family distributions, with the Proteaceae a Southern Hemisphere family, while the Platanaceae and Nelumbonaceae are Northern Hemisphere plants. This represents a slight change from the APG system of 1998, which did accept family Platanaceae as separate, using this circumscription of the order: order Protealesfamily Nelumbonaceae family Platanaceae family Proteaceae family Sabiaceae The Cronquist system of 1981 recognized such an order and placed it in subclass Rosidae in class Magnoliopsida, it used this circumscription: order Protealesfamily Elaeagnaceae family Proteaceae The Dahlgren system and Thorne system recognized such an order and placed it in superorder Proteanae in subclass Magnoliidae. The Engler system, in its update of 1964 recognized this order and placed it in subclass Archichlamydeae of class Dicotyledoneae; the Wettstein system, last revised in 1935, recognized this order and placed it in the Monochlamydeae in subclass Choripetalae of class Dicotyledones.

These systems used the following circumscription: order Protealesfamily Proteaceae

Family Classics

Family Classics is a Chicago television series which began in 1962 when Frazier Thomas was added to another program at WGN-TV. Thomas not only hosted classic films, but selected the titles and edited them to remove those scenes which he thought were not fit for family viewing. After Thomas' death in 1985, Roy Leonard took over the program; the series continued sporadically until its initial cancellation in 2000. On November 10, 2017, WGN announced that Family Classics would be returning after a 17-year hiatus with a presentation of the 1951 version of Scrooge to air on Friday, December 8, 2017, announced that its longtime entertainment reporter, Dean Richards, would be the new host. In 1962, Fred Silverman a WGN-TV executive, conceived the idea of the show by scheduling classic family films at a prime time Friday night position rather than a late show slot where children wouldn't see them; the show was a huge ratings success and inspired the networks to schedule released films in prime time.

When the networks began showing first run films in prime time, the show was rescheduled to Sunday afternoons. For the series' December 2019 airing of the 1942 film Holiday Inn, New Year's Eve airings of the Marx Brothers' Monkey Business & Animal Crackers, WGN veteran anchor, Steve Sanders, filled in as host as current host Dean Richards was recovering from a fractured wrist and facial abrasions before the episode's taping; the theme music was a piece of library music recorded on the Berry/Conroy label, entitled Moviescope, was written by Dennis Berry. The camera would zoom in on the set designed by Thomas that resembled a study with a painting on the wall of Garfield Goose done by Roy Brown, a model sailing ship sitting on top of a shelf of books with the titles of the films to be shown that were repainted encyclopedias and dictionaries done by Brown that Frazier would introduce. Okuda, Ted; the Golden Age of Chicago Children's Television. Lake Claremont Press. ISBN 978-1-893-12117-1. Family Classics at epguides.com Various original Family Classics openings, courtesy The Museum of Classic Chicago Television

Ha Lachma Anya

Ha Lachma Anya is a declaration, recited at the beginning of the Magid portion of the Passover Seder. Written in Aramaic, the recitation serves as the first explanation of the purpose of the matzo during the Seder. Although portions of the Haggadah quote the Torah, scholars trace the origins of the Haggadah to the Talmudic era. Scholars have identified two major versions of early Haggadot: an Eretz Yisrael version and a Babylonian version. Modern Haggadot are based on the Babylonian version, the earliest complete copies of which are found in the siddurim of Rabbis Amram Gaon and Saadia Gaon. Over time, Ashkenazic and Mizrahi "sub-versions" developed. According to Rabbi Yaakov Lorberbaum's Ma'aseh Nissim, Ha Lachma Anya was first recited after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. Shibbolei ha-Leket states that Ha Lachma Anya was instituted in Israel, while the Malbim and Ra'avyah trace the origins to Babylon. David Arnow notes that some sources state that Ha Lachma Anya originated during the Gaonic period, while others trace it back as far as the first or second century CE.

Some medieval Haggadot added the phrase "we left Egypt hastily" at the beginning of Ha Lachma Anya. Some Haggadot say K'Ha Lachma or Ha K'Lachma, "This is like the bread of affliction", to indicate that the matzah at the Seder is only a replica of that, eaten by the Israelites in Egypt. Professor David Daube suggests that the wording, “This is the bread” might be misread as a hint of the Christian doctrine of transubstantiation, so some texts altered it to “This is like the bread”. During the Magid portion of the Passover Seder, participants retell the story of the Exodus from Egypt; the Magid begins with the uncovering and lifting of the matzah on the Seder table and the recitation of Ha Lachma Anya. The words Ha Lachma Anya are written in Aramaic, it begins with the proclamation that "this is the bread of affliction that our ancestors ate in Egypt"; this recitation is based on Deuteronomy 16:3, which states that "ou shall eat unleavened bread, bread of'ani' — for you departed from the land of Egypt hurriedly", the recitation serves as "the first official explanation for matza in the Hagaddah".

Abravanel teaches that Ha Lachma Anya should be recited at the entrance to the house, with the door open, so that paupers can hear the invitation and enter". Sol Scharfstein notes that in times past, the head of the household would go out to the street to say Ha Lachma Anya, thus inviting poor people to join him at the Seder. Anisfeld and Spector have suggested that Ha Lachma Anya adds "a sense of immediacy and urgency to our telling" of the story of the Exodus, that the recitation "establishes the intimacy of our connection to the ancient Israelites" because participants in the Seder will "eat the same bread they ate" and will "experience the taste and texture of their lives as slaves". Zion and Dishon have suggested that the reference to matzah in Ha Lachma Anya "is a memorial not of liberation, but of slavery". Isaacs and Scharfstein have stated that the process of beginning the Magid by looking at matzah "is a visual reminder of events in Egypt" and that the Ha Lachma Anya "also stresses the importance of opening one's house to the poor and sharing one's meals with them, because it is through such generosity that one can aspire to redemption".

Afikoman Ma Nishtana

Jimmy Spratt

Jimmy Spratt is a British politician and former police officer from Northern Ireland. He was an MLA for South Belfast from 2007 to 2015. Spratt is a former Royal Ulster Constabulary officer who joined in 1972 and served for 30 years in Derry and Belfast, he worked for the Close Protection Unit including as Primary Protection Officer and was attached to a former Secretary of State, NIO Ministers, the RUC Chief Constable and other VIPs. He was involved in the Police Federation for Northern Ireland and acted as Chairman until his retirement, he served on Government Committees at regional and national level representing the British Police Service and has served on the Home Office Working Group for Health and Safety and Police Negotiating Board for pay and conditions across the UK. Spratt was an MLA for South Belfast in the Northern Ireland Assembly from 2007 to 2015, he was a Councillor on Castlereagh Borough Council from 2005 to 2014, served as the leader of the DUP group. Political positions held: Councillor 2005—present MLA 2007—2015 Vice-Chairman of the Committee for Employment and Learning 2007—2008 Member of the Committee of the Office of First and Deputy First Minister 2007—2015 Chairman of the Assembly and Executive Review Committee 2008—present Member of the Northern Ireland Policing Board 2008—2011 Chairman of the Regional Development committee 2011—presentHe stood as a DUP candidate for the Belfast South constituency in the 2005 general election, losing his seat to Alasdair McDonnell of the SDLP by 1,235 votes.

Gaining the name Splitter Spratt. In the 2010 general election he again lost, McDonnell increased his majority from 3.9% to 17.3%. When the chief executive of Translink was criticised for not appearing before Stormont's regional development committee, Spratt said that he did not think it was "a hardship for someone on £200,000" to appear before it and "explain what's going on". Spratt has made uncomplimentary and impolitic comments regarding cyclists and called those who objected to the proposals for the Maze'nutters' which he denied until Hansard was published and he was obliged to apologise, he has been married for over thirty years, with four grown-up sons and is an active member of his local Presbyterian church

Trevor Bigham

Sir Frank Trevor Roger Bigham, KBE, CB was an English barrister, an Assistant Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police from 1914 to 1931, Deputy Commissioner from 1931 to 1935. He was the first officer to hold the position of Deputy Commissioner as a separate rank and not as an honorary title while serving as an Assistant Commissioner. Trevor Bigham was the third son of the judge, John Charles Bigham, 1st Viscount Mersey, was entitled to the style "The Honourable" after 1910 due to his father's peerage, he was a King's Scholar at Eton College from 1890 to 1895, went up to Magdalen College, Oxford. He took a second in Mods in 1895 and a first in Literae Humaniores in 1899. In 1901, he was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple. On 24 January 1900, he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the 24th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment. On 4 December 1909, Bigham was appointed the Chief Constable of the Metropolitan Police Criminal Investigation Department. On 29 January 1914, he succeeded Frederick Bullock as Assistant Commissioner "L", in charge of the Legal Department of Scotland Yard.

During the First World War, he spent most of his time dealing with the control of aliens, in 1919 he was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath. On 6 November 1922, Bigham and his colleague, Assistant Commissioner Frank Elliott, were sent a box of chocolate éclairs poisoned with arsenic. Luckily, they were suspicious and did not eat them, Walter Tatam, who had a history of mental problems, was found guilty of attempted murder. In 1928, he became Assistant Commissioner "C", in charge of CID, he was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the Metropolitan Police Centenary Honours of 3 June 1929. Following the sudden death of Sir Charles Royds on 5 January 1931, Bigham succeeded him as Assistant Commissioner "A", in charge of administration and uniformed operations and with the courtesy title of Deputy Commissioner, he immediately became Acting Commissioner, as Lord Byng was absent on medical leave in France. Shortly afterwards, following a reorganisation, he became Deputy Commissioner, being succeeded as Assistant Commissioner "A" by Lieutenant-Colonel David Allan.

Bigham retired in January 1935. Bigham married, at Temple Church, London, on 17 December 1901, Frances Leonora Tomlin, daughter of J. L. Tomlin, they had two daughters. She died in 1927, four years he married Edith Drysdale, a civilian official at Scotland Yard. Obituary, The Times, 25 November 1954

Chance Wenglewski

Chance Allen Wenglewski is a rugby union player who plays at prop for the United States men's national team and Lindenwood University. Wenglewski has played for the USA Selects and multiple age-grade sides representing the United States. Wenglewski was born on September 1997 in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Wenglewski attended Union High School in Tulsa; as of 2018, Wenglewski attends Lindenwood University where he has been a member of the Lindenwood Lions men's rugby team. Wenglewski was first named to the United States national under-20 rugby union team ahead of two qualification matches for the 2016 World Rugby Under 20 Trophy against Canada. Upon the Junior All-Americans qualification for the tournament, Wenglewski played for the team there in Harare, Zimbabwe. Wenglewski played for the Junior All-Americans in qualification matches for the 2017 World Rugby Under 20 Trophy. Wenglewski represented the United States, playing for the Men's Collegiate All-Americans' in a September 2017 match against Oxford University.

Wenglewski was first named to the roster for the USA Selects in advance of the 2016 Americas Pacific Challenge. Wenglewski represented the Selects at the Americas Pacific Challenge in 2017 and 2018. Wenglewski was first named to the roster for the USA Eagles for the 2018 Americas Rugby Championship, but he did not make an appearance during the competition. Wenglewski again was named to the Eagles' roster in October 2018, replacing an injured Olive Kilifi ahead of the 2018 end-of-year tests. Wenglewski made his debut for the Eagles on November 3, 2018, starting at prop, in an uncapped match against the Māori All Blacks—a 59–22 defeat. Wenglewski earned his first cap with the Eagles on November 24, 2018, appearing as a substitute, in the Eagles' 57–14 defeat to Ireland