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Protected areas of Tasmania

Protected areas of Tasmania consists of protected areas located within Tasmania and its immediate onshore waters, including Macquarie Island. It includes areas of crown land managed by Tasmanian Government agencies as well as private reserves; as of 2016, 52% of Tasmania's land area has some form of reservation classification, the majority is managed by the Tasmania Parks & Wildlife Service. Marine protected areas cover about 7.9% of state waters. Within each classification of reserve there may be a variation of IUCN categories which can serve as a rough guide of "conservation significance". Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service manages crown land reserved under the Nature Conservation Act 2002; the 10 classes of protected land are: conservation area, historic site, game reserve, national park, nature recreation area, nature reserve, regional reserve and state reserve. The National Parks and Reserves Management act 2002 determines the management objectives for each class.'Permanent timber production zone land' is crown land managed by Sustainable Timber Tasmania under the Forest Management Act 2013.

It contains areas of informal reserves The Department of Primary Industries, Parks and Environment administers'future potential production forest' crown land as defined in The Forestry Act 2014. The Wellington Park Management Trust is outlined in the Wellington Park Act 1993. At 30 June 2016, Tasmania's terrestrial reserves cover 3.4 million hectares, of which Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service manages 823 reserves. The following table demonstrates the distribution of terrestrial protected areas as of June 2016, any marine areas are excluded. All protected areas not managed by Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service or Sustainable Timber Tasmania is grouped into "other", including: formal and informal reserves on public land, reserves on private land, Wellington Park. There are several Commonwealth marine reserves in the vicinity of Tasmania, these reserves are not within state waters and are managed by the Australian government. All of the reserves are part of the South-east Commonwealth Marine Reserve Network which contains an additional 4 reserves.

Marine protected areas in Tasmanian state waters are classed as either conservation area, national park or nature reserve. Only the nature reserve or national park class have either restricted no take zones. Of the 135,000 hectares of marine protected areas, about 48,000 hectares is restricted fishing or no take, Macquarie Island is a wholly no-take zone. In total 7.9% of Tasmania’s State coastal waters is reserved, however only 4.2% is in no-take areas and the majority of this is concentrated around subantarctic Macquarie Island. Only 1.1% of Tasmania’s immediate coastal waters are protected in no-take areas. Reserves on private land is about 4% of the terrestrial protected areas in Tasmania. Landowners may protect some areas of their land by entering into a Conservation Covenant, binding under the Nature Conservation Act and is registered on the land title. Although in perpetuity, about 7% of the covenant area in Tasmania is fixed-term. In December 2016, there were 819 covenants covering an area of about 99,000 ha.

There are 8 Indigenous Protected Area in Tasmania, covering an area of about 11,000 ha. IUCN V IUCN VI Land reserved for the significant natural or cultural values while permitting the carrying out of agricultural or other activities consistent on preserving the values of the land. Wellington Park is the protected area which surrounds near Hobart, it is IUCN covers an area of about 18,000 ha. It is managed by the Wellington Park Management Trust established in 1993 whose members include: Hobart and Glenorchy City Councils, Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service, DPIPWE, TasWater and Tourism Tasmania.'Future potential production forest land' is crown land administered by the Department of Primary Industries, Parks and Environment where, except in some circumstances for "special species timbers", no native forest harvesting can be undertaken. It was formally classified as'future reserve land' under the Tasmanian Forests Agreement. FPPF may be converted to'permanent timber production zone land' after 2020.

The Tasmanian Forests Agreement, passed in 2013 after 4 years of negotiations, categorised about 400,000 hectares of crown land native forest as FRL, which included areas of forests of the Styx, Upper Florentine, Great Western Tiers and Tarkine regions. The fate of FRL was dependent upon Tasmanian forest practices gaining Forest Stewardship Council certification. In the recent 2014 audit, Forestry Tasmania complied with 193 indicators, but needed further action on 10 more. In September 2014 the Tasmanian government passed legislation which reclassified the 400,000 hectares of FRL as FPPF. After the expiration of the memorandum in April 2020, areas of FPPF can be converted to PTPZ where native forest logging can occur, subject to parliamentary approval; until 2020, only limited "special species timber" harvesting can be undertaken in FPPF. Sustainable Timber Tasmania is a government business enterprise owned by the Tasmanian Government which manages and operates state forest on crown land (officially classified as'permanent timber production zone lan

Irula people

Irula are a Dravidian ethnic group inhabiting the area of the Nilgiri mountains, in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India. A scheduled tribe, their population in this region is estimated at 25,000 people. People of Irula ethnicity are called Irular, speak Irula, which belongs to the Dravidian family. Irular means "dark people" in Tamil and Malayalam, from the root word irul, meaning "darkness", in reference to their dark skin complexion; the tribe numbers 189,621 in significant region of Tamil Nadu and 23,721 in Kerala. Early 20th century anthropological literature classified the Irula under the Negrito ethnic group. Other anthropologist suggested a proto-Caucasoid ancestry. Modern genetic studies suggest a relation to other South Asians but do not show any genetic relation to Negrito or Australoid populations; the Irula speak the Irula language, a Dravidian language, related to Tamil, Yerukala and other Tamil languages. Irular live in two south Indian states -- Kerala. In Tamil Nadu they live in the Nilgiris, Erode, Namakkal and Dharmapuri.

In Kerala they live in Attapady and Walayar panchayats. They live in four taluks in Coimbatore district, namely Coimbatore South, Coimbatore North and Madathukulam; the Coimbatore district houses 4254 Irulas in 40 settlements comprising 139 villages. Nearly 100 Vettakada Irula settlements are found in the forest areas or in the deep mountainous jungles. There are 4 tribal settlements in the Siruvani Hills comprising 14 villages; the Census of Kerala identified 756 Irulan individuals from 189 families, who lived in 9 settlements covering.23 km² in the state. Traditionally, the main occupation of the Irulas has been rat catching and honey collection, they work as labourers in the fields of the landlords during the sowing and harvesting seasons or in the rice mills. Fishing and cattle farm is a major occupation. Rats destroy a quarter of the grain grown on Tamil Nadu-area farms annually. To combat this pest, Irula men use a traditional earthen pot fumigation method. Smoke is blown through their mouths, which leads to severe heart problems.

In January 2017, Masi Sadaiyan and Vadivel Gopal from the Irula tribe of Tamil Nadu were brought in, along with two translators, to work with detection dogs to track down and capture invasive Burmese pythons in Key Largo, Florida. The Irula men and their translators were paid $70,000 by the State of Florida, captured 14 pythons in less than two weeks. Irula language Tondai Nadu "Irulas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14. 1911. P. 853. "fwc news: Irula tribesmen and detector dogs help UF/IFAS and FWC remove pythons in Florida". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018. "One Florida agency put out a want ad for python killers". Msn.com. 15 March 2017. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. "Building a better Rat Trap: Technological Innovation, Human Capital and the Irular" - Economic Research Paper about the Irula "Irular: The Seekers of light" - Article by G. S. Unnikrishnan Nair in Kerala Calling March 2014

Nicola Brewer

Dame Nicola Mary Brewer is a British diplomat and university administrator. Since 2014 Vice-Provost at University College London, she was British High Commissioner to South Africa from 2009 to 2013, the first Chief Executive of Britain's Equality and Human Rights Commission from 2007 to 2009. Brewer was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy, read English at the University of Leeds, graduating with a BA in 1980 taking a Doctorate in linguistics in 1988 there. Brewer joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1983, completing overseas postings in South Africa, India and Mexico, she served as the FCO's Director for Global Issues from 2001 to 2002, as Director-General for Regional Programmes at the Department for International Development, the DfID board member supervising the UK's overseas bilateral aid programmes. In 2004, she was appointed Director-General for Europe at the FCO, leading the FCO's contribution to the UK's 2005 Presidency of the European Union, advising the Foreign Secretary and the Minister for Europe on European Union and other European policy issues.

In December 2006, Brewer was appointed by open competition as the first Chief Executive of the newly established Equality and Human Rights Commission, the successor body to the Commission for Racial Equality, the Disability Rights Commission and the Equal Opportunities Commission. She took up her new position in March 2007, standing down in May 2009 to succeed Paul Boateng as British High Commissioner to South Africa and Lesotho, completing her mission in September 2013. On her return to the UK, she became the Founding Director of the FCO Diplomatic Academy. In May 2014 she was appointed Vice-Provost at University College London, she is a non-executive director of Scottish Power. She is a member of the controversial Trilateral Commission. Brewer was appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 2003 New Year Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 2011 Birthday Honours; the University of Leeds awarded her an honorary Doctorate of Laws in 2009.

Brewer is married to former diplomat Geoffrey Gillham. Her father, Trevor Brewer, played international rugby for Wales in the 1950s

The Minnesota Cup

The Minnesota Cup competition allows emerging Minnesota entrepreneurs and start-up companies to compete for the opportunity to meet investors and win prizes, including seed capital. The Minnesota Cup competition started in 2005 by entrepreneurs Scott Dan Mallin; the first competition drew 600 entries who competed for $37,500 in prize money and professional services. The second annual competition introduced a student division and began on May 26, 2006; the competition has grown over time with the top prize increasing to $50,000 in 2008. In 2009, the competition expanded with the inclusion of categories for High Tech, Clean Tech and Renewable Energy, Social Entrepreneurship and BioSciences to go along with the existing General and Student Divisions. Additionally, prize money grew to $130,000. In 2016, The prize money for division winners and runners-up was $30,000 and $5,000, respectively; the grand prize winner got additional $50,000. 2005: ArcSwitch, Inc. 2006: Vast Enterprises 2007: Muve Inc. 2008: CoreSpine Technologies 2009: Alvenda Commerce Advertising 2010: EarthClean 2011: AUM Cardiovascular 2012: PreciouStatus 2013: Preceptis Medical 2014: 75F 2015: Astropad 2016: Stemonix

Ignacio Ávila

Ignacio Ávila Rodríguez is a Paralympian athlete and cyclist from Spain competing in category T12 middle distance events in athletics, in track time trial, track pursuit, road time trial and road race. He is from the Catalan region of Spain, he medalled at the 2009 IBSA European Championships in Greece. He competed at the 2011 World Championships in New Zealand where he won a medal. Competing at the Brazil hosted IBSA World Games, he earned a medal. From the Catalan region of Spain, he was a recipient of a 2012 Plan ADO scholarship, he competed in the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Australia. There he won a silver medal in the men's 4 x 400 metre relay — T13 event, went out in the first round of the men's 200 metres — T12 event and finished fourth in the men's 400 metres — T12 event, he competed at the 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens, Greece. There he won a gold medal in the men's 800 metres — T12 event, finished fourth in the men's 400 metres — T12 event and finished sixth in the men's 1500 metres — T13 event.

He competed at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, China. There he won a bronze medal in the men's 1500 metres — T13 event and finished fourth in the men's 800 metres — T12 event, he competed with him guide Joan Font in the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Brazil. There he won a silver medal in the men's road race — B event, he competed in track time trial, finishing 7th, in 4000 m individual pursuit, where he classified for the bronze medal contest, losing against the dutch Stephen de Vries. Ignacio Avila at the International Paralympic Committee Ignacio Avila Rodriguez at the Comité Paralímpico Español

List of longest ships

The world's longest ships are listed according to their overall length, the maximum length of the vessel measured between the extreme points in fore and aft. In addition, the ships' deadweight tonnage and/or gross tonnage are presented as they are used to describe the size of a vessel; the ships are listed by type. Only ship types for which there exist a ship longer than 300 metres are included. For each type, the list includes current record-holders either as individual ships, ship classes or standard designs, up to four runner-ups, all longer ships that have been scrapped; the list does not include other floating structures not self-propelled, such as mobile offshore drilling units or mobile floating liquefied natural gas units. Other longest ships of their type. List of large sailing vessels List of large sailing yachts List of longest naval ships List of motor yachts by length List of largest passenger ships List of longest wooden ships List of largest ships by gross tonnage