A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name. The term is not used when a new name replaces an individual's own. Pseudonyms include stage names and user names, ring names, pen names, aliases, superhero or villain identities and code names, gamer identifications, regnal names of emperors and other monarchs, they have sometimes taken the form of anagrams and Latinisations, although there are many other methods of choosing a pseudonym. Pseudonyms should not be confused with new names that replace old ones and become the individual's full-time name. Pseudonyms are "part-time" names, used only in certain contexts – to provide a more clear-cut separation between one's private and professional lives, to showcase or enhance a particular persona, or to hide an individual's real identity, as with writers' pen names, graffiti artists' tags, resistance fighters' or terrorists' noms de guerre, computer hackers' handles.
Actors, voice-over artists and other performers sometimes use stage names, for example, to better channel a relevant energy, gain a greater sense of security and comfort via privacy, more avoid troublesome fans/"stalkers", or to mask their ethnic backgrounds. In some cases, pseudonyms are adopted because they are part of a cultural or organisational tradition: for example devotional names used by members of some religious institutes, "cadre names" used by Communist party leaders such as Trotsky and Lenin. A pseudonym may be used for personal reasons: for example, an individual may prefer to be called or known by a name that differs from their given or legal name, but is not ready to take the numerous steps to get their name changed. A collective name or collective pseudonym is one shared by two or more persons, for example the co-authors of a work, such as Carolyn Keene, Ellery Queen, Nicolas Bourbaki, or James S. A. Corey; the term pseudonym is derived from the Greek ψευδώνυμον "false name", from ψεῦδος, "lie, falsehood" and ὄνομα, "name".
The term alias is a Latin adverb meaning "at another time, elsewhere". A pseudonym is distinct from an allonym, the name of another person, assumed by the author of a work of art; this may occur when someone is ghostwriting a book or play, or in parody, or when using a "front" name, such as by screenwriters blacklisted in Hollywood in the 1950s and 1960s. See pseudepigraph, for falsely attributed authorship. Sometimes people change their name in such a manner that the new name becomes permanent and is used by all who know the person; this is not an alias or pseudonym, but in fact a new name. In many countries, including common law countries, a name change can be ratified by a court and become a person's new legal name. For example, in the 1960s, black civil rights campaigner Malcolm Little changed his surname to "X", to represent his unknown African ancestral name, lost when his ancestors were brought to North America as slaves, he changed his name again to Malik El-Shabazz when he converted to Islam.
Some Jews adopted Hebrew family names upon immigrating to Israel, dropping surnames, in their families for generations. The politician David Ben-Gurion, for example, was born David Grün in Poland, he adopted his Hebrew name in 1910, when he published his first article in a Zionist journal in Jerusalem. Many transgender people choose to adopt a new name around the time of their social transitioning, to match their desired gender better than their birth name. Businesspersons of ethnic minorities in some parts of the world are sometimes advised by an employer to use a pseudonym, common or acceptable in that area when conducting business, to overcome racial or religious bias. Criminals may use aliases, fictitious business names, dummy corporations to hide their identity, or to impersonate other persons or entities in order to commit fraud. Aliases and fictitious business names used for dummy corporations may become so complex that, in the words of the Washington Post, "getting to the truth requires a walk down a bizarre labyrinth" and multiple government agencies may become involved to uncover the truth.
A pen name, or "nom de plume", is a pseudonym adopted by an author. Some female authors used male pen names, in particular in the 19th century, when writing was a male-dominated profession; the Brontë sisters used pen names for their early work, so as not to reveal their gender and so that local residents would not know that the books related to people of the neighbourhood. The Brontës used their neighbours as inspiration for characters in many of their books. Anne Brontë's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall was published under the name Acton Bell, while Charlotte Brontë used the name Currer Bell for Jane Eyre and Shirley, Emily Brontë adopted Ellis Bell as cover for Wuthering Heights. Other examples from the nineteenth-century are the novelist Mary Ann Evans and the French writer Amandine Aurore Lucile Dupin. Pseudonyms may be used due to cultural or organization or political prejudices. On the other hand, some 20th and 21st-century male romance novelists have used female pen names. A few examples are Brindle Chase, Peter O'Donnell, Christopher Wood, Hugh C.
Rae. A pen name may be used if a wri
José Antonio Kast Rist is a Chilean lawyer and politician who served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies, representing District 24 of Peñalolén and La Reina. He was a member of the Independent Democrat Union until 2016, independent until 2019. Kast ran for president as an independent candidate in the 2017 election, since 2018 is the leader of the conservative movement Republican Action. In 2019 he created the think tank Republican Ideas, his parents were Michael Kast Schindele and Olga Rist Hagspiel, German immigrants from Bavaria who after arriving in the 1950s installed a cecina factory and a restaurant. They had 9 children. José Antonio Kast is a brother of the economist and former Governor of the Central Bank, Miguel Kast, uncle of the Political Evolution senator, Felipe Kast. Kast studied law at the Catholic University of Chile, where he got his first contact with the Movimiento Gremialista, he was a candidate for the Student Federation's presidency. Kast, as a student, appeared on the 1988 Chilean national plebiscite electoral space, supporting the Yes option.
Between 1996 and 2000 he was a councilman of Buin. In 2001, Kast was chosen as a member of the Chamber of Deputies for District 30 of San Bernardo, he was the Secretary General of the Independent Democratic Union, a party he resigned from to run for president. On 18 August 2017 he registered his independent candidacy with the Electoral Service, presenting 43,461 signatures, he was supported by right-wing, libertarian, nationalist and retired military groups, among others. Kast promoted a "less taxes, less government, pro-life", as well as anti-illegal immigration government program, his support of the Military Government led to much controversy during his campaign his proposal to forgive convicts of human rights violations by Pinochet's government who have age-related illnesses. He got 523,213 votes in the presidential election, representing 7,93% of the total of votes and the 4th place though polls only showed a 2%-3% support. In the second round of the election he supported Sebastián Piñera's campaign, which won the election.
In March 2018, during a tour on some Chilean universities, Kast was scheduled to give a talk at the Arturo Prat University in Iquique, but was physically assaulted by protesters opposing his political views. Kast claimed "censorship" by the University of Concepción and the Austral University of Chile. In April 2018, José Antonio Kast revealed the right-wing political movement called Republican Action. In the 2018 Brazilian general election, JAK supported Jair Bolsonaro. Kast confirmed his intentions of running for president on the 2021 Chilean general election. In May 2019, he created the think tank Republican Ideas and in June 2019 he created the Chilean Republican Party. Kast has nine children, he is a member of the Schoenstatt Apostolic Movement. Official Republican Action Movement web site
Do You Wanna Get Away is the second studio album from dance–Latin freestyle singer Shannon. It was released in 1985 by Mirage/Atco/Atlantic Records. Shannon: Main Vocal April Lang, Audrey Wheeler, Cheryl Page, Cindy Mizelle, Evan Rogers, Jimi Tunnell, Selva Millheiser, Judith Spears: Vocal Backing Nate Wingfield, Carl Sturken, Charlie Street, Tommy Morrongiello, Warner Fritzshing: Guitars Phil Ashley, Joe Norosavage, Tommy Mandel: Keyboards C. P. Roth: Keyboards and Drum programming, Percussion Chris Barbosa: Keyboard and Drum Programming, Percussion Jeff Bova: Keyboards, Effects Russell Taylor, Tony Bridges: Bass Petey Grayson: Percussion Miami Horn Section arranged by Crispin McCormick "Stronger Together"