Provisional Congress of the Confederate States

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Provisional Congress
of the
Confederate States
Logo
Type
Type
History
FoundedFebruary 4, 1861 (1861-02-04)
DisbandedFebruary 17, 1862 (1862-02-17)
Succeeded by1st Confederate States Congress
Leadership
President
Meeting place
First Capitol of the Confederate States (1861)
Alabama State Capitol
Montgomery, Alabama
Confederate States of America
Second Capitol of the Confederate States (1861-1865)
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond, Virginia
Confederate States of America
Constitution
Constitution for the Provisional Government
of the Confederate States

The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, also known as the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America, was a congress of deputies and delegates called together from the Southern States which became the governing body of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America (CSA) from February 4, 1861, to February 17, 1862. It sat in Montgomery, Alabama, until May 20, 1861, when it adjourned to meet in Richmond, Virginia, on July 20, 1861, it added new members as other states seceded and directed the election on November 6, 1861, at which a permanent government was elected.[1]

First Session[edit]

The First Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Montgomery from February 4, 1861, to March 16, 1861.[2] Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina,[3] and Texas,[4] it drafted a provisional constitution and set up a government. For president and vice-president, it selected Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia.[1]

Second Session[edit]

The Second Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Montgomery from April 29, 1861, to May 21, 1861.[2] Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia,[5] and Arkansas.[6]

Third Session[edit]

The Third Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond from July 20, 1861, to August 31, 1861.[2] Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina,[7] and Tennessee.[8]

Fourth Session[edit]

The Fourth Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond on September 3, 1861.[2] Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

Fifth Session[edit]

The Fifth Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond from November 18, 1861, to February 17, 1862.[2] Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri,[9] and Kentucky.[10] One non-voting member was present from the Arizona Territory.[11]

Constitutional Convention[edit]

The Constitutional Convention was held at Montgomery from February 28, 1861, to March 11, 1861.[2]

Leadership[edit]

President

Members[edit]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies from the first seven states to secede formed the first two sessions of the Congress.

Alabama

Florida

Georgia

Louisiana

Mississippi

South Carolina

Texas

Delegates[edit]

Representatives from states to secede after the Battle of Fort Sumter were referred to as delegates, in contrast to the deputies from the original seven states.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Root, Elihu, ed. (1904) [1st pub. 1861–1862]. Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861–1865. Volume I: Journal of the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America. Senate document (United States. Congress. Senate); 58th Congress, 2nd session, no. 234. Washington: GPO. LCCN 05012700 – via Internet Archive.
  • Thomas, Emory M. (1998), The Confederate State of Richmond: A Biography of the Capital, Louisiana State University Press.
  • Voorhees, David William; Bok, H. Abigail, eds. (1983). Concise Dictionary of American History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0-684-17321-2. OCLC 9111110.

Further reading[edit]


New constituency Provisional Congress of the Confederate States
February 4, 1861 – February 17, 1862
Succeeded by
Confederate States Congress