click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Prune

A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar the European plum. Use of the term "prune" for fresh plums is obsolete except when applied to varieties grown for drying. Most prunes are freestone cultivars. Prunes are 64% carbohydrates including dietary fiber, 2% protein, a rich source of vitamin K, a moderate source of B vitamins and dietary minerals; the sorbitol content of dietary fiber provides the laxative effect associated with consuming prunes. Contrary to the name, boiled plums or prunes are not used to make sugar plums. More than 1,000 plum cultivars are grown for drying; the main cultivar grown in the United States is the'Improved French' prune. Other varieties include'Sutter','Tulare Giant','Moyer','Imperial','Italian', greengages. Fresh prunes reach the market earlier than fresh plums and are smaller in size. In 2001, plum growers in the United States were authorized by the Food and Drug Administration to call prunes "dried plums". Due to a perception that prunes relieve constipation, some distributors stopped using the word "prune" on packaging labels in favor of "dried plums".

Prunes contain dietary fiber. Their sorbitol content may be responsible, a conclusion reached in a 2012 review by the European Food Safety Authority; the report demonstrated that prunes contribute to the maintenance of normal bowel function in the general population if consumed in quantities of at least 100 grams per day. Prunes are 31% water, 64% carbohydrates, including 7% dietary fiber, 2% protein, less than 1% fat. Prunes are a rich source of vitamin K and a moderate source of several B vitamins and dietary minerals. Prunes and prune juice contain phytochemicals, including sorbitol. Prunes are used in preparing both savory dishes. Contrary to the name, boiled plums or prunes are not used to make sugar plums, which instead may be nuts, seeds, or spices coated with hard sugar called comfits. List of dried foods List of plum dishes Pomology Zwetschge

Adscape

Adscape is a San Francisco in-game advertising company, acquired by Google on February 15, 2007 for US$23 million. Adscape was founded in 2002 by a former Nortel engineer. Adscape was launched in February 2006 with $3.2 million in funding from HIG Ventures, a venture capital company based in Atlanta, Georgia. The company offers services including delivering dynamic advertisements to video games, it has yet to form any partnerships with any game publishers as of its acquisition by Google. Google's acquisition of the company grants it Adscape's patents. Google commented on the acquisition by saying in a press release, "As more and more people spend time playing video games, we think we can create opportunities for advertisers to reach their target audiences while maintaining a high quality, engaging user experience." This acquisition was in part fueled by Microsoft's purchase of in-game advertisement company Massive Incorporated, which has secured deals with game publishers including Ubisoft, THQ, Take-Two Interactive, for $200 million in 2006.

One expert commented on the acquisition, saying, “There is a whole world of difference between the form of advertising done by Google and Madison Avenue. While everyone appreciates the dollars Google can throw around, when it comes to experience they just don’t have it.” Adscape moved from its offices in Atlanta to Google's headquarters in Mountain View, California in March 2007. The company's leadership includes Dan Willis as Chief Technical Officer, Bernie Stolar as Chairman, Eva Woo as vice president of marketing. Google has acquired Adscape Media

Leiognathus longispinis

Leiognathus longispinis known as the longspine- or Smithurst's ponyfish, is a fish of brackish and marine waters found in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans, from India through Malaysia and Indonesia south to northern Australia and east to the Philippines and Fiji It was described in 1835 by French Zoologist Achille Valenciennes from a specimen caught off Waigeo island in Irian Jaya in New Guinea. In 1886 Ramsay and Ogilby described what turned out to the same species from Hood Lagoon in Papua New Guinea, naming it Leiognathus smithursti. In 2008, ichthyologists Prosanta Chakrabarty and John S. Sparks resurrected the genus Aurigequula and placed L. longispinis and L. fasciatus in it, on the basis of a horizontal row of yellow markings on their flanks and elongated second spine of the dorsal fin. However, a molecular study showed that the genus Leiognathus was nested within Aurigequula, hence the genera were merged once more, it is unclear whether the longspine ponyfish as defined represents a single or more than one species.

The longspine ponyfish reaches a total length of 16 cm. It is distinguished by a long spine on both its anal fin. Found to depths of around 40 m, the longspine ponyfish forages on the sea floor in murky environs, consuming fish, arrow worms and shellfish such as bivalves, gastropods. Like all members of the ponyfish family, the longspine ponyfish is bioluminescent; the ventral surface glows, thought to provide camouflage and confuse predators

Goodbye America

Goodbye America is a 1997 action-drama film that examines how the closing of the U. S. naval base at Subic Bay, Philippines affected the Filipinos and the Americans who had served there. The film was an attempt to bring Philippine cinema into the international audience; as the U. S. Subic Bay naval base's operations wind down and naval manpower begins to dwindle, Commander Hamilton relies on three U. S. Navy SEALs to help keep the base secure. William Hawk, a longtime American sailor nearing the end of a tour of duty, is involved with a Filipina, Lisa Velasquez, a representative of the mayor's office in nearby Olongapo City. Lisa has to deal with the economic crisis that the base's closing will bring to her community, as well as her own personal problems brought on by Hawk's imminent departure and the strained relationship of her mother and stepfather, Ed. Paul Bladon, another Navy SEAL at the Subic Bay base, is the son of a U. S. Senator, who will be visiting Subic Bay for the base's closing ceremonies.

Senator Bladon is bringing along Paul's American girlfriend Angela, though Paul has fallen in love with a Filipina, Emma, a former prostitute who now plans to marry Paul. The third Navy SEAL, John Stryzack, is furious over what he sees as America's betrayal of its responsibilities in the Philippines. Alexis Arquette as Paul Bladen Alma Concepcion as Emma Salazar Angel Aquino as Maria Corin Nemec as John Stryzack James Brolin as Ed Johnson John Haymes Newton as William Hawk Maureen Flannigan as Angela Michael J. Sarna as Large Sailor Michael York as Senator Bladon Nanette Medved as Lisa Daria Ramirez as Anna Rae Dawn Chong as Danzig Wolfgang Bodison as Jack Hamilton Richard J. Gordon as himself, the mayor of Olongapo City The film premiered in the Philippines on August 20, 1997 and at the Film Market of the 1997 Cannes Film Festival, where the screening attracted curious distributors and the movie garnered some hype, it had a television premiere in Greece, Finland as Hyvästi, Amerikka and in Germany as Im Namen der Ehre.

Most critics found the subject timely. However, the film had an excess of characters and the end product was disorganized, it was hailed as a Philippine film thinly disguised as a Hollywood B-movie. In Rotten Tomatoes it has an average score of 3 out of 5 based on 124 user reviews; the official DVD of the film was released in April 1999 in the Philippines and Hungary. In United States, the film was released by MTI Home Video. In Brazil, it was released by Sunset Productions and D+T. List of films featuring the United States Navy SEALs Goodbye America on IMDb

8-bit clean

8-bit clean describes a computer system that handles 8-bit character encodings, such as the ISO 8859 series and the UTF-8 encoding of Unicode. Up to the early 1990s, many programs and data transmission channels assumed that all characters would be represented as numbers between 0 and 127. On computers and data links using 8-bit bytes this left the top bit of each byte free for use as a parity, flag bit, or meta data control bit. 7-bit systems and data links are unable to handle more complex character codes which are commonplace in non-English-speaking countries with larger alphabets. Binary files cannot be transmitted through 7-bit data channels directly. To work around this, binary-to-text encodings have been devised which use only 7-bit ASCII characters; some of these encodings are uuencoding, Ascii85, SREC, BinHex, kermit and MIME's Base64. EBCDIC-based systems cannot handle all characters used in UUencoded data. However, the base64 encoding does not have this problem. Various media were used to transfer messages, some of them only supporting 7-bit data, so an 8-bit message had high chances to be garbled during transmission in the 20th century.

But some implementations did not care about formal discouraging of 8-bit data and allowed high bit set bytes to pass through. Many early communications protocol standards, such as RFC 780, 788, 821, RFC 977, RFC 1056, 2821 and 5321, were designed to work over such "7-bit" communication links, they mention the use of ASCII character set "transmitted as an 8-bit byte with the high-order bit cleared to zero" and some of these explicitly restrict all data to 7-bit characters. For the first few decades of email networks, most email messages were plain text in the 7-bit US-ASCII character set. According to RFC 1428, the original RFC 821 definition of SMTP limits Internet Mail to lines of 7-bit US-ASCII characters; the format of email messages was re-defined in order to support messages that are not US-ASCII text. The Internet community adds features by "extension", allowing communication in both directions between upgraded machines and not-yet-upgraded machines, rather than declaring standards-compliant legacy software to be "broken" and insisting that all software worldwide be upgraded to the latest standard.

In the mid-1990s, people objected to "just send 8 bits" because of a perception that "just send 8 bits" is an implicit declaration that ISO 8859-1 become the new "standard encoding", forcing everyone in the world to use the same character set. Instead, the recommended way to take advantage of 8-bit-clean links between machines is to use the ESMTP 8BITMIME extension. Despite this, some Mail Transfer Agents, notably Exim and qmail, relay mail to servers that do not advertise 8BITMIME without performing the conversion to 7-bit MIME required by RFC 6152; this "just-send-8" attitude does not in fact cause problems in practice, since all modern email servers are 8-bit clean. MIME#Content-Transfer-Encoding Telnet#8-bit data 32-bit clean This article is based on material taken from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing prior to 1 November 2008 and incorporated under the "relicensing" terms of the GFDL, version 1.3 or later

Natalia Kalinina

Natalia Grigoriyevna Kalinina, born 16 December 1973 in Kherson, Ukraine, is a former artistic gymnast that competed for the Soviet Union and Ukraine. She was a member of the last Soviet world championship team to win a gold medal in 1991, she was the 1990 European champion on the uneven bars. At the 1990 Goodwill Games, she won a medal on every event with 4 golds and 2 silvers, including the all-around gold medal, she was not selected to compete for the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics. She believes that politics would only allow three gymnasts to come from one republic, there were three gymnasts from Ukraine selected. Natalia Grigoriyevna Kalinina was born in Kherson, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union on December 16, 1973, her parents are Antonina Kalinina. She has a sister named Svetlana, she began gymnastics in 1979. Kalinina's international debut was at the 1988 Junior Friendship Tournament where she won gold with her team and finished fifth in the all-around; that year she competed in the Junior GDR-USSR Dual Meet, she won medals in every event, four gold and two silver.

In 1989, Kalinina won a silver medal in the all-around at the Chunichi Cup behind teammate Natalia Laschenova. At the DTB Cup, she finished ninth in the all-around, but finished fifth on vault and won silver on the uneven bars. Kalinina competed at the Tokyo Cup, where she won gold on the uneven bars, she finished seventh in the all-around at the USSR National Championships, she finished third in the all-around and second on bars at the USSR Cup. Kalinina's first competition in 1990 was the American Cup, she finished second in the all-around behind American Kim Zmeskal, she finished in first on the vault and floor exercise. She went on to compete at the 1990 European Championships, where she won silver in the all-around behind teammate Svetlana Boginskaya. In the event finals, she finished fourth on vault, won silver on balance beam, gold on uneven bars. Kalinina went on to compete at the 1990 Goodwill Games, this turned out to be her international breakthrough. Kalinina won a medal in all six events.

The Soviet Team won team gold, Kalinina won the all-around gold medal with a total of 39.836 and a perfect 10 on floor. In the event finals, she won gold on beam and floor, she won silver on vault and bars, she teamed up with Alexander Kolyvanov for the International Mixed Pairs Competition, where they finished in fourteenth. At the USSR Championships, Kalinina finished second in the all-around behind Elena Sazonenkova, she finished fifth in the all-around at the USSR Cup, but she won bronze medals on bars and floor. Kalinina finished the season by winning gold on the uneven bars at the Moscow News event. Kalinina's first competition of the year was the Blume Memorial, where she finished sixth in the all-around, she competed at the World Stars event. She finished second in the all-around behind teammate Tatiana Gutsu, she won gold in the balance beam final with a 9.925. At the USSR Championships, she finished third in the all-around behind Tatiana Gutsu and Tatiana Lysenko. In the event finals, she finished seventh on vault, fourth on beam, won gold on bars with a 9.987.

At the ITA-USSR Dual Meet, she finished sixth in the all-around and won gold with the team. She was selected for what would be the last Soviet World Championship team; the Soviet team won the gold medal by two points. Kalinina was fourteenth in the all-around in the prelims, but she did not qualify for the final due to three of her teammates placing ahead of her. At the CIS Championships, Kalinina placed fifth in the all-around. However, she was not named to compete for the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics, she has stated that she believes that politics would not allow more than three gymnasts from one republic. Tatiana Gutsu, Tatiana Lysenko, team alternate Ludmilla Stovbchataya were on the roster for Ukraine, she competed at the World Stars event, where she finished third in the all-around behind Gutsu and Lysenko. Kalinina began attending college in Kiev, she finished fourth in the all-around at the 1993 Chunichi Cup. That year at the Tokyo Cup, she finished sixth on bars and seventh on floor.

Kalinina competed at the 1993 Summer Universiade, the Ukrainian team won gold, Kalinina finished sixth in the all-around. In the event finals, she won gold on beam. Kalinina competed at the 1994 European Championships, she finished eighth in the all-around, she was the 1994 Ukrainian all-round champion. Her last competition before retirement was the 1995 Summer Universiade, she finished fourth in the all-around, won bronze on floor. After graduating from college, Kalinina moved to Moscow, she married fellow performer Mikhail Tsitsilin, they relocated to his hometown, where they began coaching gymnastics. They moved to the United States in 2000, she coached gymnastics at the Peninsula Gymnastics club in San Mateo, California until 2009, now works at Gold Star Gymnastics in Mountain View, California. She now goes by the informal name of Natalia in Russian. Official Website