Launched in 1984, the Psion Organiser was the "world's first practical pocket computer". Based on an 8-bit Hitachi 6301-family processor, running at 0.9 MHz, with 4 kB of ROM and 2 kB of static RAM and had a single-row monochrome LCD screen. The size with the case closed is 142 × 78 × 29.3 mm, the mass is 225 grams. BYTE's reviewer described the Organiser's software as a "clever design... for fast and foolproof use". He approved of the consistent user interface across applications and reported that without documentation he was able to figure out how to do everything except program in 15 minutes; the machine provided a simple flat-file database and clock, had no operating system. The Organiser I supported removable storage write-once devices; the machine could host two of these so-called DATAPAKs, to which it could write data, but which needed to be removed from the machine and erased by being exposed to ultraviolet light before they could be re-used. As Psion had patented the use of EPROMS as storage device, it was impossible for other device manufacturers to copy this unusual approach to mobile storage.
Software supplied on DATAPAK included a crude programming language called POPL, in which end-users could write their own programs. Software DATAPAKs titled Science and Finance contained the POPL programming language editor and runtime and extended the built-in calculator by adding named functions; these DATAPAKs contained different sets of application programs written in the POPL language. A far more sophisticated programming tool was made available with the implementation of the Forth programming language, but was available to registered professional developers rather than end users; the Psion Forth Development System for the Organiser I was a powerful set of IBM PC-based cross-development tools for producing Forth application programs, including a Forth compiler. The Forth system on the Organiser I itself had a compiler to intermediate code and runtime, had a number of unusual design features one being that it could interpret – that is, read and execute – Forth intermediate code directly in place on a DATAPAK, rather than needing to copy it into precious RAM first, despite the DATAPAKs not being execute-in-place memory-mapped.
Software developed by Psion as part of the Organiser I project and application software after its launch was written in 6301 assembler language, in POPL, in other custom-designed languages. Assembler language development at Psion itself was carried out using cross-development tools, including a cross assembler and linker, all of which ran on a DEC VAX. Application developers writing in 6301 assembler struggled with the small amount of RAM and the lack of an operating system. Another difficulty for developers was with the performance limitations of the earliest DATAPAKs, which used a serial-access internal architecture, as opposed to random access. Retrieving, for example, byte 2000 from a DATAPAK meant issuing successive hardware commands to either step from the current read position one address place at time until position 2000 was reached or, in the worst case, resetting the read position to zero and issuing a step-forward command 2000 times; the Hitachi 6301 processor is an enhanced development based on the Motorola 6801 implemented in CMOS, with a number of extra instructions, various hardware system-on-single chip facilities on-chip, power management and support for a sleep state.
The particular variant chosen had 4 KiB of masked ROM on-chip, so an external ROM was not needed on the board. Having static RAM and a processor whose clock could be frozen without losing state meant spectacular battery life, measured in weeks or months. Minimal battery consumption was aided by the processor being frozen whenever there was no work to do, plus a deeper sleep mode, which turned off the display; the machine lacked a full independently battery-backed, date-time real-time hardware clock, instead it had a simple hardware counter. While the machine was sleeping, the counter counted 1024 seconds and woke the machine briefly, so that software could add 1024 seconds to a record of the time held in RAM; this meant that when sleeping the machine woke fleetingly every 17 min 4 s. The original 1984 price was 99 GBP or 199 CAD and included one Datapak and one software DATAPAK, the "Utility" pack; this latter adds trigonometric functions to the otherwise basic calculator routines. In 1986, the successful Organiser II introduced a number of hardware improv
Harilyn Rousso is an American disabled rights activist, psychotherapist and feminist. In 2003 she was designated a Women's History Month Honoree by the National Women's History Project. Harilyn Rousso was born in 1946 with cerebral palsy, she decided to go into psychotherapy and was discouraged by her professors who believed that a woman with cerebral palsy could not succeed in her career, thus they refused to teach her. She would move on to another training facility and obtained her license. Rousso would graduate from Brandeis University with a degree in economics. Rousso's main work focuses on three themes: psychotherapy, fine art. After graduation from college she worked at the Office of Economic Opportunity in Washington, D. C. which helped trigger her interest in working with people. In the 1980s Rousso began the Networking Project for Disabled Women and Girls at the New York City YWCA; that decade she would publish Disabled and Proud: Stories of Ten Women with Disabilities and make the film Positive Images: Portraits of Women with Disabilities.
As a disabled rights activist worked for the United Nations Fourth International Conference on Women and used that experience to foster Beijing +5, a series of trainings for disabled women. She has served on the board of Ms. magazine, the Center for Women Policy Studies, the Sister Fund, among others. In 2000 she was the recipient of the Jessie Bernard Wise Women Award. Since 1997 she has produced fine art as a way to enhance visibility and awareness about disability. Rousso, Harilyn. Disabled and Proud: Stories of Ten Women with Disabilities. Bergin & Garvey Paperback. ISBN 0-89789-358-1 Rousso, Harilyn. Don't Call Me Inspirational: A Disabled Feminist Talks Back. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. Rousso and Michael L. Wehmeyer. Double Jeopardy: Addressing Gender Equity in Special Education Supports and Services. Albany: SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-5075-9 Rousso, Harilyn. Gender matters: training for educators working with students with disabilities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library. Harilyn Rousso from the Disability Rights and Independent Living Movement.
A collection of Rousso's art at ducts
Eon Mountain is located on the border of Alberta and British Columbia on the Continental Divide. It is Alberta's 41st highest peak, the 53rd highest peak in British Columbia, it was named in 1901 by James Outram. The first ascent of Eon was made on July 17, 1921 by Winthrop E. Stone President of Purdue University, who fell to his death shortly after reaching the summit. Stone had climbed the final chimney and unroped on the summit. Upon returning to the chimney he fell, his wife was stationed at the base of the final chimney at the time. She was able to descend to 7,500 ft on the south face and was rescued on July 24. On August 5, a five-man recovery team ascended the SE arête to retrieve Stone's body, located some 850 ft below the summit; the mountain is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny. Based on the Köppen climate classification, Eon Mountain is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, mild summers.
Temperatures can drop below −20 C with wind chill factors below −30 C. List of peaks on the British Columbia-Alberta border
The Pacific Time Zone is a time zone encompassing parts of western Canada, the western United States, western Mexico. Places in this zone observe standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time. During daylight saving time, a time offset of UTC−07:00 is used. In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called the "Pacific Time Zone". Time in this zone is referred to as "Pacific Standard Time" when standard time is being observed, "Pacific Daylight Time" when daylight saving time is being observed. In Mexico, the corresponding time zone is known as the Zona Noroeste and observes the same daylight saving schedule as the U. S. and Canada. The largest city in the Pacific Time Zone is Los Angeles; the zone is two hours ahead of the Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zone, one hour ahead of the Alaska Time Zone, one hour behind the Mountain Time Zone, two hours behind the Central Time Zone, three hours behind the Eastern Time Zone, four hours behind the Atlantic Time Zone.
Only one Canadian territory is in the Pacific Time Zone: YukonOne Canadian province and one territory are split between the Pacific Time Zone and the Mountain Time Zone: British Columbia – all, except for the Highway 95 corridor in the southeast, Tumbler Ridge, Fort St. John, Dawson Creek in the northeast Northwest Territories – Tungsten In Mexico, the Zona Noroeste, which corresponds to Pacific Time in the United States and Canada, includes: Baja California Two states are contained in the Pacific Time Zone: California WashingtonThree states are split between the Pacific Time Zone and the Mountain Time Zone: Idaho – Idaho Panhandle Nevada – all, except for West Wendover and, several towns along the Idaho border Oregon – all, except for the majority of Malheur CountyOne state is split between the Pacific Time Zone and the Alaska Time Zone: Alaska – Hyder Through 2006, the local time changed to daylight time at 02:00 LST to 03:00 LDT on the first Sunday in April, returned at 02:00 LDT to 01:00 LST on the last Sunday in October.
Effective in the U. S. in 2007 as a result of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the local time changes from PST to PDT at 02:00 LST to 03:00 LDT on the second Sunday in March and the time returns at 02:00 LDT to 01:00 LST on the first Sunday in November. The Canadian provinces and territories that use daylight time each adopted these dates between October 2005 and February 2007. In Mexico, beginning in 2010, the portion of the country in this time zone uses the extended dates, as do some other parts; the vast majority of Mexico, still uses the old dates. Effects of time zones on North American broadcasting The Official NIST US Time Official times across Canada World time zone map U. S. time zone map History of U. S. time zones and UTC conversion Canada time zone map Time zones for major world cities
Félix-Auguste Béguinot was a French prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Nîmes from 1896 to 1921. Béguinot was born, according to various sources, on either 10 or 11 July 1836, in Bannay, Centre, France, he was educated at the Seminary of Bourges and was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Bourges on 25 February 1860. By 1896, he was serving as Vicar General of the Archdiocese of Bourges, he was selected as Bishop of the Diocese of Nîmes on 30 May 1896, was confirmed on 22 June of that same year. His episcopal consecration took place on 24 August 1896, with Archbishop of Bourges Cardinal Jean-Pierre Boyer serving as principal consecrator and Bishop Stanislas Touchet, Bishop of Orléans, Bishop Claude Bardel, Auxiliary Bishop of Bourges, serving as co-consecrators, he was installed as Bishop of Nîmes on 8 September 1896. An excellent and prolific orator, he opposed the French government's laws that resulted in the closure of Catholic schools, confiscation of the property of and expulsion of religious orders, the decreed separation of church and state.
On 13 December he was driven from the diocesan headquarters, he fled with many of the faithful to Rue Robert in Nîmes, where he died on 3 February 1921. Throughout his episcopacy, he was principal consecrator of two bishops, Jean-Augustin Germain in 1897 and Jean-Charles Arnal du Curel in 1903, he served as co-consecrator of three bishops, Sébastien Herscher in 1900, Henri-Louis-Alfred Bouquet in 1901, Honoré-Paul-Émile Halle in 1916. Bishop Francesco Ravizza Archbishop Veríssimo de Lencastre Bishop João de Sousa Bishop Álvaro de Abranches e Noronha Bishop Nuno da Cunha e Ataíde Cardinal Tomás de Almeida Cardinal João Cosme da Cunha, OCSA Archbishop Francisco da Assumpção e Brito, OSA Bishop Alexandre de Gouvea, TOR Bishop Cajetan Pires Pireira, CM Bishop Joachin Salvetti, OFM Bishop Giovanni Domenico Rizzolati, OFM Archbishop Théodore-Augustin Forcade Cardinal Jean-Pierre Boyer Bishop Félix-Auguste Béguinot Catholic Church in France
Albert Henri Victor Cleuter was a Belgian botanical artist. He was the only child of Francois Ernest Henriette Marie Catherine Denys of Brussels; the father produced ink and watercolour sketches admired by his son. Albert enrolled at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels in August 1917 where he completed a year of design study and 4 years of architecture and related courses, two years of ornamental composition, he produced sketches and designs for ladies' fashion. At the Botanical Garden of Belgium he succeeded a prolific illustrator of conifers. A master at developing his own style, Albert Cleuter, was active as botanical illustrator at the Jardin Botanique National de Belgique from 1936 to 1966, his style becoming an accepted standard there. An architect by training, he discovered a new vocation in botanical illustration and produced hundreds of plates, proving himself to be a great observer, creating virtuoso work with his pen, he used the time-consuming stipple technique for shading when he felt that a line drawing was not adequate.
During the war years he worked as illustrator for the underground paper La Libre Belgique and forged identity documents for fugitives such as downed pilots. Cleuter illustrated works for W Robyns: "Flore du Congo Belge et Ruanda-Urundi" 1948+.