The Province of Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is bordered by the provinces of Palencia, Vizcaya, Álava, La Rioja, Soria and Valladolid, its capital is the city of Burgos. The Cartularies of Valpuesta from the monastery Santa María de Valpuesta, in Burgos, are considered to be the oldest known documents containing words written in the Spanish language. Since 1964, archaeologists have been working at numerous areas of the Archaeological Site of Atapuerca, where they have found ancient hominid and human remains, the former dating to more than one million years ago, with artefacts from the Palaeolithic and Bronze Ages of man; the site has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The province has an area of 14,300 km2 and a population of 375,000 of whom nearly half live in the capital; the other locations higher than 20,000 inhabitants apart from Burgos are Miranda de Ebro and Aranda de Duero, both industrialized.
The Sierra de la Demanda, the northwesternmost end of the Sistema Ibérico, is located in Burgos Province. The most important rivers in the province are the Duero; the river Duero leads to the Atlantic Ocean at Porto, Portugal. Planted near it is a notable vineyard, Ribera de Duero; the north and south-east of the province are mountainous. The Ebro flows to the Mediterranean Sea. In Valpuesta the oldest texts in the Spanish language has been found. Transportation is developed through a wide net of roads. Besides, the province is served by the Burgos Airport, was to have received High-speed rail AVE around 2016. In the Bureba Pass area, archaeologists have found evidence of occupation by hominids and humans for more than one million years. Discoveries have included the earliest hominid skull in Europe; the Celtiberian region that became Burgos was inhabited by the Morgobos, Turmodigi and also the Pellendones, the last inhabitants of the northern part of the Celtiberian region. According to the Greek historian Ptolemy, the principal cities included: Brabum, Deobrigula, Ambisna Segiasamon and Verovesca.
Under Roman colonization, it was part of Hispania Citerior and Hispania Tarraconensis. In the fifth century, the Visigoths drove back the Suevi. In the eighth century, the Arabs occupied all of Castiles. Alfonso III the Great, king of León reconquered the area around the middle of the ninth century, built many castles for the defence of Christendom; the area was reconquered. The region came to be known as Castile, i.e. "land of castles". In the eleventh century, Burgos became the capital of the Kingdom of Castile; the province of Burgos is divided in 10 comarcas. Merindades Valle del Rudrón Ebro La Bureba Montes de Oca Alfoz de Burgos Sierra de la Demanda Odra y Pisuerga Arlanza Ribera del Duero The province of Burgos is divided into 371 municipalities, being the Spanish province with the highest number, although many of them have fewer than 100 inhabitants. List of municipalities in Burgos Media related to Province of Burgos at Wikimedia Commons Website of the Autonomous Community of Castile and León Website of the Province of Burgos delegation
Ann was built in Batavia in 1797. How she came into British hands is unclear, she first appeared in a register in 1802, thereafter made a voyage for the British East India Company. In 1809 she made a voyage transporting convicts to New South Wales for the British government. On her return voyage she carried cargo for the EIC from Calcutta to London, she became a West Indiaman, trading between London and Jamaica. She traded with Australia and India, is last listed c.1865. Ann, built in Batavia in 1797, appeared in the Register of Shipping in 1801 with Chapman, Kennion and trade London—Jamaica. Captain James Stewart sailed Ann from Calcutta on 19 November 1801, she was at Saugor on 31 January 1802, reached St Helena on 20 April, arrived at Gravesend on 25 June. On 21 June 1809 Captain Charles Clarke acquired a letter of marque, he sailed Ann from Spithead on 25 August 1809. Ann stopped at Rio de Janeiro around 15 November and arrived at Port Jackson on 17, or 27 February 1810. Ann unloaded two before departure.
One died on the way and she landed 197 in Sydney. A detachment of the 73rd Regiment of Foot provided the guard. Among her passengers were the Maori chief Ruatara. After she left Port Jackson Ann sailed for Bengal, was at Calcutta by 21 September 1810. Homeward bound, she passed Saugor on 24 November, reached St Helena on 20 February 1811, on 26 April was at East India Dock, in London. Ann first appeared in Lloyd's Register in 1812 with master "Inneranty", changing to "Hamilton", with owner "Hibbert", her trade was given as London — Jamaica. Notes Citations References Bateson, Charles; the Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075
Jeffrey David Morenoff is an American sociologist and professor of sociology at the University of Michigan. He is a professor of public policy in the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan, a research professor at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, the director of the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan, he is known for researching neighborhood environments, social determinants of health and social inequality. Morenoff joined the faculty of the University of Michigan in 1999, he received his Ph. D. from the University of Chicago in 2000. From 2005 to 2010, he was the associate chair of the University of Michigan's Department of Sociology, he became the director of the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan on July 1, 2013. Faculty page at the Population Studies Center Faculty page at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy Jeffrey Morenoff publications indexed by Google Scholar