Province of Hohenzollern

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Province of Hohenzollern
Provinz Hohenzollern
Province of Prussia


Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Hohenzollern
The Province of Hohenzollern (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia (light yellow), within the German Empire
Capital Sigmaringen
48°05′N 9°13′E / 48.083°N 9.217°E / 48.083; 9.217Coordinates: 48°05′N 9°13′E / 48.083°N 9.217°E / 48.083; 9.217
 •  Established 1850
 •  Disestablished 1946
 •  1939 1,142 km2 (441 sq mi)
 •  1939 73,844 
Density 64.7 /km2  (167.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Baden-Württemberg

The Province of Hohenzollern (German: Provinz Hohenzollern) or the Hohenzollern Lands (German: Hohenzollernsche Lande) was a de facto province of the Kingdom of Prussia. It was created in 1850 by joining the principalities of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen after both formerly independently ruling Catholic princely lines of the House of Hohenzollern had handed over their sovereignty to Prussia, ruled by the Protestant Hohenzollern branch. Both used the same dynastic coat of arms as the one used by the Prussian royal family.

An exclave of Prussia surrounded by Baden and Württemburg, Hohenzollern comprised a single district, the Regierungsbezirk Sigmaringen; the capital was Sigmaringen. The last census recorded 74,151 inhabitants in 1939. While Hohenzollern enjoyed all the rights of a full-fledged province of Prussia, including representation in the Prussian parliament, its military matters were governed by the Rhine Province. The Regierungsbezirk Sigmaringen was further subdivided into seven Oberamtsbezirke, although only four of these remained by 1925, when they were merged and re-divided as two new Kreise.

In 1946, the French military administration made it a part of the state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern. Hohenzollern has been part of the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg since 1952.

After regional reforms in 1973 the Hohenzollern borders were eliminated, with the region now belonging to the districts of Sigmaringen and Zollernalbkreis, which also contain land that was not Hohenzollern territory.