Psychedelia refers to psychedelic art, psychedelic music and the subculture that originated in the psychedelic experience of the 1960s, by people who used psychedelic drugs such as LSD, mescaline and psilocybin. Psychedelic art and music recreate or reflect the experience of altered consciousness. Psychedelic art uses distorted, surreal visuals, bright colors and full spectrums and animation to evoke, convey, or enhance the psychedlic experience. Psychedelic music uses distorted electric guitar, Indian music elements such as the sitar, electronic effects, sound effects and reverberation, elaborate studio effects, such as playing tapes backwards or panning the music from one side to another; the term "psychedelic" is derived from the Ancient Greek words psychē and dēloun, translating to "mind-manifesting". A psychedelic experience is characterized by the striking perception of aspects of one's mind unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ostensibly ordinary fetters.
Psychedelic states are an array of experiences including changes of perception such as hallucinations, altered states of awareness or focused consciousness, variation in thought patterns, trance or hypnotic states, mystical states, other mind alterations. These processes can lead some people to experience changes in mental operation defining their self-identity different enough from their previous normal state that it can excite feelings of newly formed understanding such as revelation, enlightenment and psychosis. Psychedelic states may be elicited by various techniques, such as meditation, sensory stimulation or deprivation, most by the use of psychedelic substances; when these psychoactive substances are used for religious, shamanic, or spiritual purposes, they are termed entheogens. The term was first coined as a noun in 1956 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond as an alternative descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy. Seeking a name for the experience induced by LSD, Osmond contacted Aldous Huxley, a personal acquaintance and advocate for the therapeutic use of the substance.
Huxley coined the term "phanerothyme," from the Greek terms for "manifest" and "spirit". In a letter to Osmond, he wrote: To make this mundane world sublime, Take half a gram of phanerothyme To which Osmond responded: To fathom Hell or soar angelic, Just take a pinch of psychedelic It was on this term that Osmond settled, because it was "clear and uncontaminated by other associations." This mongrel spelling of the word'psychedelic' was loathed by American ethnobotanist Richard Evans Schultes, but championed by Timothy Leary, who thought it sounded better. Due to the expanded use of the term "psychedelic" in pop culture and a perceived incorrect verbal formulation, Carl A. P. Ruck, Jeremy Bigwood, Danny Staples, Jonathan Ott, R. Gordon Wasson proposed the term "entheogen" to describe the religious or spiritual experience produced by such substances. From the second half of the 1950s, Beat Generation writers like William Burroughs, Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg wrote about and took drugs, including cannabis and Benzedrine, raising awareness and helping to popularise their use.
In the same period Lysergic acid diethylamide, better known as LSD, or "acid", began to be used in the US and UK as an experimental treatment promoted as a potential cure for mental illness. In the early 1960s the use of LSD and other hallucinogens was advocated by proponents of the new "consciousness expansion", such as Timothy Leary, Alan Watts, Aldous Huxley and Arthur Koestler, their writings profoundly influenced the thinking of the new generation of youth. There had long been a culture of drug use among jazz and blues musicians, use of drugs had begun to grow among folk and rock musicians, who began to include drug references in their songs. By the mid-1960s, the psychedelic life-style had developed in California, an entire subculture developed; this was true in San Francisco, due in part to the first major underground LSD factory, established there by Owsley Stanley. There was an emerging music scene of folk clubs, coffee houses and independent radio stations catering to a population of students at nearby Berkeley, to free thinkers that had gravitated to the city.
From 1964, the Merry Pranksters, a loose group that developed around novelist Ken Kesey, sponsored the Acid Tests, a series of events based around the taking of LSD, accompanied by light shows, film projection and discordant, improvised music known as the psychedelic symphony. The Pranksters helped popularize LSD use through their road trips across America in a psychedelically-decorated school bus, which involved distributing the drug and meeting with major figures of the beat movement, through publications about their activities such as Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Leary was a well-known proponent of the use of psychedelics. However, both advanced different opinions on the broad use of psychedelics by state and civil society. Leary promulgated the idea of such substances as a panacea, while Huxley suggested that only the cultural and intellectual elite should partake of entheogens systematically. In the 1960s the use of psychedelic drugs became widespread in modern Western culture in the United States and Britain.
Weekend Lover is the 1995 directorial debut by Chinese director Lou Ye. The film stars actors Ma Xiaoqing. Fellow director Wang Xiaoshuai plays a minor role; the film follows a young man, A Xi, released from prison. Once released, he seeks out his old girlfriend Li Xin, who has since begun a relationship with La La, a young musician; as the two men vie for her attention and violence escalate. Jia Hongsheng — A Xi, a young man released from prison where he had served a term for murder of a fellow teenager. Ma Xiaoqing — Li Xin, A Xi's ex-girlfriend. Wang Zhiwen — La La, Li Xin's new boyfriend. Nai An — Chen Chen, the film's narrator. Wang Xiaoshuai — Zhang Chi, a musician in La La's band. Weekend Lover served as Lou Ye's first feature-film since graduating from the Beijing Film Academy in 1989 and is notable for having the youngest production team in Chinese cinematic history upon its release. Shot and produced in 1993 and 1994, once complete, the film was banned for two years by the Chinese film censors.
Weekend Lover's noir-style and tales of violent disaffected youth led to its comparison with similar films of the period, notably Zhang Yuan's Beijing Bastards. Like that film, Weekend Lover is considered a defining film for the "Sixth Generation" of Chinese cinema in its tone and subject matter that focuses on modern urban life instead of traditional Chinese history. Less positive reviews praised the film as technically assured, but convoluted in its plotting leading at least one reviewer to refer to it as a "minor festival curio." The film managed to premiere at a handful of foreign film festivals, notably the Turin Young Cinema Festival in 1995. It went on to win the Werner Fassbinder Award for Best Direction at the 1996 Mannheim-Heidelberg International Film Festival. Weekend Lover on IMDb Weekend Lover at AllMovie Weekend Lover at the Chinese Movie Database
The XAP processor is a RISC processor architecture developed by Cambridge Consultants since 1994. XAP processors are a family of 16-bit and 32-bit cores, all of which are intended for use in an application-specific integrated circuit or ASIC chip design. XAP processors were designed for use in mixed-signal integrated circuits for sensor or wireless applications including Bluetooth, ZigBee, GPS, RFID or Near Field Communication chips; these integrated circuits are used in low cost, high volume products that are battery-powered and must have low energy consumption. There are other applications where XAP processors have been used to good effect, such as wireless sensor networks and medical devices, e.g. hearing aids. The XAP soft microprocessor has been implemented in several on-chip design styles, including self-timed asynchronous circuit, 1-of-4 encoding synchronous circuit, FPGA; this makes it useful for making fair comparisons between on-chip design styles. The first XAP processor was XAP1, designed in 1994 and used for a number of wireless and sensor ASIC projects at Cambridge Consultants.
It was a small, 3,000-gate, Harvard architecture, 16-bit processor with a 16-bit data bus and an 18-bit instruction bus intended for running programs stored in on-chip read-only memory or ROM. Data and instructions were each addressed by separate 16-bit address bus. A more powerful XAP2 was developed and used from 1999, it had a Harvard architecture and 16-bit data, it adopted a more conventional 16-bit instruction width suitable for program storage in Flash or other off-chip memories. Large programs were accommodated by a 24-bit address bus for instructions and there was a 16-bit address bus for data. XAP2 was a 12,000-gate processor with support for interrupts and a software tool chain including a C compiler and the XAPASM assembler for its assembly language. XAP2 was used in Cambridge Consultants' ASIC designs and it was provided to other semiconductor companies as a semiconductor intellectual property core, or IP core. XAP2 was adopted by three fabless semiconductor companies that emerged from Cambridge Consultants: CSR plc is the main provider of Bluetooth chips for mobile phones and headsets.
As a consequence, combined with other licensees and Cambridge Consultants’ ASIC projects, there are now over one billion XAP processors in use worldwide. XAP3 was an experimental 32-bit processor designed at Cambridge Consultants in 2003, it was optimised for low cost, low energy ASIC implementations using modern CMOS semiconductor process technologies. The instruction set was optimised for GNU GCC to achieve high code density; the XAP3 was the first of Cambridge Consultants’ processors to use a Von Neumann architecture with a logically shared address space for Program and Data. The physical program memory could be Flash or one-time programmable EPROM or SRAM. ASIC design was simplified by using a single memory where there was no need to pre-determine the split between Program and Data at design time; the XAP3's instruction set with the GCC compiler produced high code density. This reduced the size of the program memory, which reduced the chip unit cost and reduced the energy consumption. In 2005, further project requirements saw a new 16-bit processor, the XAP4, designed to supersede the XAP2 taking into account the experience gained on XAP3 and the evolving requirements of ASIC designs.
XAP4 is a small, 12,000-gate, Von Neumann bus, 16-bit processor core capable of addressing a total of 64 kBytes of memory for programs and peripherals. It offers high code density combined with good performance in the region of 50 Dhrystone MIPS when clocked at 80 MHz. XAP4 was designed for use in modern ASIC or microcontroller applications capable of processing real-world data captured by an Analog to digital converter or similar sources; the processor's 16-bit integer word supports the precision of most ADCs without carrying the overhead of a 32-bit processor. XAP4 offers a migration path from 8-bit processors, such as 8051, in applications that need increased performance and program size, but cannot justify the cost and overhead of a 32-bit processor; the XAP4 registers are. The XAP4 instructions are 16 and 32-bit; the XAP4 compile chain is based on GNU GCC and Binutils. Development of an extended version of this architecture commenced in 2006 and resulted in the XAP5, announced in July 2008.
XAP5 is a 16-bit processor with a 24-bit address bus making it capable of running programs from memory up to 16 MBytes. XAP4 and XAP5 are both implemented with a two-stage instruction pipeline, which maximises their performance when clocked at low frequencies; this is tailored to the requirements of small, low-energy ASICs as it minimises processor hardware size, it fits designs that are clocked slowly to reduce an ASIC's dynamic power consumption and run programs direct from Flash or OTP memory that has a slow access time. Typical clock speeds for XAP5 are in the range of 16 to 100 MHz on a 0.13 process. XAP5 has particular design features making it suitable for executing programs from Flash including a Vector Pointer and an Address Translation Window, which combine to allow in-place execution of programs and relocation of programs regardless of where they are stored in physical memory; the XAP4 registers are. The XAP5 instructions are 32 and 48-bit; the XAP5 compile chain is based on GNU Binutils.
XAP6 is a 32-bit proc
The climate of New England varies across its 500-mile span from northern Maine to southern Connecticut. Extreme southern New England is warmer and sees far less snow than the northernmost points of New England. Maine, New Hampshire, Interior northern Massachusetts have a humid continental climate. In this region, the winters are long and heavy snow is common; the summer months are moderately warm. Annual rainfall is spread evenly throughout the year. Cities like Bangor, Portland, Manchester, New Hampshire, Burlington and Pittsfield, Massachusetts average around 45 inches of rainfall and 60 to 90 inches of snow annually; the frost-free growing season ranges from just 90 days in far northern Maine and in the valleys of the White and Green Mountains, to as much as 140 days along the Southern Maine coast and in most of western Massachusetts. In central and eastern Massachusetts, northern Rhode Island, northern Connecticut, the same humid continental prevails, though summers are hotter, winters are shorter with less snowfall.
Cities like Boston, Massachusetts and Providence receive 35 to 50 inches of snow annually. Summers can be hot and humid, with high temperatures in the lower Connecticut River valley of southern Massachusetts and Connecticut between 80 and 90 °F on a regular basis during June and August. Convective Thunderstorms are common in these months as well; the frost-free growing season ranges from 140 days in parts of central Massachusetts to near 160 days across interior Connecticut and most of Rhode Island. Coastal Rhode Island and southern Connecticut are the broad transition zone from continental climates to the north, to temperate climates to the south. In this region, summers can be quite long and hot, with humid, tropical air masses being common between May and September. Convective thundershowers are common in summer; the coast of Connecticut from Stamford, through the New Haven area to the New London, Westerly and Newport, Rhode Island area is the mildest area of New England in winter. Winter precipitation in this area falls in the form of rain or a wintry mix of sleet and wet snow.
Seasonal snowfall is far less across far southern Connecticut and coastal Rhode Island here than it is across interior and Northern coastal areas (only 24 to 30 inches of snow annually. Cold snaps in this far southern zone tend to be shorter and less intense than points north. Winters tend to be sunnier and warmer in southern Connecticut and southern Rhode Island compared to northern and central New England; the frost-free growing season approaches 200 days along the Connecticut coast. Tropical cyclones have struck southern New England several times across southern Connecticut, coastal Rhode Island, Cape Cod; the Great New England Hurricane Of 1938 and in 1954 struck the region and as a result several hundred people were killed. Other tropical cyclones that impacted the region include Hurricane Donna, Hurricane Gloria, Hurricane Bob, Hurricane Irene and Hurricane Sandy. Autumn in New England
The Hotel del Charro was a resort hotel in La Jolla, famous for its discreet hospitality to deal-making politicians, wealthy industrialists, Hollywood celebrities, including Richard Nixon, Joseph McCarthy, J. Edgar Hoover, John Wayne, William Powell, Elizabeth Taylor, Mel Ferrer, La Jolla native Gregory Peck. Charro in Spanish is a costumed horseman. First constructed in June 1931, as a riding club, the predecessor to the del Charro was located at the junction of La Jolla Canyon and Ardath Road on a 4 acre tract; until 1937, it was run by a Miss Jean Moore, after which it was purchased by a Captain W. W. Beckwith, who operated it as La Jolla Riding Stables. About 1945, the property was sold to Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Marechal, of Texas, who converted it to a motor hotel with riding facilities, opening as the Rancho del Charro in 1948; because of its proximity to the La Jolla Playhouse, founded by Gregory Peck, Dorothy McGuire, Mel Ferrer in 1947, the hotel soon hosted many Hollywood and Broadway celebrities.
In 1951 the Marechals sold the property to a Nevada corporation understood to be controlled by Texas billionaires Clint Murchison and Sid Richardson. Renamed the "Hotel del Charro", the buildings were remodeled and a swimming pool was added. Thereafter, one or another of the co-owners were in residence at the hotel. “Serious citizens in La Jolla tend to feel that Hotel del Charro is a Texas enclave, not too much concerned with the town’s welfare,” observed a local in 1954. By the hotel was nationally famous. A New York Times piece on San Diego's post-war boom described it as a "fabulous hostelry" with every guest room having either a private patio, sundeck, or balcony. "Its restaurant, built around a huge jacaranda tree, has not one chef, but two, one imported from Scotland, the other from Palm Springs." The pool was described as crescent-shaped, with pool-side cabanas. Celebrity guests of the time included John Wayne, Elizabeth Taylor, William Powell, Jimmy Durante, Betty Grable, along with Murchison's Texas oilman friends Effie and Wofford Cain and Billy Byars, Jodie and Pug Miller.
A Texas flag flew overhead, there was a Dow-Jones stock ticker machine in the lobby. Close to the Del Mar racetrack, the hotel attracted wealthy horse-race aficionados. A 1956 article in the Daily Racing Form by the hotel's own general manager gave this description of racing season at the hotel: "The chauffeurs arrive from town with the longest and blackest of the General Motors products. All are air-conditioned, about the same length as a Pullman car, a trifle less expensive. One of these belongs to oil tycoon Roy Woods, who has a dollar for every drop of water in Niagara Falls. Bob Bowden, the 6-foot 6-inch maître d’hôtel, is discussing J. Edgar Hoover’s dinner for Vice President Nixon with the chef."Hoover, along with companion Clyde Tolson, was accustomed to staying at the hotel for two weeks every year during racing season, occupying "Bungalow A", one of the hotel's stand-alone cabins. Columnist Jack Anderson reported in 1971 that Hoover's bill was always "comped" by the hotel's owners.
According to Anderson, manager Witwer told him that over the years Hoover ran up a total tab of $15,000. Hoover sometimes entertained guests in his bungalow, one of whom was Arthur Samish, a lobbyist, said to represent organized crime interests in the liquor industry, another of whom was Howard Hughes. On first entering the bungalow, Hughes asked for Hoover's assurance that the premises were not bugged. Senator Joseph McCarthy was another frequent guest. “McCarthy was on Murchison’s payroll,” manager Allan Witwer related. "He'd jump in the pool, sometimes naked. He urinated outside his cabana, flew everywhere in Murchison’s plane.” After one drunken brawl too many, McCarthy was declared persona non grata at the hotel. Joan Crawford was another celebrity declared persona non grata for flirting excessively with billionaire co-owner Richardson. Physicist Leo Szilard, famous as author of the Einstein–Szilárd letter to President Roosevelt, lived with his wife Trudy for many years until his death in 1964 in one of the more elaborate bungalows on the property.
His guests from time to time included Niels Bohr, Edward Teller, other famous physicists. The Hotel del Charro closed in the early 1970s; the buildings were razed and replaced by condominiums, now known as "Del Charro Woods". Some of the larger trees are original to the property; the Hotel del Charro plays a prominent role under the fictitious name "Rancho Descansado" in Raymond Chandler's final Philip Marlowe novel, Playback. Chandler had lived in La Jolla. A cab driver character describes the place as, "Bungalows with car ports; some single, some double. Office in a small one down front. Rates pretty steep in season." Marlowe and other characters are attacked on the premises
Robert Dorning was a musician, dance band vocalist, ballet dancer and stage and television actor. He is known to have performed in at least 77 television and film productions between 1940 and 1988. Robert Dorning was born at 108 Croppers Hill in St Helens, England, on 13 May 1913, his father was Robert John Dorning who worked in a local pit as a coal miner haulier and his mother was Mary Elizabeth Dorning Howard. He was educated at Cowley Grammar School in St Helens, where he learnt to play violin and saxophone. After leaving school, Dorning studied drama and dance in Liverpool with the intention of becoming a ballet dancer. During the 1930s he had a brief career as a musical comedian in theatre, before choosing acting as his profession, his first known film role was in the crime drama, They Came By Night. However, his acting career was interrupted by World War II and Dorning served in the RAF. After being demobbed, he utilised his ballet dancing talents. During the 1950s he had supporting roles in at least ten films, although one was the well-received prisoner of war film, The One That Got Away, in which he had the role of Corporal Wilson, the rest were crime dramas.
Although his film career was overshadowed by his more prolific television work, towards the end of his career he was cast in a number of notable film productions. These included the Hammer film Fanatic, Cul-de-Sac, directed by Roman Polanski, Man About the House, Confessions of a Pop Performer, Carry On Emmannuelle, The Human Factor, Agatha Christie's Evil Under the Sun and Mona Lisa. In 1958 Dorning began a lengthy television career appearing in many classic comedies such as Hancock's Half Hour and Snudge, Steptoe and Son and Rising Damp. Dorning played Mr. West, the bank inspector, in the classic Dad's Army episode "Something Nasty in the Vault" in which a bomb lands on Mainwaring's bank. Writer Jimmy Perry envisaged Jon Pertwee as the pompous bank manager and Home Guard officer Captain Mainwaring with Robert Dorning as Sergeant Wilson but gave the roles to Arthur Lowe and John Le Mesurier respectively. Dorning had roles in a number of television soap operas and appeared as two different Coronation Street characters.
He was Edward Wormold in 1965 and Alderman Rogers in an episode in 1972. In addition to this, he starred alongside Arthur Lowe in the second series of Coronation Street spin-off Pardon the Expression, a follow up series, Turn out the Lights as Wally Hunt, he played Tupman in the TV musical Pickwick for the BBC in 1969. In 1974 he played Lewis Potter in Emmerdale Farm. Dorning appeared in a number of television thrillers including The Avengers, The Sweeney, The Professionals and Bergerac. In 1975, Dorning took the part of Colonel Grope, described as "an ex-Indian army, alcoholic racialist", in The Melting Pot; this was a sitcom written by Spike Milligan and Neil Shand, cancelled by the BBC after just one episode. His daughter, Stacy Dorning, is better known than her father, having starred in the children's television series The Adventures of Black Beauty as well as Just William. Acting was a family tradition as Robert's Lancaster-born wife, Honor Shepherd, had been an actress since the age of eleven when she played a dwarf in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
Like her husband she appeared in a number of television programmes, including Emergency Ward 10, Hancock's Half Hour, Dixon of Dock Green and Juliet Bravo. Their youngest daughter Kate Dorning appeared in Rumpole of the Bailey The Professionals and Alice in Wonderland. Family members would sometimes appear together within the same programme. In 1979 Kate and their mother Honor all appeared within an episode of the television drama Dick Turpin. Kate Dorning's son Jack Dorning is continuing the family tradition, graduating from Rose Bruford College of Theatre and Performance in 2014. Robert Dorning died on 21 February 1989 in London of diabetes. Robert Dorning on IMDb Childhood Recollections